The Keihin-Tōhoku Line, is a railway line in Japan which connects the cities of Saitama, Tokyo and Yokohama. It is part of the East Japan Railway Company network; the line's name is derived from the characters for Tokyo and the Tōhoku Main Line. The Keihin-Tōhoku Line follows portions of the Tōhoku Main Line and Tōkaidō Main Line. Between Ueno and Akabane stations the Keihin-Tohoku and Tohoku Main lines are physically separate and thus alternate routes. Most Keihin-Tōhoku Line trains have a through service onto the Negishi Line between Yokohama and Ōfuna stations; as a result, the entire service between Ōmiya and Ōfuna is referred to as the Keihin-Tōhoku—Negishi Line on system maps and in-train station guides. Keihin-Tōhoku Line—Negishi Line trains are recognizable by their light blue stripe. Trains run every 2–3 minutes at peak hours, every 5 minutes during the daytime, less the rest of the time. In most instances, these trains are classified as "Local", stopping at all stations en route. However, some trains are classified as "Rapid".
These rapid trains skip some stations in central Tokyo. Local trains stop at all stations. Rapid trains stop at stations marked "●" and "■" on weekdays.. Additionally, stations marked" ▲" are served by rapid trains on national holidays only; as of January 2010, all Keihin-Tohoku Line services are formed of E233-1000 series 10-car electrical multiple unit trains. These were phased in from December 2007, replaced the previous 209 series 10-car EMUs by 24 January 2010. All Keihin-Tohoku Line rolling stock is based at Urawa Depot. Yokohama Line E233-6000 series 8-car EMUs operate on through services over the Keihin-Tohoku Line between Higashi-Kanagawa and Ofuna stations. E233-1000 series 10-car EMUs E233-6000 series 8-car EMUs 72 series 8-car EMUs 101 series 10-car EMUs 103 series 10-car EMUs 205 series 10-car EMU 205 series 8-car EMUs 209-900 series 10-car EMUs 209-0 series 10-car EMUs 209-500 series 10-car EMUs The line opened on 20 December 1914 as an electrified passenger line connecting Shinagawa Station in Tokyo with Takashimacho Station in Yokohama..
It was called the Tokaido Electric Line and was subsequently renamed the Keihin Line. From 30 December 1915, services were extended south to the new Sakuragicho Station; the Keihin Line service was extended north via the Tohoku Main Line to Akabane Station in February 1928, to Ōmiya Station in September 1932. The Keihin Line had third-class and second-class cars, analogous to today's ordinary cars and Green Cars respectively. Second-class service ended in 1938 in order to accommodate special military cars during World War II; the military seating was converted to seating for women and children after the war, back to ordinary seating in 1973 amid overcrowding concerns: second-class service was restored in the 1950s but abandoned shortly thereafter. From November 1956, the Keihin-Tohoku Line was physically separated from the Yamanote Line between Tamachi and Tabata, allowing more frequent service. Through service with the Negishi Line began on 19 May 1964. 10-car trains began operating from 1 April 1966.
Limited-stop "Rapid" services were introduced in 1988 to further ease congestion along the Yamanote Line corridor. From 14 March 2015, all rapid services began serving Kanda Station. Additionally, rapid services began serving Okachimachi Station on weekends and national holidays only. A new station, Takanawa Gateway Station, is scheduled to open in time for the 2020 Summer Olympics to be held in Tokyo; the station will be located on the Yamanote Line and Keihin-Tohoku Line between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations. The distance between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations is 2.2 km. Takanawa Gateway will be constructed on top of the current 20-hectare railyard, undergoing rationalization and redevelopment by JR East; the Yamanote Line and the Keihin Tohoku Line tracks will be moved to the east to be aligned closer to the Tokaido Shinkansen tracks. The area on the west side of the yard made available will be redeveloped with high-rise office buildings, creating an international business center with good connections to the Shinkansen and Haneda Airport.
