Antonios Sajih Mokbel is an Australian criminal, convicted for a number of offences, most prominently commercial drug trafficking. He has spent most of his life in Australia. Mokbel was a fugitive until his recapture in Athens, Greece, on 5 June 2007. Operation Purana alleged, he has been linked to Carl Williams as well as the killing of several victims of the Melbourne gangland war. He disappeared from Melbourne while on trial in March 2006, he was arrested by Greek police in Athens, Greece, on 5 June 2007. Prior to his arrest, there was a $1 million bounty for information leading to his capture. According to Victoria Police, this reward still stands for the person who tipped off the police on his whereabouts, it has been alleged that in late 2002 there was a meeting of more than ten Melbourne organised crime figures in Carlton. At that meeting, it is said that Mokbel was beaten, nearly to death, by Nik'The Russian' Radev's bodyguard, Western Australian Troy Mercanti, a member of the Coffin Cheaters motorcycle gang.
Andrew'Benji' Veniamin was ordered by his close associate, Dominic'Mick' Gatto, to take Mokbel to a female doctor. In the following couple of weeks, Mick Gatto was told that Mokbel became close allies, he was reported to have paid convicted murderers Keith Faure and Evangelos Goussis A$150,000 for the murder of Lewis Moran, the 23rd victim of the Melbourne gangland killings. After an investigation by Operation Purana, Mokbel was charged with Moran's murder. Mokbel was alleged to have laundered over A$2 million through At the Top of the Town, a high-profile Melbourne CBD brothel which he purchased through a business associate. One of Mokbel's amphetamine producers ran a brothel in the Melbourne south-eastern suburbs while another Mokbel gang member who trafficked large amounts of drugs for Mokbel ran a brothel. Mokbel made every effort to avoid extradition to Australia, he has unsuccessfully made applications in Australia to cancel the Australian extradition attempt. Lebanese authorities have foreshadowed making their own extradition request to the Greek courts.
It is not known how Mokbel could have committed any significant crime that could be tried in or on behalf of Lebanon. Greek authorities have indicated the serious nature of the charges to be faced in Australia would see extradition to Australia take priority over Greek prosecution of lesser fraud and corruption. On 18 March 2008, the Supreme Court in Athens granted Australia's request for his extradition; the Greek justice minister's approval was obtained in May 2008. On 17 May 2008, Mokbel arrived in Melbourne, Australia, at Tullamarine Airport in a Gulfstream jet along with eight Lebanese men; the cost of the jet drew some criticism, costing the state A$450,000, although the Victorian state intends to regain the costs from Mokbel's criminal earnings. On 27 February 2012, it was reported. On 3 July 2012, Mokbel was sentenced in the Supreme Court of Victoria to 30 years with a minimum term of 22 years. On 11 February 2019, Mokbel was stabbed in Barwon Prison. Mokbel is played by actor Robert Mammone in the Australian drama TV series Underbelly and Fat Tony & Co..
As the title suggests, Mokbel is the main character of the latter series. Danielle McGuire Carl Williams Hughes, Gary. "The gangster, the consultant, the MP and her husband". The Australian. Archived from the original on May 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-23. Mokbel drug counts dropped, bail extended - The Age, 2005-02-15 Accused drug supremo barred from casino - The Age, 2004-06-02 Why did'Fat Tony' get bail? Antonios Sajih Mokbel at Melbournecrime.com
Mark "Chopper" Read
Mark Brandon "Chopper" Read was an Australian convicted criminal, gang member and author. Read wrote a series of children's books; the 2000 film Chopper is based on his life. Read was born on 17 November 1954 to a former army and Korean War veteran father of Irish descent and a mother, a devout Seventh-day Adventist, he was placed in a children's home for the first five years of his life. He grew up in the Melbourne suburbs of Collingwood, Thomastown and Preston, he was bullied at school, claiming that by the age of 15 he had been on the "losing end of several hundred fights" and that his father on his mother's recommendation, beat him as a child. It was revealed that Read had been molested as a child. Read was made a ward of the state by the age of 14 and was placed in several mental institutions as a teenager, where, he claimed, he underwent electroshock therapy; when he was still young, Read was an accomplished street fighter and the leader of the Surrey Road gang. He began his criminal career based in massage parlours in the Prahran area.
