Lang Park known as Brisbane Stadium, by the sponsored name Suncorp Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Brisbane, Australia, located in the suburb of Milton. The current facility comprises a three-tiered rectangular sporting stadium with a capacity of 52,500 people, it is used for rugby league, rugby union, soccer, with a rectangular playing field of 136 metres by 82 metres. Lang Park was established in 1914, on the site of the former North Brisbane Cemetery, in its early days was home to a number of different sports, including cycling and soccer; the lease of the park was taken over by the Brisbane Rugby League in 1957 and it became the home of the game in Queensland. It has been the home ground of major rugby union and soccer matches in Queensland since its modern redevelopment, including the Queensland Reds and the Brisbane Roar, some Wallabies and Socceroos matches, it hosted the 2008 the 2017 Rugby League World Cup Final. The site of Lang Park was the North Brisbane Cemetery, until 1875 was Brisbane's primary cemetery.
By 1911 the area was populated, so the Paddington Cemeteries Act was introduced and the site was redeveloped as a recreational site. In 1914 it was named Lang Park after John Dunmore Lang; the ground was leased by the Queensland Amateur Athletics Association in the 1920s. In 1935, the Queensland Soccer Council became a sub-tenant of the QAAA, with a view to using it as the home ground for Brisbane soccer fixtures; the Latrobe Soccer Club, in turn, became a sub-tenant of the QSC, using the ground for its home games. However, by 1937, the QSC was considering sub-leasing Lang Park to "another code of football" as it "was not satisfied with the financial returns... under the sub-lease to the Latrobe-Milton club". Latrobe in turn responded that "'If no action Is taken to introduce the Ipswich clubs into the Brisbane competition this' season... the Latrobe-Milton Club cannot accept an increase in rental for Lang Park. Give us competition play with Ipswich and my club will hold the ground as headquarters for the code."On 11 February 1950, the official opening of the Lang Park Police Citizens Youth Club took place and youth activities commenced because of the concerns with the increase of juvenile delinquency.
Activities such as boxing, wrestling and gymnastics all occur at these premises to this day. Contemporaneous records are scant, but it appears the QSC did not renew the lease the ground after the intervening World War II. In 1953 the Brisbane Rugby League amalgamated with the Queensland Rugby League. QRL secretary Ron McAullife negotiated a 21-year lease of Lang Park from the Brisbane City Council in order to give the QRL a financially viable base of operations; the park had only the most basic facilities, the QRL contributed £17,000 to its development. Lang Park hosted its first game of first grade rugby league during the 1930s, with regular BRL games commencing there in 1955. In 1958 it hosted its first Brisbane rugby league grand final in which Brothers defeated Valleys 22 points to 7. A record crowd of 19,824 saw Northern Suburbs defeat Fortitude Valley at Lang Park in the BRL grand final in September 1961. In the 1960s, Fonda Metassa famously burst from the back of an ambulance to return to the field after being carted off injured in a match for Norths against Redcliffe.
As the ground was used by the QRL, it became no longer viable for use as a public recreation facility. In 1962 the Lang Park Trust was created under an act of Parliament; this allowed for the construction of the Frank Burke Stand, Ron McAuliffe Stand and the Western Grandstand. The Trust had on its board one member from the Queensland Government, one member from the Brisbane City Council, two members from the Queensland Rugby League and one member from the Brisbane Rugby League. From the 1960s Lang Park hosted interstate and international rugby league, including the inaugural State of Origin match. Up until 1972, it was the home ground of the Western Suburbs Panthers and from 1988 to 1992 it was the home ground of the Brisbane Broncos. In 1994, the stadium's name was changed to Suncorp Stadium, when naming sponsorship was attained by Queensland financial institution, Suncorp-Metway Limited; the venue is managed by AEG Ogden. On 25 May 1997 the 1996/1997 National Soccer League Grand final was played in front of a capacity crowd of 40,446, where the Brisbane Strikers F.
