American football positions
In American football each team has 11 players on the field at one time. The specific role that a player takes on the field is called their position. Under the modern rules of American football, teams are allowed unlimited substitutions; this has resulted in the development of three "platoons" of players: the offense, the defense, the special teams. Within those platoons, various specific positions exist depending on. In American football, the offense is the side, it is their job to advance the ball towards the opponent's end zone to score points. Broadly, the eleven players of the offense are broken into two groups: the five offensive linemen, whose primary job is to block, the six backs and receivers whose primary job is to advance the ball either running with the ball or passing it; the backs and receivers are commonly known as skill position players or as eligible receivers. Offensive linemen are not eligible to advance the ball past the line of scrimmage during a play; the organization of the offense is mandated by the rules.
The only players eligible to handle the ball during a normal play are the backs and the two players on the end of the line. The remaining players are "ineligible" to catch forward passes, so they only block. Within these strictures, creative coaches have developed a wide array of offensive formations to take advantage of different player skills and game situations; the following positions are standard in nearly every game, though different teams will use different arrangements of them. The offensive line is responsible for blocking. During normal play, offensive linemen do not handle the ball, unless the ball is fumbled by a ball carrier, a pass is deflected, or when a player, an offensive lineman takes a different position on the field; the offensive line consists of: Center The center is the player who begins the play from scrimmage by snapping the ball to the quarterback. As the name suggests, the center plays in the middle of the offensive line, though some teams may employ an unbalanced line where the center is offset to one side.
Like all offensive linemen, the center has the responsibility to block defensive players. The center also has the responsibility to call out blocking assignments and make last second adjustments depending on the defensive alignment. Offensive guard Two guards line up directly on either side of the center. Like all interior linemen, their function is to block on both passing plays. On some plays, rather than blocking straight ahead, a guard will "pull", whereby the guard comes out of their position in line to lead block for a ball carrier, on plays known as "traps", "sweeps", "screens". In such cases, the guard is referred to as a "pulling guard". Offensive tackle Two tackles play outside of the guards, their role is to block on both running and passing plays. The area from one tackle to the other is an area of "close line play" in which blocks from behind, which are prohibited elsewhere on the field, are allowed. For a right-handed quarterback, the left tackle is charged with protecting the quarterback from being hit from behind, this is the most skilled player on the offensive line.
Like a guard, the tackle may have to "pull", on a running play, when there is a tight end on their side. Tackles have a taller, longer build than interior offensive linemen, due to the need to keep separation from defensive linemen in pass blocking situations, they tend to have quick footwork skills as they engage against containing or rushing defensive ends. The six backs and receivers are those that line up behind the offensive line. There are four main positions in this set of players: Quarterback The quarterback is the player who receives the ball from the center to start the play; the most important position on the offensive side, the quarterback is responsible for receiving the play from the coaches on the sideline and communicating the play to the other offensive players in the huddle. The quarterback may need to make changes to the play at the line of scrimmage, depending on the defensive alignment. At the start of the play, the quarterback may be lined up in one of three positions. If they are positioned directly in contact with the center and receives the ball via the direct hand-to-hand pass, they are said to be "under center".
If they have lined up some distance behind the center, they are said to be in "shotgun formation". They can be in between; this is called a "pistol formation". Upon receiving the snap, the quarterback has three basic options, they may run the ball, they may hand it to another eligible ball carrier to run with it, or execute a forward pass to a player downfield. Running back Running backs are players who line up behind the offensive line, in a position to receive the ball from the quarterback and execute a rushing play. Anywhere from one to three running backs may be utilized on a play. Depending on where they line up, what role they have, running backs come in several varieties; the "tailback" (or so
Guard (American and Canadian football)
In American and Canadian football, a guard is a player who lines up between the center and the tackles on the offensive line of a football team on the line of scrimmage used for blocking. Right guards is the term for the guards on the right of the offensive line, while left guards are on the left side. Guards are to the left of the center; the guard's job is to protect the quarterback from the incoming linemen during pass plays, as well as creating openings for the running backs to head through. Guards are automatically considered ineligible receivers, so they cannot intentionally touch a forward pass, unless it is to recover a fumble or is first touched by a defender or eligible receiver. Aside from speed blocking a guard may "pull"—backing out of his initial position and running behind the other offensive linemen to sprinting out in front of a running back to engage a defensive player beyond the initial width of the offensive line; this technique is used on counter plays. Vanderbilt's Dan McGugin is credited with first pulling guards.