He graduated to kidnapping and torturing members of the criminal underworld using a blowtorch or bolt cutters to remove the toes of his victims as an incentive for them to produce enough money so that Read would leave them alive. Read spent only 13 months outside prison between the ages of 20 and 38, having been convicted of crimes including armed robbery, firearm offences, arson, impersonating a police officer and kidnapping. While in Pentridge Prison's H division in the late 1970s, Read launched a prison war, his gang, dubbed "The Overcoat Gang" because they wore long coats all year round to conceal their weapons, were involved in several hundred acts of violence against a larger opposing gang during this period. Around this time, Read had a fellow inmate cut both of his ears off in order to be able to leave H division temporarily. In his biography, Read claimed this was to avoid an ambush by other inmates by being transferred to the mental health wing, his works state that he did so to "win a bet".
The nickname "Chopper" was given to him long from a childhood cartoon character. Read was ambushed and stabbed by members of his own gang in a sneak attack when they felt that his plan to cripple every other inmate in the entire division and win the gang war in one fell swoop was going too far. Another theory is that James "Jimmy" Loughnan, a longtime friend of Read, with Patrick "Blue" Barnes, wished to benefit from a contract put on Read's head by the Painters' and Dockers' Union. Read lost several feet of intestine in the attack. At the time Read was serving a 161⁄2-year sentence after attacking a judge in an effort to get Loughnan released from prison. Loughnan died in the Jika Jika fire at Pentridge in 1987. In 1992, Read was convicted of shooting Sidney Michael Edward Collins in the chest; the incident took place in Read's car, in the driveway of Collins' residence at Evandale, Tasmania. The bullet was recovered from the back seat of the vehicle, Collins named Read as the shooter. Pleading not guilty, Read was found guilty of grievous bodily harm, a downgraded charge from attempted murder, sentenced as a "dangerous criminal" to indefinite detention.
He walked free early in 1998. In 2002, Read was again questioned over the disappearance of Sidney Collins, still on the Australian Missing Person list after going missing in suspicious circumstances. Read admitted to murdering Collins in his last broadcast interview before death on the Australian 60 Minutes program aired on 20 October 2013. Read expressed no remorse for killing Collins, alleging he was "stupid" for being shot by Read on two separate occasions with Collins' own gun. Read claimed to be involved in the attempted murder of 11 others. In an April 2013 interview with the New York Times, Read said "Look I haven't killed that many people about four or seven, depending on how you look at it."In the TV series Tough Nuts, Read spoke of his mid-1980s to early 1990s rivalry with Alphonse Gangitano. Read explained that he had a disagreement with Gangitano regarding an elderly neighbourhood hero whom Gangitano admired, it is alleged by Read that Gangitano burst open the toilet cubicle door with a number of associates and began a serious assault on Read who made his escape but not before spreading his faeces into Gangitano's face.
In 2001, Read was featured in an advertisement on behalf of the Pedestrian Council of Australia warning of the dangers of drunk driving. In 2005, Read embarked on a tour of Australia performing a series of shows titled I'm Innocent with Mark "Jacko" Jackson and toured Sydney in a stage show with a new co-star, former detective Roger "The Dodger" Rogerson and throughout Australia with comedian and friend Doug Chappel. Read made regular guest appearance on Doug Chappel's Melbourne International Comedy Festival show in 2008 called'Comics Live in your Lounge' where the two of them would tell stories on stage together. In 2006, Read appeared in another commercial speaking out against domestic violence. On 13 March 2006, he released, he appeared in the 2002 Australian comedy Trojan Warrior. Read allowed use of his name to a beer called "Chopper Heavy"; the beer is produced in Rutherglen, Victoria, a town associated with Australia's most notorious outlaw, Ned Kelly. He made the headlines again, on 15 December 2008, after being questioned by police about an alleged incident in Johnson Street, Collingwood.
