Sony Interactive Entertainment
Sony Interactive Entertainment LLC is a multinational video game and digital entertainment company, a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the central hub for the American businesses under the Japanese conglomerate Sony Corporation. The company was founded in Tokyo and established on November 16, 1993, as Sony Computer Entertainment, to handle Sony's venture into video game development through its PlayStation brand. Since the successful launch of the original PlayStation console in 1994, the company has been developing the PlayStation lineup of home video game consoles and accessories. Expanding into North America and other countries, the company became Sony's main resource for research and development in video games and interactive entertainment. In April 2016, SCE and Sony Network Entertainment International was restructured and reorganized into Sony Interactive Entertainment, carrying over the operations and primary objectives from both companies; the same year, SIE moved its headquarters from Tokyo to California.
Sony Interactive Entertainment handles the research and development and sales of both hardware and software for the PlayStation video game systems. SIE is a developer and publisher of video game titles, operates several subsidiaries in Sony's largest markets: North America and Asia. By August 2018, the company had sold more than 525 million PlayStation consoles worldwide. Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. was jointly established by Sony and its subsidiary Sony Music Entertainment Japan in 1993 to handle the company's ventures into the video game industry. The original PlayStation console was released on December 1994, in Japan; the company's North American operations, Sony Computer Entertainment of America, were established in May 1995 as a division of Sony Electronic Publishing. Located in Foster City, the North American office was headed by Steve Race. In the months prior to the release of the PlayStation in Western markets, the operations were restructured: All video game marketing from Sony Imagesoft was folded into SCEA in July 1995, with most affected employees transferred from Santa Monica to Foster City.
On August 7, 1995, Race unexpectedly resigned and was named CEO of Spectrum HoloByte three days later. He was replaced by Sony Electronics veteran Martin Homlish; this proved to be the beginning of a run of exceptional managerial turnover, with SCEA going through four presidents in a single year. The PS console was released in the United States on September 9, 1995; as part of a worldwide restructuring at the beginning of 1997, SCEA and Sony Computer Entertainment Europe were both re-established as wholly owned subsidiaries of SCEI. The launch of the second PS console, the PlayStation 2 was released in Japan on March 4, 2000, the U. S. on October 26, 2000. On July 1, 2002, chairman of SCEI, Shigeo Maruyama, was replaced by Tamotsu Iba as chairman. Jack Tretton and Phil Harrison were promoted to senior vice presidents of SCE; the PlayStation Portable was SCEI's first foray into the small handheld console market. Its development was first announced during SCE's E3 conference in 2003, it was unveiled during their E3 conference on May 11, 2004.
The system was released in Japan on December 12, 2004, in North America on March 24, 2005, in Europe and Australia on September 1, 2005. On September 14, 2005, SCEI formed Sony Computer Entertainment Worldwide Studios, a single internal entity to oversee all wholly owned development studios within SCEI, it became responsible for the creative and strategic direction of development and production of all computer entertainment software by all SCEI-owned studios—all software is produced for the PS family of consoles. Shuhei Yoshida was named as President of SCE WWS on May 16, 2008, replacing Kazuo Hirai, serving interim after Harrison left the company in early 2008. On December 8, 2005, video game developer Guerrilla Games, developers of the Killzone series, was acquired by Sony Computer Entertainment as part of its SCE WWS. On January 24, 2006, video game developer Zipper Interactive, developers of the Socom series, was acquired by Sony Computer Entertainment as part of its SCE WWS. In March 2006, Sony announced the online network for its forthcoming PlayStation 3 system at the 2006 PlayStation Business Briefing meeting in Tokyo, tentatively named "PlayStation Network Platform" and called just PlayStation Network.
