Kermanshah, the capital of Kermanshah Province, is located 525 kilometres from Tehran in the western part of Iran. According to the 2011 census, its population is 851,405, Kermanshah has a moderate and mountainous climate. Kermanshah is the largest Kurdish-speaking city in Iran, because of its antiquity, attractive landscapes, rich culture and Neolithic villages, Kermanshah is considered one of the cradles of prehistoric cultures. The Lower Paleolithic evidence consists of some found in the Gakia area to the east of the city. The Middle Paleolithic remains have been found in the vicinity of the city in Tang-e Kenesht. Neanderthal Man existed in the Kermanshah region during this period, the known Paleolithic caves in this area are Warwasi, Qobeh, Malaverd and Do-Ashkaft Cave. The region was one of the first places in which human settlements including Asiab, Qazanchi, Tappeh Sarab, Chia Jani. This is about the time that the first potteries pertaining to Iran were made in Ganj-Darreh, near present-day Harsin. P. was discovered in Sahneh. Remains of later village occupations and early Bronze Age are found in a number of sites in the city itself. In ancient Iranian mythology, construction of the city is attributed to Tahmuras and it is believed that the Sassanids have constructed Kermanshah and Bahram IV gave his name to this city. It was a city in Sassanid period about the 4th century AD when it became the capital city of Persian Empire. In AD226, following a war led by the Persian Emperor, Ardashir I, against Kurdish tribes in the region. At the time, the term Kurd was used as a term, designating Iranian nomads. The word became an identity in the 12th and 13th century. Within the dynasty known as the House of Kayus remained a semi-independent kingdom lasting until AD380 before Ardashir II removed the dynastys last ruling member, Kermanshah was conquered by the Arabs in AD640. Under Seljuk rule in the century, it became the major cultural and commercial center in western Iran. The Safavids fortified the town, and the Qajars repulsed an attack by the Ottomans during Fath Ali Shahs rule, Kermanshah was occupied by Ottomans between 1723–1729 and 1731-1732. Occupied by the Imperial Russian army in 1914, followed by the Ottoman army in 1915 during World War I, Kermanshah played an important role in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution during the Qajar dynasty period and the Republic Movement in Pahlavi dynasty period
Image: Moavenol molk 2
A view of Kermanshah in mid 19th century- toward south, Farokhshad Mt. and Wasi Mt. are visible at background
Clay human figurine (Fertility goddess) Tappeh Sarab, Kermanshah ca. 7000-6100 BCE, Neolithic period, National Museum of Iran
Interior of the second room of Zagros Paleolithic Museum.