Read was attacked by a tomahawk-wielding man. He said: "I ran to the panelbeater's and grabbed a pipe
Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take anything of value by force, threat of force, or by putting the victim in fear. According to common law, robbery is defined as taking the property of another, with the intent to permanently deprive the person of that property, by means of force or fear. Precise definitions of the offence may vary between jurisdictions. Robbery is differentiated from other forms of theft by its inherently violent nature. Under English law, most forms of theft are triable either way, whereas robbery is triable only on indictment; the word "rob" came via French from Late Latin words of Germanic origin, from Common Germanic raub -- "theft". Among the types of robbery are armed robbery, which involves the use of a weapon, aggravated robbery, when someone brings with them a deadly weapon or something that appears to be a deadly weapon. Highway robbery or mugging takes place outside or in a public place such as a sidewalk, street, or parking lot. Carjacking is the act of stealing a car from a victim by force.
Extortion is the threat to do something illegal, or the offer to not do something illegal, in the event that goods are not given using words instead of actions. Criminal slang for robbery includes "blagging" or "stick-up", "steaming". In Canada, the Criminal Code makes robbery an indictable offence, subject to a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. If the accused uses a restricted or prohibited firearm to commit robbery, there is a mandatory minimum sentence of five years for the first offence, seven years for subsequent offences. Robbery is a statutory offence in the Republic of Ireland, it is created by section 14 of the Criminal Justice Act, 2001, which provides: A person is guilty of robbery if he or she steals, before or at the time of doing so, in order to do so, uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any person in fear of being and there subjected to force. Robbery is a statutory offence in Wales, it is created by section 8 of the Theft Act 1968 which reads: A person is guilty of robbery if he steals, before or at the time of doing so, in order to do so, he uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any person in fear of being and there subjected to force.
Aggravated theft Robbery is the only offence of aggravated theft. Aggravated robbery There are no offences of aggravated robbery; this requires evidence to show a theft as set out in section 1 of the Theft Act 1968. In R v Robinson the defendant threatened the victim with a knife in order to recover money which he was owed, his conviction for robbery was quashed on the basis that Robinson had an honest, although unreasonable, belief in his legal right to the money. See R v Skivington 1 QB 166, 2 WLR 655, 131 JP 265, 111 SJ 72, 1 All ER 483, 51 Cr App R 167, CA. In R v Hale the application of force and the stealing took place in different locations, it was not possible to establish the timing, it was argued that the theft should be regarded as complete by this time, R v Gomez, should apply. The threat or use of force must take place before or at the time of the theft. Force used after the theft is complete will not turn the theft into a robbery; the words "or after" that appeared in section 23 of the Larceny Act 1916 were deliberately omitted from section 8.
The book "Archbold" said that the facts in R v Harman, which did not amount to robbery in 1620, would not amount to robbery now. It was held in R v Dawson and James that "force" is an ordinary English word and its meaning should be left to the jury; this approach was confirmed in Corcoran v Anderton, both handbag-snatching cases. Stealing may involve a young child, not aware that taking other persons' property is not in order; the victim must be placed in apprehension or fear that force would be used before or at the time of the taking of the property. A threat is not immediate. Robbery occurs if an aggressor forcibly snatched a mobile phone or if they used a knife to make an implied threat of violence to the holder and took the phone; the person being threatened does not need to be the owner of the property. It is not necessary that the victim was frightened, but the defendant must have put or sought to put the victim or some other person in fear of immediate force; the force or threat may be directed against a third party, for example a customer in a jeweller's shop.
Theft accompanied by a threat to damage property will not constitute robbery, but it may disclose an offence of blackmail. Dishonestly dealing with property stolen during a robbery will constitute an offence of handling. Robbery is an indictable-only offence. Under current sentencing guidelines, the punishment for robbery is affected by a variety of aggravating and mitigating factors. Important is how much harm was caused to t
David Field (actor)
David Field is an Australian character actor and film director who has appeared in numerous film and television roles, including Chopper, Two Hands and Gettin' Square. In 2009, Field made his directorial debut with The Combination, he is known for his role in advertisements for Oak as part of the Hungry/Thirsty campaign and as the ex prison inmate uncle in the mini series'A Moody Christmas'. The Combination Convict ¤ The secret Daughter 2016 > "Catching Milat" A Country Practice" Paul Kelly - If I Could Start Today Again - actor David Field on IMDb
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Evangelos "Ange" Goussis is an Australian former boxer and kickboxer from Geelong, is a multiple murderer, guilty of the murders of two victims of the Melbourne gangland killings. Goussis is detained in the maximum security Acacia unit of Barwon Prison. Goussis was born in Tashkent, in the former Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, of the USSR to a family of Greek immigrants in Uzbekistan. Ange Goussis' father, Aristides Goussis, had been a resistance fighter against the Nazis during World War II for Greece, was a pro-Soviet guerilla in the brutal Greek Civil War of the late 1940s. In 1949, following the right-wing victory against the communist guerillas in Greece and his wife, Mahi, a Red Cross child-care worker, fled to Uzbekistan. Goussis arrived in Australia, aged eight years. After leaving school, Goussis held various jobs such as an apprentice motor mechanic, a sheet metal worker, fitness consultant and nightclub bouncer. During his early twenties, Goussis drifted into a life of crime after meeting many criminal associates via his employment as a bouncer and via boxing.