Sony stated that the service would always be connected and include multiplayer support. The launch date for the PS3 was announced by Hirai at the pre-Electronic Entertainment Expo conference held at the Sony Pictures Studios in Los Angeles, California, on May 8, 2006; the PS3 was released in Japan on November 11, 2006, the U. S. date was November 17, 2006. The PSN was launched in November 2006. On November 30, 2006, president of SCEI, Ken Kutaragi, was appointed as chairman of SCEI, while Hirai president of SCEA, was promoted to president of SCEI. On April 26, 2007, Ken Kutaragi resigned from his position as chairman of SCEI and group CEO, passing on his duties to the appointed president of SCE, Hirai. On September 20, 2007, video game developers Evolution Studios and Bigbig Studios, creators of the MotorStorm series, were acquired by Sony Computer Entertainment as part of its SCE WWS. On April 15, 2009, David Reeves, president and CEO of SCE Europe, announced his forthcoming resignation from his post.
He had joined the company in 1995 and was appointed as chairman of SCEE in 2003, president in 2005. His role of president and CEO of SCEE would be taken over by Andrew House, who joined Sony Corporation in 1990; the PSP Go was released on October 1
The Smurfs 2
The Smurfs 2 is a 2013 American 3D live-action/computer-animated comedy film and a sequel to the 2011 film The Smurfs. It is loosely based on The Smurfs comic-book series created by the Belgian comics artist Peyo, it is the second and final installment of a duology, produced by Sony Pictures Animation and distributed by Columbia Pictures. The film is directed by Raja Gosnell. New cast members include Christina Ricci and J. B. Smoove as members of the Naughties, Brendan Gleeson as Patrick Winslow's stepfather; the film was released on July 31, 2013, is dedicated to Jonathan Winters, who voiced Papa Smurf and died on April 11, 2013. Its gross of $347 million was seen by Sony as a disappointment, which Box Office Mojo labelled as "an unprecedented drop for a closely-timed family sequel" and attributed to the negative reception of the first film and to the strong competition coming from another family sequel Despicable Me 2. In preparation for her birthday celebration, the Smurfs read the story of Smurfette, how she was created by Gargamel to destroy them, only for Papa Smurf to rescue her and turn her into a Smurf.
Meanwhile, she is having nightmares about reverting to her original form and betraying her fellow Smurfs by turning them over to Gargamel. The Smurfs are preparing a surprise party, but as Smurfette tries to find out what her fellow Smurfs are planning, none of them are saying a word, she takes this to mean. In France, Gargamel is now a celebrity, amazing people with his sorcery, but he sees that he is running low on the Smurf essence that gives him his magic powers. With his new creations, evil Smurf-like creatures called the Naughties, named Vexy and Hackus, Gargamel plans on opening a portal to the Smurf village by using the Eiffel Tower as a conduit so that he can kidnap Smurfette and, through her, get Papa Smurf's secret formula for creating Smurfs. However, as the portal he created is not big enough for him to go through, Gargamel sends Vexy through to the portal to grab Smurfette and bring her to Paris; the Smurfs witness the abduction of Smurfette and inform Papa Smurf, who uses his magic to create crystals that allow several of his Smurfs to travel directly to Patrick Winslow's residence in New York City in order to get his help to rescue Smurfette.
Papa intends for Brainy and Gutsy to use the crystals, but through an accident, Clumsy and Vanity use them instead. Papa and the three Smurfs arrive in the apartment right after the celebration of Blue's fourth birthday where they meet both the Winslows' young boy and Patrick's stepfather Victor Doyle, a man, a constant embarrassment to Patrick; the Smurfs soon discover where Gargamel is, so they and the Winslows set off for Paris in order to find him. After their arrival in Paris and his wife Grace work together with Victor to distract Gargamel during one of his performances while the Smurfs sneak backstage in order to find Smurfette, only to discover what Gargamel is planning. At the same time, Smurfette escapes from her prison, Vexy and Hackus chase after her. Upon her return to Gargamel's hotel suite with the Naughties, Gargamel presents her with a tiny dragon wand as a feigned act of kindness. Smurfette still refuses to give Gargamel the formula until she sees that the Naughties are dying due to a lack of Smurf essence.
