Florida State Road 19
State Road 19 is a Florida State Road in Putnam and Lake counties. It runs from Groveland to Palatka through Ocala National Forest. Along with SR 33, SR 19 provides a rural north-south corridor through central Florida from Lakeland to Palatka. State Road 19 begins in Groveland at State Road 50 just west of the northern terminus of State Road 33, where SR 33 becomes a hidden state route concurrent with westbound SR 50 until it reaches Mascotte and becomes a county road. SR 19 runs 6 miles to the north and curves to the northeast before encountering a parclo interchange with US 27; the southbound on-off ramps lead directly to the southbound interchange with Florida's Turnpike. The road curves from northeast to northwest at the intersection of County Road 455 and back to north at Quiet Cove Road before reaching Howey-in-the-Hills, where it adopts the name Palm Avenue. Here SR 19 meets the intersection of Revels Road and East Revels Road, the former of, an insignificant dirt road, while the latter is a road that leads to the coast of Little Lake Harris.
SR 19 makes another right curve where it passes Taylor Memorial Cemetery and curves back north as it approaches the heart of town. The first site it approaches as it curves north is the Howey Academy on the southeast corner of South Palm Avenue and East Lakeview Avenue; the next major intersection is a blinker light at Central Avenue, near the local library and police station. Here, South Palm Avenue becomes North Paim Avenue, West Central Boulevard becomes East Central Boulevard. After passing Citrus Avenue, the historic Howey Mansion as it curves northwest, SR 19 serves as the eastern terminus of Former SR 48 and turns right to cross over the Lake Harris Bridge, which divides Lake Harris from Little Lake Harris. From there, the road enters the Tavares City Limits, but the land surrounding the road doesn't. Along the way, SR 19 intersects such roads as County Road 448/North Eichelberger Road becomes a four-lane divided highway where it serves as the northern terminus of County Road 561. From here the road runs along an abandoned railroad line that ran along CR 561, but both SR 19 and that former railroad line run along the west coast of Lake Dora.
By the time Tavares' territory is more spread out and includes more than just SR 19, it crosses a bridge over the Dead River just before the intersection with County Road 452. CR 452 secretly joins SR 19 in a concurrency; the intersection of County Road Old 441 contains a rail trail on the south side, serves as part of a wye intersection where northbound SR 19 joins southbound US 441 and eastbound SR 44 through the rest of Tavares where CR 452 branches off onto Lake Eustis Drive while US 441-SR 19-44 cross a bridge over Lake Juniata. Between Mount Homer Road and David Walker Drive, the triplex crosses into Eustis until it encounters an interchange where part of CR 19A terminates. US 441-SR 44 continue eastward. Within Downtown Eustis, the SR 19 splits onto two separate one-way streets, Northbound SR 19 shifts onto Grove Street, while southbound SR 19 remains on Bay Street. Both the northbound and southbound segments are part of the Eustis Commercial Historic District; this split terminates just north of Laurel Oak Drive, the road becomes a divided highway once again, with the first intersection being another segment of County Road 452.
Here the road runs along the west side of Trout Lake for a short distance and well after that intersects CR 44A. The road remains 4 lanes wide through Dona Vista and curves northeast where it crosses Lake Umatilla in Umatilla and the becomes a two lane highway at the south end of the concurrency with County Road 450. An unusual note is that railroad tracks used to run down the median of the four lane road between the Florida's Favorite Orange Juice plant on the south side of Umatilla to the point where the road becomes two lanes. Here the old grade can be observed to the east of the two lane road; this passes the old depot, now a library. Umatilla Boulevard begins on the northwest corner of this intersection and runs parallel to SR 19 until it reaches Lake Street; the right of way for a separate northbound lane utilizing the old railroad grade is clear evidence for a proposed widening of SR 19, with the grade being adjact to the highway to just south of Altoona where the grade diverges to the west.
The concurrency ends at East Collins Street where CR 450 continues east and SR 19 continues north. As it passes along the west side of Lake Pearl, the old railway grade right of way can be found until it diverges from SR 19 just south of Pittman. One clear sign the road is approaching Ocala National Forest is the U. S. Forest Services Ranger Station on the opposite side of the road; the road runs along the west side of Lake Gibson as the right-of-way for the northbound lane ends and one for a southbound lane begins. Along some tree farms, SR 19 crosses over from Umatilla to Altoona. In downtown Altoona, SR 19 shares a one block concurrency with westbound Former SR 42, more than a dozen blocks the road becomes a spur of the Florida Black Bear Scenic Byway as it enters Ocala National Forest; the first segment of the forest is the Lake Dorr Recreational Area in Pittman. Within this area is the Pittman Visitor's Center. Further north, a dirt road runs northeast before SR 19 serves as the western terminus of County Road 445.
