Ranelagh is a township in the Huon Valley of Tasmania, Australia. A satellite town of Huonville, which it is adjacent to, it is a former agricultural area and now a tourist town and residence for workers who commute to other areas for work. At the 2011 census, Ranelagh had 1,027 people, it is best known for the Ranelagh Showgrounds which host the annual Huon Show and Taste of the Huon events which are major tourism attractions for the Huon Valley. Ranelagh shared the name Victoria with neighbouring Huonville. Huonville was renamed in 1891. Ranelagh is a semi-rural locality; the center are Wilmot Streets. Marguerite St includes the Ranelagh Soldiers' Memorial Hall opened in 1924, Summer Kitchen Cafe, Ranelagh General Store and the Ranelagh Showgrounds on the corner of Marguerite and Ranelagh St. Wilmot St holds the heritage-listed Clifton estate St Marys of the Cross Catholic Church and St James Anglican Church and respective cemeteries. Ranelagh includes the Jimmy Watson Memorial Trophy winning Home Hill Winery and Huon Bush Retreats
River Derwent (Tasmania)
The Derwent River is a river located in Tasmania, Australia. It is known by the palawa kani name timtumili minanya; the river rises in the state's Central Highlands at Lake St Clair, descends more than 700 metres over a distance of more than 200 kilometres, flowing through Hobart, the state's capital city, before emptying into Storm Bay and flowing into the Tasman Sea. The banks of the Derwent occupied by Tasmanian Aborigines. European settlers farmed the area and during the 20th century many dams were built on its tributaries for the generation of hydro-electricity. Agriculture, hydropower generation and fish hatcheries dominate catchment land use; the Derwent is an important source of water for irrigation and water supply. Most of Hobart's water supply is taken from the lower Derwent River. Nearly 40% of Tasmania's population lives around the estuary's margins and the Derwent is used for recreation, recreational fishing, marine transportation and industry, it was named after the River Derwent, Cumbria, by British Commodore John Hayes who explored it in 1793.
The name is Brythonic Celtic for "valley thick with oaks". John Hayes placed the name "River Derwent" only in the upper part of the river. Matthew Flinders placed the name "Derwent River" on all of the river; the Derwent River valley was inhabited by the Mouheneener people for at least 8,000 years before British settlement. Evidence of their occupation is found in many middens along the banks of the river. In 1793, John Hayes named it after the River Derwent, which runs past his birthplace of Bridekirk, Cumberland; when first explored by Europeans, the lower parts of the valley were clad in thick she-oak forests, remnants of which remain in various parts of the lower foreshore. There was a thriving whaling industry until the 1840s when the industry declined due to over-exploitation. Formed by the confluence of the Narcissus and Cuvier rivers within Lake St Clair, the Derwent flows southeast over a distance of 187 kilometres to New Norfolk and the estuary portion extends a further 52 kilometres out to the Tasman Sea.
Flows average in range from 50 to 140 cubic metres per second and the mean annual flow is 90 cubic metres per second. The large estuary forms the Port of the City of Hobart – claimed to be the deepest sheltered harbour in the Southern Hemisphere; the largest vessel to travel the Derwent is the 113,000-tonne, 61-metre high, ocean liner Diamond Princess, which made her first visit in January 2006. At points in its lower reaches the river is nearly 3 kilometres wide, as such is the widest river in Tasmania; until the construction of several hydro-electric dams between 1934 and 1968, the river was prone to flooding. Now there are more than twenty dams and reservoirs used for the generation of hydro-electricity on the Derwent and its tributaries, including the Clyde, Jordan, Ouse and Styx rivers. Seven lakes have been formed by damming the Derwent and the Nive rivers for hydroelectric purposes and include the Meadowbank, Repulse, Wayatinah and King William lakes or lagoons; the Upper Derwent is affected by agricultural run-off from land clearing and forestry.
The Lower Derwent suffers from high levels of heavy metal contamination in sediments. The Tasmanian Government-backed Derwent Estuary Program has commented that the levels of mercury, lead and cadmium in the river exceed national guidelines. In 2015 the program recommended against consuming shellfish and cautioned against consuming fish in general. Nutrient levels in the Derwent between 2010 and 2015 increased in the upper estuary where there had been algal blooms. A large proportion of the heavy metal contamination has come from major industries that discharge into the river including the former Electrolytic Zinc and now Nyrstar smelter at Lutana established in 1916, a paper mill at Boyer which opened in 1941; the Derwent adjoins or flows through the Pittwater–Orielton Lagoon, Interlaken Lakeside Reserve and Goulds Lagoon, all wetlands of significance protected under the Ramsar Convention. In recent years, southern right whales started making appearance in the river during months in winter and spring when their migration takes place.