At around 01:11 in the morning of 23 February 2014, an empty stock train operating from Sakuragicho to Kamata hit a track maintenance vehicle on the track close to Kawasaki Station. The first two cars of the 10-car E233 series train derailed, with the first car ending up on its side; the train was carrying no passengers, the driver and conductor escaped with minor injuries. List of railway lines in Japan Stations of the Keihin-Tōhoku Line japan-guide.com: JR Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Fukui Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Fukui; the Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded animals such As Fukuiraptor, Nipponosaurus, Fukuivenator and Tambatitanis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid. Fukui consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871. During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu. During World War II, the city was bombed and its palace, surrounded by a moat, was demolished; the Fukui Prefectural government buildings were built on the site. Fukui faces the Sea of Japan, has a western part, a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, a larger eastern part with wider plains including the capital and most of the population; the province lays within Japan's "Snow country". As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park.
Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture: These are the towns in each district: Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses. There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region, it has the most of any prefecture. Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; as seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of decreasing population. Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan. Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares. Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan. Fukui is home to the oldest standing castle in Japan, it was built in 1576. Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can be seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum. Residents of Fukui Prefecture have Fukui-ben.
Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan. Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style. Fukui is renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake and soba noodles. In August 2010 Fukui launched its own dating website entitled Fukui Marriage-Hunting Café in hopes of helping the declining population growth of Japan increase. Couples who meet in the site and continue on to marry receive monetary aid from the government as well as gifts. Vihti, Finland Fukui University Fukui University of Technology Fukui Prefectural University Jin-ai University JR West Hokuriku Line Obama Line Kuzuryu Line Echizen Railway Katsuyama-Eiheiji Line Mikuni-Awara Line Fukui Railway Fukubu Line Hokuriku Expressway Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway Chubu Jukan Expressway Mikata Lake Rainbow Road Mount Hoonji Toll Road Route 8 Route 27 Route 157 Route 158 Route 161 Route 162 Route 303 Route 305 Route 364 Route 365 Route 367 Route 416 Route 417 Route 418 Route 476 Tsuruga Port - Ferry route to Niigata, Tomakomai and International container hub Fukui Port Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins Eihei-ji Temple Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, a notorious spot for suicide.
Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter. Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation. Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth.. Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
The Hokuriku region was located in the northwestern part of Honshu, the main island of Japan. It lay along the Sea of Japan within the Chūbu region, which it is a part of, it is equivalent to Koshi Province and Hokurikudō area in pre-modern Japan. Due to its elongated shape, the Noto Peninsula jutting out, the region is known as a'rising dragon' 昇龍道. Since the Heian period until the Edo period the region was a core recipient of population, the population grew to be much larger proportionately than it is today, despite the rural character. With the growth of urban centers in the 20th century Tokyo and Chūkyō, the Hokuriku has declined in importance to become relative backwaters; the region is known for traditional culture that originated from elsewhere, long lost along the Taiheiyō Belt. The Hokuriku region includes the four prefectures of Ishikawa, Fukui and Toyama, although Niigata is sometimes included in one of the following regions: Shin'etsu: includes Niigata and Nagano prefectures Kōshin'etsu: includes Niigata and Yamanashi prefectures Hokushin'etsu: includes both the Hokuriku and Shin'etsu regions The major population centers of Hokuriku are: Niigata Kanazawa, Toyama Fukui, Jōetsu, Nagaoka Of these, Niigata is the largest with a population of over 800,000.
The main industries in the Hokuriku area include chemicals, tourism and textile machinery, heavy machinery and fishing. Koshihikari, a popular variety of rice is a special product of Hokuriku region; the Hokuriku region has the highest volume of snowfall of any inhabited and arable region in the world. This is because dry Siberian air masses, which develop high humidity over the Sea of Japan, are forced upwards when they encounter the mountains of Honshū, causing the humidity to condense as snow; the long winters and deep snow of this region are depicted in Hokuetsu Seppu, an encyclopedic work of the late Edo period which describes life in the Uonuma district of Niigata Prefecture. The Hokuriku region is the setting for Yasunari Kawabata's novel Snow Country. Hokuriku is listed as No. 4 in Lonely Planet's Best in Travel 2014 – Top 10 Regions. Http://www.lonelyplanet.com/travel-tips-and-articles/lonely-planets-best-in-travel-2014-top-10-regions Kōshin'etsu region Shin'etsu region Tōkai region Tōhoku Kitamaebune Hokuriku Shinkansen Hokuriku Main Line Hokuriku Expressway Hokuriku dialect Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth.
Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 58053128. ISBN 0-674-01753-6, ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5
Aomori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region. The capital is the city of Aomori; until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Aomori prefecture was known as the northern part of Mutsu Province. During the Edo period the Hirosaki clan began building a seaport at the current city of Aomori. There were green woods near the city; these green woods called. The prefecture came into existence in 1871; the town of Aomori was established in 1889. The town was incorporated as a city in 1898 with a population of 28,000. On May 3, 1910, a fire broke out in the Yasukata district. Fanned by strong winds, the fire devastated the whole city; the conflagration injured a further 160 residents. It destroyed burnt 19 storage sheds and 157 warehouses. At 10:30 p.m. on July 28, 1945, a squadron of American B29 bombers bombed over 90% of the city. Radio Aomori made its first broadcast in 1951. Four years the first fish auctions were held. 1958 saw the completion of the Municipal Fish Market as well as the opening of the Citizen's Hospital.
In the same year, the Tsugaru Line established a rail connection with Minmaya Village at the tip of the peninsula. Various outlying towns and villages were incorporated into the growing city and with the absorption of Nonai Village in 1962, Aomori became the largest city in the prefecture. In March 1985, after 23 years of labor and a financial investment of 700 billion yen, the Seikan Tunnel linked the islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō, thereby becoming the longest tunnel of its kind in the world. Three years on March 13, railroad service was inaugurated on the Tsugaru Kaikyo Line; that same day saw the end of the Seikan ferry rail service. During their 80 years of service, the familiar ferries of the Seikan line sailed between Aomori and Hakodate some 720,000 times, carrying 160 million passengers. In April 1993, Aomori Public College opened. In August 1994, Aomori City made an "Education and Friendship Exchange Pact" with Kecskemét in Hungary. One year a similar treaty was signed with Pyongtaek in South Korea, cultural exchange activities began with exchanges of woodblock prints and paintings.
In April 1995, Aomori Airport began offering regular international air service to Seoul, South Korea, Khabarovsk, Russia. In June 2007, four North Korean defectors reached Aomori Prefecture, after having been at sea for six days, marking the second known case where defectors have reached Japan by boat. In March 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck Japan on the east coast. The northeastern coast of Aomori Prefecture was affected by the resulting tsunami. Buildings along harbors were damaged along with boats thrown about in the streets. Aomori prefecture's climate is cool for the most part, it has four distinct seasons with an average temperature of 10 °C. Variations in climate exist between the western parts of the prefecture; this is in part due to the Ōu Mountains that divide the two regions. The western side is subject to heavy monsoons and little sunshine which results in heavy snowfall during the winter; the eastern side receives little sunlight during the summer months, June through August, with temperatures staying low.
The lowest recorded temperature during the winter is -9.3 °C, the highest recorded temperature during the summer is 33.1 °C. Aomori Prefecture is the northernmost prefecture on Honshu and faces Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, it borders Iwate in the south. Oma, at the northwestern tip of the axe-shaped Shimokita Peninsula, is the northernmost point of Honshu; the Shimokita and Tsugaru Peninsulas enclose Mutsu Bay. Between those peninsulas lies the Natsudomari Peninsula, the northern end of the Ōu Mountains; the three peninsulas are prominently visible in a stylized map. Lake Towada, a crater lake, straddles Aomori's boundary with Akita. Oirase River flows easterly from Lake Towada; the Shirakami Mountains are located in western Aomori and contain the last of the virgin beech tree forest, home to over 87 species of birds. As of April 1, 2012, 12% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Towada-Hachimantai National Park. Ten cities are located in Aomori Prefecture: These are the towns and villages in each district: Aomori Prefecture is host to the Misawa Air Base, the only combined, joint U.
S. service installation in the western Pacific servicing Army and Air Force, as well as the Japan Self-Defense Forces. On 20 February 2018 a U. S. Air Force F-16 fighter jet caught fire in flight; the pilot dumped two fuel tanks into Lake Ogawarako in northern Aomori Prefecture. Like much of the Tōhoku Region, Aomori Prefecture remains dominated by traditional industries such as farming and fishing. Aomori Prefecture is Japan's largest producer of apples. Aomori boasts being the home to Hakkōda cattle, a rare, region-specific breed of Japanese Shorthorn; the town of Gonohe has a long history as a breeding center for horses of exceptional quality, popular among the samurai. With the decline of the samurai, Gonohe's horses continued to be bred for their meat; the lean horse meat is coveted as a delicacy when served in its raw form, known as Basashi. The Aomori coast along
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word