click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Penultimate Glacial Period

The Penultimate Glacial Period is the glacial period that occurred before the Last Glacial Period. It began ~194,000 years ago, ended ~135,000 years ago with the beginning of the Eemian interglacial, it coincides with Marine Isotope Stage 6 and the Illinoian Stage. The Penultimate Glacial Period is one of a series of glacial and interglacial periods of the Quaternary ice age; the Quaternary ice age is ongoing. It began with the beginning of the periodic ice sheet advances and retreats in the Northern Hemisphere, including the Laurentide Ice Sheet, the Cordilleran Ice Sheet, the Greenland ice sheet; the Quaternary ice age is part of an longer ice age called the Late Cenozoic Ice Age. It began 33.9 million years ago and is ongoing. It began with the formation of the Antarctic Ice Cap; the Penultimate Glacial Period is unnamed just like the Last Glacial Period. The word penultimate means second to last; the Penultimate Glacial Period was at least the second glacial period that Neanderthals and Homo sapiens experienced.

The Penultimate Glacial Period was more severe than the Last Glacial Period

The Cloth Peddler (1917 film)

The Cloth Peddler was a full-length Azerbaijani silent comedy film made in Baku in 1917, based on the operetta by the Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov. Set in Baku at the turn of the 20th century, a young successful businessman Asgar wishes to marry, he wants his bride to be the choice of his heart, Azerbaijani tradition restricted him from communicating with the lady as a lover before marriage. So Asgar decides to disguise himself as a mere cloth peddler and the young woman Guelchoehra falls in love with him. However, she is concerned. Young Asgar reveals himself to her father and asks for her hand in marriage. Seeing that he is indeed a wealthy young man, the father agrees and the two are permitted to marry. Huseynqulu Sarabski, Ahmed Aghdamski, Alakbar Huseynzade Yunis Narimanov Mirzaagha Aliyev Alexandra Olenskaya Hanafi Terequlov Eva Olenskaya The film was remade into a more popular version in 1945 and was performed on the stage in Azerbaijan. For the 1945 remake see The Cloth Peddler.

List of Azerbaijani films: 1898-1919

Alice Brady

Alice Brady was an American actress who began her career in the silent film era and survived the transition into talkies. She worked until six months before her death from cancer in 1939, her films include My Man Godfrey, in which she plays the flighty mother of Carole Lombard's character, In Old Chicago for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1960, Brady received a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to the film industry, her star is located at 6201 Hollywood Boulevard. Mary Rose Brady was born in New York City, her father, William A. Brady, was an important theatrical producer, her mother, Rose Marie Rene, died in 1896. She was interested at an early age in becoming an actress, she first went on the stage when she was 14 and got her first job on Broadway in 1911 at the age of 18, in a show with which her father was associated. In 1913, Brady appeared with John Barrymore in A Thief for a Night at McVicker's Theatre in Chicago, she continued to perform on Broadway for the next 22 years.

In 1931 she appeared in the premiere of Eugene O'Neill's Mourning Becomes Electra. Her step-mother was actress Grace George, her half-brother was the son of her father and Grace George. Brady's father moved into movie production and presentation in 1913, with his World Film Company, Brady soon followed along after him, making her first silent feature appearance in As Ye Sow in 1914, she appeared in 53 films in the next 10 years, all while continuing to perform on stage, the film industry at the time being centered in New York. In 1923, she stopped appearing in films to concentrate on stage acting, did not appear on the screen again until 1933, when she made the move to Hollywood and M-G-M's When Ladies Meet become her first talking picture. From on she worked until her death, making another 25 films in seven years, her final film was Young Mr. Lincoln. Brady was married to actor James Crane from 1919 to 1922, they co-starred in three silent films together: Sinners and A Dark Lantern. The couple had Donald.

Brady died from cancer on October 1939, five days before her 47th birthday. For her portrayal of Mrs. Molly O'Leary — a fictionalized version of Catherine O'Leary – in 1937's In Old Chicago, Brady won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, she had been nominated for the same award the year for her work in My Man Godfrey. A long-enduring myth states that at the Academy Award presentation dinner, Brady's Oscar Award, a plaque was stolen by a man who came onstage to accept the award on the absent actress's behalf and that it was never recovered, the impostor was never tracked down; the Academy issued a replacement plaque, presented to Brady. However, according to press at the time the film's director, Henry King, accepted on her behalf at the ceremony and friends of Ms. Brady delivered it to her home that night. Winners are given blank awards at the ceremony and return them to the Academy to have them engraved afterwards. Miss Brady followed this practice, which may have led to the story that the Academy was presenting her with a replacement trophy.

