Missouri supplemental route
A supplemental route is a state secondary road in the U. S. state of Missouri, designated with letters. Supplemental routes were various roads within the state which the Missouri Department of Transportation was given in 1952 to maintain in addition to the regular routes, though lettered routes had been in use from at least 1932; the goal of the secondary highway system was to place state-maintained roads within 2 miles of more than 95% of all farm houses, churches and stores. The four types of roads designated as Routes are: Farm to market roads Roads to state parks Former alignments of U. S. or state highways Short routes connecting state highways from other states to routes in MissouriSupplemental routes make up 19,064 miles of the state highway system. The more major supplemental routes of the system are ones assigned with single-letter designations. Minor branch routes and farm-to-market roads, which end at county roads or are former alignments of the other highways, are assigned with two-letter designations consisting of two of the same letter.
Additionally, combinations of letters may always with A as the first letter. Combinations beginning with the letter R are used for routes that connect with state parks or other recreational facilities, the only use of R on the system; the vast majority of the highways in the system are designated with 19 letters of the alphabet. The letters "G", "I", "L", "Q", "S" are not used because of the potential confusion with other letters and numbers; the only current use of X is on Route AX in Macon County. These routes run for more than a few miles, although they may cross county lines. At a U. S. Route or Interstate highway, they change their letters. S. Route 60 and becomes Route NN, Route M in Cole County becomes Route J after passing U. S. Route 50, but when Route MM crosses Route 360, it remains Route MM, only changing into Route B when crossing Interstate 44. Route J in Boone County is one of the few exceptions to this, as it continues past U. S. 40 for three miles before becoming Route O upon passing I-70.
The names are reused, but not near one another. Is a letter re-used in a county. Route D exists in the counties of Cole, Newton, St. Louis, several others. Supplemental routes are signed by black letters on a white background with a black border; the shields will be marked with banners such as EAST, WEST, or END. There are no bypass routes for the roads, it is erroneously believed that due to these roads being designated by letters rather than numbers and their existing in more than one county that these roads are county roads, not state highways, with some businesses and residences located on these roads saying their address is "County Road A" for example. This may have arisen from the signage used prior to the early 1960s, where the letter was painted black against a white background, with the words "STATE ROAD" above the letter and the county name below the letter. Missouri Route M Special route
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including
Butler County, Missouri
Butler County is a county located in the southeast Ozark Foothills Region in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 Census, the county's population was 42,794; the largest city and county seat is Poplar Bluff. The county was organized from Wayne County on February 27, 1849, is named after former U. S. Representative William O. Butler, an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States; the first meeting in the Butler County Courthouse was held on June 18, 1849. Butler County comprises MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 699 square miles, of which 695 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water. Wayne County Stoddard County Dunklin County Clay County, Arkansas Ripley County Carter County Future Interstate 57 U. S. Route 60 U. S. Route 67 U. S. Route 160 Route 51 Route 53 Route 142 Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 40,867 people, 16,718 households, 11,318 families residing in the county.
The population density was 59 people per square mile. There were 18,707 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.16% White, 5.22% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Butler County were 31.7% American, 13.8% German, 11.6% Irish and 10.5% English. There were 16,718 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,422, the median income for a family was $42,713. Males had a median income of $27,449 versus $19,374 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,282. About 14.00% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, most residents in Butler County do not adhere to a religion. Among those who do adhere to a religion, the majority of Butler County residents' religious affiliations are: 68.35% Evangelical Protestantism 11.92% Catholicism 11.25% Mainline Protestantism 5.41% Others 3.06% Black ProtestantismThe main religious families among all adherents in Butler County are: 45.27% Baptists 14.64% Nondenominationals 11.92% Catholics 9.30% Pentecostals 6.67% Methodists Of adults 25 years of age and older in Butler County, 70.5% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 11.6% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.
