Tucker Swanson McNear Carlson is an American conservative political commentator who has hosted the nightly political talk show Tucker Carlson Tonight on Fox News since 2016. Carlson became a print journalist in the 1990s, writing for the magazine The Weekly Standard and others, he was a commentator on CNN from 2000 to 2005 serving as co-host of Crossfire. Carlson hosted the nightly program Tucker on MSNBC from 2005 to 2008, he has been a political analyst for Fox News since 2009. In 2010, Carlson co-founded and served as the initial editor-in-chief of the conservative news and opinion website The Daily Caller. Carlson has written two books, the memoir Politicians and Parasites: My Adventures in Cable News and Ship of Fools: How a Selfish Ruling Class is Bringing America to the Brink of Revolution. Carlson was born in San Francisco and lived on Laurel Terrace Drive in Studio City until the first grade in elementary school, he is the elder son of Richard Warner Carlson, a former Los Angeles news anchor and U.
S. ambassador to the Seychelles, president of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and director of Voice of America. Carlson's father was adopted by the Carlsons at age three. Carlson's mother is Lisa McNear, she moved to France and had little contact with any of the family after that. Carlson has Buckley Swanson Peck Carlson, his maternal Lombardi lines leads to Cesare Lombardi. In 1979, when Tucker was 10 years old, his father married Patricia Caroline Swanson. An heiress to the Swanson frozen-food fortune, Swanson is the daughter of Gilbert Carl Swanson, as well as the granddaughter of Carl A. Swanson and the niece of Senator J. William Fulbright. In first grade and his younger brother moved to La Jolla, where they grew up. While living in La Jolla, Tucker attended La Jolla Country Day School, he attended high school at St. George's School, a boarding school in Middletown, Rhode Island. After graduating from high school, he studied at Trinity College in Hartford, where he graduated in 1992 with a B.
A. in history. Carlson began his journalism career as a fact-checker for Policy Review, a national conservative journal published by The Heritage Foundation and since acquired by the Hoover Institution, he worked as a reporter at the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette newspaper in Little Rock, before joining The Weekly Standard in 1995. As a magazine and newspaper journalist, Carlson has reported from around the world, he has been a columnist for Reader's Digest. He has written for Esquire, The Weekly Standard, The New Republic, The New York Times Magazine, The Daily Beast. In 2000, Carlson co-hosted the short-lived show The Spin Room. In 2001, Carlson was appointed co-host of Crossfire. On the show and Robert Novak represented the political right, while James Carville and Paul Begala alternating as hosts, represented the left. During the same period, he hosted a weekly public affairs program on PBS, Tucker Carlson: Unfiltered. In October 2004, Carlson had an exchange with host of The Daily Show on Comedy Central.
Stewart argued that Carlson and the nature of his show were harmful to political discourse in the United States. Carlson recalled that Stewart had stayed at CNN for hours after the show to discuss the issues he had raised on the air. "It was heartfelt," Carlson said, "He needed to do this." In 2017, The New York Times referred to Stewart's "on-air dressing-down" of Carlson as an "ignominious career " for Carlson. According to the Times, Stewart's criticism "led to the cancellation of ". In January 2005, CNN announced they were ending their relationship with Carlson and would soon cancel Crossfire. CNN chief Jonathan Klein told Carlson on January 4, 2005, that the network had decided not to renew his contract. Carlson has said that he had resigned from CNN and Crossfire long before Stewart was booked as a guest, telling host Patricia Duff: "I resigned from Crossfire in April, many months before Jon Stewart came on our show, because I didn't like the partisanship, I thought in some ways it was kind of a pointless conversation... each side coming out, you know,'Here's my argument', no one listening to anyone else.
Was a frustrating place to work." Carlson's early evening show, Tucker premiered on June 13, 2005, on MSNBC. Carlson hosted a late afternoon weekday wrap-up for MSNBC during the 2006 Winter Olympics, during which he attempted to learn how to play various Olympic sports. In July 2006, he reported live for Tucker from Haifa, during the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah in southern Lebanon. While in the Middle East, he hosted MSNBC Special Report: Mideast Crisis, he appeared on Verdict with Dan Abrams as a panelist in political discussions. Tucker lasted fewer than three full seasons; the network announced its cancellation due to low ratings on March 10, 2008, the final episode aired on March 14, 2008. Brian Stelter of The New York Times wrote that "during Mr. Carlson's tenure, MSNBC's evening programming moved to the left, his former time slots, 6 and 9 p.m. were occupied by two liberals, Ed Schultz and Rachel Maddow." Carlson stated that the network had changed a lot and "they didn't have a role for me."