A sample of her more than 80 films includes: Silent Sound When Ladies Meet Beauty for Sale Stage Mother Broadway to Hollywood The Gay Divorcee Miss Fane's Baby Is Stolen Gold Diggers of 1935 Let'Em Have It Three Smart Girls Go West, Young Man My Man Godfrey The Harvester Call It a Day One Hundred Men and a Girl In Old Chicago Mr. Dodd Takes the Air Goodbye Broadway Zenobia Young Mr. Lincoln List of actors with Academy Award nominations Alice Brady on IMDb Alice Brady at Find a Grave Alice Brady at the Internet Broadway Database Alice Brady at AllMovie Literature on Alice Brady Alice Brady portrait 1910s Alice Brady at the NY Public Library Billy Rose Collection

Maesteg railway station

Maesteg railway station is one of two railway stations that serve the town of Maesteg in Wales. The British Rail 1992 built station is located in the centre of the town, adjacent to the Asda Supermarket store and on former sidings 8 1⁄4 miles north of Bridgend. Passenger services are operated by Transport for Wales; the station is now the terminus of the Maesteg Line from Cardiff via Bridgend. The line continued northbound through the old Maesteg Castle Street railway station, which closed with the withdrawal of passenger services in 1970. Mineral traffic had continued to several collieries in the areas until November 1985 but the closure of the last remaining mine at St John's and the washery saw the line fall into disuse; the former station platforms and footbridge still exist, although the track has now been removed and there is heavy tree and plant growth at the location. The station is unstaffed and has a single platform with waiting shelter, CIS display, customer help point, timetable information board and self-service ticket machine next to the main entrance.

The latter can be used for collecting pre-paid tickets as well as for purchasing tickets prior to travel. Level access is available between platform; the platform was lengthened in 2008 to allow four-car trains to operate busier services. This was funded by the European Union; the general service pattern is one train per hour to Cardiff Central via Bridgend, with most trains extended to Cheltenham Spa via Newport, Chepstow and Gloucester. There are two long-distance daily services to Maesteg. One of these starts at Chester, the other runs from Holyhead; the first train of the day is a through working to Ebbw Vale Town. Train times and station information for Maesteg railway station from National Rail RAILSCOT - Photographs of Maesteg "Wales Rails - Bridgend to Maesteg Line"

Polita Grau

Polita Grau was a First Lady of Cuba, a Cuban political prisoner, the "godmother" of Operation Peter Pan, a program to help children leave Cuba. Grau was the daughter of Francisco Grau-San Martin, her siblings were Paulina Grau-Alsina, Francisco Grau-Alsina, Ramon Grau-Alsina. Her uncle, Ramon Grau-San Martin, was President of Cuba from 1933–1934 and again from 1944-1948, she served as first lady of Cuba during her uncle’s presidencies. She was married twice, first to Roberto Lago-Pereda and in 1939 to Jose Aguero-Cairo, she had two children, Ramon Francisco and Hilda Maria Aguero-Grau, six grandchildren. Grau spent four separate periods in exile, she opposed the Batista regimes. She supported the Cuban Revolution, but opposed the Castro regime. In 1961, Grau and her brother Ramon, along with Monsignor Bryan O. Walsh of the Archdiocese of Miami, started Operation Peter Pan. From 1961-1965, they helped more than 14,000 children leave Cuba without their parents, assisted with giving out 28,000 visas to those children's parents.

In 1965, Grau and her brother Ramon were accused of being CIA spies because of their work in Operation Peter Pan. She was accused of involvement in a plot to poison Castro with a milkshake, they were tried, each was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Grau was released after serving 14 years in prison, her brother Ramon was released after serving 21 years, she was released during the wider release of political prisoners in 1978, thanks to the assistance of Bernardo Benes. She died at the Villa Maria Nursing Center located on the grounds of Mercy Hospital in Coconut Grove, Florida, of congestive heart disease. In 2008, the City of Miami named a street after her: "Ramon and Polita Grau-Alsina Avenue"; the New York Times, Polita Grau, 84. The Polita Grau de Agüero Papers are available at the Cuban Heritage Collection at the University of Miami. Selected items from these Papers have been digitized and are searchable online at http://merrick.library.miami.edu/cubanHeritage/chc0356/. Http://www.miamidade.gov/govaction/legistarfiles/Matters/Y2007/073076.pdf http://baracuteycubano.blogspot.com/2008/05/polita-grau.html http://www.diariolasamericas.com/news.php?nid=54777 http://www.time.com/time/asia/magazine/2000/0403/milestones.html http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=46585