Kennedy Range National Park is a national park in Gascoyne region of Western Australia 830 kilometres north of Perth and about 150 km east of Carnarvon. Kennedy Range is found on the edge of the Gascoyne River catchment area and is a weathered plateau that extends for a distance of 150 km forming a huge mesa. Spectacular sandstone cliffs can be found on the southern and eastern sides of the range which are dissected by steep canyons which have an elevation of up to 100 metres; the Range formed a natural border for the Maia and the Malgaru. Natural springs located on the edge of the ranges would have provided game to hunt and outcrops of chert would have provided stone for tools. Over 100 sites provide evidence that the traditional owners inhabited the area for over 20,000 years prior to European settlement; the first European to explore the area was Francis Thomas Gregory whose expedition reached the range in 1858. Gregory named the range after the Governor of Western Australia at Arthur Edward Kennedy.
He named the nearby Lyons River in the same expedition before continuing to Mount Augustus. Pastoralists arrived in the area shortly afterward with Charles Brockman setting up Boolathana Station in 1877 and the region experienced success in wool production until the 1930s when the overgrazing and the great depression caused most businesses to fail; the valleys and plains of the range had been degraded but the range top was only damaged as a result of pastoral activity. The area has not been mined; the park was gazetted in 1993 and contains some facilities for visitors. A bush toilet and camp-sites are located at Temple Gorge, but it is planned to re-locate this camp ground. There are a number of walk trails within the park but no water is available. Entry to the park is free but camp-site fees apply. A popular time to visit the park is following heavy rains. Over 80 species of wildflower are known to inhabit the park including Mulla Mulla, Eremophilas, Calytrix and various everlasting daisies. A species of lizard Lerista kennedyensis called the "Kennedy Range broad-blazed slider", is named after the Kennedy Range.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to physics: Physics – natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through spacetime, along with related concepts such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics can be described as all of the following: An academic discipline – one with academic departments and degrees. A scientific field – recognized category of specialized expertise within science, embodies its own terminology and nomenclature; such a field will be represented by one or more scientific journals, where peer-reviewed research is published. A natural science – one that seeks to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world using empirical and scientific method. A physical science – one that studies non-living systems. A biological science – one that studies the role of physical processes in living organisms. See Outline of biophysics. Astronomy – studies the universe beyond Earth, including its formation and development, the evolution, chemistry and motion of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth.
Astrodynamics – application of ballistics and celestial mechanics to the practical problems concerning the motion of rockets and other spacecraft. Astrometry – branch of astronomy that involves precise measurements of the positions and movements of stars and other celestial bodies. Astrophysics – study of the physical aspects of celestial objects Celestial mechanics - the branch of theoretical astronomy that deals with the calculation of the motions of celestial objects such as planets. Extragalactic astronomy – branch of astronomy concerned with objects outside our own Milky Way Galaxy Galactic astronomy – study of our own Milky Way galaxy and all its contents. Physical cosmology – study of the largest-scale structures and dynamics of the universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its formation and evolution. Planetary science – scientific study of planets and planetary systems, in particular those of the Solar System and the processes that form them. Stellar astronomy – natural science that deals with the study of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth Atmospheric physics – study of the application of physics to the atmosphere Atomic and optical physics – study of how matter and light interact Optics – branch of physics which involves the behavior and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
Biophysics – interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physics to study biological systems Neurophysics – branch of biophysics dealing with the nervous system. Polymer physics – field of physics that studies polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, as well as the kinetics of reactions involving degradation and polymerisation of polymers and monomers respectively. Quantum biology - application of quantum mechanics to biological phenomenon. Chemical physics – branch of physics that studies chemical processes from the point of view of physics. Computational physics – study and implementation of numerical algorithms to solve problems in physics for which a quantitative theory exists. Condensed matter physics – study of the physical properties of condensed phases of matter. Electricity – the study of electrical phenomena. Electromagnetism – branch of science concerned with the forces that occur between electrically charged particles. Geophysics – the physics of the Earth and its environment in space.
Mathematical physics – application of mathematics to problems in physics and the development of mathematical methods for such applications and for the formulation of physical theories. Mechanics – branch of physics concerned with the behavior of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, the subsequent effects of the bodies on their environment. Aerodynamics – study of the motion of air. Biomechanics – study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, plants and cells by means of the methods of mechanics. Classical mechanics – one of the two major sub-fields of mechanics, concerned with the set of physical laws describing the motion of bodies under the action of a system of forces. Kinematics – branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of points and systems of bodies without consideration of the causes of motion. Homeokinetics - the physics of complex, self-organizing systems Continuum mechanics – branch of mechanics that deals with the analysis of the kinematics and the mechanical behavior of materials modeled as a continuous mass rather than as discrete particles.