In May 2009, Fox News announced. He was a frequent guest panelist on Fox's late-night satire show Red Eye w/Greg Gutfeld, m
Gregory John Gutfeld is an American television personality, editor and blogger. He is host of The Greg Gutfeld Show and one of five co-hosts/panelists on the political talk show The Five, both on the Fox News Channel. Gutfeld hosted Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld on the Fox News Channel. Gutfeld is non-religious. Gutfeld was born in San Mateo, the son of Jacqueline Bernice "Jackie" and Alfred Jack Gutfeld, he attended Junípero Serra High School and the University of California, graduating in 1987 with a B. A. in English. In a 2009 interview, Gutfeld explained that he started to experience a change in his political thinking while he was attending UC Berkeley: I became a conservative by being around liberals and I became a libertarian by being around conservatives. You realize that there's something distinctly in common between the two groups, the left and the right. After college he had an internship at The American Spectator, as an assistant to conservative writer R. Emmett Tyrrell, he worked as a staff writer at Prevention magazine and in Emmaus, Pennsylvania, as an editor at various Rodale Press magazines.
In 1995 he became a staff writer at Men's Health. He was promoted to editor in chief of Men's Health in 1999. A year he was replaced by David Zinczenko. Gutfeld became editor in chief of Stuff, increasing circulation from 750,000 to 1.2 million during his tenure. In 2003 he hired several dwarfs to attend a conference of the Magazine Publishers of America on the topic of "buzz", with instructions to be as loud and annoying as possible; the stunt led to Gutfeld's being fired soon afterward. He edited Maxim magazine in the UK from 2004 to 2006. Gutfeld was one of the first posting contributors to The Huffington Post from its launch in 2005 until October 2008. Many of his Huffington Post commentaries/blogs are available on its website. Gutfeld has The Daily Gut. Beginning on February 5, 2007, Gutfeld hosted the hour-long Fox News Channel late-night program, Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. From 2007 to 2013, Bill Schulz served as Andy Levy as the show's ombudsman. Schulz was Gutfeld's colleague at Stuff magazine and Levy was a fellow blogger at The Huffington Post.
On July 11, 2011, Gutfeld became a co-host/panelist on the Fox News political opinion discussion program The Five. The program airs weekdays at 5 p.m. ET. Gutfeld left Red Eye in February 2015, he was replaced on Red Eye by Tom Shillue. In May 2015, it was announced that Gutfeld would be getting his own late-night show called The Greg Gutfeld Show, which debuted on May 31, at 10 p.m. ET. In a five-minute segment broadcast on Tuesday, March 17, 2009, Gutfeld and his panel discussed Canadian Lieutenant General Andrew Leslie's statement that the Canadian Armed Forces may require a one-year "synchronized break" once Canada's mission in Afghanistan ends in 2011. "Meaning, the Canadian military wants to take a breather to do some yoga, paint landscapes, run on the beach in gorgeous white Capri pants," Gutfeld said. "I didn't know they were in the war", comedian panelist Doug Benson added continued, "I thought that's where you go if you don't want to fight. Go chill in Canada." Gutfeld said: "Isn't this the perfect time to invade this ridiculous country?
They have no army!"The segment drew wide attention and outrage in Canada after being posted on YouTube following the reported deaths of four Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan three days earlier. Canada, at the time, had been in command of the NATO mission in the Kandahar Province, the birthplace and former capital of the Taliban, for the preceding three years. Along with the Helmand Province, the two provinces were "home to some of the fiercest opposition to coalition forces" and reported to "have the highest casualty rates per province."Canadian Defence Minister Peter MacKay called on Fox to apologize for the satirical comments, describing the remarks as "despicable and ignorant." Gutfeld in response maintained the show is satirical and irreverent but offered the following apology: "The March 17 episode of Red Eye included a segment discussing Canada's plan for a'synchronized break,', in no way an attempt to make light of troop efforts. However, I realize, it was not my intent to disrespect the brave men and families of the Canadian military, for that I apologize."