National Forest Service Road 573 intersects the road at a northwest to southeast angle. SR 19 curves northeast again and northwest as it approaches Sellers Lake and the intersection of County Road 445A near Astor Park, the last major intersection in
Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, the 8th-most densely populated of the U. S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States; the Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, the 58th most populous as of 2018. In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was ranking 26th in the nation; the unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the 8th highest among all states.
The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $344.9 billion as of 2017. This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145.3 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida; the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845, it was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, racial segregation after the American Civil War. Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues; the state's economy relies on tourism and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century.
Florida is renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U. S. state of Florida. Florida's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of daily life. Florida is a reflection of multiple inheritance. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, continues to attract celebrities and athletes, it is internationally known for golf, auto racing, water sports. Several beaches in Florida have emerald-colored coastal waters. About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States 1,350 miles, not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands; this is the second-highest number of islands of any state of the United States.
It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U. S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south; the American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, is the only continental state with either a tropical climate or a coral reef; the Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world. By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.
Florida was the first region of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513, he named the region Florida. The story that he was searching for the Fountain of Youth is mythical and only appeared long after his death. In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the coast of Florida, searching for a deep harbor to land, he described seeing a thick wall of red mangroves spread mile after mile, some reaching as high as 70 feet, with intertwined and elevated roots making landing difficult. The Spanish introduced Christianity, horses, the Castilian language, more to Florida. Spain established several settlements with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was abandoned by 1561.
In 1565, the settlement of St. Augustine was established under the leadership of admiral and
Marion County, Florida
Marion County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 331,298, its county seat is Ocala. Marion County comprises FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, it includes part of Ocala National Forest, which extends into three other counties. Evidence of ancient cultures has been found in Marion County, as well as of the earliest encounter between European explorers and historic indigenous peoples. In 1976, an archaeological investigation found ancient artifacts in Marion County that appear to be the oldest in mainland United States. Excavations at an ancient stone quarry yielded "crude stone implements". Thousands of pieces of chert were found at the site; these showed signs of extensive wear and were found in deposits below those holding Paleo-Indian artifacts. Thermoluminescence dating and weathering analysis independently gave dates of 26,000 to 28,000 Years Before Present for the production of these artifacts, prior to Clovis points; the findings suggested human habitation in this area much earlier than documented by other evidence.
Barbara Purdy had bipoint evidence from the CCA site which she reported in a 2008 paper. The county seat of Ocala, Florida is named for an Indian site visited and recorded by the Hernando de Soto Expedition in the sixteenth century. During the colonial period and Great Britain traded control of this area. After acquisition of the Florida territory by the United States in the 1820s, Marion County was created in 1844 from portions of Alachua and Hillsborough counties; until 1853, Marion County included most of what are now Sumter counties. In 1849, Putnam County took the northeast portion of Marion. Levy County’s creation took some of the western portion of Marion in 1877, near the end of the Reconstruction era. Marion County is named after General Francis Marion of South Carolina, a guerrilla fighter and hero of the American Revolutionary War, known as the "Swamp Fox". Numerous early settlers of this area were natives of South Carolina and picked their local hero as the county's namesake; the Act creating the county of Marion of the Territory of Florida was signed on March 14, 1844, by the territorial governor, R. K. Call.
The county motto is "Kingdom of the Sun." During the post-Reconstruction period, there was considerable racial violence by whites against blacks in Marion County. Whites lynched 19 African Americans here from 1877-1950; this was the 4th highest total of any county in the state. The rural area has been developed for breeding racehorses, some farms have been quite successful. Since the mid-20th-century, thoroughbred farms in the county have become known for such race champions as Needles, bred at Bonnie Heath Farm, in 1956 becoming the first Florida-bred horse to win the Kentucky Derby. Carl G. Rose, who had come to Florida in 1916 from Indiana to oversee construction of the first asphalt road in the state, developed the first horse farm in 1943; as an engineer, he had become familiar with the area's limestone, which he realized supported good pasture for raising strong horses. In 1943, Rose bought land at $10 per acre, which became Rosemere Farm; the next year one of his horses, won at Miami's Tropical Park, becoming the first Florida-raised thoroughbred to win a Florida race.