Dynamics – study of the causes of motion and changes in motion Fluid mechanics – study of fluids and the forces on them. Fluid statics – study of fluids at rest Fluid kinematics – study of fluids in motion Fluid dynamics – study of the effect of forces on fluid motion Statics – branch of mechanics concerned with the analysis of loads on physical systems in static equilibrium, that is, in a state where the relative positions of subsystems do not vary over time, or where components and structures are at a constant velocity. Statistical mechanics –
A music store or musical instrument store is a retail business that sells musical instruments and related equipment and accessories. Some music stores provide additional services for a fee, such as music lessons, instrument or equipment rental, or repair services. Music stores range from full-line stores that sell products across all musical instrument categories and pro audio categories, to music stores that focus on a subset of those categories, to highly-specialized stores focused on a single product type. In the United States and Canada, another common distinction exists between “Band & Orchestra” stores that cater to the needs of school music programs and their students, versus “Combo” stores that focus on instruments and equipment used by a rock band. Music stores arose to service the needs of the local community; this included not only individual amateur musicians, but schools from elementary to college level, civic bands and orchestras and entertainment ensembles that performed at events of the community and its organizations.
In service of this diverse clientele, store owners might focus on some niche market. Instruments might be leased or rented. Specific or non-stock items could be ordered through the store. More music stores offered some variety, depending upon the tastes and resources of the owners and the desires of their clientele; this might include some mixture of fretted instruments. In more recent decades, stores began to include instrument amplifiers, guitar effects units, electronic keyboards, sound recording equipment and digital audio software. Recorded musical instruction became a niche, beginning with LPs and evolving through formats of cassette tape, VHS video, compact disk, DVD; some music stores provided instrument maintenance and repair, music lessons, or leasing of instruments and equipment. In the 2010s, general music stores have had to face competition from online music stores, which offer a huge selection of instruments and equipment. Electric guitars started appearing in the 1930s. Mainstream electric guitars stores sell well-known brands like Gibson and Ibanez.
Most guitar stores sell six-string models, bass guitars, left handed guitars and electric guitar packages for beginners, which include a budget-priced electric guitar, a small practice amplifier, a strap and picks. Guitar World magazine states that since guitar stores require patrons to try out guitars and amplifiers in the premises, some guitar players are nervous about playing in front of the store staff and other patrons. A University Press of Kentucky book on women in music states that customers did not treat a woman who worked at a guitar store like she knew anything about guitars until she would use special guitar terms. Acoustic Guitar sections are one of the main sections in Music Stores. Famous Acoustic guitars include C. F. Martin & Company, Taylor Guitars, Gibson, Guild and Lowden Guitars One common specialty store is the piano store, which sells a range of upright pianos and grand pianos. In the 2010s, some piano stores sell high-end digital pianos, including grand pianos equipped with a digital player piano mechanism that can play back a recorded performance by activating the hammers.
Piano sales are on the decline, in part because high-quality, properly-maintained pianos can remain playable for 60 to 80 years after their original purchase. Some piano stores offer rental of new pianos; the high price of pianos is one factor, causing the closing of piano stores: "A good grand piano from a respected name costs about as much as a luxury automobile", as such, children are choosing less expensive instruments, such as electronic keyboards or stringed instruments. Though sales of acoustic pianos and quality keyboard instruments continually declines in the United States, in China "piano sales are booming", with most instruments being intended for home use; this rise in sales is in part. Another specialty shop is the "violin shop", despite its name sells various violin family instruments. Violin shops are operated by luthiers who make violin family instruments and bows for sale. Luthiers do maintenance and repairs on violin family instruments and bows. Sheet music stores sell printed classical music for songs, instrumental solo pieces, chamber music, scores for major symphonies and choral works, along with instrumental method books, "etudes" and graded musical exercises.
