The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel
"The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" is a single released by Grandmaster Flash in 1981. It is a live DJ mix recording of Flash scratching and mixing records from various groups using three turntables; this single was influential on many DJs, including rapper Dr. Dre, an early example of what would be termed turntablism. Along with spoken word vocals from a 1966 album titled The Official Adventures of Flash Gordon, some of the primary records utilized to create the mix included: Chic – "Good Times" Blondie – "Rapture" Queen – "Another One Bites the Dust" Sugarhill Gang – "8th Wonder" The Furious Five – "Birthday Party" Spoonie Gee – "Monster Jam" Michael Viner's Incredible Bongo Band – "Apache" Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five – "Freedom" Sugarhill Gang – "Rapper’s Delight" The Hellers – "Life Story" "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" - A-side "The Birthday Party" - B-side "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel". "The Message" "It's Nasty" The song was ranked at #2 among the top ten "Tracks of the Year" for 1981 by NME.
Group's Official Website The Kidd Creole's Official Website
Jet is a magazine marketed to African-American readers now distributed in digital format. It was founded in 1951 by John H. Johnson of the Johnson Publishing Company in Chicago, Illinois, as an American weekly. Billed as "The Weekly Negro News Magazine", Jet chronicled the Civil Rights Movement from its earliest years, including the murder of Emmett Till, the Montgomery bus boycott, the activities of Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King. Published in small digest-sized format from its inception in 1951, Jet printed in all or black-and-white until its December 27, 1999 issue. In 2009, Jet's publishing format was changed. Johnson Publishing Company published the final print issue, June 23, 2014, continuing as a digital magazine app. In 2016, Johnson Publishing sold Jet and its sister publication Ebony to private equity firm Clear View Group; the publishing company is now known as Ebony Media Corporation. Jet magazine was established in 1951. Johnson called his magazine Jet because, as he said in the first issue, "In the world today everything is moving along at a faster clip.
There is more news and far less time to read it." Redd Foxx called the magazine "the Negro bible." Jet became nationally known in 1955 with its shocking and graphic coverage of the murder of Emmett Till. Its ubiquity was enhanced by its continuing coverage of the burgeoning Civil Rights Movement. In May 2014, the publication announced the print edition would be discontinued and switch to a digital format in June. In June 2016, after 71 years and its sister publication Ebony were sold by Johnson Publishing to Clear View Group, an Austin, Texas-based private equity firm, for an undisclosed amount. Jet contained fashion and beauty tips, entertainment news, dating advice, political coverage, health tips, diet guides, in addition to covering events such as fashion shows; the cover photo corresponds to the focus of the main story. Some examples of cover stories might be a celebrity's wedding, Mother's Day, or a recognition of the achievements of a notable African American. Many issues are given coverage to show the African-American community that if they want to reach a goal, they have to be willing to work for it.
Jet claims to give young female adults confidence and strength because the women featured therein are strong and successful without the help of a man. Since 1952, Jet has had a full-page feature called "Beauty of the Week"; this feature includes a photograph of an African-American woman in a swimsuit, along with her name, place of residence, profession and interests. Many of the women are not professional models and submit their photographs for the magazine's consideration; the purpose of the feature is to promote the beauty of African-American women. Like the other leading black magazine, Jet deplored racism in mainstream media in the negative depictions of black men and women; however Hazell and Clarke report that Jet and Essence in 2003–4 themselves ran advertising, pervaded with racism and white supremacy. Robert C. Farrell and member of the Los Angeles City Council, 1974–91, Jet correspondent Robert E. Johnson was Associate Publisher and Executive Editor of Jet Magazine, he joined the Jet staff in February 1953, two years after it was founded by Publisher John H. Johnson."
He was one of the longest serving editors of Jet. Tracey Ferguson became Editor-in-Chief of Jet Magazine in 2017. Official website Black History Seen Through Magazines John H. Johnson
Melvin Glover, better known by his stage name Melle Mel and Grandmaster Melle Mel, is an American hip hop recording artist, the lead vocalist and songwriter of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Melvin Glover was born in New York City, New York, he has stated. Glover began performing in the late 1970s, he may have been the first rapper to call himself MC. Other Furious Five members included his brother The Kidd Creole, Scorpio and Cowboy. While a member of the group, Cowboy created the term hip-hop while teasing a friend who had just joined the US Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of marching soldiers. Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five began recording for Enjoy Records and released "Superrappin'" in 1979, they moved on to Sugar Hill Records and were popular on the R&B charts with party songs like "Freedom" and "The Birthday Party". They released numerous singles, touring. In 1982 Melle Mel began to turn to more socially-aware subject matter, in particular the Reagan administration's economic and drug policies, their effect on the black community.