Close on Rose's heels, entrepreneur Bonnie Heath set up his own thoroughbred farm, producing Needles, which in 1956 became the state's first native-bred winner of the Kentucky Derby.. Bonnie Heath Farm is operated by Bonnie Heath III and his wife Kim. Rosemere Farm was sold long ago, the large site was redeveloped for the retail center Paddock Mall and the College of Central Florida. In 1956, the Ocala-area Thoroughbred industry received a boost when Needles became the first Florida-bred to win the Kentucky Derby. In 1978, Marion County-bred-and-raised Affirmed won the Triple Crown. Today, Marion County is a major world thoroughbred center with more than 1200 horse farms, including about 900 thoroughbred farms, totaling some 77,000 acres. Ocala is well known as a "horse capital of the world." The nearby community of Silver Springs developed around the Silver Springs, a group of artesian springs on the Silver River. In the 19th century, this site became Florida's first tourist destination. Today, well known for glass-bottom boat tours of the area, Silver Springs is owned by the State of Florida and was incorporated into Silver Springs State Park in 2013.
Other nearby natural attractions include the Florida Trail. Several prominent man-made attractions in the Ocala area existed in the past, such as the Western-themed Six Gun Territory theme park and the Wild Waters water park. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,663 square miles, of which 1,585 square miles is land and 78 square miles is water. Marion County is composed of rolling hills, some high and some low; the majority of its trees consist of live oaks and palm trees. Marion County is considered the southernmost county in North Central Florida, the northernmost county in Central Florida, it is about a two-hour drive from many of Florida's major cities, Orlando is 75 minutes to the southeast while Daytona Beach is about 90 minutes to the east. Tampa is about 75 minutes to the southwest. Jacksonville is a two-hour drive northeas
A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city one that contains substantial visible remains. A town becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, pollution, or nuclear disasters; the term can sometimes refer to cities and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but less so than in past years. Some ghost towns those that preserve period-specific architecture, have become tourist attractions; some examples are Bannack, Centralia and South Pass City in the United States, Barkerville in Canada, Craco in Italy, Elizabeth Bay and Kolmanskop in Namibia, Pripyat in Ukraine, Danushkodi in India. The town of Plymouth on the Caribbean island of Montserrat is a ghost town, the de jure capital of Montserrat, it was rendered uninhabitable by volcanic ash from an eruption. The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, between cultures.
Some writers discount settlements that were abandoned as a result of a natural or human-made disaster or other causes using the term only to describe settlements that were deserted because they were no longer economically viable. Some believe. Whether or not the settlement must be deserted, or may contain a small population, is a matter for debate. Though, the term is used in a looser sense, encompassing any and all of these definitions; the American author Lambert Florin's preferred definition of a ghost town was "a shadowy semblance of a former self". Factors leading to abandonment of towns include depleted natural resources, economic activity shifting elsewhere and roads bypassing or no longer accessing the town, human intervention, massacres and the shifting of politics or fall of empires. A town can be abandoned when it is part of an exclusion zone due to natural or man-made causes. Ghost towns may result when the single activity or resource that created a boomtown is depleted or the resource economy undergoes a "bust".
Boomtowns can decrease in size as fast as they grew. Sometimes, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town; the dismantling of a boomtown can occur on a planned basis. Mining companies nowadays will create a temporary community to service a mine site, building all the accommodation and services required, remove them once the resource has been extracted. Modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote village, only to leave a ghost town once the resource was depleted. In some cases, multiple factors may remove the economic basis for a community. S. Route 66 suffered both mine closures when the resources were depleted and loss of highway traffic as US 66 was diverted away from places like Oatman, Arizona onto a more direct path. Mine and pulp mill closures have led to many ghost towns in British Columbia, Canada including several recent ones: Ocean Falls which closed in 1973 after the pulp mill was decommissioned, Kitsault B.
C. whose molybdenum mine shut after only 18 months in 1982 and Cassiar whose asbestos mine operated from 1952 to 1992. In other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a town's intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place; this happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a regional centre for the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton in 1899, linking it with the rest of Queensland, Collingwood was a ghost town by the following year; the Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon. The rise of condominium investment caused for real estate bubbles leads to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise and affordable housing becomes less available; such examples include China and Canada, where housing is used as an investment rather than for habitation. Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can create a ghost town.
This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontario's historic Opeongo Line, along U. S. Route 66 after motorists bypassed the latter on the faster moving highways I-44 and I-40; some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water. Amboy, California was part of one such series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is one example being the towns along the Aral Sea. Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government, residents are required to relocate. One example is the village of Tyneham in Dorset, acquired during World War II to build an artillery range. A similar situation occurred in the U. S. when NASA acquired land to construct the John C. Stennis Space Center, a rocket testing facility in Hancock County, Mississippi; this required NASA to acquire a large (approximately 34-square-mile (88