Neelyville R-IV School District - Neelyville Hillview Elementary School - Harviell - Neelyville Elementary School - Neelyville High School - Poplar Bluff R-I School District - Poplar Bluff Eugene Field Elementary School - Kinyon Early Childhood Center - Lake Road Elementary School - Mark Twain Kindergarten Center - O'Neal Elementary School - Oak Grove Elementary School - Poplar Bluff 5th & 6th Grade Center - Poplar Bluff Jr. High School Poplar Bluff High School Twin Rivers R-X School District - Broseley Fisk Elementary School - Fisk - Qulin Elementary School - Qulin - Twin Rivers High School - Broseley - Agape Christian School - Poplar Bluff - - Non-denominational Christian Sacred Heart Elementary School - Poplar Bluff - - Roman Catholic Southern Missouri Christian School - Poplar Bluff - - Assembly of God/Pentecostal Westwood Baptist Academy - Poplar Bluff - - Baptist Zion Lutheran School - Poplar Bluff - Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod Hentz Alternative Learning Center - Poplar Bluff Shady Grove State School - Poplar Bluff Sierra-Osage Treatment Center - Poplar Bluff W.
E. Sears Youth Center - Poplar Bluff Three Rivers College - Poplar Bluff - A public, two-year community college. Fisk Community Library Poplar Bluff Public Library The Republican Party controls all politics at the local level in Butler County. Butler County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives: District 152 is represented by Todd Richardson, it consists of all of the cities of Neelyville and Poplar Bluff. District 153 is represented by Steve Cookson, it consists of all of the city of Fisk and the unincorporated communities of Ash Hill, Empire, Hamtown, Hilliard, Kinzer, Morocco and Wilby. All of Butler County is included in Missouri's 25th Senatorial District and is represented by Rep
Wayne County, Missouri
Wayne County is a county located in the Ozark foothills in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,521; the county seat is Greenville. The county was organized on December 11, 1818, is named after General "Mad" Anthony Wayne who served in the American Revolutionary War. Wayne County was created in December 1818 by the last Missouri Territorial Legislature from portions of Cape Girardeau and Lawrence counties. Wayne County thus predates statehood. In March 1819, Congress established the Territory of Arkansas, most of Lawrence County became Lawrence County, Arkansas Territory; the small strip, excluded was added to Wayne County by the Missouri State Constitution of 1820. The Osage Strip on the Kansas border was added in 1825. Between 1825 and 1831, Wayne County was larger than the states of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Delaware combined. All or part of 32 present Missouri counties once belonged to Wayne County. Despite its size, the Census of 1820 revealed that Wayne County had a total population of just 1,239 white inhabitants and 204 African American slaves.
When Wayne County was formed in 1818, the territorial legislature appointed five commissioners to govern it. They chose. Renamed Greenville, it had grown to about 1,000 by the turn of the 20th century. By 1940, the population had declined to 572. In 1941, the remaining inhabitants were forced to relocate because of the construction of Lake Wappapello; this new town's population had fallen to 270 in 1950, but has now increased to about 563. The Wayne County Courthouse was destroyed by a fire in 1854. In 1866, the records in new courthouse were stolen, in 1892 the courthouse again burned down, thus few county records survive from that time. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 774 square miles, of which 759 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water; the most populous community in Wayne County is Piedmont with a population of 2,401 people, followed by Greenville with 563 and Williamsville with 386. Madison County Bollinger County Stoddard County Butler County Carter County Reynolds County Iron County U.
S. Route 67 Route 34 Route 49 Mark Twain National Forest Mingo National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 Census, there were 13,521 people, 5,717 households, 3,850 families residing in the county; the population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 8,083 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97% White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to the 2000 Census, the most common first ancestries reported in Wayne County were 32.9% American, 15.0% German, 11.9% English, 11.7% Irish, 3.0% French, 2.0% Dutch and 2.0% Italian. There were 5,717 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were husband-wife families. 32.7% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 19, 5% from 20 to 24, 14.2%% from 25 to 39, 36.4% from 40 to 64, 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,954, the median income for a family was $39,419. Males had a median income of $26,048 versus $18,250 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,378. About 15.8% of families and 23% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.9% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, Wayne County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion; the most predominant denominations among residents in Wayne County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists and Roman Catholics. Though it contains a conservative populace, the Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Wayne County.