C. defeated Sydney United FC 2–0. In the late 1990s, it was decided. Suncorp Stadium was chosen as the site; the $280 million redevelopment commenced in July 2001 after Game One of the 2001 State of Origin series. The redevelopment was completed in time for the match between the Brisbane Broncos and Newcastle Knights on 1 June 2003; the stadium is now a 52,500 state of the art all-seater rectangular stadium, a far cry from the former Lang Park oval with two grandstands set back from a perimeter road. The only remaining stand from; the extension of the facility resulted in the demolition of a number of buildings along Milton Road, including the former Brisbane City Council trolley-bus depot. During their relocating year, the Broncos only recorded one win at the venue, against the Sydney Roosters in Round 16, 2003, unlike one loss at their previous home, ANZ Stadium in Round 5, 2003, against the New Zealand Warriors. Following its redevelopment, questions were raised about the standard of the surface, whic
2011 Rugby League Four Nations
The 2011 Rugby League Four Nations tournament was the third staging of the Rugby League Four Nations tournament and was played in England and Wales during October and November 2011, contested by regular contestants Australia and New Zealand, in addition to Wales, who had qualified for their first Four Nations by winning the 2010 European Cup. The tournament saw the return of international rugby league to London's Wembley Stadium for the first time since 1997, with a double-header played on 5 November 2011. Australia won the tournament, defeating England in the final at Elland Road, Leeds, on 19 November 2011; the match was the last of the 17-year professional career of Australia's captain Darren Lockyer. The 2011 tournament was the third of three Four Nations series planned before the 2013 Rugby League World Cup, with the venues rotating between Europe and the South Pacific. There was no Four Nations in 2012 due to teams preparing for the World Cup. In addition to automatic inclusions Australia and New Zealand, Wales qualified for the tournament by defeating France in the final of the 2010 European Cup.
Phil Bentham Matt Cecchin Henry Perenara Paul Holland Shane Rehm James Child Ian Smith Ben Thaler Australian coach Tim Sheens' touring squad was announced on 3 October: Of the twenty four players, twenty three were Australian born while one was Fijian born. 1 Replaced selected Brett Stewart who withdrew due to injury. 2 Replaced selected David Taylor who withdrew due to injury. 3 Replaced selected Glenn Stewart who withdrew for compassionate reasons. The England squad for the 2011 Four Nations: Of the twenty four players, twenty two were English born while one was New Zealand born and one Australian born. Coach: Steve McNamara The Kiwis announced their 23-man touring squad on 4 October. Of the twenty three players, eighteen were New Zealand born while four were Australian born and one Tongan born. Coach: Stephen Kearney 1 Replaced original replacement Krisnan Inu who withdrew for family reasons, he replaced selected Steve Matai who withdrew due to injury.2 Replaced selected Manu Vatuvei who withdrew due to injury.3 Replaced selected Shaun Johnson who withdrew due to injury.
The Welsh training squad was named on 14 September. Of the twenty three players, nine were English born while eight were Welsh born and five Australian borns and one South African born. Coach: Iestyn Harris Gareth Thomas was selected in the squad, but retired with immediate effect in the week leading up to the tournament; the games were played at venues in Wales. The tournament final was played in Leeds. Johnathan Thurston broke the record for most points in a single tournament with his 56-point haul; the previous record of 42 was set in 2005 by New Zealand's Stacey Jones. Before the series, England played a Test match against France, New Zealand and Australia played a test in Newcastle before heading to Great Britain, Wales played Ireland in Neath. New Zealand were scheduled to play a Test match against the Cook Islands on 7 October, however this was called off due to the unavailability of 29 frontline players
Daly Cherry-Evans is an Australian rugby league footballer who plays as a halfback and is the captain of the Manly Warringah Sea Eagles in the NRL. With Manly he won the 2011 Grand Final, he has represented Queensland at State of Origin level and Australia internationally Cherry-Evans was born in Redcliffe, Queensland to an English-born mother and an Australian father. His father, Troy Evans, played as a hooker for the Norths Devils and Redcliffe Dolphins in the Brisbane Rugby League premiership during the 1980s and 1990s, his mother, Kellie Cherry, named Cherry-Evans after dual British Olympic Gold Medalist Daley Thompson. He began playing rugby league for the Redcliffe Dolphins at 5-years-old. At 12 years of age Cherry-Evans moved to Mackay, Queensland with his family and continued to play junior rugby league for the Mackay Brothers, he attended St Patrick's College during his high school years. He attended Redcliffe State High School and was a part of the reddy boys. At the beginning of 2008 Cherry-Evans was invited by Dennis Moore to trial with the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles and signed a contract to play for their under-20s National Youth Competition team.