In November 1989, Goussis was convicted of attempted murder and trafficking in heroin and sentenced to a term of imprisonment. In March 2004, he was convicted of carrying an unregistered firearm; as a boxer, Goussis won the inaugural Lionel Rose Shield. By 1987, he was a contender for the 1988 Summer Olympics to be held in Seoul. In the early 1990s, Goussis competed in kickboxing. Goussis became the World Kickboxing Association middleweight champion. Goussis' name stands alongside many other Greek kickboxing greats such as former world champions, Stan'The Man' Longinidis and Tosca Petridis, Louie'The Ice' Iosifidis, current world champion'Iron' Mike Zambidis and others. Goussis went back to boxing however, training with Keith Ellis, he had three professional fights, TKO-ing Shane Wirth in 39 seconds in March 1995 and drawing with Ricky Jackson two weeks later. In October 1997, at Bondi, he stopped Adam Turner in the first round. Lewis Caine was an underworld figure based in Melbourne, boyfriend of lawyer Zarah Garde-Wilson.
Caine had lived with Garde-Wilson for a period of two years before his death. On 8 May 2004 Goussis and associate Keith Faure travelled to Melbourne from Geelong to meet with Caine in a Carlton hotel at the invitation of Faure; the body of Caine was found with a single gunshot wound to his head in a dead-end Brunswick street on 8 May 2004. At his trial for the murder of Caine, Goussis claimed self-defence, stating Caine produced a gun and fired at him however the gun jammed. Goussis stated he shot Caine to the head with a single shot before dumping his body in the laneway. Goussis was found guilty by a jury for the murder of Caine. Masked gunmen entered the Brunswick Club on Sydney Road, Brunswick at 6.40pm on 31 March 2004. Moran ran from his place at the bar and through a poker machine room before the gunman caught up with him and shot him twice, the fatal bullet being fired into the back of his head from a few centimetres away. Associate Bertie Wrout was wounded but survived the attack. On 29 May 2008, Goussis was found guilty of the murder of Lewis Moran and on 9 February 2009, was sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum 30 years non-parole period.
Goussis was under investigation for the 2003 murder of male prostitute, Shane Chartres-Abbott, shot dead in a professional hit outside his Reservoir home on 4 June 2003. Chartres-Abbott was travelling to the Melbourne County Court where he was due to appear to face rape charges. On 8 July 2014 the Victorian Supreme Court jury found that Goussis and two other co-accused were not guilty for the murder of Chartres-Abbott. In 2013 growing disquiet emerged regarding the nature of the evidence used to secure Goussis's convictions, it was revealed that contradictory accounts by the primary prosecution witness had been rewritten to fit in with telephone call records provided by police. In 2014 Goussis released his account of events, alleging police misconduct, called for a royal commission
HM Prison Pentridge
Her Majesty's Prison Pentridge was an Australian prison, first established in 1851 in Coburg, Victoria. The first prisoners arrived in 1851; the prison closed on 1 May 1997. Pentridge was referred to as the "Bluestone College", "Coburg College" or "College of Knowledge"; the grounds were landscaped by landscape gardener Hugh Linaker. The site is split into two parts; the northern part of the prison, referred to as the “Pentridge Coburg” or “Pentridge Piazza“ site, is bordered by Champ Street, Pentridge Boulevard, Murray Road and Stockade Avenue. It is under development by the developer Shayher Group, who has owned the site since 2013; the southern part of the prison, referred to as the “Pentridge Village” site, is bordered by Pentridge Boulevard, Stockade Avenue, Wardens Walk and Urquhart Street. It is owned by the developer Future Estate; the prison was split into many divisions, named using letters of the alphabet. A – Short and long-term prisoners of good behaviour but during the late 1980s till its closure it became a scene of many monthly bashings and bludgeonings.