While tackles can pull, this strategy is less common as they are too far away to pull to the opposite side of the formation and have the responsibility of blocking the outside defender for outside runs. Since the guard is free of responsibility for play-side outside runs and far-side counter plays, pulling is a unique responsibility for guards; the Packers sweep was a signature play of the Green Bay Packers in the 1960s, as they won five NFL titles and the first two Super Bowls under head coach Vince Lombardi. The pulling guards were Fuzzy Thurston on the left and hall of famer Jerry Kramer on the right
History of the Chicago Cardinals
The professional American football team now known as the Arizona Cardinals played in Chicago, Illinois as the Chicago Cardinals from 1920 to 1959 before relocating to St. Louis, Missouri for the 1960 season. In 1898, Chicago painting and building contractor Chris O'Brien established an amateur Chicago-based athletic club football team named the Morgan Athletic Club. O'Brien moved them to Chicago's Normal Park and renamed them the Racine Normals, since Normal Park was located on Racine Avenue in Chicago. In 1901, O'Brien bought used maroon uniforms from the University of Chicago, the colors of which had by faded, leading O'Brien to exclaim, "That's not maroon, it was that the team changed its name to the Racine Cardinals. The original Racine Cardinals team disbanded in 1906 for lack of local competition. A professional team under the same name formed in 1913, claiming the previous team as part of their history; as was the case for most professional football teams in 1918, the team was forced to suspend operations for a second time due to World War I and the outbreak of the Spanish flu pandemic.
They resumed operations in the year, have since operated continuously. At the time of the founding of the modern National Football League, the Cardinals were part of a thriving professional football circuit based in the Chicago area. Teams such as the Decatur Staleys, Hammond Pros, Chicago Tigers and the Cardinals had formed an informal loop similar to, on par with, the Ohio and New York circuits that had emerged as top football centers prior to the league's founding. In 1920, the team became a charter member of the American Professional Football Association, for a franchise fee of $100; the Cardinals and the Chicago Bears are the only charter members of the NFL still in existence, though the Green Bay Packers, which joined the league in 1921, existed prior to the formation of the NFL. The person keeping the minutes of the first league meeting, unfamiliar with the nuances of Chicago football, recorded the Cardinals as from Racine, Wisconsin; the team was renamed the Chicago Cardinals in 1922 after a team from Racine, Wisconsin entered the league.
That season the team moved to Comiskey Park. The Staleys and Cardinals played each other twice in 1920 as the Racine Cardinals and the Decatur Staleys, making their rivalry the oldest in the NFL, they split the series, with the home team winning in each. In the Cardinals' 7-6 victory over the Staleys in their first meeting of the season, each team scored a touchdown on a fumble recovery, with the Staleys failing their extra point try; the Cardinals' defeat of the Staleys proved critical, since George Halas's Staleys went on to a 10-1-2 record overall, 5-1-2 in league play. The Akron Pros were the first league champions. Since the Pros had to tie the game in order to win the title, they could afford to play not to lose. Had the Staleys not lost to the Cardinals, they would have gone into that fateful game with an 11-0-1 record, 6-0-1 in league play; as it was, it all but assured that the Cardinals would be intense rivals. The two teams played to a tie in 1921, when the Staleys won all but two games, thus the Cardinals came within 1 point of costing the Staleys a second consecutive championship in the league's first two years of existence.
In 1922, the Staleys, now renamed the Bears, went 9-3-0. The Bears still edged the Cardinals for 2nd place in the league, but those losses dashed all hopes of the Bears repeating as champions. In 1923 and 1924, the Bears got the better of the Cardinals all three times, but in 1925, the Bears went 0-1-1 against the Cardinals with the tie meaning the Cardinals were only a ½ game in front of the Pottsville Maroons heading into their fateful 1925 showdown. Thus, in the first 6 years of the NFL's existence, the Bears-Cardinals games had a direct impact on the league championship 4 times; the Bears and Cardinals each took home 1 title during that span. But the Bears nearly cost the Cardinals their title, the Cardinals nearly cost the Bears their title, had it not been for the Cardinals' tenacity against the Bears, the Bears well might have won two more; the Bears were the Cardinals in the league's early years. From 1920-1925, the Canton Bulldogs, champions in 1922 and 1923, beat the Bears just 2 times and no other team in the NFL defeated the Bears more than once over that entire 6-year span... except for the Cardinals.
The Cardinals battled the Bears to 4-4-2 split between 1920–1925 and established the NFL's first rivalry. Legend has it that the Cardinals played the Chicago Tigers in 1920, with the loser being forced to leave town. While this has never been proven, the Tigers did disband after one season; the 1925 season ended in the greatest controversy in professional football history. In those days, there was any playoff games; the championship was decided by winning percentage. At season's end, after losing in a Chicago snow storm to the Pottsville Maroons 21-7, the Cardinals found themselves in second place. Hoping to improve their record, they scheduled and won two hastily arranged games against weaker teams, the Milwaukee Badgers and the Hammond Pros; the ploy was within the NFL's rules at the time because of the open-ended schedule. Chicago finished the season with a record of 11-2-1. However, the league sanctioned them because a Chicago player, Art Folz, had hired
San Saba, Texas
San Saba is a city located in Central Texas. It was named for its location on the San Saba River; the population was 3,099 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of San Saba County. San Saba is located at 31°11′43″N 98°43′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles, all of it land. The city is located 105 miles northwest of Austin, 141 miles north of San Antonio; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, San Saba has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, 3,099 people, 1,008 households, 680 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,468.6 people per square mile. There were 1,177 housing units at an average density of 655.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.54% White, 0.64% African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 17.33% from other races, 1.63% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.51% of the population. Of 1,008 households, 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were not families. About 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.12. The population was distributed as 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 22.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,758, the median income for a family was $31,582. Males had a median income of $24,207 versus $20,216 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,192. About 16.0% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.9% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.
Pecans emerged as an important crop because of the work of Edmund E. Risien, an Englishman who moved to San Saba County in 1874 and made improvement of the native nuts his life's work. Risien founded the West Texas Pecan Nursery at the junction of the San Colorado Rivers; the "Mother Pecan Tree", located in the heart of this orchard, has been used to produce many great pecan varieties. Some of these include the. During his era, Risien's customer base included Queen Victoria of England, Alfred Lord Tennyson and the Post Cereals. Today, Risien is credited for laying the groundwork for the pecan industry that led San Saba County to proclaim itself'Pecan Capital of the World'. Today the land and orchard is owned by the Millican family and six generations have worked in the pecan business; the City of San Saba is served by the San Saba Independent School District. Its schools include San Saba Elementary, serving students in grades K-4; the school district opened two new facilities in October 2013, a new elementary building that houses all elementary grades under one roof for the first time in many years, a new set of science labs in a building across from the main entrance to the high school, named for science teacher George Dennis, on the faculty for over 50 years until his retirement in December 2012.
The current superintendent of schools is Michael Bohensky, the individual campuses are headed by Kay Shackelford, Dustin Anders, Scott Snyder. San Saba is the birthplace of actor Tommy Lee Jones, geologist M. King Hubbert, opera singer Thomas Stewart, Aaron Behrens, front man for Austin-based music group Ghostland Observatory; the town is the former home of actor Christian Mixon. A memorial garden honoring the philanthropic work of his late wife Linda remains there. In "The San Saba Incident" of the CBS Western television series Trackdown starring Robert Culp as Texas Ranger Hoby Gilman, the Ranger transports four prisoners to the Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville. One of the convicts is Abby Lindon, played by Margaret Hayes. In the 2010 remake of True Grit, Rooster Cogburn tells Mattie that they will take the criminal to the magistrate in San Saba, Texas. In Cormac McCarthy's book No Country for Old Men, the main character, Llewellyn Moss, states he is from San Saba, Texas. Coincidentally, Tommy Lee Jones, the actor who plays Sheriff Bell in the movie version is from San Saba.
In Robert Fulghum's book All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten one of short stories is set in San Saba. In the song "Tumbleweed Stew", Slaid Cleaves' character states that "he works as a hand in San Saba." In the 2018 Coen brothers film The Ballad of Buster Scruggs, the title character is known as the "San Saba Songbird." In the 2019 movie, “The Highway Men”, former Texas Rangers Frank Hamer and Maney Gault join forces to try and capture notorious outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow. Frank Hamer tells a childhood story. San Saba Chamber of Commerce San Saba News & Star City of San Saba Millican Pecan Company
National Football League Draft
The National Football League Draft called the NFL Draft or the Player Selection Meeting, is a one time event which serves as the league's most common source of player recruitment. The basic design of the draft is that each team is given a position in the drafting order in reverse order relative to its record in the previous year, which means that the last place team is positioned first. From this position, the team can either select a player or trade their position to another team for other draft positions, a player or players, or any combination thereof; the round is complete when each team has either selected a player or traded its position in the draft. Certain aspects of the draft, including team positioning and the number of rounds in the draft, have seen revisions since its first creation in 1936, but the fundamental method has remained the same; the draft consists of seven rounds. The original rationale in creating the draft was to increase the competitive parity between the teams as the worst team would, have chosen the best player available.
In the early years of the draft, players were chosen based on hearsay, print media, or other rudimentary evidence of a player's ability. In the 1940s, some franchises began employing full-time scouts; the ensuing success of their corresponding teams forced the other franchises to hire scouts. Colloquially, the name of the draft each year takes on the form of the NFL season in which players picked could begin playing. For example, the 2010 NFL draft was for the 2010 NFL season. However, the NFL-defined name of the process has changed since its inception; the location of the draft has continually changed over the years to accommodate more fans, as the event has gained popularity. The draft's popularity now garners prime-time television coverage. In the league's early years, from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s, the draft was held in various cities with NFL franchises until the league settled on New York City starting in 1965, where it remained for fifty years until 2015; the 2015 and 2016 NFL drafts were held in Chicago, while the 2017 version was held in Philadelphia and 2018 in Dallas.
The 2019 NFL Draft will be held in Nashville. In recent years, the NFL draft has occurred in early May; as background, Stan Kostka had a huge college career as a University of Minnesota running back, leading the Minnesota Gophers to an undefeated season in 1934. Every NFL team wanted to sign him. Since there was no draft back savvy Stan did the smart thing - he held out for the highest offer. While a free agent, Stan kept busy running for Mayor of Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota. Although his political career did not take off, Stan's nine-month NFL holdout succeeded and he became the league's highest-paid player, signing a $5,000 contract with the NFL's team in Brooklyn, New York on August 25, 1935; as a response to the bidding war for Stan Kostka, the NFL instituted the draft in 1936. In late 1934, Art Rooney, owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers, gave the right of usage of two players to the New York Giants because Rooney's team had no chance to participate in the post-season. After the owner of the Boston Redskins, George Preston Marshall, protested the transaction, the president of the NFL, Joe F. Carr, disallowed the Giants the ability to employ the players.
At a league meeting in December 1934, the NFL introduced a waiver rule to prevent such transactions. Any player released by a team during the season would be able to be claimed by other teams; the selection order to claim the player would be in inverse order to the teams' standings at the time. Throughout this time, Bert Bell, co-owner of the Philadelphia Eagles, felt his team's lack of competitiveness on the field made it difficult for the Eagles to sell tickets and to be profitable. Compounding the Eagles' problems were players signed with teams that offered the most money, or if the money being equal, players chose to sign with the most prestigious teams at the time, who had established a winning tradition; as a result, the NFL was dominated by the Chicago Bears, Green Bay Packers and Redskins. Bell's inability to sign a desired prospect, Stan Kostka, in 1935 led Bell to believe the only way for the NFL to have enduring success was for all teams to have an equal opportunity to sign eligible players.
At a league meeting on May 18, 1935, Bell proposed a draft be instituted to enhance the possibility of competitive parity on the field in order to ensure the financial viability of all franchises. His proposal was adopted unanimously that day, although the first draft would not occur until the next off-season; the rules for the selection of the players in the first draft were, that a list of college seniors would be assembled by each franchise and submitted into a pool. From this pool, each franchise would select, in inverse order to their team's record in the previous year, a player. With this selection, the franchise had the unilateral right to negotiate a contract with that player, or the ability to trade that player to another team for a player, or players. If, for any reason, the franchise was unsuccessful in negotiating a contract with the player and was unable to trade the player, the president of the NFL could attempt to arbitrate a settlement between the player and the franchise. If the president was unable to settle the dispute the player would be placed in the reserve list of the franchise and would be unavailable to play for any team in the NFL that year.
In the 1935 NFL season, the Eagles finished in last place at 2–9, thus securing themselves the first pick in the draft. The first NFL draft began at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Philadelphia on February 8, 1936. Ninety names were written on a blackboard in the meeting room from; as no team had a scouting department, the lis
College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. Unlike most other sports in North America, no minor league farm organizations exist in American or Canadian football. Therefore, college football is considered to be the second tier of American football in the United States and Canadian football in Canada. However, in some areas of the country, college football is more popular than professional football, for much of the early 20th century, college football was seen as more prestigious than professional football, it is in college football where a player's performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after three to four years of collegiate competition, with the NFL holding its annual draft every spring in which 256 players are selected annually.
Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as an undrafted free agent. After the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained popular throughout the U. S. Although the college game has a much larger margin for talent than its pro counterpart, the sheer number of fans following major colleges provides a financial equalizer for the game, with Division I programs — the highest level — playing in huge stadiums, six of which have seating capacity exceeding 100,000 people. In many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests; this allows them to seat more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium, which tends to have more features and comforts for fans.. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries. Colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition and books.
Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as "football", played at public schools in Great Britain in the mid-19th century. By the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport known as Rugby football; the game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges. The first documented gridiron football match was played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9, 1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland and Frederick A. Bethune devised rules based on rugby football. Modern Canadian football is regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians.
The game gained a following, the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, the first recorded non-university football club in Canada. Early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional "mob football" played in Great Britain; the games remained unorganized until the 19th century, when intramural games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football. Princeton University students played a game called "ballown" as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as "Bloody Monday" began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes. In 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed; the Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a mock figure called "Football Fightum", for whom they conducted funeral rites. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was once again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called "Old division football", the rules of which were first published in 1871, though the game dates to at least the 1830s.
All of these games, others, shared certain commonalities. They remained "mob" style games, with huge numbers of players attempting to advance the ball into a goal area by any means necessary. Rules were simple and injury were common; the violence of these mob-style games led to a decision to abandon them. Yale, under pressure from the city of New Haven, banned the play of all forms of football in 1860. American football historian Parke H. Davis described the period between 1869 and 1875 as the'Pioneer Period'. On November 6, 1869, Rutgers University faced Princeton University in the first-ever game of intercollegiate football, it was played with a round ball and, like all early games, used a set of rules suggested by Rutgers captain William J. Leggett, based
History of the Houston Oilers
The professional American football team now known as the Tennessee Titans played in Houston, Texas as the Houston Oilers from 1960 to 1996. The Oilers began play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League; the team won two AFL championships before joining the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger in the late 1960s. The Oilers competed in the East Division of the AFL before the merger, after which they joined the newly formed AFC Central; the Oilers throughout their existence were owned by Bud Adams and played their home games at the Astrodome for the majority of their time in Houston. The Oilers were the first champions of the American Football League, winning the 1960 and 1961 contests, but never again won another championship; the Oilers appeared in the 1962 AFL Championship, losing in double overtime to their in-state rivals, the Dallas Texans. From 1978 to 1980, the Oilers, led by Bum Phillips and in the midst of the Luv Ya Blue campaign, appeared in the 1978 and 1979 AFC Championship Games.
The Oilers were a consistent playoff team from 1987 to 1993, an era that included both of the Oilers' only division titles, as well as the dubious distinction of being on the losing end of the largest comeback in NFL history. For the rest of the Oilers' time in Houston, they compiled losing seasons in every year outside the aforementioned high points; the Oilers' main colors were Columbia blue and white, with scarlet trim, while their logo was a simple derrick. Oilers jerseys were always Columbia white for away; the helmet color was Columbia blue with a white derrick from 1960 through 1965, silver with a Columbia blue derrick from 1966 through 1971, Columbia blue with a white and scarlet derrick from 1972 through 1974, before changing to a white helmet with a Columbia blue derrick beginning in 1975 and lasting the remainder of the team's time in Houston. Owner Bud Adams, who had threatened to move the team since the late 1980s, relocated the Oilers to Tennessee after the 1996 season, where they were known as the Tennessee Oilers for the 1997 and 1998 seasons.
The Oilers played the 1997 season in Memphis before moving to Nashville in 1998. In 1999, to coincide with the opening of their new stadium, Adams changed the team name to the Tennessee Titans and the color scheme from Columbia Blue and White to Titans Blue, Navy and Silver with scarlet accents; the new Titans franchise retained the Oilers' team history and records, while the team name was retired by then-NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue, thus preventing a future Houston NFL team from using the name. The NFL would return to Houston in 2002 with the Houston Texans; the Houston Oilers began in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League. They were owned by Bud Adams, a Houston oilman, who had made several previous unsuccessful bids for an NFL expansion team in Houston. Adams was an influential member of the eight original AFL owners, since he, Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs founder Lamar Hunt and Buffalo Bills founder Ralph Wilson were more financially stable than the other five.
The Oilers appeared in the first three AFL championships. They scored an important victory over the NFL when they signed LSU's Heisman Trophy winner, All-America running back Billy Cannon. Cannon joined other Oiler offensive stars such as quarterback George Blanda, flanker Charlie Hennigan, running back Charlie Tolar, guard Bob Talamini. After winning the first-ever AFL championship over the Los Angeles Chargers in 1960, they repeated over the same team in 1961, they lost to the Dallas Texans in the classic 1962 double-overtime AFL championship game, at the time the longest professional football championship game played. In 1962, the Oilers were the first AFL team to sign an active NFL player away from the other league, when wide receiver Willard Dewveall left the Bears to join the champion Oilers. Dewveall that year caught the longest pass reception for a touchdown in professional American football history, 99 yards, from Jacky Lee, against the San Diego Chargers; the Oilers won the AFL Eastern Division title again in 1967 became the first professional football team to play in a domed stadium, when they moved into Houston's Astrodome home of MLB's Houston Astros for the 1968 season.
The Oilers had played at Jeppesen Stadium at the University of Houston from 1960 to 1964, Rice University's stadium from 1965 to 1967. Adams had intended the team play at Rice from the first, but Rice's board of regents rejected the move. After the Astrodome opened for business, Adams attempted to move there, but could not negotiate an acceptable lease with the Houston Sports Association from whom he would sublease the Dome; the 1969 season, the last as an AFL team, tumble afterwards. They qualified for the playoffs, but were defeated by the Raiders 56–7, to finish the year with a record of 6–7–2; the years after the AFL-NFL Merger were not as kind to the Oilers, who sank to the bottom of the AFC Central division. After going 3–10–1 in 1970, they went 4–9–1 in 1971, suffered back-to-back 1–13 seasons in 1972–73, but by