On August 9, 2010, Gutfeld stated that he planned on constructing New York City's first Islamic-friendly gay bar next to the Park51 Islamic community center. As of 2018, Gutfeld resides in New York City with his wife, Elena Moussa, whom he met in London, where he lived for three years. Gutfeld was raised once was an altar boy, he describes himself as an "agnostic atheist". The Scorecard: The Official Point System for Keeping Score in the Relationship Game. Henry Holt and Company. 1997. P. 182. ISBN 978-0-8050-5450-7; the Scorecard at Work: The Official Point System for Keeping Score on the Job. Henry Holt and Company. 1999. P. 160. ISBN 978-0-8050-5865-9. Lessons from the Land of Pork Scratchings. Simon & Schuster. 2008. P. 224. ISBN 978-1-84737-066-2; the Bible of Unspeakable Truths. Grand Central Publishing. 2010. P. 304. ISBN 978-0-446-55230-1; the Joy of Hate: How to Triumph over Whiners in the Age of Phony Outrage. New York: Crown Forum. 2012. P. 256. ISBN 978-0307986962. Not Cool: The Hipster Elite and Their War
An Emmy Award, or Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, is the equivalent of an Academy Award, the Tony Award, the Grammy Award. Because Emmys are given in various sectors of the American television industry, they are presented in different annual ceremonies held throughout the year; the two events that receive the most media coverage are the Primetime Emmy Awards and the Daytime Emmy Awards, which recognize outstanding work in American primetime and daytime entertainment programming, respectively. Other notable Emmy Award ceremonies are those honoring national sports programming, national news and documentary shows, national business and financial reporting, technological and engineering achievements in television, including the Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards. Regional Emmy Awards are presented throughout the country at various times through the year, recognizing excellence in local and statewide television. In addition, International Emmys are awarded for excellence in TV programming produced and aired outside the United States.
Three related but separate organizations present the Emmy Awards: the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Each is responsible for administering a particular set of Emmy ceremonies; the Los Angeles–based Academy of Television Arts & Sciences established the Emmy Award as part of an image-building and public relations opportunity. The first Emmy Awards ceremony took place on January 25, 1949, at the Hollywood Athletic Club, but to honor shows produced and aired locally in the Los Angeles area. Shirley Dinsdale has the distinction of receiving the first Emmy Award for Most Outstanding Television Personality, during that first awards ceremony; the term "Emmy" is a French alteration of the television crew slang term "Immy", the nickname for an "image orthicon", a camera tube used in TV production. In the 1950s, the ATAS expanded the Emmys into a national event, presenting the awards to shows aired nationwide on broadcast television.
In 1955, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences was formed in New York City as a sister organization to serve members on the East Coast, help to supervise the Emmys. The NATAS established regional chapters throughout the United States, with each one developing their own local Emmy awards show for local programming; the ATAS still however maintained its separate regional ceremony honoring local programming in the Los Angeles Area. There was only one Emmy Awards ceremony held per year to honor shows nationally broadcast in the United States. In 1974, the first Daytime Emmy Awards ceremony was held to honor achievement in national daytime programming. Other area-specific Emmy Awards ceremonies soon followed; the International Emmy Awards, honoring television programs produced and aired outside the U. S. was established in the early 1970s. Meanwhile, all Emmys awarded prior to the emergence of these separate, area-specific ceremonies are listed along with the Primetime Emmy Awards in the ATAS's official records.
In 1977, due to various conflicts, the ATAS and the NATAS agreed to split ties. However, they agreed to share ownership of the Emmy statue and trademark, with each responsible for administering a specific set of award ceremonies. There was an exception regarding the Engineering Awards: the NATAS continues to administer the Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards, while the ATAS holds the separate Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards. With the rise of cable television in the 1980s, cable programs first became eligible for the Primetime Emmys in 1988 and the Daytime Emmys in 1989. In 2011, the ABC Television Network cancelled the soap operas All My Children and One Life to Live and sold the two shows' licensing rights to the production company Prospect Park so they could be continued on web television; the ATAS began accepting original online-only web television programs in 2013. The Emmy statuette, depicting a winged woman holding an atom, was designed by television engineer Louis McManus, who used his wife as the model.