Many sheet music stores carry printed music songs for popular music genres such as rock and musical theatre including individual songs and collections of songs grouped by artist, musical, or genre. Music for guitarists or electric bass players may be in tabulature notation, which depicts where on the instrument the performer should play a line. In the 2010s, sheet music stores sell legal, copyright-compliant jazz fake books. Sheet music stores carry some practice accessories, such as metronomes, music stands and tuning forks. Pro audio stores s
The Risalat al-Huquq is a work attributed to Ali ibn al-Husayn the fourth Imam of the Shia except for his short sayings and letters. Risalah al-Huquq is narrated in Al-Khisal, Al-Amali, Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih all by Shaykh al-Suduq and in Tuhaf al-Oqul by Hussayn ibn Shu'bah Harrani; this charter is narrated by Abu Hamza al-Thumali, a reliable and admired companion of Ali ibn al-Husayn for the first time. Risalah al-Huquq is prefaced in of the two versions by: "This is the treatise of Ali ibn al-Husayn to one of his companions", which shows to be written at the request of a pupil of him. Based on On'Treatise of rights' that the word'rights' is much better translated as duties, obligations or responsibilities. Risalah al-Huquq attributed to Imam Sajjad is mentioned in the following sources: Tuhaf al-Oqul by Hussayn ibn Shu'bah Harrani Al-Khisal by Shaykh Al-Suduq Al-Amali by Shaykh Al-Suduq Man La Yahdhuruhu Al-Faqih by Shaykh Al-SuduqThe author of Tuhaf al-Oqul mentioned it without a reference, while al-Suduq writes in his al-Khisal as such: Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Mousa, from Muhammad ibn abi Abdullah Kufi, from Jafar ibn Malek Fazie from Kheran ibn Dahir, from Ahmad ibn Ali Ibn Sulayman Jibili from his father,from muhammad ibn Ali from Muhammad ibn Fazil, from Abu Hamza al-Thumali.
This hadith is Mursal in Man La Yahdhuruhu Al-Faqih: Ismaaill ibn Fazl from Thabit ibn Dinar from Sayyid al-Abideen Ali ibn al-Hussayn ibn Ali ibn Abitalib. The Risalatul Huquq begins with "The greatest right of God..." in Man La Yahdhuruhu Al-Faqih and it does not include the introduction section in which the rights are explained in brief. The mentioned introduction exists in Tuhaf al-Oqul. Number of the rights which are discussed in both introduction section, the detailed section of the hadith are 50 in Tuhaf al-Oqul while the author al-Khisal and Man La Yahdhuruhu Al-Faqih mentions 51 rights in the detailed section and an additional right called "right of Hajj" is noticeable, but there's no mention of "right of Hajj" in the introduction of the hadith in al-Khisal. Huquq is plural of Haq and is best translated as "rights". However, other words such as justice, obligations, responsibilities have meanings related to Haq. Based on On'Treatise of rights' the word'rights' is much better translated as duties, obligations or responsibilities.
Risalah al-Huquq consists of two Introduction and detailed sections although these titles are not mentioned in the hadith. The introduction section describes the rights and begins with the following paragraph: Know -God have mercy upon you - that God has rights incumbent upon you and that these encompass you in every motion through which you move, every rest which you take, every way station in which you reside, every limb which you employ, every instrument which you use; some of these rights are greater than others. And the greatest of God's rights incumbent upon you is what He has made incumbent upon you for Himself - the Blessed and the Exalted - from His rights: that, the root of all rights from which others branch out. There are those that He has made incumbent upon you in yourself, from your crown to your foot, according to the diversity of your organs. More in this section Imam Sajjad names the rights and explains them; the Rights of GodThe Greatest Right of God The Rights of Yourself and Body OrgansThe Right of the Tongue The Right of Hearing The Right of Sight The Right of the Legs The Right of the Hand The Right of the Stomach The Right of the Private PartThe Right of DeedsThe Right of the Prayer The Right of Fasting The Right of the Pilgrimage The Right of the Charity The Right of the OfferingThe Right of the LeadersThe Right of the Possessor of Authority The Right of the Trainer through Knowledge The Right of the Trainer through OwnershipThe Right of the SubjectsThe Right of Subjects through Authority The Right of Subjects through Knowledge The Right of the Wife The Right of your SlaveThe Rights of RelationshipThe Right of the Mother The Right of the Father The Right of the Child The Right of the BrotherThe Right of OthersThe Right of the Master The Right of the Freed Slave The Right of the One Who Treats You Kindly The Right of the Caller to Prayer The Right of the Ritual Prayer Leader The Right of the Sitting Companion The Right of the Neighbor The Right of the Companion The Right of the Partner The Right of Property The Right of the Creditor The Right of the Associate The Right of the Adversary The Right of Him Who Seeks Your Advice The Right of Him Whose Advice You Seek The Right of Him Who Seeks Your Counsel The Right of Counselor The Right of the Older One The Right of the Younger One The Right of Him Who Asks You The Right of Whom You Ask The Right of Him Through Whom God Makes You Happy The Right of Him Who Wrongs You The Right of People of Your Creed The Right of Those Under Protection of IslamConclusion By Imam Sajjad The concluding comments of Imam Sajjad at the end of the treatise is as follows:These are the fifty rights that surround you and you cannot evade under any circumstances.
