First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck
The First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck, now known as The First Federated Church of Bayonne is located in Bayonne, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. The church was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 22, 1982; the congregation was established in 1828 and the first church building dedicated on January 11, 1829. The current church was built in 1866 and enlarged in 1890; the building is an example of a Italianate-influenced frame church. Bergen Neck National Register of Historic Places listings in Hudson County, New Jersey Old Bergen Church View of First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck via Google Street View
Clark Thread Company Historic District
The Clark Thread Company Historic District, located at 900 Passaic Avenue, East Newark, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, is a large mill complex. The company started in Newark as an offshoot of the Clark Thread Company of Paisley and expanded into these buildings in 1875. There are 35 buildings on the 13-acre block; the site is now used by a variety of industrial companies. In January 1867, thirty women arrived from England to work at the factory. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hudson County, New Jersey "Clark Thread Company Historic District". Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved 20 May 2012. Clark Thread Company Historic District, East Newark, NJ. Photo Essay. Retrieved 08 April 2017
Hamilton Park, Jersey City
Hamilton Park is a neighborhood in Historic Downtown Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, centered on a park with the same name. Hamilton Park is located west of Newport, north of Harsimus Cove and east of The Village and south of Boyle Plaza; the Victorian age park is located between Eighth Street and Ninth Street and Hamilton Place on the west and McWilliams Place on the East. Like the Van Vorst Park neighborhood to the south, this quiet park is surrounded by nineteenth century brownstones; the park underwent renovations completed in 2010. The park produces several events throughout the year, some of which include A Shakespeare in the Park series by the Hudson Shakespeare Company; the professional company produces one classical show for each summer month. This is paid for by the Hamilton Park Neighborhood Association and is free to watch Movies in the Park, a series of outdoor screening of 4 to 5 movies in the months of June or July thru October, paid for by the Hamilton Park Neighborhood Association and is free to watch Hamilton Park Festival – Takes place in early June of each year and is paid for by the Hamilton Park Neighborhood Association.
Youth Festival – Takes place in June Weekly Farmers Market – Takes place every Wednesday, produced by the Hamilton Park Neighborhood Association Easter Egg Hunt - Takes place in April Harsimus Stem Embankment The Horseshoe The Lembeck and Betz Eagle Brewing Company List of neighborhoods in Jersey City, New Jersey National Register of Historic Places listings in Hudson County, New Jersey Neighborhood Association Website
First Baptist Church (Hoboken, New Jersey)
First Baptist Church is a historic church at 901-907 Bloomfield Street in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. It was built in 1890 from a design by French, Dixon & DeSaldern of New York and added to the National Register in 2006. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hudson County, New Jersey
The Lembeck and Betz Eagle Brewing Company
The Lembeck and Betz Eagle Brewing Company was founded in 1869 by Henry B. Lembeck and John F. Betz in Jersey City, in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States; the brewery, bounded by 9th, 10th, Henderson streets in downtown Jersey City, developed into one of the most famous, best-equipped, financially successful breweries on the East Coast of the United States. In 1849 Henry Lembeck left the German military and immigrated to the US, he found work as a carpenter and opened up a grocery store, In 1869 he and John F. Betz formed Lembeck and Betz Eagle Brewing. Betz himself apprenticed with his brother-in-law, D. G. Yuengling, why he insisted on using the eagle as an homage to Yuengling. In 1889, Lembeck started producing lager beer in addition to the traditional pale ale they had been brewing; the brewery grew through the part of the 19th century occupying seventeen city lots. The company was incorporated in May 1890. Since 1869, the brewery grew to become the fourth-largest brewery in New Jersey.
Lembeck died in 1904 and his sons Otto took over running the brewery. The brewery closed during Prohibition; the facility was sold and converted into a refrigeration plant. In 1984, the area was designated the Lembeck and Betz Eagle Brewing Company District on the National Register of Historic Places; the brewery buildings were demolished in 1997. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hudson County, New Jersey Historic American Engineering Record No. NJ-113, "Lembeck & Betz Eagle Brewery" HAER No. NJ-113-A, "Lembeck & Betz Eagle Brewery, Original Brew House" HAER No. NJ-113-B, "Lembeck & Betz Eagle Brewery, Second Brew House" HAER No. NJ-113-C, "Lembeck & Betz Eagle Brewery, Lager Brew House" HAER No. NJ-113-D, "Lembeck & Betz Eagle Brewery, Bottling House & Storehouse" HAER No. NJ-113-E, "Lembeck & Betz Eagle Brewery, Lager Plant Addition" Picture of embossed beer bottle
The Holland Tunnel is a vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River. It connects Manhattan in New York City, New York, to the east, Jersey City, New Jersey, to the west. An integral conduit within the New York metropolitan area, the Holland Tunnel is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey; the tunnel carries Interstate 78. Plans for a fixed vehicular crossing over the Hudson River were first devised in 1906. However, disagreements prolonged the planning process until 1919, when it was decided to build a tunnel under the river. Construction of the Holland Tunnel started in 1920, it opened in 1927. At the time of its opening, the Holland Tunnel was the longest continuous underwater vehicular tunnel in the world; the Holland Tunnel is one of three vehicular crossings between Manhattan and New Jersey, the others being the Lincoln Tunnel and the George Washington Bridge. The Holland Tunnel was known as the Hudson River Vehicular Tunnel or the Canal Street Tunnel, it was renamed the Holland Tunnel in memory of Clifford Milburn Holland, the chief engineer, following his sudden death in 1924, but before the tunnel was opened.