Faced without an alternative to save them, Smurfette writes the formula down and Gargamel uses it to turn the Naughties into real Smurfs. After they become Smurfs, Gargamel puts them into his Smurf-a-lator so he can carry out the rest of his plan. Meanwhile, Patrick and the Smurfs work together to rescue Smurfette; the Smurfs are soon captured and put into the Smurf-a-lator, powering Gargamel's large-sized dragon wand. Patrick and Victor arrive just in time to destroy the Smurf-a-lator together, causing an explosion of smurf essence that destroys the written formula and frees the smurfs from their cages. Everyone is blasted out of Gargamel's lair through a sewer hole where Patrick and Victor reunite with Grace and Blue. Gargamel reappears out of the sewer hole only to be blasted away by Smurfette with her new wand, he falls onto the Notre Dame Cathedral, where he accidentally brings a stone vulture to life, which throws him to the top of the Eiffel Tower where fireworks set off, sending him in the air.
The Smurfs bid farewell to the Winslows return home with Vexy and Hackus. In two post-credit sequences and Azrael are pulled into the portal, sending them back to their castle, they have a fight. Hank Azaria as Gargamel, an evil wizard Neil Patrick Harris as Patrick Winslow Brendan Gleeson as Victor Doyle, Patrick's step-father Jayma Mays as Grace Winslow, Patrick's wife Jacob Tremblay as Blue Winslow and Grace's son Nancy O'Dell as herself, a television interviewer Katy Perry as Smurfette Jonathan Winters as Papa Smurf Anton Yelchin as Clumsy Smurf Christina Ricci as Vexy, a smart and mischievous Smurf-like creature called a "Naughty" created by Gargamel J. B. Smoove as Hackus, a funny and physical Smurf-like creature called a "Naughty" created by Gargamel Fred Armisen as Brainy Smurf Alan Cumming as Gutsy Smurf George Lopez as Grouchy Smurf John Oliver as Vanity Smurf Mario Lopez as Social Smurf Jimmy Kimmel as Passive Aggressive Smurf Frank Welker as Azrael Tom Kane as Narrator Smurf Paul Reubens as Jokey Smurf B. J. Novak as Baker Smurf Shaquille O'Neal as Smooth Smurf Shaun White as Clueless Smurf Jeff Foxworthy as Handy Smurf Gary Basaraba as Hefty Smurf Adam Wylie as Panicky Smurf Joel McCrary as Farmer Smurf Kenan Thompson as Greedy Smurf John Kassir as Crazy Smurf Kevin Lee as Party Planner Smurf On August 9, 2011, Sony Pictures Animation announced a sequel to be
Complètement fou (Remix)
Complètement fou is an extended play by French electropop group Yelle, released through Kemosabe Records on July 24, 2015. Complètement fou contains five remixes of songs from Yelle's third studio album, Complètement fou, released in 2014. Writing credits for the songs adapted from Tidal. Yelle official site
Rebbeca Marie Gomez, is an American singer and actress. Gomez first gained recognition in 2011 when she began posting videos of herself covering popular songs online. One of her videos caught the attention of producer Dr. Luke, who subsequently offered her a joint record deal with Kemosabe Records and RCA Records. While working on her debut effort, Gomez collaborated with artists will.i.am, Cody Simpson and Cher Lloyd. Her official debut single, "Becky from the Block", received a positive reception upon its release, she released her debut extended play, Play It Again that same year. Her second single, "Can't Get Enough", featured guest vocals from Pitbull and went on to top the Latin Rhythm Airplay chart in the United States. Gomez achieved mainstream success with the release of "Shower", which went on to enter the top twenty of the Billboard Hot 100 chart; the single would go on to receive a multi platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America, denoting two million units sold in the country.
Following the success of "Shower", Gomez released "Can't Stop Dancin'", "Lovin' So Hard" and "Break a Sweat" as singles from her forthcoming album. She embarked on a co-headlining tour with J Balvin throughout September and October 2015, spanning throughout the United States, she portrayed Valentina Galindo in two episodes of the musical television series Empire, contributing two new songs to the soundtrack of the series called "Do It" and "New New". Gomez was featured on the song "Superstar" with Pitbull, she released her first Spanish song, "Sola" as the lead single from her Spanish debut studio album. In July 2017, she released her single "Mayores", with rapper Bad Bunny, which topped the charts in Spain, Chile and El Salvador, while reaching number three on the Billboard Hot Latin Songs chart, her success led her to collaborate with artists such as Daddy Yankee, French Montana and David Guetta, in addition to being the opening act for girl group Fifth Harmony, for the Latin American leg of their PSA Tour, with shows in Argentina and Mexico, that same year.