Cherry-Evans played 46 games for the National Youth Competition team of Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles over the 2008 and 2009 season where he scored 246 points in total including 24 tries. He was named on the interchange bench of the 2009 Toyota Cup season's team of the year. At the conclusion of the 2009 Toyota Cup season, Cherry-Evans found himself behind Trent Hodkinson as Manly's first grade halfback after the departure of club captain Matt Orford; as a result, Cherry-Evans was sent to play for Manly's Queensland Cup feeder club the Sunshine Coast Sea Eagles. After captaining the team for most of the season, Cherry-Evans was named the Queensland Cup Player of the Year, Rookie of the Year, his performances in the side saw him selected to the Queensland Residents team where he was named team captain. With Hodkinson moving to play for the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs, Cherry-Evans made his debut for Manly in Round 1 of the 2011 NRL season against the Melbourne Storm at halfback in the Sea Eagles 18-6 loss at AAMI Park.
In Round 12 against the Brisbane Broncos at Suncorp Stadium, Cherry-Evans scored his first NRL career tries in the Sea Eagles 34-10 victory, one of, set up by a flick pass from Fullback Brett Stewart who while diving for the ball had scooped it up one handed and passed to Cherry-Evans in the same movement. In round 13 against the Bulldogs, Cherry-Evans crossed the try line untouched from a scrum, performed a one-on-one strip on Dene Halatau, had 3 try assists in a dominating display that saw him named as halfback in the BigPond Sport Team of the Week. In October 2011, English coach Steve McNamara offered Cherry-Evans a starting spot on the England team for the 2011 Four Nations as he is eligible for England through his English born mother Kellie. Cherry-Evans declined the offer, declaring himself available only to play representative football for both Queensland and Australia should he be selected. Cherry-Evans won the 2011 Dally M Rookie of the Year award, scored a try in Manly's victory over the New Zealand Warriors in the 2011 NRL grand final.
He gave a perfect inside pass for Brett Stewart to score the first try of the match in the 30th minute of the game. His own try just before the game's half time was set up by an audacious grubber kick by Clive Churchill Medal winner Glenn Stewart; the Manly Lock grubber kicked for winger Michael Robertson on his own 20 metre line. Robertson regathered and raced 50 metres down field, evading a desperate tackle from Manu Vatuvei, before passing to Matt Ballin who continued the run until tackled only 5 metres out from scoring. On the next play Cherry-Evans received the ball from halves partner Kieran Foran, threw two dummy-passes and scored next to the posts to give the Sea Eagles a match winning 12-2 lead after Lyon's conversion. Manly went on to defeat the Warriors 24-10 to win their 8th premiership, with DCE the first rookie halfback to lead his team to premiership success since "Slippery" Steve Morris won with St George in 1979. Cherry-Evans finished his excellent debut year in the NRL in the 2011 NRL season with him playing in all 27 Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles matches, scoring 7 tries, kicking 25 goals and 3 field goals.
He was named by the Rugby League International Federation in its annual awards as the world's best halfback for 2011. Cherry-Evans played in all 27 Manly Warringah Sea Eagles matches and scored 7 tries, kicked 3 goals and kicked 1 field goal during the 2012 NRL season. Since he made his debut for Manly in Round 1 of the 2011 NRL season, Cherry-Evans had not missed a single game of the NRL. Due to his selection for Qld in Game III of the 2013 Origin series, DCE missed his first game for the Sea Eagles, missing their Round 18 clash with North Queensland in Townsville. Cherry-Evans won the Clive Churchill man of the match medal in the Sea Eagles 26-18 Grand Final defeat by the Sydney Roosters. Cherry-Evans is the third player since the award's inception in 1986 to win the Medal from a losing Grand Final side, joining Canberra's Bradley Clyde and St George's Brad Mackay. Cherry-Evans played in 27 matches, scored 11 tries and kicked 2 field goals for the Sea Eagles in the 2013 NRL season. On 14 February 2014, Cherry-Evans was selected in the Sea Eagles inaugural 2014 Auckland Nines squad.
In Round 24 against the Parramatta Eels at Parramatta Stadium, Cherry-Evans played his 100th NRL career match in the Sea Eagles 22-12 loss. On 22 September 2014, Cherry-Evans was selected in the Australian Four Nations train-on squad. On 29 September 2014, at the 2014 Dally M Awards, Cherry-
State of Origin series
The State of Origin series is the annual best-of-three rugby league football match series between two Australian state representative sides, the New South Wales Blues and the Queensland Maroons. Referred to as Australian sport's greatest rivalry, the State of Origin series is one of Australia's premier sporting events, attracting huge television audiences and selling out the stadiums in which the games are played, it is described as being the pinnacle of rugby league in comparison with international competitions. Players are selected to represent the Australian state in which they played their first senior rugby league game, hence the name'state of origin'. Prior to 1980 players were only selected for interstate matches on the basis of where they were playing their club football at the time. In both 1980 and 1981 there were two interstate matches under the old selection rules and one experimental "State of Origin" match. From 1982 onwards a best-of-three match series has been played around the middle of the rugby league season for the State of Origin shield.