The TV Academy rejected forty-seven proposals before settling on McManus's design in 1948. The statuette "has since become the symbol of the TV Academy's goal of supporting and uplifting the art and science of television: The wings represent the muse of art. However, "Ike" was the popular nickname of World War II hero and future U. S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Academy members wanted something unique. Television engineer and the third academy president Harry Lubcke suggested the name "Immy", a term used for the image orthicon tube used in the early cameras. After "Immy" was chosen, it was feminized to Emmy to match their female statuette; each Primetime Emmy statuette weighs six pounds, twelve-and-a-half ounces, is made of copper, nickel and gold. The statue stands 15.5 inches tall with weight of 88 oz. The Regional Emmy Award statuette is 11.5 inches tall with a base diameter of 5.5 inches and weight of 48 oz. Each takes five and a half hours to
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
The Washington Times
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper published in Washington, D. C. that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on national politics. Its broadsheet daily edition is distributed throughout the District of Columbia and in parts of Maryland and Virginia. A weekly tabloid edition aimed at a national audience is published; the Washington Times was founded on May 17, 1982, by Unification movement leader Sun Myung Moon and owned until 2010 by News World Communications, an international media conglomerate founded by Moon. It is owned by Operations Holdings, owned by the Unification movement. Throughout its history, The Washington Times has been known for its conservative political stance, it has drawn controversy for publishing racist content, including commentary and conspiracy theories about United States president Barack Obama and support for neo-Confederatism. It has published material promoting Islamophobia, it has published many columns which reject the scientific consensus on climate change, as well as ozone depletion and second-hand smoke.
The Washington Times was founded in 1982 by News World Communications, an international media conglomerate associated with the Unification movement which owns newspapers in South Korea and South America, as well as the news agency United Press International. Bo Hi Pak, the chief aide of church founder and leader Sun Myung Moon, was the founding president and the founding chairman of the board. Moon asked Richard L. Rubenstein, a rabbi and college professor who had written on the Holocaust, to serve on the board of directors; the Washington Times' first editor and publisher was James R. Whelan. At the time of founding of The Washington Times, Washington had only one major newspaper, The Washington Post. Massimo Introvigne, in his 2000 book The Unification Church, said that the Post had been "the most anti-Unificationist paper in the United States." In 2002, at an event held to celebrate The Washington Times' 20th anniversary, Moon said: "The Washington Times is responsible to let the American people know about God" and "The Washington Times will become the instrument in spreading the truth about God to the world."The Washington Times was founded the year after the Washington Star, the previous "second paper" of D.
C. went out of business. A large percentage of the staff came from the Washington Star; when The Washington Times began, it was unusual among American broadsheets in publishing a full color front page, along with full color front pages in all its sections and color elements throughout. It used ink that it advertised as being less to come off on the reader's hands than the type used by the Post; when The Washington Times began it had 125 reporters, 25 percent of them Unification Church members. Some former employees, including Whelan, have insisted that The Washington Times was always under Moon's control. Whelan, whose contract guaranteed editorial autonomy, left the paper when the owners refused to renew the contract. Three years editorial page editor William P. Cheshire and four of his staff resigned, charging that, at the explicit direction of Sang Kook Han, a top official of the Unification movement, then-editor Arnaud de Borchgrave had stifled editorial criticism of political repression in South Korea.
In 1982, The Washington Times refused to publish film critic Scott Sublett's negative review of the movie Inchon, sponsored by the Unification movement. After a brief editorship under Smith Hempstone, Arnaud de Borchgrave was executive editor from 1985 to 1991. Borchgrave was credited for encouraging energetic reporting by staff, but was known to make unorthodox journalistic decisions. During his tenure, The Washington Times mounted a fund-raising drive for Contras rebels in Nicaragua and offered rewards for information leading to the arrest of Nazi war criminals. President Ronald Reagan is said to have read The Washington Times every day during his presidency. In 1997 he said, "The American people know the truth. You, my friends at The Washington Times, have told it to them, it wasn't always the popular thing to do. But you were a powerful voice. Like me, you arrived in Washington at the beginning of the most momentous decade of the century. Together, we got to work. And—oh, yes—we won the Cold War."
Wesley Pruden was named executive editor of The Washington Times in 1991. He had been at The Washington Times since 1982, working as a correspondent and as managing editor. During his editorship, the paper took a conservative stance. Controversy ensued. In 1992 North Korean president Kim Il Sung gave his first and only interview with the Western news media to Washington Times reporter Josette Sheeran. In 1992, The Washington Times had only one-eighth the circulation of the Post and that two-thirds of its subscribers subscribed to the Post. In 1994, The Washington Times introduced a weekly national edition, it was distributed nationwide. In 1992 Walter Goodman, writing in the New York Times, said that the administration of George H. W. Bush was encouraging the political influence of The Washington Times and other Unification movement activism in support of United States foreign policy. In 1997 the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, critical of U. S. and Israeli policies, praised The Washington Times along with The Christian Science Monitor, owned by the Church of Christ and The Washington Times' sister publication The Middle East Times, for what it called their objective and informative coverage of Islam and the Middle East
Central Park jogger case
The Central Park jogger case was a major news story that involved the assault and rape of Trisha Meili, a white female jogger, attacks on others in Manhattan's Central Park on the night of April 19, 1989. The attack on the jogger left her in a coma for 12 days. Meili was a 28-year-old investment banker at the time. According to The New York Times, the attack was "one of the most publicized crimes of the 1980s". On the night of the attack, five juvenile males – four African American and one Hispanic – were apprehended in connection with a number of attacks in Central Park committed by around 30 teenage perpetrators; the defendants were tried variously for assault, riot, sexual abuse, attempted murder relating to Meili's and other attacks in the park, based on confessions that they said were coerced and false. Before the trial, the FBI tested the DNA of the rape kit and found it did not match to any of the tested suspects; the office of District Attorney Robert Morgenthau presented these findings to the press as "inconclusive".