In April 2018, she released another hit single "Sin Pijama" with singer Natti Natasha, which entered the top five of the Hot Latin Songs, peaked at number one in Spain and the top 10 in several countries. On July 20, 2018, Gomez released "Zooted," featuring singers French Montana and Farruko, as the first song in English which she launched after three years without releasing songs in that language. Rebbeca Marie Gomez was born on March 1997 in Inglewood, California, she is the daughter of Francisco "Frank" Gomez. All four of her grandparents are from Jalisco, while her parents and most of her family were born in the US. Gomez has two brothers, a younger sister. In December 2017, she revealed she has a half-sister, eighteen years old. Gomez grew up in poverty in Moreno Valley, at the age of nine her family lost their home and moved into the converted garage of her grandparents' house due to financial problems. Gomez began working part-time jobs to help support her family, doing commercials and voice over work.
She had what she described as a "mid-life crisis" when she was nine years old, decided she wanted to pursue a music career. She was quoted as stating "That was my mid-life crisis when I was nine years old. That's. What am I gonna do?' I pushed that on myself at a younger age than the average kid because at the time my family had lost our home. I've always been more mature for my age, so I was understanding what they were going through, and I just thought,'How can I help them?'" She attended public school, though had to undergo home schooling due to issues with bullying. She claimed that at one point she was jumped by multiple girls while in the restroom, was a frequent target due to her jobs in the entertainment industry. Gomez appeared in the short film El Tux as Claudia Gómez and as Nina in the Discovery Channel television film La estación de la Calle Olvera, she became a member of a girl group named G. L. A. M. in 2009, joined B. C. G. Another girl group, she filmed a music video as part of G. L. A. M. for a song titled "JellyBean" in 2009.
During this time, Gomez began recording herself singing and rapping songs using Garageband, created a YouTube account to post covers of popular songs online. She began writing her own songs, by the age of thirteen had taught herself how to play guitar. Gomez befriended production duo The Jam; the trio began working on material together, resulting in the covers of the songs "Otis", "Lighters", "Novacane" "Take Care", "Boyfriend", an original song "Turn the Music Up". These songs were meant to be part of a mixtape, titled @itsbeckygomez, though this project never came to fruition, her cover of "Otis" caught the attention of renowned producer Dr. Luke, who had worked with artists including Britney Spears and Miley Cyrus, among others. Luke scheduled a meeting with Gomez, asked her to play guitar for him. In reference to her video clip for "Otis", Luke claimed "I would have signed her off that video alone. I was 100 percent in, she has so much personality and her voice just pops out of the speakers.
I met her and discovered she could sing and play the guitar and I thought,'This is better.' I found out she could write and it was like,'What else are you going to tell me, that you’re Van Gogh?' Her potential is limitless." Shortly after signing with the label, Gomez began work on her debut album. I
Paper Route (band)
Paper Route is an American experimental indie rock and indie pop band from Nashville, Tennessee formed in 2004. It consists of JT Daly, Chad Howat, Nick Aranda; the band has released several EPs. Chad Howat, JT Daly and co-founding member Andy Smith met while attending Greenville College in Greenville, IL, they first began playing together late at night after a previous musical endeavor, For All The Drifters, had disbanded. The band's self-titled debut EP was released on August 29, 2006. In December 2006, the band released. A song from the EP, "The Music", was featured in the 2009 film Days of Summer. In 2007, Paper Route were featured on Paste magazine's website as artists to watch: "The group produces a refreshing mix of the organic and the electronic, with quality songwriting to match."In early 2008, their music was featured in the television show One Tree Hill in episodes "Life Is Short" and "Cryin' Won't Help You Now". The band's song; the band's major label debut, was released on Universal Records on April 28, 2009.