During the early years, the results were extraordinarily even. However, since 2006, Queensland has won every series except in 2014 and 2018. Since the 1908 establishment of rugby league in Australia, the sport's two major states, New South Wales and Queensland, have played representative matches against each other which have continued into the "state of origin" era which began in the 1980s; the two states' teams are referred to as the Blues and Maroons, reflecting the respective colours of their jerseys. These were the colours of the Australia national rugby league team's jersey until the adoption of the green and gold; the Blues team is administered by the New South Wales Rugby League and the Maroons by the Queensland Rugby League. The New South Wales team are sometimes referred to by the nickname "Cockroaches" and the Queensland team as "Cane Toads", due to names given to them by Barry Muir and Johnny Raper respectively, it was reinforced by a marketing campaign used in the 1980s where the respective teams were caricatured as such.
Whilst other Australian states have representative rugby league teams, they have not competed in State of Origin. The first calls for a state of origin selection policy in interstate rugby football came before the schism between the union and league codes eventuated in Australia. In 1900 a journalist known as'The Cynic' wrote in The Referee that star rugby player and recent immigrant to Queensland, Stephen Spragg, should be able to play for his home state of New South Wales. Since the beginning of Australian rugby league in 1908, an interstate competition between New South Wales and Queensland has been conducted from time to time; until 1982 each team drew its players from the clubs based in that state. No consideration was given to the origins of the players themselves; the first of these interstate games was played at Sydney's Agricultural Ground on 11 July 1908, before Queensland had commenced its club competition. New South Wales accounted for Queensland in a 43–0 victory; the local media were unimpressed.
There can be no doubt the NSW men are improving a good deal... They can not be blamed for the farce. If the Australian team depends on Queenslanders to strengthen it, one is afraid it will be found wanting, they are quite the weakest lot of footballers I have seen come down from Queensland. The play needs no detailed description as it was a practice match for NSW, did not advantageously advertise the new game. -The Sydney Morning Herald, 13 July 1908The interstate series was dominated by New South Wales, apart from a golden period for Queensland in the 1920s. From 1922 to 1925 Queensland defeated. At the end of the 1925 season a Kangaroo team was to be picked for touring Great Britain. Instead of announcing an Australian team dominated by Queenslanders, the Australian Rugby League Board of Control informed the media that the Rugby Football League had decided that the Kiwis would provide stronger opposition, that there would be no Australian tour; the period spanning 1922 to 1929 saw no Australian team play in Great Britain, the only such hiatus outside the two World Wars.
The New South Wales dominance of interstate football increased after 1956 when gaming machines were legalised for all registered clubs in New South Wales. This provided New South Wales football clubs with a revenue source unmatched by Queensland clubs. From this time on an increasing number of Queensland players moved to the much stronger Sydney competition, becoming ineligible for Queensland state selection. Paul Hogan famously told a Queensland Rugby League gathering in 1977 that "every time Queensland produces a good footballer, he finishes up being processed through a New South Wales poker machine."Prior to 1956, NSW had won 75% and Qld only 25% of series played. From 1956–1981, NSW dominance soared higher and Qld wins dwindled to only 3.8% with only 1 series win, in 1959. By the 1970s the prestige of interstate matches had been downgraded. Matches were played mid-week, so as not to interfere with the Sydney club competition, the small crowds in New South Wales were hosted at suburban grounds.