Some females started using calm waters of the river as a safe ground for giving birth to their calves and would stay over following weeks after disappearance of 200 years due to being wiped out by intense whaling activities. In the winter months of 2014, humpback whales and a minke whale have been recorded feeding in the Derwent River for the first time since the whaling days of the 1800s. Several bridges connect the western shore to the eastern shore of Hobart – in the greater Hobart area, these include the five lane Tasman Bridge, near the CBD, just north of the port; until 1964 the Derwent was crossed by the unique Hobart Bridge, a floating concrete structure just upstream from where the Tasman Bridge now stands. Travelling further north from the Bridgewater crossing, the next crossing point is New Norfolk Bridge north of the point where the Derwent reverts from seawater to fresh water, Bushy Park, Upper Meadowbank Lake, Lake Repulse Road and the most northerly crossing is at Derwent Bridge, before the river reaches its source of Lake St Clair.
At the Derwent Brid
Division of Denison
The Division of Denison was an Australian electoral division in Tasmania, before being replaced by the Division of Clark as part of a 2016–17 redistribution. The division was one of the five established when the former Division of Tasmania was redistributed on 2 October 1903 and is named for Sir William Denison, Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's Land 1847–55, it was located in central Hobart on the western shore of the River Derwent. As at the 2016 election, it incorporated the area covered by the Cities of Hobart and Glenorchy, together with the northern parts of Kingborough Council, including Taroona north of the Huon Highway. Kunanyi / Mount Wellington was a prominent physical feature in the division's west. Denison was a marginal seat, but was held by the Australian Labor Party between 1987 and 2010 with little difficulty, its most prominent members were a member of the first federal Cabinet. Townley resigned in 1964 when he was named Ambassador to the United States, but he died before taking up the appointment.
Another prominent member was independent MP Andrew Wilkie, elected at the 2010 election. Denison has had the most of any federal electorate. Division of Denison – Australian Electoral Commission
Hartz Mountains (Tasmania)
The Hartz Mountains are mountains with twin peaks located in southern Tasmania, Australia. The mountains are situated 55 kilometres south west of Hobart, via Geeveston, are part of the Hartz Mountains National Park; the Hartz Mountains area experiences typical south-west weather conditions. In all seasons there can be snow, high rainfall, extremes of temperature, strong winds and sudden weather changes. With an elevation of 1,254 metres above sea level, the Hartz Peak is the highest point of the Hartz Mountains, in fine weather the summit offers one of the best views of the southwest and north; this walk is only for experienced walkers. List of mountains of Tasmania
Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. With a population of 225,000, it is the least populated Australian state capital city, second smallest if territories are taken into account. Founded in 1804 as a British penal colony, Hobart known as Hobart Town or Hobarton, is Australia's second oldest capital city after Sydney, New South Wales. Prior to British settlement, the Hobart area had been occupied for as long as 35,000 years, by the semi-nomadic Mouheneener tribe, a sub-group of the Nuennone, or South-East tribe; the descendants of these Aboriginal Tasmanians refer to themselves as'Palawa'. Since its foundation as a colonial outpost, the city has expanded from the mouth of Sullivans Cove in a north-south direction along both banks of the Derwent River, from 22 km inland from the estuary at Storm Bay to the point where the river reverts to fresh water at Bridgewater. Penal transportation ended in the 1850s, after which the city experienced periods of growth and decline.
The early 20th century saw an economic boom on the back of mining and other primary industries, the loss of men who served in the world wars was counteracted by an influx of immigration. Despite the rise in migration from Asia and other non-English speaking parts of the world, Hobart's population remains predominantly ethnically Anglo-Celtic, has the highest percentage of Australian-born residents among the Australian capital cities. In June 2016, the estimated greater area population was 224,462; the city is located in the state's south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River, making it the most southern of Australia's capital cities. Its harbour forms the second-deepest natural port in the world, its skyline is dominated by the 1,271-metre kunanyi/Mount Wellington, much of the city's waterfront consists of reclaimed land. It is the financial and administrative heart of Tasmania, serving as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations and acting as a major tourist hub, with over 1.192 million visitors in 2011/2012.