B – Long-term prisoners with behaviour problems C – Vagabonds and short term prisoners, where Ned Kelly was imprisoned D – Remand prisoners E – The hospital turned into a dormitory division housing short term prisoners F – Remand and short-term G – Psychiatric problems H – High security and protection J – Young Offenders Group- Later for long-term with record of good behaviour Jika Jika – maximum security risk and for protection renamed K Division In 2014, archaeological work in the former prison grounds led to the discovery of three rare panopticons located near the A and B Divisions that were built of bluestone in the 1850s. The first uncovered and excavated was to the north of A division and was built of bluestone in the 1850s; the circular design, with walls coming out from the centre, created wedge shaped'airing yards' where prisoners would be permitted access for one hour per day without coming into contact with each other. The panopticons fell out of use, due to prison overcrowding, were demolished in the early 1900s.
The panopticons were based on the design concepts of British philosopher and social reformer Jeremy Bentham. The footings of the first panopticon, excavated and uncovered is located to the north of A Division and remains intact; the excavation and uncovering of the other two panopticons next to B Division only revealed the remains of its rubble footings. Jika Jika, opened in 1980 at a cost of 7 million Australian dollars, was a'gaol within a gaol' maximum security section, designed to house Victoria's hardest and longest serving prisoners, it was awarded the'Excellence in Concrete Award' by the Concrete Institute of Australia before being closed, 8 years amidst controversy after the deaths of five prisoners in 1987. The design of Jika Jika was based on the idea of six separate units at the end of radiating spines; the unit comprised electronic doors, closed-circuit TV and remote locking, designed to keep staff costs to a minimum and security to a maximum. The furnishings were sparse and prisoners exercised in aviary-like escape proof yards.
In 1983 four prisoners escaped from ‘escape proof’ Jika Jika. When two prison officers were disciplined in relation to the Jika Jika escape a week-long strike occurred. Inmates Robert Wright, Jimmy Loughnan, Arthur Gallagher, David McGauley and Ricky Morris from one side of the unit, convicted Russell Street bomber Craig Minogue and three other inmates on the other side, sealed off their section doors with a tennis net. Mattresses and other bedding were stacked against the doors and set on fire. Wright, Gallagher, McGauley and Morris died in the blaze, while Minogue and the three others were evacuated and survived. In 1851, an ad-hoc group of structures built by prison labour using local materials existed. None of these structures survived; the second phase of construction, undertaken in the late 1850s and early 1860s, was the construction of Inspector General William Champ's model prison complex, based on British and American precedents. In 1924, Pentridge replaced the Melbourne Gaol as the main remand and reception prison for the metropolitan area.
In 1929, Melbourne Gaol was closed and its prisoners relocated to Pentridge. The Victorian Government confirmed its intention to close Pentridge and replace it with two new male prisons, each accommodating around 600 prisoners, in December 1993. In April 1995, the Office of Corrections ordered that the six main towers at Pentridge be closed, since most of the high security prisoners from the gaol had been relocated to Barwon as part of the downgrading of Pentridge to a medium security prison; the prison was closed in 1997 and sold by the State Government of Victoria. Since the site was closed all of the buildings identified as being of no significance in the 1996 Pentridge Conservation Management Plan prepared by Allom Lovell & Associates have been demolished with the approval of Heritage Victoria; the remaining heritage buildings and landmarks of significance, including A, B, D, E and H Divisions, B Annexe, Pentridge’s iconic entrance, the Administration Building, the Warden’s Quarters, the Rock-Breaking Yards, the Guard Towers/Posts and the wall surrounding the site have been retained and will undergo restoration works to ensure their stability and preservation into the future.
The site as a whole is classified as a place of state significance by the National Trust of Australia. The National Trust has adopted the levels of significance id