Interstate football reached its nadir in 1977 when the New South Wales Rugby Football League declined to host the Queensland team, both interstate games were played in Queensland. Former Queensland captain and Australian vice-captain Jack Reardon, who had become a journalist, was the first to suggest that Sydney-based Queenslanders should be available for selection to represent their state. Brisbane Courier-Mail reporter Hugh Lunn, Barry Maranta and Maranta's business partner Wayne Reid pla
2009 State of Origin series
The 2009 State of Origin series was the 28th time that the annual three-game series between the Queensland and New South Wales representative rugby league football teams was played under'state of origin' selection rules. Queensland won their first two matches to retain the shield and to record 14 series wins, as well as the first time in Origin history that a state had won the series for four consecutive years. Maroon centre Greg Inglis was awarded the Wally Lewis Medal as player of the series. For the first time game one of the series was played in Melbourne; the stakes were high for New South Wales in the face of the genuine possibility of a four consecutive series defeat – never yet suffered since the introduction of the three match series format. Blues selectors opted for eight debutantes, dropping fourteen of the seventeen players who appeared in game I of 2008; the new faces were McManus, Stewart, Farah, Creagh and Poore. With abundant talent and experience to choose from, Queensland selectors opted for the international backline who had represented Australia in April against New Zealand, meaning Slater at fullback dislodged incumbent Maroon fullback Hunt to the interchange bench.
The entire Queensland squad had previous Origin experience with thirteen of them having represented on six or more occasions. New South Wales took a 2–0 lead after an early penalty goal but in the eighth minute a try to their winger Hayne was disallowed after a long video-referee deliberation. Hayne's right boot was ruled to have brushed the touch line on his way to score, overruling the on field decision of the touch judge; this decision appeared to rock the confidence of the young Blues squad and soon after Queensland took a commanding lead with a succession of tries to Slater and Thurston. Creagh crossed for the Blues before half-time picking up a pass from Hayne after he had chased a kick; the scoreline was 18–6 at the break. As the second half kicked off, Inglis struck with a spectacular try from long range to take the score to 24–6 and his tally to two. New South Wales from that point found some structure and the game played more like the traditional origin arm wrestle till Craig Wing made his entrance from the Blues interchange bench at the 53 minute mark.
Two minutes off a deflected kick, Wing scored to bring New South Wales within twelve and the Blues dummy halves – Wing and Farah double tagging in the role – began to find gaps in amongst the tiring Queensland forwards. In the 69th minute, another lucky kick deflection, this time off Maroons prop Steve Price and into the hands of Farah, passed to Hayne, resulted in Hayne's second try and a 24–18 scoreline with 10 minutes to go. However, in the 78th minute, following a handling error from Blues fullback Kurt Gidley, Darius Boyd crossed in the corner after the scrum, to seal Queensland a 28–18 victory and first blood in the series; the game was watched by a national audience of 3.48 million people, a record. Although the media speculated after game I that New South Wales selectors would stick firm with the initial squad, by the time the game II team was announced on 15 June a number of injuries paved the way for numerous changes including the selection of shadow players to cover some players in doubt: Trent Barrett was recalled in his first season back in the NRL since 2007 replacing Terry Campese.
Blues selectors named three shadow players – Tom Learoyd-Lahrs, Joel Monaghan and Josh Morris to cover injuries doubts over Michael Jennings, Jamie Lyon and Craig Wing. Monaghan and Morris came into the side for Jennings and Wing who failed to overcome injury. Despite seven players being struck by a virus 24 hours before kick-off, for Queensland the only change was Willie Tonga, selected to replace the injured Justin Hodges and to make his first Origin appearance since 2004. Neville Costigan was put on stand-by as 18th man instead of Matthew Scott; this was the first time that every club in the NRL provided a player for State of Origin. Queensland were set to make history by achieving four series wins in a row, they looked on their way when they went out to an 18–0 lead after 25 minutes with tries to Greg Inglis, Israel Folau and Darren Lockyer. A 22nd minute high shot from Trent Barrett on Inglis, fractured his jaw and saw the Queenslander sidelined for the remainder of the match. Petero Civoniceva suffered a season-ending foot injury in the first half.
Two miraculous tries to Jarryd Hayne had NSW on the comeback trail at halftime. New South Wales scored again with just under 20 minutes to go to make it an 18–14 scoreline with debutant David Williams scoring, it looked as though NSW could snatch an upset but Queensland put the game beyond doubt when Cameron Smith scored with a minute remaining making the final score 24–14. The Maroons therefore become the first side to win 4 series in a row, since the State Of Origin began in 1980 winning 2006, 2007, 2008 and now 2009. Injuries saw Queenslanders Civoniceva replaced by Scott and Shillington. Neville Costigan moved from 18th man in game II to an interchange spot replacing Nate Myles. New South Wales selectors made a number of changes. Kimmorley was brought in to replace Wallace, making the Blues' halves combination the oldest in Origin history. Morris was brought in for Ennis brought in for Farah. Perry and White, all experienced Origin campaigners, made a return to the side at the expense of Weyman and O'Donnell.