The album reached number 13 on the Billboard Heatseekers chart. In March 2010, Paper Route were named one of'10 Artists to Watch in 2010' by American music website Shred News. In November 2010, the song "Gutter" was featured on TV series CSI: NY in the episode "Hide Sight". In November 2010, Paper Route announced. In September 2010, two songs by Paper Route – including "Calm My Soul" – were featured on MTV's show World of Jenks. In June 2011, the song "You Kill Me" from the band's 2008 EP Are We All Forgotten was featured in an episode of MTV's Teen Wolf; the first single off the band's second studio album was titled "Better Life" and released to iTunes and Amazon on November 1, 2011. A song titled "Sugar" was released as a part of a free compilation album on NoiseTrade on Valentine's Day 2012. JT Daly created remixes of Switchfoot's songs "The Original" and "Dark Horses" from Switchfoot's critically acclaimed record Vice Verses; the remixes were featured on Switchfoot's EP Vice Re-Verses, released in April 2012.
In May 2012, Paper Route were featured in the third episode of BYUtv's Audio-Files. On June 18, 2012, Paper Route announced that their second album, titled The Peace of Wild Things, would be released on September 11, 2012, that the second single from the album would be "You and I". A music video for the single was released onto YouTube on August 31, 2012. Upon release, The Peace of Wild Things reached number eight on the Billboard Heatseekers chart, number 164 on the Billboard 200. In 2013, Paper Route's song "Better Life" was featured in The Vampire Diaries episode, titled "True Lies". On October 6, 2013, the band released a cover of "Royals" by Lorde, followed by a cover of Destiny's Child's "Say My Name" on November 26, 2013. On September 24, 2014, Paper Route announced that drummer Gavin McDonald would be leaving the band, pushing back planned October tour dates to December; the band performed two new songs on a four-city East Coast tour in February 2015, including their new single "Zhivago".
The track was released as part of the Ten Out of Tenn compilation album on March 17, 2015. In July 2015, JT Daly and Chad Howat announced that Nick Aranda was made an official member of the band; the same month, Paper Route announced that they had signed to Kemosabe Records, an offshoot of Sony Music Entertainment. On February 26, 2016, the band released a new single "Laugh About It". Howat's website confirmed that the album would be titled "Real Emotion"; the second single off the album, "Chariots", was released on June 12, 2016. The song premiered at E3 as the exclusive gameplay trailer track for FIFA 17, the video game by EA Sports, was featured in the game's soundtrack. On September 23, 2016 the album Real Emotion was released; the band made their late night television debut on NBC's Late Night with Seth Meyers on February 1, 2017 where they performed their newest single, "Balconies."They announced an indefinite hiatus in early 2019. From late July through August 2008, Paper Route was part of the Final Riot!
Tour, with Paramore, Phantom Planet, Jack's Mannequin. They toured with Paramore again in 2009 on the band's third album. In 2008 they toured with Passion Pit. In 2009 they toured with Copeland and She Wants Revenge. In 2010 they toured with Lights. In 2012 they toured with Half Noise and Mutemath. In 2013 they toured with Anberlin and Imagine Dragons. In early 2016, Paper Route toured again with Mutemath. In October 2016, following the release of Real Emotion, they embarked on a 20-date east coast/midwest headlining tour with Half Noise as the support act, they followed this up supporting K. Flay on the second part of her Crush Me Tour in February 2017. CurrentJT Daly – vocals, percussion. JT has been involved in other projects including music production, soundtrack composition, visual art exhibitions and film direction and production. Chad Howat – bass, programming. Outside of his work with Paper Route, Chad has produced and engineered for several artists including Paramore, K. Flay, Brooke Waggoner, Hillsong United, Kye Kye ).