A song "The Message" became an instant one of the first glimmers of conscious hip-hop. Mel recorded a rap over session musician Duke Bootee's instrumental track "The Jungle"; some of Mel's lyrics on "The Message" were taken directly from "Superrappin'". Other than Melle Mel, no members of Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five appear on the record. Bootee contributed vocals. "The Message" went platinum in less than a month and would be the first hip-hop record to be added to the United States National Archive of Historic Recordings and the first Hip Hop record inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. Mel would go on to write songs about struggling life in New York City, making it through life in general. Grandmaster Flash split from the group after contract disputes between Melle Mel and their promoter Sylvia Robinson in regard to royalties for "The Message"; when Flash filed a lawsuit against Sugar Hill Records, the factions of The Furious Five parted. Mel became known as the leader of the Furious Five.
The group went on to produce the anti-drug song "White Lines". An unofficial music video starred up-and-coming actor Laurence Fishburne and was directed by then-unknown film student Spike Lee); the record was falsely credited to "Grandmaster + Melle Mel" by Sugar Hill Records in order to fool the public into thinking Grandmaster Flash had participated on the record. Mel gained greater fame and success after appearing in the movie Beat Street, with a song based on the movie's title, he performed a memorable rap on Chaka Khan's smash hit song "I Feel for You" which introduced hip hop to a wider and more mainstream R&B audience. Grandmaster Melle Mel & The Furious Five had further hits with "Step Off", "Pump Me Up", "King of the Streets", "Jesse", "Vice", the latter being released on the soundtrack to the TV show Miami Vice. "Jesse" was a political song which urged people to vote for presidential candidate Jesse Jackson. In 1988, after an 4-year layoff and Flash reunited and released the album On The Strength, but with up-and-coming new school artists such as Eric B.
& Rakim, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, Public Enemy, Boogie Down Productions, Big Daddy Kane dominating the hip-hop market, the album failed miserably. Mel performed with The King Dream Chorus and Holiday Crew on "King Holiday" aimed at having Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday declared a national holiday. Mel performed with Artists United Against Apartheid on the anti-apartheid song "Sun City", aimed at discouraging other artists from performing in South Africa until its government ended its policy of apartheid. Mel ended the decade by winning two Grammy Awards for his work on Quincy Jones' Back On The Block and Q – The Autobiography of Quincy Jones albums. In 1996, Mel contributed vocals to the US edition of Cher's hit "One By One", their version is only available on the maxi CD format. In 1997, Melle Mel signed to Straight Game Records and released Right Now, an album which features Scorpio and Rondo; this album took more of a harder rap style. It sold at all in the US and the UK. In 2001, under the name Die Hard, he released the song "On Lock" with Rondo on the soundtrack of the movie Blazin.
Die Hard released an album of the same name in 2002 on 7PRecords. On November 14, 2006, Mel collaborated with author Cricket Casey and released the children's book The Portal In The Park, which comes with a bonus CD of his rapped narration, it features two songs, "World Family Tree" and "The Fountain of Truth", by a unknown Lady Gaga performing with Mel. The book was re-released in 2010. In 2006, Melle Mel attended professional wrestling school. In 2007, he stated in an interview with allhiphop.com that "I'm going to try to take some of John Cena's money and get with WWE and do my thing". On January 30, 2007, Mel released his first solo album, Muscles; the first single and music video was "M3 – The New Message". On March 12, 2007, Melle Mel and The Furious Five became the first rap group inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In his acceptance speech, Mel implored the recording industry members in attendance to do more to restore hip hop to the culture of music and art that it once was, rather than the culture of violence that it has become.
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were an American hip hop group formed in the South Bronx of New York City in 1978. Composed of Grandmaster Flash, Melle Mel, The Kidd Creole, Keith Cowboy, Mr. Ness/Scorpio and Rahiem, the group's use of turntablism, break-beat DJing, conscious lyricism were significant in the early development of hip hop music. Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five built their reputation performing at parties and live shows in the late 1970s and achieved local success. By the time the Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" was released, the group realized the potential of cutting records and signed with various labels until staying with Sugar Hill Records. Under Sugar Hill Records, the group rose to prominence in the early 1980s with their first hit "Freedom", it was not until the release of "The Message" and the album of the same name that they achieved mainstream success. Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five would break up into two separate groups due to differences until a brief reunion in 1987 led to the release of the original line-up's second album On the Strength.