They were convicted in 1990 by juries in two separate trials. Subsequently, known as the Central Park Five, they received sentences ranging from 5 to 15 years. Four of the convictions were appealed and the convictions were affirmed by appellate courts; the defendants spent between 13 years in prison. In 2002, Matias Reyes, a convicted murderer and serial rapist in prison, confessed to raping the jogger, DNA evidence confirmed his guilt, he knew facts about the crime that only the offender could have known, said he committed the rape alone. At the time of his confession, Reyes was serving a life sentence, he was not prosecuted for raping Meili, because the statute of limitations had passed by the time he confessed. Morgenthau suggested to the court that the five men's convictions related to the assault and rape of Meili and to attacks on others to which they had confessed be vacated and withdrew the charges, their convictions were vacated in 2002. The five convicted men sued New York City in 2003 for malicious prosecution, racial discrimination, emotional distress.
The city refused to settle the suits for a decade under then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg, because the city's lawyers felt they would win. However, after Bill de Blasio became mayor and supported the settlement, the city settled the case for $41 million in 2014; as of December 2014, the five men were pursuing an additional $52 million in damages from New York State in the New York Court of Claims. At 9 p.m. on the night of April 19, 1989, a group of over 30 teenagers who lived in East Harlem entered Manhattan's Central Park at an entrance in Harlem, near Central Park North. They committed several attacks and robberies in the northernmost part of Manhattan's Central Park. According to The New York Times, the attacks committed that night were "one of the most publicized crimes of the 1980s". According to a police investigation, the main suspects were gangs of teenagers who would assault strangers as part of an activity that became known as "wilding". New York City detectives said the term was used by the suspects themselves to describe their actions to police.
This account has been disputed by some journalists, who say that it originated in a police detective's misunderstanding of the suspects' use of the phrase "doing the wild thing", lyrics from rapper Tone Lōc's hit song "Wild Thing". The teenagers attacked and beat people as they moved south, on the park's East Drive and the 97th Street Transverse, between 9 pm and 10 pm. Between 102nd and 105th Streets they attacked several bicyclists, hurled rocks at a cab, attacked a man, walking, whom they knocked to the ground, assaulted and left unconscious. A schoolteacher out for a run was beaten and kicked between 9:40 and 9:50. At about 10 p.m. at the northwest end of the Central Park Reservoir running track, they attacked another jogger, hitting him in the back of the head with a pipe and stick. They pummeled two men into unconsciousness, hitting them with a metal pipe and punches, kicking them in the head. A police officer testified that one male jogger, who said he had been jumped by four or five youths, was bleeding so badly he "looked like he was dunked in a bucket of blood".
Trisha Meili was going for a run in Central Park shortly before 9 p.m. While jogging in the park, she was knocked down, dragged or chased nearly 300 feet, violently assaulted, she was raped and beaten to death. About four hours at 1:30 a.m. she was found naked, tied up, covered in mud and blood. Meili was discovered in a shallow ravine in a wooded area of the park about 300 feet north of the 102nd Street Transverse; the first policeman who saw her said: "She was beaten as badly as anybody I've seen beaten. She looked like she was tortured."She was comatose for 12 days. She suffered severe hypothermia, severe brain damage, Class 4 hemorrhagic shock, loss of 75–80 percent of her blood, internal bleeding, her skull had been fractured so badly that her left eye was dislodged from its socket, which in turn was fractured in 21 places, she suffered as well from facial fractures. The initial medical prognosis was that Meili would die, she was given last rites. The police listed the attack as a probable homicide.