The Holland Tunnel was the world's first mechanically ventilated tunnel. The Holland Tunnel is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, it consists of a pair of tubes with 29.5-foot diameters, running parallel to each other and 15 feet apart underneath the Hudson River. The exteriors of each tube are composed of a series of cast iron rings, which themselves comprise 14 curved steel pieces, each of, 6 feet long; the steel rings, in turn, are covered by a 19-inch-thick layer of concrete. Each tube provides a 20-foot roadway with two lanes and 12 feet 6 inches of vertical clearance; the north tube is 8,558 feet between portals, while the south tube is shorter, at 8,371 feet. If each tube's immediate approach roads are included, the north tube is 9,210 feet long and the south tube 9,275 feet long. Most vehicles carrying hazmats, trucks with more than three axles, vehicles carrying trailers cannot use the tunnel. There is a width limit of 8 feet for vehicles entering the tunnel. Both tubes' underwater sections are 5,410 feet long and are situated in the silt beneath the river.
The lowest point of the roadways is about 93 feet below mean high water, the lowest point of the tunnel ceiling is about 72 feet below mean high water. The tubes descend at a maximum grade of 4.06% and ascend at a grade of up to 3.8%. The tubes stretch an additional 1,000 feet from the eastern shoreline to the New York portals, 500 feet from the western shoreline to the New Jersey portals; these sections of the tunnel are more rectangular in shape, since they were built as open cuts that were covered over. The walls and ceiling are furnished with glazed ceramic tiles, which were engineered to minimize staining; the majority of the tiles are white, but there is a two-tile-high band of yellow-orange tiles at the bottom of each tube's walls, as well as two-tile-high band of blue tiles on the top. The northern tube, which carries westbound traffic, originates at Broome Street in Manhattan between Varick and Hudson Streets; the southern tube, for eastbound traffic, originates at 12th Street east of Marin Boulevard, surfaces at the Holland Tunnel Rotary in Manhattan.
The entrance and exit ramps to and from each portal are lined with granite and are 30 feet wide. Although the two tubes' underwater sections are parallel and adjacent to each other, the tubes' portals on either side are located two blocks apart in order to reduce congestion on each side; the Holland Tunnel's tubes contained a road surface made of Belgian blocks and concrete, but this was replaced with asphalt in 1955. Each tube contains a catwalk on its left side, raised 4 feet above the roadway. Five emergency-exit cross-passages connect the two tubes' inner catwalks; when the Holland Tunnel opened, the catwalk was equipped with police booths and a telephone system, stationed at intervals of 250 feet. The amount of traffic going through the Holland Tunnel has remained steady despite tight restrictions on eastbound traffic in response to the September 11, 2001, including a ban on commercial traffic entering New York City put in place after an August 2004 threat. Aside from a sharp decline following the September 11 attacks, the number of vehicles using the Holland Tunnel in either direction daily has declined from a peak of 103,020 daily vehicles in 1999 to 89,792 vehicles in 2016.
As of 2017, the eastbound direction of the Holland Tunnel was used by 14,871,543 vehicles annually. The Holland Tunnel was designed by Clifford Milburn Holland, chief engineer on the project, who died in October 1924, before it was completed, he was succeeded by Milton Harvey Freeman, who died less than a year after Holland did. Afterward, Ole Singstad oversaw the completion of the tunnel; the tunnel was designated a National Historic Civil and Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 1982 and a National Historic Landmark in 1993. Emergency services at the Holland Tunnel are provided by the Port Authority's Tunnel and Bridge Agents, who are stationed at the Port Authority's crossings; the Holland Tunnel was the first mechanically ventilated underwater vehicular tunnel in the world. It contains a system of vents that run transverse, or perpendicular, to the tubes; each side of the Hudson River has two ventilation shaf
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups