Philo is a village about nine miles south of Urbana in Champaign County, United States. The population was 1,466 at the 2010 census. Philo is located at 40°0′19″N 88°9′23″W; the legend "Center of the Universe" is painted on the village water tower, along with its zipcode. According to the 2010 census, Philo has a total area of all land. Philo was named after the founder Philo Hale; the main park, used for numerous functions including reserved space for family reunions, located on the north end of the village is named after the founder. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,314 people, 474 households, 381 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,723.4 people per square mile. There were 492 housing units at an average density of 645.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.01% White, 0.30% African American, 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population. There were 474 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% were non-families.
17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.13. In the village, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $56,852, the median income for a family was $60,365. Males had a median income of $43,125 versus $25,446 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,502. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Philo is in the Unit 7 School District located in nearby Tolono. Residents attend Unity East Elementary, Unity Junior High, Unity High School.
Philo has a Catholic Grade School, St. Thomas, for grades pre-K through 8th, in nearby Champaign is the High School of Saint Thomas More Early history of Philo, Illinois Daniel Lincicome. Philo Area Centennial 1875-1975. Philo Area Centennial Corporation
St. Joseph, Illinois
The Village of St. Joseph was founded on 28 April 1881 and is located in St. Joseph Township, Champaign County, United States; the population was 3,967 at the 2010 census. St. Joseph is located at St. Joseph, IL. According to the 2010 census, St. Joseph has a total area of 2.14 square miles, of which 2.12 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. As of the census of 2004, there were 3,900 people, 2,014 households, 1,002 families residing in the village; the population density was 3,024.3 people per square mile. There were 1,157 housing units at an average density of 1,022.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.90% White, 0.10% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population. There were 1,125 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families.
22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males. The median income for a household in the village was $53,424, the median income for a family was $61,094. Males had a median income of $40,250 versus $29,450 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,381. About 2.8% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over. The public high school for this community is St. Joseph-Ogden High School, a school that combines students graduating from St. Joseph Middle School with students graduating from Prairieview-Ogden Junior High, with the majority of students coming from the St. Joseph area.
Not all students within Prairieview-Ogden Junior High's district are within the high school's district. Some of these students will fall within the borders of Rantoul, IL or Thomasboro, IL high school districts instead. There is locally owned restaurant in St. Joseph. Chain restaurants include Monical's Pizza, Dairy Queen and Casey's Pizza. Locally owned restaurants include La Luna Cafe/Yummy Tummy Pizza, Padano's Pizza, Roch's Place, The Wheelhouse, El Toro; the grocery store, IGA, the newest gas station, Jack Flash have fresh delis inside. Frank Hanly, 26th Governor of Indiana, was born in St. Joseph Village Home Page Community Arts Resource History of St. Joseph, Illinois Champaign County Economic Development Corporation - St. Joseph Community Profile St. Joseph-Ogden High School
Allerton is a village in Sidell Township, Vermilion County, United States. A small portion of the village extends into Champaign County; the population was 291 at the 2010 census. Samuel W. Allerton was a wealthy landowner in Vermilion County who had made his fortune on the agricultural and livestock markets, he was one of the founders of the First National Bank of Chicago and Co-founder of the Chicago Union Stockyards. The town was founded on a 3,800-acre tract of land in the southwestern part of the county which Allerton purchased in 1880, it had been known as Twin Grove Farm. When the C&EI railroad came through the area, he gave them a right-of-way through his land, established a grain elevator and platted the village. Allerton himself continued to live in Chicago. Samuel Allerton owned 12,000 acres in Piatt County, part of which became the Robert Allerton Park, farther west in the Monticello area. Samuel's total land holdings included 78,000 acres across four Midwest states. Allerton is located near the southwestern corner of Vermilion County at 39°54′46″N 87°56′8″W.
The village extends west into Champaign County in two places. Champaign-Urbana is about 30 miles to the northwest, Danville is the same distance to the northeast. According to the 2010 census, Allerton has a total area of all land. Allerton is located on the county line, a small portion of is located in Champaign County, Illinois; as of the census of 2000, there were 293 people, 112 households, 89 families residing in the village. The population density was 454.4 people per square mile. There were 122 housing units at an average density of 189.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.61% White, 0.68% Native American, 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.39% of the population. There were 112 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.5% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.93. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $42,250, the median income for a family was $51,964. Males had a median income of $38,611 versus $28,750 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,512. None of the families and 4.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 8.6% of those over 64
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Bondville is a village in Champaign County, United States. The population was 443 at the 2010 census. Bondville is located about 2 miles west of the western edge of Champaign, at the intersection of the east-west Illinois Route 10 and the north-south County Road 19. Interstate 72 passes from east to west about 0.5 miles to the north of this intersection. The town of Seymour lies about 3 miles further to the west. According to the 2010 census, Bondville has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 455 people, 188 households, 119 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,793.2 people per square mile. There were 194 housing units at an average density of 764.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.38% White, 0.44% African American, 1.54% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.44% from other races, 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.76% of the population. There were 188 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families.
26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.84. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $41,250, the median income for a family was $38,462. Males had a median income of $32,125 versus $25,536 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,439. About 8.3% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.6% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti