The tight end is a position in American football, Arena football, and formerly Canadian football, on the offense. The tight end is seen as a hybrid position with the characteristics. Like offensive linemen, they are lined up on the offensive line and are large enough to be effective blockers. On the other hand, they are eligible receivers adept enough to warrant a defenses attention when running pass patterns, because of the hybrid nature of the position, the tight ends role in any given offense depends on the tactical preferences and philosophy of the head coach. In some systems, the end will merely act as a sixth offensive lineman rarely going out for passes. Other systems use the tight end primarily as a receiver, frequently taking advantage of the tight ends size to create mismatches in the defensive secondary. Many coaches will often have one tight end who specializes in blocking in running situations while using a pass catching tight end in obvious passing situations. Offensive formations may have as few as zero or as many as three tight ends at one time.
If a wide receiver is present in a formation, but outside the tight end, the offensive coordinator could use the tight end for a fullback. The advent of the end position is closely tied to the decline of the one-platoon system during the 1940s and 50s. Originally, a derived from the games evolution from other forms of football limited substitutions. Consequently, players had to be adept at playing on both sides of the ball, with most offensive linemen doubling as defensive linemen or linebackers, and receivers as defensive backs. As the transition from starters going both ways to dedicated offensive and defensive squads took place, players who did not fit the mold of the traditional positions began to fill niches. Those who were both good pass catchers and blockers but mediocre on defense were no longer liabilities, many were too big to be receivers yet too small for offensive linemen. Greater use of the end as a receiver started in the 60s with the emergence of stars Mike Ditka. Until most teams relied on the tight ends blocking as almost a sixth offensive lineman, in addition to superb blocking, Ditka offered great hands receiving and rugged running after a completion.
Over a 12-year career, he caught 427 passes for over 5,800 yards and 43 touchdowns, Mackey brought speed, with six of his nine touchdown catches in one season being breakaways over 50 yards. Starting in 1980 the Coryell offense debuted tight end Kellen Winslow running wide receiver-type routes, tight ends prior to Winslow were primarily blockers lined up next to an offensive lineman and given short to medium drag routes
Daniel John Devine was an American football player and coach. Devine was the coach of the National Football Leagues Green Bay Packers from 1971 to 1974. His 1977 Notre Dame team won a championship after beating Texas in the Cotton Bowl. Devine was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1985, born in Augusta, Devine went to live with an aunt and uncle in Proctor, Minnesota. As a star at Proctor High School, Devine started at quarterback as a freshman and known as The Proctor Flash. He competed in three sports during his four years at the school, and graduated in 1942. Devine enrolled at the Duluth State Teachers College, and was captain of both the basketball and football teams, playing as a 170 lb. quarterback. His time at the school was interrupted after his enlistment in the Army Air Corps during World War II and he graduated from college in 1948 with a bachelors degree in history. Devine earned his first coaching job as coach at East Jordan High School in Michigan, reaching his interview by a combination of bus travel.
Following two undefeated seasons at the school, he accepted an assistant position at Michigan State in 1950 under legendary coach Clarence Biggie Munn, for the next five seasons, he helped the Spartans achieve success, including winning a national championship in 1952. On February 5,1955, Devine accepted the coaching position at Arizona State College, now Arizona State University, in Tempe. Joining him as an assistant was Frank Kush, who would have greater success at the school after Devines departure. During his three years with the Sun Devils, Devine compiled a record of 27–3–1, including a spotless 10–0 mark during his final campaign. In that last season, Devines team led the nation in total offense and his success at Arizona State resulted in an offer from the University of Missouri, which he accepted on December 18,1957. At first, Devine was reluctant to accept the position, his flight to Missouri had developed engine trouble, in addition, Devine had hot chocolate spilled on him by a stewardess during the flight, which arrived six hours late.
Over the next 13 years, Devine would turn the once-dormant program into a competitive school that finished with a Top 20 ranking nine times. His record of 93–37–7 included four bowl victories, with his winning percentage passing that of Don Faurot. He left Mizzou as the second winningest coach in school history and he is now third after Gary Pinkel passed him in 2013
The Minnesota Vikings are an American football team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Vikings joined the National Football League as a team in 1960. The team competes in the National Football Conference North division, before that, the Vikings were in the NFC Central, the team has played in four Super Bowl games, but lost each one. The team plays its games at U. S. Bank Stadium in the Downtown East section of Minneapolis, professional football in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul area began with the Minneapolis Marines/Red Jackets, an NFL team that played intermittently in the 1920s and 1930s. However, a new team in the area did not surface again until August 1959. Skoglund, and Max Winter were awarded a franchise in the new American Football League. Ole Haugsrud was added to the NFL team ownership because, in the 1920s, when he sold his Duluth Eskimos team back to the league, the agreement allowed him 10 percent of any future Minnesota team. Coincidentally or not, the teams from Ole Haugsruds high school, Central High School in Superior, were called the Vikings.
From the teams first season in 1961 to 1981, the team called Metropolitan Stadium in suburban Bloomington home, the Vikings conducted summer training camp at Bemidji State University from 1961 to 1965. In 1966, the moved to their current training camp at Minnesota State University in Mankato. The Vikings played their games at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis from 1982 to 2013. The Vikings played their last game at the Metrodome on December 29,2013, since the teams first season in 1961, the Vikings have had one of the highest winning percentages in the NFL. As of 2014, they have won at least three games in every season except in 1962, and are one of only six NFL teams to win at least 15 games in a regular season. The Vikings have won one NFL Championship, in 1969, before the merger with the American Football League. Since the league merger in 1970, they have qualified for the playoffs 26 times, the team has played in Super Bowls IV, VIII, IX, and XI, though failing to win any of them.
In addition, they have lost in their last five NFC Championship Game appearances since 1978, the team currently has 13 members in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The team was named the Minnesota Vikings on September 27,1960
Jim Johnson (American football)
Jim Johnson was an American football coach, formerly serving as defensive coordinator with the Philadelphia Eagles. In more than 40 years of coaching, Johnson held head coaching duties only once, a native of Maywood, Johnson played college football for head coach Dan Devine at the University of Missouri from 1959 to 1962. An all-Big Eight quarterback, Johnson played in the backfield with long-time NFL executive Bill Tobin. He went undrafted in the 1963 NFL Draft, but was signed to play tight end by the Buffalo Bills of the AFL, Johnson began his coaching career as head coach at Missouri Southern, before serving four-year tenures at Drake University and Indiana University. In 1977, Johnson was hired by his head coach at Missouri, Dan Devine. After helping the 1977 Fighting Irish to win the championship in his first year, Johnson was promoted to defensive coordinator. Leaving Notre Dame in 1984, Johnson coached in the short-lived USFL with the Oklahoma Outlaws, in 1986 he finally entered the NFL as a coach, spending eight seasons with the St.
Louis/Phoenix Cardinals. In 1994 he joined the Indianapolis Colts as linebackers coach under head coach Ted Marchibroda, after defensive coordinator Vince Tobin left the Colts in 1996 to become head coach of the Cardinals, Johnson was deemed his successor by new Colts head coach Lindy Infante. The Colts finished last in the AFC East in 1997, causing Infante, Johnson spent the 1998 NFL season as linebackers coach on the final staff of Seattle Seahawks head coach Dennis Erickson, before leaving for Philadelphia. He helped the Seahawks register 10 TDs on defense, including 8 INTs returned for scores, if Johnson had stayed, he could have stepped into the coordinators role when Fritz Shurmur died of cancer that summer. On January 22,1999, Eagles head coach Andy Reid targeted and hired Jim Johnson as the Eagles new defensive coordinator, Johnsons tenure in Philadelphia was his most successful, as the Eagles won 5 division titles, each reaping the benefits of his defenses. Reid repeatedly said he had confidence in Johnson and the Eagles rewarded him accordingly.
As Ive said many times, Jim Johnson is the best in the business at what he does and his defensive units continue to produce at a very high level as he puts a lot of pressure on opposing offenses. From 2000–07, Johnsons units rank tied for first in the NFL with 342 sacks, second in the league in 3rd down efficiency and red zone touchdown percentage, and fourth in fewest points allowed. In 2001, Johnsons unit became the team in NFL history to go all 16 games without allowing more than 21 points. Their streak of allowing 21 or fewer in 34 straight games was second longest in NFL history, in 1999, Johnsons unit forced a NFL-best 46 turnovers, including a team-record 5 interceptions returned for TDs. Eagles defenders were selected for the Pro Bowl 26 times during Johnsons tenure, former Eagle Brian Dawkins led the way with seven. Current NFL head coaches John Harbaugh and Ron Rivera, both coached under Johnson with the Eagles, shortly after the Eagles were eliminated from the playoffs, on January 29,2009, it was announced that Johnson was undergoing treatment for melanoma
1977 Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team
The 1977 Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team represented the University of Notre Dame during the 1977 NCAA Division I football season. The Irish, coached by Dan Devine, ended the season with 11 wins and one loss, the Fighting Irish won the title by defeating the previously unbeaten and No.1 ranked Texas Longhorns in the Cotton Bowl Classic by a score of a 38–0. The 1977 squad became the tenth Irish team to win the title and were led by All-Americans Ken MacAfee, Ross Browner, Luther Bradley. Junior Joe Montana, a future Pro Football Hall of Famer, was the starting quarterback. Dan Devine entered his third year as coach, coming off of a 9–3 season in 1976 that culminated in a Gator Bowl win over Penn State. Devine returned a highly touted defense, featuring 1976 Outland Trophy winner Ross Browner, defensive end Willie Fry, on offense, quarterback Joe Montana earned the starting job and led an offense that included running backs Jerome Heavens and Vagas Ferguson and All-American tight end Ken MacAfee.
Montana, earned a reputation as the kid, had two come from behind victories in the fourth quarter, against Purdue and Clemson, down 17 and 10 respectively. The Irish rebounded to win their games, including a 49–19 rout of USC in the now famous Green Jersey Game. The Irish earned a berth in the Cotton Bowl Classic, where they defeated No.1, the Irish leaped four spots in the polls after the Cotton Bowl Classic victory to claim the consensus title. Notre Dame wore green jerseys for the first time since their 1963 game against Syracuse, Notre Dame wore green jerseys for the second straight week. Ross Browner, Lombardi Award, Maxwell Award Ken MacAfee, Walter Camp Award Heisman Trophy voting Ken MacAfee, 3rd Ross Browner, 5th All-Americans College Football Hall of Fame inductees
The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team, if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the teams end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponents goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins, American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football. The first game of American football was played on November 6,1869, during the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States, Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, in the United States, American football is referred to as football.
The term football was established in the rulebook for the 1876 college football season. The terms gridiron or American football are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, American football evolved from the sports of association football and rugby football. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6,1869 between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams, the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school. Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19,1873 to create a set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, and fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified, Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball.
An 1875 Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes and these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to selling refrigerators to Eskimos. Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879, the introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position, however, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records, each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0-0 tie
Portland is a port and the largest city in the U. S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette, the city covers 145 square miles and had an estimated population of 632,309 in 2015, making it the 26th most populous city in the United States. Approximately 2,389,228 people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area and its Combined Statistical Area ranks 17th with a population of 3,022,178. Roughly 60% of Oregons population resides within the Portland metropolitan area, named after Portland, the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail. Its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, and the industry was a major force in the citys early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous cities in the world. After the citys economy experienced a boom during World War II. Beginning in the 1960s, Portland became noted for its liberal political values, and the city has earned a reputation as a bastion of counterculture.
According to a 2009 Pew Research Center study, Portland ranks as the eighth most popular American city, the city operates with a commission-based government guided by a mayor and four commissioners as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States. The city government is notable for its planning and investment in public transportation. Its climate is marked by warm, dry summers and cool and this climate is ideal for growing roses, and Portland has been called the City of Roses for over a century. Keep Portland Weird is a slogan for the city. During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula and these massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet of water. The Chinook people occupying the land which would become Portland were first documented by Meriwether Lewis, before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast.
Large numbers of settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail. In the early 1840s a new settlement began emerging ten miles from the mouth of the Willamette River and this community was initially referred to as Stumptown and The Clearing because of the many trees cut down to allow for its growth. In 1843 William Overton saw potential in the new settlement but lacked the funds to file a land claim. For 25 cents Overton agreed to half of the 640-acre site with Asa Lovejoy of Boston
Notre Dame Fighting Irish football
The Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team is the intercollegiate football team representing the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana. The team is coached by Brian Kelly. The team plays its games at the campuss Notre Dame Stadium. One of the most iconic and successful programs in sports, have 13 national championships recognized by the NCAA. With 486 players selected, Notre Dame is second to USC in the number of players chosen by NFL teams in the draft, all Notre Dame home games have been televised on NBC since 1991, and Notre Dame is the only school to have such a contract. It was the only independent program to be part of the Bowl Championship Series coalition and its guaranteed payout and these factors help make Notre Dame one of the most financially valuable football programs in the country, allowing them to remain independent of a conference. Football did not have a beginning at the University of Notre Dame. In their inaugural game on November 23,1887, the Irish lost to Michigan by a score of 8–0 and their first win came in the final game of the 1888 season when the Irish defeated Harvard Prep by a score of 20–0.
At the end of the 1888 season they had a record of 1–3 with all three losses being at the hands of Michigan by a score of 43–9. Between 1887 and 1899 Notre Dame compiled a record of 31 wins,15 losses, in 1908, the win over Franklin saw end Fay Wood catch the first touchdown pass in Notre Dame history. By the end of the 1912 season they had amassed a record of 108 wins,31 losses, jesse Harper became head coach in 1913 and remained so until he retired in 1917. During his tenure the Irish began playing only intercollegiate games and posted a record of 34 wins, five losses and this period would mark the beginning of the rivalry with Army and the continuation of rivalries with Michigan State. In 1913, Notre Dame burst into the consciousness and helped to transform the collegiate game in a single contest. In an effort to respect for a regionally successful but small-time Midwestern football program, Harper scheduled games in his first season with national powerhouses Texas, Penn State. On November 1,1913, the Notre Dame squad stunned the Black Knights of the Hudson 35–13 in a game played at West Point and this game has been miscredited as the invention of the forward pass.
Knute Rockne became head coach in 1918, under Rockne, the Irish would post a record of 105 wins,12 losses, and five ties. During his 13 years the Irish won three championships, had five undefeated seasons, won the Rose Bowl in 1925, and produced players such as George Gipp. Knute Rockne has the highest winning percentage in NCAA Division I/FBS football history, Rocknes offenses employed the Notre Dame Box and his defenses ran a 7–2–2 scheme
Robert Perry Bob Golic is an American former college and professional football player, television actor, radio personality and sports commentator. Golic played defensive tackle in the National Football League for fourteen seasons from 1979 to 1992 and he played professionally for the New England Patriots, Cleveland Browns, and Los Angeles Raiders. He attended the University of Notre Dame, where he was recognized as an All-American for college football and he is the older brother of Mike Golic of ESPNs morning show Mike & Mike, who played in the NFL for nine seasons. Golic was born in Cleveland, Ohio to Catherine and Louis Robert Bob Golic, the Golics are of Slovenian descent. He has two brothers and Mike, who played in the NFL. Golics father went by the nickname Bob, they are not named with the titles of junior or senior. The elder Golic had a 7-year professional playing career in the Canadian Football League from 1956–1962 and he played for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, Montreal Alouettes and Saskatchewan Roughriders.
He won the Grey Cup with Hamilton in 1957, Louis Robert Golic died on Friday, June 28,2013, from heart failure. Golic attended St. Josephs High School, at the time a school in Cleveland. Golic was a high school wrestler. In 1975, he won the Ohio high school championship, beating Harold Smith of Canton McKinley. He defeated future NFL player Tom Cousineau from cross-town all-boys school rival St. Edward High School in the tournament semifinals, the match between Golic and Cousineau, who would go on to place third, has been called one of the most memorable in the tournaments history. Cousineau would go to be two-time All-American at linebacker at Ohio State and Cousineau would eventually became teammates in the NFL with the Browns. Golic received a scholarship to attend the University of Notre Dame. He played for the Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team from 1975 to 1978 and he was a member of the 1977 NCAA National Champion football team. He was selected as a first-team All-American for the 1977 season, Golic was one of nations top wrestlers with a three-year record of 54-4-1, finishing third in NCAA meet in 1976 and fourth in 1977.
He was named a two-time All-American for Notre Dame as a wrestler, capturing fourth place at the 1977 NCAA tournament. He graduated from Notre Dame in 1979 with a B. A. in Management, the New England Patriots chose Golic, as a linebacker, in the second round of the 1979 NFL Draft, and he played for the Patriots from 1979 to 1981