Afterward, they disbanded permanently. Today the group's legacy continues on as Grandmaster's Furious Five with only Melle Mel and Scorpio as remaining members; the group is regarded as among the most influential hip hop acts. Their biggest single and acknowledged masterpiece "The Message" is cited as one of the greatest hip hop songs of all time. In 2007 they were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, making them the first hip hop group to be inducted. Prior to the formation of the Furious Five, Grandmaster Flash worked with the "L Brothers" which consisted of "Mean Gene" Livingston, Claudio Livingston and Grand Wizzard Theodore. Flash recruited his friend Cowboy, Melle Mel and The Kidd Creole; the trio called themselves the Three MC's who are the first emcee group as it relates to rap as we know it today. Cowboy, through his use of a "scat routine" that the culture's early detractors used to label the music, thus the term "hip hoppers" was used by the disco set to describe the culture whittled down to hip hop.
While using this "scat routine" at a party for a friend who had just joined the U. S. Army, Cowboy began scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of the marching drill, he worked the "hip hop" cadence into part of his performance this evolved into the term "Hip Hop", adopted by the industry. Melle Mel and The Kidd Creole were the first rappers to call themselves "MCs"; the 3 emcees worked with Flash, who went on to bring in Mr. Rahiem. After the formation of the Furious 5, Flash worked with rapper Kurtis Blow doing parties in Queens. During the time Flash worked with Kurtis Blow, it was due to internal disputes with the emcees, so for a short time prior to the formation of the Cold Crush Brothers in 1981, DJ Charlie Chase was the Furious 5's DJ. Grandmaster Flash & The Furious 5 were the number one rap group on the streets of New York City before rap music was embraced by the music industry, set the standard for all other emcee groups who came after them.
The first single they released were "We Rap More Mellow", registered under the name "The Younger Generation". The name was decided by the producer, they were locally popular, gaining recognition for their skillful raps and deejaying, but it was not until the Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" proved that hip hop music could reach mainstream that they began recording. In 1979 they released their first single on Enjoy Records, "Superappin'". Afterwards, they switched to Sylvia Robinson's Sugar Hill Records after an agreement that they could perform over a current DJ favorite. In 1980, the group had their Sugarhill Records debut with "Freedom", reaching #19 on the R&B chart and selling over 50,000 copies; the follow-up "Birthday Party" went on to become a hit as well. In 1981 Grandmaster Flash released "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel"; this was a multi deck live recording of one of Grandmaster flash's routines featuring, Queen's "Another One Bites the Dust" and Chic's "Good Times".
It marked the first time that scratching & turntablism had been recorded on a record. In 1982 the group released "The Message,", produced by Clifton "Jiggs" Chase and Ed "Duke Bootee" Fletcher, the latter who wrote the song It provided a political and social commentary and went on to become a driving force behind conscious hip-hop; the song peaked at #4 in the R&B chart and #62 in the pop chart, established hip-hop's credibility in mainstream music. Other than Melle Mel, however, no members of the group appear on the record, their debut album was named The Message, it went on to become a prominent achievement in the history of hip-hop. In 1983, Grandmaster Flash, who never appeared on any of the group's studio recordings, sued Sugar Hill Records for $5 million in unpaid royalties; this resulted in the single "White Lines" being credited to "Grandmaster & Melle Mel". The song reached #47 in Billboard's Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Another lawsuit was filed over certain elements of the song being stolen from "Cavern" by Liquid Liquid, from which Sugar Hill Records would never recover.
The royalties dispute split the group, Melle Mel left, soon followed by Mr. Ness/Scorpio and Cowboy after "White Lin
A hype man/hype gall, in hip hop music and rapping, is a backup rapper and/or singer who supports the primary rappers with exclamations and interjections and who attempts to increase the audience's excitement with call-and-response chants. Music writer Mickey Hess expands the term as follows: "a hype man is a figure who plays a central but supporting role within a group, making his own interventions aimed at hyping up the crowd while drawing attention to the words of the MC". Discussing the role of the hype man in the book How to Rap, Royce da 5'9" describes how a hype man can contribute to a live performance: "a lot of my verses be so constant with the flow I'd need somebody to help me." Lateef has stated, "You're gonna have to have somebody say something somewhere to give you a breath... it's just a matter of getting somebody to hit some line or some word in a line—that's all you need." Early hip hop hype men included Creole of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Kool Moe Dee calls Creole “the original hype man”.
The quintessential hype man, for many fans and musicians of the era, was Public Enemy's hype man Flavor Flav, whose exuberant approach to the art in the group's recordings and videos made him, the first household-name hype man, a figure more famous than many MCs. He established many of the conventions of the craft, such as an outlandish sense of style and a vocal style that contrasted with that of the MC. Jay-Z began his career as a hype man for Jaz-O and was the hype man for Big Daddy Kane. Examples of hype men include Freaky Tah of the Lost Boyz, Memphis Bleek for Jay-Z, Proof and Mr. Porter of D12 for Eminem. Icons of Hip Hop notes that some producers, such as Diddy, Lil Jon, Swizz Beatz, Jermaine Dupri, "have transitioned from a hype man role to become rappers and stars in their own right". Pop groups include a member up front alongside the lead singer who may perform backup vocals or percussion but functions to excite the audience through dancing and/or stage patter. Examples include Guy Picciotto in Fugazi's earliest incarnation.