Nick Aranda - guitar, bass. Nick toured with Paper Route on their tour promoting
Akio Morita was a Japanese businessman and co-founder of Sony along with Masaru Ibuka. Akio Morita was born in Nagoya, Japan. Morita's family was involved in sake and soy sauce production in the village of Kosugaya on the western coast of Chita Peninsula in Aichi Prefecture since 1665, he was the oldest of four siblings and his father Kyuzaemon trained him as a child to take over the family business. Akio, found his true calling in mathematics and physics, in 1944 he graduated from Osaka Imperial University with a degree in physics, he was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant in the Imperial Japanese Navy, served in World War II. During his service, Morita met his future business partner Masaru Ibuka in the Navy's Wartime Research Committee. On May 7, 1946, Ibuka founded Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha with about 20 employees and initial capital of ¥190,000. Ibuka was 38 years old. Morita, 25 years old joined Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha shortly after its inception, with Morita's family investing in Sony during the early period and being the largest shareholder.
In 1949, the company developed magnetic recording tape and in 1950, sold the first tape recorder in Japan. In 1957, it produced a pocket-sized radio, in 1958, Morita and Ibuka decided to rename their company Sony. Morita was an advocate for all the products made by Sony. However, since the radio was too big to fit in a shirt pocket, Morita made his employees wear shirts with larger pockets to give the radio a "pocket sized" appearance. In 1960, it produced the first transistor television in the world. In 1973, Sony received an Emmy Award for its Trinitron television-set technology. In 1975, it released the first Betamax home video recorder, a year. In 1979, the Walkman was introduced. In 1984, Sony launched the Discman series which extended their Walkman brand to portable CD products. In 1960, the Sony Corporation of America was established in the United States. In 1961, Sony Corporation was the first Japanese company to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange, in the form of American depositary receipts, which are traded over-the-counter.
Sony bought CBS Records Group which consisted of Columbia Records, Epic Records and other CBS labels in 1988 and Columbia Pictures Entertainment in 1989. On November 25, 1994, Morita stepped down as Sony chairman after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage while playing tennis, he was succeeded by Norio Ohga, who had joined the company in the 1950s after sending Morita a letter denouncing the poor quality of the company's tape recorders. Morita was vice chairman of the Japan Business Federation, was a member of the Japan-U. S. Economic Relations Group known as the "Wise Men's Group", he was the third Japanese chairman of the Trilateral Commission. His amateur radio call sign is JP1DPJ. In 1966, Morita wrote a book called Gakureki Muyō Ron, where he stresses that school records are not important to success or one's business skills. In 1986, Morita wrote an autobiography titled Made in Japan, he co-authored the 1991 book The Japan That Can Say No with politician Shintaro Ishihara, where they criticized American business practices and encouraged Japanese to take a more independent role in business and foreign affairs.
The book was translated into English and caused controversy in the United States, Morita had his chapters removed from the English version and distanced himself from the book. Morita was awarded the Albert Medal by the United Kingdom's Royal Society of Arts in 1982, the first Japanese to receive the honor. Two years he received the prestigious Legion of Honour, in 1991, was awarded the First Class Order of the Sacred Treasure from the Emperor of Japan. In 1993, he was awarded an honorary British knighthood. Morita received the International Distinguished Entrepreneur Award from the University of Manitoba in 1987, he was posthumously awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun in 1999. Morita suffered a stroke during a game of tennis. On November 25, 1994, he stepped down as Sony chairman. On October 3, 1999, Morita died of pneumonia at the age of 78. Morita, Akio. Made in Japan Morita, Akio. Never Mind School Records Morita and Shintaro Ishihara; the Japan That Can Say No List of books authored by Akio Morita at WorldCat Quotations related to Akio Morita at Wikiquote Media related to Sony at Wikimedia Commons Akio Morita Library Time magazine, AKIO MORITA: Guru Of Gadgets Time Asia, Time 100: Akio Morita Sony Biographical notes PBS notes Full Biography at World of Biography
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, opinion, reviews and style, is known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres, it hosts events, owns a publishing firm, operates several TV shows. Billboard was founded in 1894 by William Donaldson and James Hennegan as a trade publication for bill posters. Donaldson acquired Hennegen's interest in 1900 for $500. In the early years of the 20th century, it covered the entertainment industry, such as circuses and burlesque shows, created a mail service for travelling entertainers. Billboard began focusing more on the music industry as the jukebox and radio became commonplace. Many topics it covered were spun-off into different magazines, including Amusement Business in 1961 to cover outdoor entertainment, so that it could focus on music.