Jennings and Poore retu
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field. One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players, its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators. In rugby league, points are scored by carrying the ball and touching it to the ground beyond the opposing team's goal line; the opposing team attempts to stop the attacking side scoring points by tackling the player carrying the ball. In addition to tries, points can be scored by kicking goals. After each try, the scoring team gains a free kick to try at goal with a conversion for further points. Kicks at goal may be awarded for penalties, field goals can be attempted at any time. Rugby league is the national sport of Papua New Guinea, is a popular sport in Northern England, the states of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia, South Auckland in New Zealand, southwest France and Lebanon.
The Super League and the National Rugby League are the premier club competitions. Rugby league is played internationally, predominantly by European and Pacific Island countries, is governed by the Rugby League International Federation; the first Rugby League World Cup was held in France in 1954. Rugby league football takes its name from the bodies that split to create a new form of rugby, distinct from that run by the Rugby Football Unions, in Britain and New Zealand between 1895 and 1908; the first of these, the Northern Rugby Football Union, was established in 1895 as a breakaway faction of England's Rugby Football Union. Both organisations played the game under the same rules at first, although the Northern Union began to modify rules immediately, thus creating a new faster, stronger paced form of rugby football. Similar breakaway factions split from RFU-affiliated unions in Australia and New Zealand in 1907 and 1908, renaming themselves "rugby football leagues" and introducing Northern Union rules.
In 1922, the Northern Union changed its name to the Rugby Football League and thus over time the sport itself became known as "rugby league" football. In 1895, a schism in Rugby football resulted in the formation of the Northern Rugby Football Union. Although many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, the main division was caused by the RFU decision to enforce the amateur principle of the sport, preventing "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby. Northern teams had more working class players who could not afford to play without this compensation, in contrast to affluent southern teams who had other sources of income to sustain the amateur principle. In 1895, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged led to twenty-two clubs meeting at the George Hotel, Huddersfield on 29 August 1895 and forming the "Northern Rugby Football Union". Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than 200 RFU clubs had left to join the rugby revolution.
In 1897, the line-out was in 1898 professionalism introduced. In 1906, the Northern Union changed its rules, reducing teams from 15 to 13 a side and replacing the ruck formed after every tackle with the play the ball. A similar schism to that which occurred in England took place in Australia. There, on 8 August 1907 the New South Wales Rugby Football League was founded at Bateman's Hotel in George Street. Rugby league went on to displace rugby union as the primary football code in New South Wales and Queensland. On 5 May 1954 over 100,000 spectators watched the 1953–54 Challenge Cup Final at Odsal Stadium, England, setting a new record for attendance at a rugby football match of either code. In 1954 the Rugby League World Cup, the first for either code of rugby, was formed at the instigation of the French. In 1966, the International Board introduced a rule that a team in possession was allowed three play-the-balls and on the fourth tackle a scrum was to be formed; this was increased to six tackles in 1972 and in 1983 the scrum was replaced by a handover.
1967 saw. The first sponsors, Joshua Tetley and John Player, entered the game for the 1971–72 Northern Rugby Football League season. Television would have an enormous impact on the sport of rugby league in the 1990s when Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation sought worldwide broadcasting rights and refused to take no for an answer; the media giant's "Super League" movement saw big changes for the traditional administrators of the game. In Europe, it resulted in a move from a winter sport to a summer one as the new Super League competition tried to expand its market. In Australasia, the Super League war resulted in long and costly legal battles and changing loyalties, causing significant damage to the code in an competitive sporting market. In 1997 two competitions were run alongside each other in Australia, after which a peace deal in the form of the National Rugby League was formed; the NRL has since become recognised as the sport's flagship competition and since that time has set record TV ratings and crowd figures.
The objective in rugby league is to score more points through tries and field goals than the opposition within the 80 minutes of play. If after two halves of play, each consisting of forty minutes, the two teams are drawing, a draw may be declar
Paul Gallen is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays as a lock and second-row forward and captains the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks in the NRL. He is a former representative of the New South Wales State of Origin team, he has been the vice captain of the Australian national team and has played his whole NRL career to date with the Sharks, with whom he won the 2016 NRL Premiership. He is NRL's oldest player playing in 2018, he is a heavyweight boxer. Gallen was born in Australia, he played his junior rugby league for the Wentworthville Magpies and was in the Parramatta Eels junior system playing the S. G. Ball Cup before being overlooked by the Eels. Gallen signed with the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks. Speaking about being let go by Parramatta, Gallen said "I was never given a go, I wasn't getting a look-in there and decided to go elsewhere. I wanted to move away from the area and I knew one of the Cronulla trainers at the time, I played SG Ball for them, that's it. I'm from the district but I wouldn't call myself an ex-Parramatta player, that's for sure".