Zasuul, a kind of hype man in Mongolian wrestling
On the Strength
On the Strength is the second and final studio album by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. Released in 1988, it was the full line-up’s last album together. Although contributing to the album itself, Cowboy was not present for the album or single photo shoots; the album was reissued in the US on CD in 2005 but once again omitted the bonus track, included on both the original CD and cassette versions of the album. "Gold" – 4:25 "Cold in Effect" – 2:28 "Yo Baby" – 4:31 "On the Strength" – 4:45 "The King" – 3:19 "Fly Girl" – 5:13 "Magic Carpet Ride" – 4:14 "Leave Here" – 3:50 "This Is Where You Got It From" – 4:06 "The Boy is Dope" – 3:11 "Back in the Old Days of Hip-Hop" – 4:05 "Back in the Days of Hip-Hop" appeared as the B-side of the UK and US Gold 7-inch single and the Magic Carpet Ride 12" single. Artist & Repertoire: Raoul Roach Grandmaster Flash – turntables, drum programming, Flashformer transform DJ device Keef Cowboy – Lead and background vocals and arranger Grandmaster Mele Mel – Lead and background vocals and arranger The Kidd Creole – Lead and background vocals and arranger Scorpio – Lead and background vocals and arranger Rahiem – Lead and background vocals and arranger Guy Vaughn – keyboards, drum programming, vocals on The Boy is Dope Afrika Bambaataa – music and drum-sound consultant Jesse Daniels Force MD's – vocals on Fly Girl Arthur "Disco B" Hayward – additional scratches and assistant to the Grandmaster Ray Cortez – vocals on The Boy is Dope
Adventures on the Wheels of Steel
Adventures on the Wheels of Steel is a 3CD compilation album by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five and Grandmaster Melle Mel. It was released in 1999 on the Castle Music label and is a boxed set containing three CDs in slimline jewel cases together with a fold out insert; this set contains a mixture of tracks by the various incarnations of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five including their debut Super Rappin' No 1 and Grandmaster Melle Mel. Several errors are present with regards to the correct artist. Two unreleased tracks are included; the foldout booklet repeats the essay by Lewis Dene from October 1997 that appeared on the album The Greatest Mixes. CD1 "Freedom" – 8:18 "The Birthday Party" – 8:21 "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" – 7:13 "Showdown" – 5:55 "It's Nasty" – 7:53 "Flash to the Beat" – 10:49 "The Message" – 7:13 "Scorpio" – 4:54 "Message II" – 6:54 "New York New York" – 7:26CD2 "White Lines" – 7:39 "Jesse" – 6:13 "Beat Street" – 7:07 "We Don't Work for Free" – 5:03 "Step Off" – 7:22 "Pump Me Up" – 4:40 "Mega-Melle Mix" – 5:00 "King of the Streets" – 5:11 "Vice" – 5:05 "Street Walker" – 6:14 "Super Rappin' No 1" – 12.03CD3 "Trinidad Spot" – 0:39 "She's Fresh" – 4:56 "It's A Shame" – 4:58 "Internationally Known" – 6:50 "Hustlers Convention" – 6:15 "The Truth" – 4:18 "World War III" – 8:48 "The New Adventures of Grandmaster" – 5:40 "Freestyle" – 4:46 "Black Man" – 4:00 "Drug Wars" – 4:46 "Kick the Knowledge" – 4:18 * "D.
C. Cab" – 4:22 * "The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel" is incorrectly credited, it should be credited to'Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five'. "White Lines" has been credited to'Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five' and as'Grandmaster and Melle Mel'. "Beat Street" was released in an edited version as Beat Street Breakdown. "Step Off" is incorrectly credited. It should be credited to'Grandmaster Melle Mel and the Furious Five'. "Mega-Melle Mix" has been released as Step Off Megamix. "Trinidad Spot" is a radio advert for upcoming shows in Trinidad on July 8 and 9. "Internationally Known" is incorrectly credited. It should be credited to the Furious Five, it appeared on Greatest Messages. "Hustlers Convention" has the word'shit' bleeped out. "The Truth" is the edited version. It is incorrectly credited, it should be credited to'Grandmaster Melle Mel and the Furious Five'. "D. C. Cab" was re-written and released as "Jesse"