Democrats hold all but five of the elected positions in the county. Wayne County is divided among three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives. District 153 – Currently represented by Steve Cookson and consists of the southwestern corner of Wayne County south of Piedmont and includes Mill Spring and Williamsville. District 156 – Currently represented by Shelley Keeney and consists of most of the northern parts of the county and includes Greenville and Piedmont. District 159 – Currently represented by Billy Pat Wright and consists of the southeastern corner of Wayne County bordering neighboring Stoddard County. All of Wayne County is a part of Missouri's 25th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by State Senator Rob Mayer. In 2008, Mayer defeated Democrat M. Shane Stoelting 65.32%-34.68% in the district. The 25th Senatorial District consists of Butler, New Madrid, Ripley and Wayne counties. Wayne County is included in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District and is represented by Jason T. Smith in the U.
S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remainin
Piedmont is a fourth-class city located in northwestern Wayne County in Southeast Missouri in the United States. The population was 1,977 at the 2010 census. A part of the Ozarks Foothills Region, Piedmont is located on the convergence of State Highways 34 and 49. Piedmont, transliterated as "foot of the mountain," is named for its geographic placement at the foot of Clark Mountain, a 1424-foot summit two miles north of the town. Piedmont was platted in 1871; the community derives its name from the French pied and mont, meaning "foot" and "mountain" respectively. A post office called Piedmont has been in operation since 1872. Piedmont is located at 37°9′0″N 90°41′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.15 square miles, of which, 2.14 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Piedmont includes the neighborhood of Beckville; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,977 people, 823 households, 500 families residing in the city. The population density was 923.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 993 housing units at an average density of 464.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 823 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age in the city was 42.9 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.1% male and 53.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,992 people, 869 households, 528 families residing in the city; the population density was 955.5 people per square mile.
There were 959 housing units at an average density of 460.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.09% White, 0.16% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population. Among the major first ancestries reported in Piedmont were 21.4% American, 11.6% German, 11.3% Irish, 8.6% English, 3.7% Dutch, 2.5% French. There were 869 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.2% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.79. In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 25.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,678, the median income for a family was $23,500. Males had a median income of $27,120 versus $17,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,976. About 24.3% of families and 26.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.7% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over. Among residents 25 years of age and older in Piedmont, 53.4% possess a high school diploma or higher, 7.9% have a bachelor's degree, 2.6% hold a post-graduate/professional degree as their highest educational attainment. The Clearwater R-I School District serves the educational needs of most of the city's residents and nearby throughout most of western Wayne County. According to the Missouri Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, there is one elementary school, one middle school and one senior high school in the district.
During the 2008-2009 school year, there was a total of 1,110 students and 111 certified staff members enrolled in the Clearwater R-I School District. The school colors are orange and black and its mascot is the tiger. Clearwater Elementary School Clearwater Middle School Clearwater High School Victory Baptist Academy The City of Piedmont is governed by Mayor William H. "Bill" Kirkpatrick and a four-member city council. Meetings are held on the second Tuesday of each month at 6:00 p.m. Central Standard Time at Piedmont City Hall, 115 W. Green Street. Piedmont Elected City Officials Mayor: William H. "Bill" Kirkpatrick Ward I Aldermen: Brian Tutterow and Karin Townsend Ward II Aldermen: Kyle Allen and Scott Tucker City Collector: Bill McMurry Chief of Police: Richard SandersPiedmont Appointed City Officials City Clerk: Tammy Thurman City Treasurer: Dennis Ross City Attorney: Robert M. Ramshur Piedmont is a part of Missouri's 144th Legislative District and is represented by Chris Dinkins. In the Missouri Senate, State Senator Wayne Wallingford represents Piedmont as part of Missouri's 27th Senatorial District.
Piedmont is included in Missouri's 8th congressional district and is represented in the U. S. House of Representatives by Jason T. Smith. Piedmont has a humid subtropical climate. Piedmont was once known for
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c