Gallen made his NRL debut for the Cronulla Sharks against the Parramatta Eels in round 15 at Toyota Park on 3 June. Cronulla lost the match 36 to 6, he made one more appearance that season in the final round, where the Sharks were victorious over the Brisbane Broncos 24–16. In round 14, the Sharks beat the Canberra Raiders by 36 points to 26. During the match, Gallen scored his first try at first-grade level. In total, Gallen made 21 appearances in his second season at first-grade level for the Cronulla Sharks, scoring one try. Gallen was sent off in round 11 against the Newcastle Knights by referee Paul Simpkins after a high shot on Sean Rudder. Gallen made a total of 17 first-grade appearances for the club in 2003, scoring five tries in the process. In the opening round of the year, against the Wests Tigers, Gallen was involved in a fight which saw him suspended for two weeks after the NRL Judiciary found him guilty of a contrary conduct charge; the judiciary decided that he had "instigated and tried to go on with a fight involving Wests Tigers prop John Skandalis".
He sustained an elbow injury during the match which ruled him out until round six of the competition. Gallen was the only player in round one to contest his charge. In round 11 against the Manly Sea Eagles, Gallen scored an impressive two tries in his sides 30 points to 28 victory. In June it was announced. In the 2004 season, Gallen made a total of 19 appearances for scoring five tries. In round 24, the Sharks scored their biggest victory, scoring a 68 points to 6 win over the Manly Sea Eagles, with Gallen scoring a try. Cronulla therefore qualified to be involved in the finals series, they were drawn against the second placed side, which happened to be local rivals St. George-Illawarra. In the match Gallen managed to score a try for Cronulla, however it wasn't enough to save the Sharks from losing the match 28 points to 22. Gallen was presented the Cronulla Sharks chairman's Award in 2005 by the club's President Barry Pierce after his impressive season where he led the NRL in both hit ups and off loads.
At the 2005 Dally M Awards, he was nominated for the position of "Best Lock". However, he lost out to Manly lock Ben Kennedy. In the 2005 NRL season, Gallen played a total of 25 games in first-grade for the Sharks and in the process scored six tries. Gallen ran 3,920 metres with the ball in 2005, more than any other player in the competition. Before the season started it was discovered that Gallen was suffering from a bulging disc in his lower back. After having surgery he wanted to return to action just a week after having the surgery done, he ended up making his comeback within nine weeks which amazed the Sharks medical staff as it was predicted it would take much longer than that. Gallen won his first representative jersey when he was selected to play for City in the annual City vs Country match. In June, Sharks coach Stuart Raper pleaded with the New South Wales selectors to give Gallen an opportunity to prove his worth at State of Origin level. Raper stated that "Gallen's been consistent for us over the past 18 months and if NSW hiccup on Wednesday night...he'll be knocking on the door."
After missing out on selection in the first game, Gallen was again not selected for the second match. However, after New South Wales was thrashed by Queensland, the NSW selectors made drastic changes to their team. Gallen was selected to play in the third and final match, to be the State of Origin decider, where Queensland came from behind to win 16–14. Gallen was selected to play in the annual Prime Minister's XIII squad to play Papua New Guinea at the end of September; the Prime Minister's XIII defeated Papua New Guinea 28 points to 8 at Port Moresby but Gallen failed to be selected for the Australian Tri Nations squad. At the end of the season, Paul Gallen won the Sharks' supporters player of the year awardIn September 2006, just days after he was voted the Sharks supporters player of the year, Gallen announced that he was considering leaving the Sharks despite having a year left on his contract. Gallen stated that it wasn't the club or coaching staff that made him consider leaving the club but rather the fact that "I just want to play semi-final football".
Gallen stated that he was "looking for a fresh start and a fresh challenge". In 2006, Gallen made 18 appearances in first-grade for the Cronulla Sharks, scoring seven tries for the club. Due to his claims at the end of the previous season that he wanted out of the club, there was much speculation about Gallen's future at the Cronulla Sharks before the season started