The metropolitan area is referred to as Greater Hobart, to differentiate it from the City of Hobart, one of the five local government areas that cover the city. The first European settlement began in 1803 as a military camp at Risdon Cove on the eastern shores of the Derwent River, amid British concerns over the presence of French explorers. In 1804, along with the military and convicts from the abandoned Port Phillip settlement, the camp at Risdon Cove was moved by Captain David Collins to a better location at the present site of Hobart at Sullivans Cove; the city known as Hobart Town or Hobarton, was named after Lord Hobart, the British secretary of state for war and the colonies. The area's indigenous inhabitants were members of the semi-nomadic Mouheneener tribe. Violent conflict with the European settlers, the effects of diseases brought by them reduced the aboriginal population, replaced by free settlers and the convict population. Charles Darwin visited Hobart Town in February 1836 as part of the Beagle expedition.
He writes of Hobart and the Derwent estuary in his Voyage of the Beagle:... The lower parts of the hills which skirt the bay are cleared. I was chiefly built or building. Hobart Town, from the census of 1835, contained 13,826 inhabitants, the whole of Tasmania 36,505; the Derwent River was one of Australia's finest deepwater ports and was the centre of the Southern Ocean whaling and sealing trades. The settlement grew into a major port, with allied industries such as shipbuilding. Hobart Town became a city on 21 August 1842, was renamed Hobart from the beginning of 1881. Hobart is located on the estuary of the Derwent River in the state's south-east. Geologically Hobart is built predominantly on Jurassic dolerite around the foothills interspersed with smaller areas of Triassic siltstone and Permian mudstone. Hobart extends along both sides of the Derwent River. Both of these areas rest on the younger Jurassic dolerite deposits, before stretching into the lower areas such as the beaches of Sandy Bay in the south, in the Derwent estuary.
South of the Derwent estuary lies the Tasman Peninsula. The Eastern Shore extends from the Derwent valley area in a southerly direction hugging the Meehan Range in the east before sprawling into flatter land in suburbs such as Bellerive; these flatter areas of the eastern shore rest on far younger deposits from the Quaternary. From there the city extends in an easterly direction through the Meehan Range into the hilly areas of Rokeby and Oakdowns, before reaching into the tidal flatland area of Lauderdale. Hobart has access to a number of beach areas including those in the Derwent estuary itself. Hobart has a mild temperate oceanic climate; the highest temperature recorded was 41.8 °C on 4 January 2013 and the lowest was −2.8 °C on 25 June 1972 and 11 July 1981. Annually, Hobart receives 40.8 clear days. Compared to other major Australian cities, Hobart has the fewest daily average hours of sunshine, with 5.9 hours per day. However, during the summer it has the most
Geeveston is a small town in the south of Tasmania in Australia on the Huon River, 62 km south west of Hobart, making it Australia's most southerly administrative centre. The town takes its name from William Geeves, an English settler, given a land grant by Lady Jane Franklin in the area known as Lightwood Bottom; the settlement Geeves set up was renamed Geeves Town in 1861, the name became Geeveston. Geeveston is for local government purposes included in the area of the Huon Valley Council and is part of the division of Franklin for both Australian House of Representatives and Tasmanian House of Assembly electoral purposes. Geeveston is on the Huon Highway, is the gateway to the Hartz Mountains National Park, it is the centre of Tasmania's apple and fruit-growing industry, has been reliant on the timber industry since the late 19th century. A pulp mill was opened in the town in 1962, was Geeveston's largest employer until the plant closed in 1982, devastating the area economically; the Forest & Heritage Centre, a tourist centre which details the history of the timber industry in the area, is located in Geeveston.
Since 2016, the town has hosted the filming of the comedy series Rosehaven. Geeves-Town Post Office opened on 1 June 1876 and was renamed Geeveston in 1888. Tahune Airwalk Geeveston Central town website Geeveston Cenotaph - Monument Australia
The Wellington Range is a mountain range located in the southeast region of Tasmania, Australia. The range is composed of dolerite and features evidence of past glaciation. Prominent features in the range include the dual-named Kunanyi / Mount Wellington at 1,269 metres above sea level, Collins Cap, Collins Bonnet via Myrtle Forest, Trestle Mountain, Mount Marian, Mount Charles and Mount Patrick via Middle Hill; the Wellington Range is part of the Wellington Park Reserve. The Wellington Range is home to over 500 unique species of flora, despite being high alpine region; the range forms part of the South-east Tasmania Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance in the conservation of a range of woodland birds the endangered swift parrot and forty-spotted pardalote. List of highest mountains of Tasmania