After Donaldson died in 1925, Billboard was passed down to his children and Hennegan's children, until it was sold to private investors in 1985, has since been owned by various parties. The first issue of Billboard was published in Cincinnati, Ohio by William Donaldson and James Hennegan on November 1, 1894, it covered the advertising and bill posting industry, was known as Billboard Advertising. At the time, billboards and paper advertisements placed in public spaces were the primary means of advertising. Donaldson handled editorial and advertising, while Hennegan, who owned Hennegan Printing Co. managed magazine production. The first issues were just eight pages long; the paper had columns like "The Bill Room Gossip" and "The Indefatigable and Tireless Industry of the Bill Poster". A department for agricultural fairs was established in 1896; the title was changed to The Billboard in 1897. After a brief departure over editorial differences, Donaldson purchased Hennegan's interest in the business in 1900 for $500 to save it from bankruptcy.
That May, Donaldson changed it from a monthly to a weekly paper with a greater emphasis on breaking news. He improved editorial quality and opened new offices in New York, San Francisco and Paris, re-focused the magazine on outdoor entertainment such as fairs, circuses and burlesque shows. A section devoted to circuses was introduced in 1900, followed by more prominent coverage of outdoor events in 1901. Billboard covered topics including regulation, a lack of professionalism and new shows, it had a "stage gossip" column covering the private lives of entertainers, a "tent show" section covering traveling shows, a sub-section called "Freaks to order". According to The Seattle Times, Donaldson published news articles "attacking censorship, praising productions exhibiting'good taste' and fighting yellow journalism"; as railroads became more developed, Billboard set up a mail forwarding system for traveling entertainers. The location of an entertainer was tracked in the paper's Routes Ahead column Billboard would receive mail on the star's behalf and publish a notice in its "Letter-Box" column that it has mail for them.
This service was first introduced in 1904, became one of Billboard's largest sources of profit and celebrity connections. By 1914, there were 42,000 people using the service, it was used as the official address of traveling entertainers for draft letters during World War I. In the 1960s, when it was discontinued, Billboard was still processing 1,500 letters per week. In 1920, Donaldson made a controversial move by hiring African-American journalist James Albert Jackson to write a weekly column devoted to African-American performers. According to The Business of Culture: Strategic Perspectives on Entertainment and Media, the column identified discrimination against black performers and helped validate their careers. Jackson was the first black critic at a national magazine with a predominantly white audience. According to his grandson, Donaldson established a policy against identifying performers by their race. Donaldson died in 1925. Billboard's editorial changed focus as technology in recording and playback developed, covering "marvels of modern technology" such as the phonograph, record players, wireless radios.
It began covering coin-operated entertainment machines in 1899, created a dedicated section for them called "Amusement Machines" in March 1932. Billboard began covering the motion picture industry in 1907, but ended up focusing on music due to competition from Variety, it created a radio broadcasting station in the 1920s. The jukebox industry continued to grow through the Great Depression, was advertised in Billboard, which led to more editorial focus on music; the proliferation of the phonograph and radio contributed to its growing music emphasis. Billboard published the first music hit parade on January 4, 1936, introduced a "Record Buying Guide" in January 1939. In 1940, it introduced "Chart Line", which tracked the best-selling records, was followed by a chart for jukebox records in 1944 called Music Box Machine charts. By the 1940s, Billboard was more of a music industry specialist publication; the number of charts it published grew after World War II, due to a growing variety of music interests and genres.
It had eight charts by 1987, covering different genres and formats, 28 charts by 1994. By 1943, Billboard had about 100 employees; the magazine's offices moved to Brighton, Ohio in 1946 to New York City in 1948. A five-column tabloid format was adopted in November 1950 and coated paper was first used in Billboard's print issues in January 1963, allowing for photojournalis