Kevin Brownlow is a British film historian, television documentary-maker, filmmaker and film editor. Brownlow is best known for his work documenting the history of the silent era. Brownlow became interested in silent film at the age of eleven; this interest grew into a career spent restoring film. He has rescued their history, his initiative in interviewing many forgotten, elderly film pioneers in the 1960s and 1970s preserved a legacy of early mass-entertainment cinema. Brownlow received an Academy Honorary Award at the 2nd Annual Governors Awards given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences on 13 November 2010; this was the first occasion. Brownlow's interest in World War II prompted the creation of his alternative-history film, It Happened Here in which the Nazis have conquered Britain. Brownlow began work on the film at the age of 18 and soon began to collaborate with a friend Andrew Mollo, 16. After eight years of struggle, during which the film's content changed it was completed in 1964 with the last-minute aid of Tony Richardson.
The film was seen in the UK at film festivals, it was picked up for major distribution by United Artists. There were negative reactions in the media to parts of the film, complaints from some Jewish groups, in October 1965 UA's American president, Arthur B. Krim, said the film would not see theatrical release unless the offending parts were cut out. Brownlow and Mollo tried to convince UA to run the film complete; the film began its theatrical run in May 1966, minus the disputed scenes. It was seen in London, New York, Paris, Los Angeles and Haifa, was reviewed positively. After the run, UA reported to Brownlow and Mollo that all of the box-office receipts had been used to pay the advertising and distribution costs; the two filmmakers did not make any money from the film. In 1968, Brownlow published a book, How It Happened Here, which described the making of the film, the reception it received. Not only does it explain how two teenage boys made a feature film, it explores the provocative social issues raised by the film.
Brownlow had allowed genuine British Fascists to play themselves in the film, which angered some Jewish organizations. The book contained 100 pictures stills from the film and an introduction by film critic and author David Robinson. A new edition was published by UKA Press in 2007. After this cinematic feat Mollo and Brownlow began another project, about Gerrard Winstanley and the Diggers' commune following the English Civil War; the duo spent several years trying to gain support and following a long and difficult shoot, the film was released in 1975. In 2009 UKA Press published All, a making-of book. Brownlow had written it shortly after completing work on the film, but the manuscript had sat on the shelf for 34 years before being published. Brownlow's first book on silent film, The Parade's Gone By... was published in 1968. The book features many interviews with the leading actors and directors of the silent era and began his career as a film historian. Brownlow spent many years gaining support for the restoration of Abel Gance's French epic, Napoléon, a mutilated film that used many novel cinematic techniques.
Brownlow's championing of the film succeeded, the restored version, with a new score by Carl Davis, was shown in London in 1980, again in London in 2013 with the Philharmonia Orchestra. Gance lived to see the acclaim for his restored film; the San Francisco Silent Film Festival presented the complete 2000 restoration of the film, with Davis conducting his score, at the Paramount Theatre Oakland in March 2012. Brownlow began a collaboration with David Gill with whom he produced several documentaries on the silent era; the first was Hollywood, a 13-part history of the silent era in Hollywood, produced by Thames Television. This was followed by Unknown Chaplin, Buster Keaton: A Hard Act to Follow, Harold Lloyd: The Third Genius and Cinema Europe: the Other Hollywood, among others, they restored and released many classic silent films through the Thames Silents series in the 1980s and 1990s with new musical scores by Carl Davis. The Search for Charlie Chaplin, a making-of book for Unknown Chaplin, was published in 2010.
Since David Gill died in 1997, Brownlow has continued to produce documentaries and conduct film restoration with Patrick Stanbury. These include Lon Chaney, A Thousand Faces, Garbo, a documentary produced for Turner Classic Movies to mark the centenary of actress Greta Garbo's birth, I Am King Kong about filmmaker Merian C. Cooper. In August 2010, Brownlow received an Honorary Academy Award for his role in film and cinema history preservation. On 13 November 2016, Brownlow was featured in an episode of The Film Programme entitled,'Napoleon and I', dedicated to Abel Gance's masterpiece, the 1927 film, Napoléon on BBC Radio 4, the UK network, it tells how Brownlow has spent 50 years of his life, piecing together the lost sequences into the latest restoration of the silent movie and about his meeting the dapper Gance, when still a schoolboy. On 9 August 2018, Brownlow again featured on The Film Programme on BBC Radio 4, where he discussed the making of and initial responses to It Happened Here.
In April 2019, Brownlow was honored at the Turner Classic Movie Festival in Hollywood at a screening of It Happened Here at the Egyptian Theatre. Nine, Dalmuir West It Happened Here The World
Gustav Bergman is a Swedish orienteering competitor. He won a bronze medal in the middle distance at the 2013 World Orienteering Championships, he was born in Stockholm, represents OK Ravinen, is married to Helena Jansson. At the 2016 World Orienteering Championships in Strömstad he won a bronze medal in relay with the Swedish team, along with Fredrik Bakkman and William Lind, as well as a bronze medal in the mixed sprint relay. At the 2019 World Orienteering Championships in Østfold he won a silver medal at the middle distance and a gold medal in the relay with the Swedish team, along with Johan Runesson and Emil Svensk. Bergman won the 2019 Orienteering World Cup Gustav Bergman at IOF Gustav Bergman at World of O
The Bedford Y series was a family of single-decker bus and single-decker coach chassis manufactured by Bedford from 1970 to 1986, when Bedford ceased bus and truck production. Announced in September 1970, the Bedford YRQ was a 10-metre coach chassis intended to replace the Bedford VAM; the engine was mounted centrally under the floor. In 1972 an 11-metre version, the YRT, entered production as a replacement for the twin-steer Bedford VAL. New more powerful engines were introduced in 1975 with the YLQ and YMT; the 1980 YNT was a development of the YMT with a turbocharged engine, while the YLQ became the YMQ and the YMP. The 12-metre YNV Venturer with air suspension was the final development of the Y series, announced in 1984. Bus and truck production by Bedford ceased in 1986; the Y series was produced in four different lengths. The majority were bodied as coaches, though the 8m, 10m and 11m versions were built as single-decker buses and midibuses. Seating capacities varied, but were 45 for a 10m bus or coach and 53 for an 11m.
The 12m version was built exclusively as a coach, with one exception where a Plaxton Paramount coach body shell was fitted out with bus seats in a high-capacity layout. Bedford Y series Eight metres YMP/S Ten metres YRQ YLQ YMQ YMP Eleven metres YRT YMT YNT Twelve metres YNV VenturerThe Bedford Y series was sold extensively in the United Kingdom to independent operators, as well as in export markets, it was fitted with a wide variety of bodies by different manufacturers, chiefly Duple and Plaxton