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Thomas Adams (writer)

Thomas Adams was an English academic and theological writer. He was the brother of Richard Adams, he was born at Woodchurch, Cheshire, where his father and grandfather, the owners of the advowson, were both beneficed. He became a student of Brasenose College, Oxford, in July 1649, was made fellow, he became B. A. on 8 February 1653, fellow the same year. He was M. A. on 28 June 1655, lecturer-dean. He was ejected from his fellowship for nonconformity in 1662, he spent the remainder of his life as chaplain in private families, he resided within the family of Sir Samuel Jones, afterwards was chaplain to the Dowager Countess of Clare. He died on 11 December 1670, he wrote: Protestant Union, or Principles of Religion wherein the Dissenters agree with the Church of England. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Adams, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Chalmers, Alexander. Appendix to The General Biographical Dictionary. London

Marine Park (neighborhood), Brooklyn

Marine Park is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The neighborhood lies between Flatlands and Mill Basin to the east, Gerritsen Beach and Sheepshead Bay to the south and west, it is squared off in area by Gerritsen Avenue, Flatbush Avenue, Avenue U and Kings Highway. The neighborhood's eponymous park is the largest public park in Brooklyn. Charles Downing Lay won a silver medal in town planning at the 1936 Olympics for the planning of Marine Park. Marine Park is inhabited by ethnic groups such as Italians, Irish and Jews; the area is part of Brooklyn Community Board 18. The neighborhood is situated around the westernmost inlet of Jamaica Bay. During the last 5,000 years, strips of sand were deposited by ocean currents; these beach strips form a surf-barrier and allow salt marshes to thrive:... Gerritsen Creek was a freshwater stream that once extended about twice as far inland as it does today. Around 1920 the creek north of Avenue U was converted into an underground storm drain.

Yet it continues to supply the salt marsh with fresh water, which helps the marsh support a wide range of organisms.... The area was a hunting and fishing ground for Native Americans from the nearby village of Keshawchqueren. Pits for cooking and preparing food dating from 800 to 1400 AD were uncovered in Marine Park, along with deer and turtle bones, oyster shells, sturgeon scales. In the 17th century, the Dutch began to settle in the area, which had similarities to the marshland and coastal plains of the Netherlands; the land proved to be good farmland and there was an abundance of clams and game from the region as well.... Fearing that the pristine marshland around Gerritsen Creek would be destroyed, Frederick B. Pratt and Alfred T. White offered the city 150 acres in the area for use as a park in 1917. After a seven-year delay the City accepted the offer; the prospect of a new park inspired developers to erect new homes in the area and, in the year 1926, form the organization, Marine Park Civic Association, although park improvements were slow to follow.

Fill deposited in the marshlands in the 1930s and now land purchases increased the park's area to 1,822 acres by 1937. That year the Board of Aldermen named the site Brooklyn Marine Park... One of the oldest houses in the neighborhood is the Hendrick I. Lott House, built in 1720; the house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a New York City designated landmark. In the 18th century George Washington made a stop for several days on the land nearby. There was a gristmill on the water at the time; as early as 1910, developers began dredging ports within Jamaica Bay in an effort to develop a seaport district there. Although the city allowed several piers to be constructed in 1918, only one was built on the former Barren Island; the pier, built in order to receive landfill for the other proposed piers, stretched 1 mile northeast and was 700 feet wide. In 1931, the city took possession of 58 acres on the western side of Barren Island; that plot was combined with a 110-acre tract owned by Kings County to create the park named Marine Park.

Urban planner Robert Moses expanded Marine Park in 1935, the city acquired 1,822 acres of land. This comprised the entire island west of Flatbush Avenue. Barren Island's residents were evicted by 1939, part of the island became part of Marine Park, but much of the rest of the island became Floyd Bennett Field. In 1935, the mill burned down to the water level due to vandals, leaving only wood pilings across the water, which can be seen to this day during low tide. In the mid-20th century the area was abused by abandoned cars. At one point it became a trash piled up to 60 feet in certain areas. After a massive cleanup effort in the 1990s the area was restored to its former glory, with exception of a few rusty car parts riddling the area, teens littering and causing arson to the dry tall phragmite from time to time. Marine Park is located in zip code 11234, which includes Mill Basin, Bergen Beach/Georgetown, the southern portion of Flatlands. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the combined population of Georgetown, Marine Park, Bergen Beach, Mill Basin was 45,231, an increase of 2,291 from the 42,940 counted in 2000.

Covering an area of 1,662.88 acres, the neighborhood had a population density of 27.2 inhabitants per acre. By the end of the 20th century, the vast majority of Marine Park residents were white, as were most residents of adjacent neighborhoods such as Mill Basin and Bergen Beach. By 2011, the number of black residents in Southeast Brooklyn had risen 241%, the steepest such increase of any area in the city; as of that year, the African American population in these neighborhoods represented 10.9% of the total population. As of the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of Southeast Brooklyn was 73.8% White, 10.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 5.6% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.9% of the population. Marine Park is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 63rd Precinct; the precinct covers Bergen Beach, Mill Basin, part of Flatlands. The 63rd Precinct ranked 31st safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.

The 63rd Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 85.9% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 5 murders, 14 rapes, 88 robberies, 131 felony assaults, 92 burglaries, 495 grand larcenies, an