At best, doctors thought. She came out of her coma 12 days after her attack, spent seven weeks in Metropolitan Hospital in East Harlem; when she emerged from her coma, she was unable to talk, read, or walk. In early June, she was transferred to Gaylord Hospital, a long-term acute care center in W
Terri Schiavo case
The Terri Schiavo case was a right-to-die, legal case in the United States from 1990 to 2005, involving Theresa Marie Schiavo, a woman in an irreversible persistent vegetative state. Schiavo's husband and legal guardian argued that Schiavo would not have wanted prolonged artificial life support without the prospect of recovery, elected to remove her feeding tube. Schiavo's parents disputed her husband's assertions and challenged Schiavo's medical diagnosis, arguing in favor of continuing artificial nutrition and hydration; the publicized and prolonged series of legal challenges presented by her parents, which involved state and federal politicians up to the level of President George W. Bush, caused a seven-year delay before Schiavo's feeding tube was removed. On February 25, 1990, at age 26, Schiavo sustained a cardiac arrest at her home in St. Petersburg, Florida, she was resuscitated, but had massive brain damage due to lack of oxygen to her brain and was left comatose. After two and a half months without improvement, her diagnosis was changed to that of a persistent vegetative state.
For the next two years, doctors attempted speech and physical therapy and other experimental therapy, hoping to return her to a state of awareness, without success. In 1998, Schiavo's husband, petitioned the Sixth Circuit Court of Florida to remove her feeding tube pursuant to Florida law, he was opposed by Terri's parents and Mary Schindler. The court determined that Schiavo would not have wished to continue life-prolonging measures, on April 24, 2001, her feeding tube was removed for the first time, only to be reinserted several days later. On February 25, 2005, a Pinellas County judge again ordered the removal of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube. Several appeals and federal government intervention followed, which included U. S. President George W. Bush returning to Washington D. C. to sign legislation moving the case to the federal courts. After appeals through the federal court system that upheld the original decision to remove the feeding tube, staff at the Pinellas Park hospice facility disconnected the feeding tube on March 18, 2005, Schiavo died on March 31, 2005.
The Schiavo case involved 14 appeals and numerous motions and hearings in the Florida courts. S. Congress, President George W. Bush; the case spurred visible activism from the pro-life movement, the right-to-die movement, disability rights groups. Since Schiavo's death, both her husband and her family have written books on their sides of the case, both have been involved in activism over its larger issues. Terri Schiavo was born Theresa Marie Schindler on December 3, 1963, in Lower Moreland Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia, she attended Bucks County Community College, where she met Michael Schiavo in 1982. The two began dating and were married on November 10, 1984, they moved to Florida following Terri's parents. Michael worked as a restaurant manager, while Terri took up a bookkeeping job with an insurance company. In the early morning of February 25, 1990, Terri Schiavo collapsed in a hallway of her St. Petersburg, Florida apartment. Firefighters and paramedics, arriving in response to her husband Michael's 9-1-1 call, found her face-down and unconscious.
She had no pulse. They attempted to resuscitate her and she was transported to the Humana Northside Hospital. Paramedics ventilated; the cause of Terri Schiavo's collapse was determined to be cardiac arrest. Her medical chart contained a note that "she has been trying to keep her weight down with dieting by herself, drinking liquids most of the time during the day and drinking about 10–15 glasses of iced tea". Upon admission to the hospital, she was noted as suffering from hypokalemia: her serum potassium level was an abnormally low 2.0 mEq/L. Her sodium and calcium levels were normal. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by drinking excessive fluids. A serious consequence of hypokalemia can be heart rhythm abnormalities, including sudden arrhythmia death syndrome. Terri was switched from being fed by a nasogastric feeding tube to a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tube. Dr. Garcia J. DeSousa, board-certified neurologist in St. Petersburg, who treated Terri Schiavo, cared for her during her initial admission to Humana Northside.
From 1990 to 1993, Michael Schiavo and the Schindlers enjoyed an amicable relationship, with the Schindlers allowing Michael to live rent-free in their condominium for several months. In November 1990, Michael Schiavo took Terri to the University of California, San Francisco for experimental nerve stimulation with a thalamic stimulator; the treatment was unsuccessful. He returned to Florida with her in January 1991 and admitted her as an inpatient to the Mediplex Rehabilitation Center in Bradenton, Florida. On July 19, 1991, Terri Schiavo was transferred to the Sabal Palms Skilled Care Facility, where she received neurological testing and regular speech and occupational therapy until 1994. In mid-1993, Michael Schiavo requested a do not resuscitate order for her after she contracted a urinary tract infection. In 1992, Michael filed a