It is incumbent upon you to exert all efforts to fulfill them. You should seek God the Majestic’s help in this respect, and there is strength but in God. And all praise is due to God the Lord of the Worlds. Treatise of Life is a documentary investigating the life style from the perspective of Risalatul Huquq, it was made by Amir Farrokh Saber, an Iranian director, was broadcast from IRIB, news channel. Al-Sahifat al-Ridha Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya Nahj al-Balagha Risalah al-dhahabiah The Fifteen Whispered Prayers List of Shia books al-islam.org The Charter of Rights translated by Sa
Bobbysocks! is a Norwegian pop duo consisting of Norwegian Hanne Krogh and Swedish-Norwegian Elisabeth Andreassen. They won the Eurovision Song Contest 1985 with the song "La det swinge"; the duo was formed in 1983. Both Krogh and Andreassen were frequent Eurovision contestants. Krogh has appeared three times, all for Norway - in 1971 as a soloist, with Bobbysocks! in 1985 and as part of Just 4 Fun in 1991. Andreassen sang for Sweden as one half of Chips in 1982 and after winning with Bobbysocks, teamed up with Jan Werner Danielsen in 1994 and sang solo in 1996. According to John Kennedy O'Connor's The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History Andreassen is one of only five lead artists to sing in the contest on four occasions and is one of only four artists to finish both first and second in Eurovision; the duo's debut single was "I Don't Wanna Break My Heart", released in a pink colored vinyl. The concept behind Bobbysocks! was to bring up to date songs from the 1950s with a swing mood, adding them a "modern" 1980s sound.
That idea was applied on their first LP Bobbysocks!, a mixture of covers and brand new songs. The scheduled next single was going to be "Radio", but the plans were changed when the duo won the Eurovision Song Contest. "Let It Swing" topped the Norwegian singles chart, as well as it did in Belgium. It was a Top 10 in Sweden and Ireland, a Top 20 in The Netherlands and Austria, it entered the UK singles charts on 25 May 1985, rose to a high of Nº 44. It was pressed in countries such as Germany and Australia. There were plans to release the single in USA. In 1985, due to their ESC victory, Bobbysocks! were awarded the Peer Gynt Prize, awarded by the Stortinget, Norway's parliament. Another ESC consequence was the re-release of the Bobbysocks! LP with "Let It Swing" on it, reaching the Gold status, their next album, Waiting for the Morning, was released in April 1986, preceded by the single of the same name, both becoming a huge success in Norway, peaking at Nº 1 on the Norwegian singles and album charts.
Walkin' on Air, was recorded in L. A. in 1987 and produced by Bill Maxwell. It went Gold in only 4 days, becoming their 3rd and final LP. Just before the release of "If I Fall", the album's lead single in Norway, the duo wanted to do something "decently crazy" as they revealed at the time, so they did a cover of "Swing it, magister'n", a song from 1940 sung by the Swedish singer and actress Alice Babs, releasing it as single in the summer of 1987. In 1988, Bobbysocks disbanded, after 4 successful years; however and Andreassen still appeared time to time together on stage in Norway. They appeared at Congratulations, the 50th anniversary Eurovision concert in Copenhagen, Denmark, in October 2005. During May 2010, Bobbysocks did a short comeback to celebrate their 25th anniversary since their ESC victory in 1985, launching a compilation album called Let It Swing - The Best Of Bobbysocks!, which included 2 newly recorded songs and peaking at Nº 13 on the Norwegian album charts, helping to gain brand new fans not only in Norway, but in other countries all over the world.
1984: Bobbysocks! 1986: Waiting for the Morning 1987: Walkin' on Air 2010: Let it Swing - The Best of Bobbysocks! 1984: "I Don't Wanna Break My Heart" 1984: "Radio" 1985: "Let It Swing" / "La Det Swinge" 1985: "Midnight Rocks" 1986: "Waiting for the Morning" 1986: "Johnny And The Dancing Girls" 1987: "Swing It, Magistern" 1987: "If I Fall" 1987: "Don't Leave Me Here Without You" 2010: "Thank You" ABBA Europride Eurovision Song Contest 1985 Melodi Grand Prix Melodifestivalen
Toner Historic District is a national historic district located at Edinburgh, Johnson County, Indiana. The district encompasses 66 contributing buildings in a predominantly residential section of Edinburgh, it developed between about 1845 and 1959, includes notable examples of Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, Bungalow / American Craftsman style architecture. The dwellings include a collection of substantial homes with high historic integrity. Notable buildings include the Edinburgh Presbyterian Church, former marble shop and weight house, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011