Keith Richards is an English musician and songwriter, best known as the co-founder, secondary vocalist, co-principal songwriter of the Rolling Stones. Rolling Stone magazine called Richards the creator of "rock's greatest single body of riffs" on guitar and ranked him fourth on its list of 100 best guitarists in 2011, the magazine lists fourteen songs that Richards wrote with the Rolling Stones' lead vocalist Mick Jagger on its "Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time" list. Richards plays both lead and rhythm guitar parts in the same song, as the Stones are known for their guitar interplay of rhythm and lead between Richards and the other guitarist in the band – Brian Jones, Mick Taylor, Ronnie Wood. In the recording studio Richards sometimes plays all of the guitar parts, notably on the songs "Paint It Black", "Ruby Tuesday", "Sympathy for the Devil", " Satisfaction", "Gimme Shelter", he is a vocalist, singing backing vocals on many Rolling Stones songs as well as occasional lead vocals, such as on the Rolling Stones' 1972 single "Happy", as well as with his side project, the X-Pensive Winos.
Richards was born on 18 December 1943 at Livingston Hospital, in Dartford, England. He is the only child of Herbert William Richards, his father was a factory worker, wounded in the Second World War during the Normandy invasion. Richards' paternal grandparents and Eliza Richards, were socialists and civic leaders, whom he credited as "more or less creat the Walthamstow Labour Party", whilst Eliza became mayor of the Municipal Borough of Walthamstow in London in 1941, his great-grandfather's family originated from Wales. His maternal grandfather, Augustus Theodore "Gus" Dupree, who toured Britain with a jazz big band, Gus Dupree and his Boys, fostered Richards' interest in the guitar. Richards has said, his grandfather'teased' the young Richards with a guitar, on a shelf that Richards couldn't reach at the time. Dupree told Richards that if Richards could reach the guitar, he could have it. Richards devised all manner of ways of reaching the guitar, including putting books and cushions on a chair, until getting hold of the instrument, after which his grandfather taught him the rudiments of Richards' first tune, "Malagueña".
He worked on the number'like mad', his grandfather let him keep the guitar, which he called'the prize of the century'. Richards played at home, listening to recordings by Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, others, his father, on the other hand, disparaged his son's musical enthusiasm. One of Richards' first guitar heroes was Elvis's guitarist Scotty Moore, he attended Wentworth Primary School with Mick Jagger and was his neighbour until 1954 when the Richards family moved. From 1955 to 1959, Richards attended Dartford Technical High School for Boys. Recruited by Dartford Tech's choirmaster, R. W. "Jake" Clare, he sang in a trio of boy sopranos at, among other occasions, Westminster Abbey for Queen Elizabeth II. In 1959, Richards was expelled from Dartford Tech for truancy and transferred to Sidcup Art College, where he met Dick Taylor. At Sidcup, he was diverted from his studies proper and devoted more time to playing guitar with other students in the boys' room. At this point, Richards had learned most of Chuck Berry's solos.
Richards met Jagger on a train. The mail-order rhythm & blues albums from Chess Records by Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters that Jagger was carrying revealed a mutual interest and led to a renewal of their friendship. Along with mutual friend Dick Taylor, Jagger was singing in an amateur band, Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys, which Richards soon joined; the Blues Boys folded when Brian Jones, after sharing thoughts on their joint interest in the blues music, invited Mick and Keith to the Bricklayers Arms pub, where they met Ian Stewart. By mid-1962 Richards had left Sidcup Art College to devote himself to music and moved into a London flat with Jagger and Jones, his parents divorced about the same time, resulting in his staying close to his mother and remaining estranged from his father until 1982. After the Rolling Stones signed to Decca Records in 1963, their band manager, Andrew Loog Oldham, dropped the s from Richards' surname, believing that "Keith Richard", in his words, "looked more pop".
During the late 1970s, Richards re-established the s in his surname. Ian Stewart once stated. Bill Wyman and Ronnie Wood have been quoted as stating that the Stones do not follow the band's long-time drummer, Charlie Watts, but rather follow Richards, as there was "no way of'not' following" him. Chris Spedding calls Richards' guitar playing "direct and unpretentious". Richards says he focuses on chords and rhythms, avoiding flamboyant and competitive virtuosity and trying not to be the "fastest gun in the west". Richards prefers teaming with at least one other guitarist and has never toured without one. Chuck Berry has been an inspiration for Richards, with Jagger, he introduced Berry's songs to the Rolling Stones' early repertoire. In the late 1960s Jones' declining contributions led Richards to record all guitar parts on many tracks, including slide guitar. Jones' replacement, Mick Taylor, played guitar with the Rolling Stones from 1969 to 1974. Taylor's virtuosity on lead guitar led to a pronounced separation between lead and rhythm guitar roles, most notably onstage.
In 1975 Taylor was replaced by Wood, whose arrival
The Who are an English rock band formed in London in 1964. Their classic line-up consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey and singer Pete Townshend, bass guitarist John Entwistle and drummer Keith Moon, they are considered one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century, selling over 100 million records worldwide. The Who developed from an earlier group, the Detours, established themselves as part of the pop art and mod movements, featuring auto-destructive art by destroying guitars and drums on stage, their first single as the Who, "I Can't Explain", reached the UK top ten, followed by a string of singles including "My Generation", "Substitute" and "Happy Jack". In 1967, they performed at the Monterey Pop Festival and released the US top ten single "I Can See for Miles", while touring extensively; the group's fourth album, 1969's rock opera Tommy, included the single "Pinball Wizard" and was a critical and commercial success. Live appearances at Woodstock and the Isle of Wight Festival, along with the live album Live at Leeds, cemented their reputation as a respected rock act.
With their success came increased pressure on lead songwriter Townshend, the follow-up to Tommy, was abandoned. Songs from the project made up 1971's Who's Next, which included the hit "Won't Get Fooled Again"; the group released the album Quadrophenia in 1973 as a celebration of their mod roots, oversaw the film adaptation of Tommy in 1975. They continued to tour to large audiences before semi-retiring from live performances at the end of 1976; the release of Who Are You in 1978 was overshadowed by the death of Moon shortly after. Kenney Jones replaced Moon and the group resumed activity, releasing a film adaptation of Quadrophenia and the retrospective documentary The Kids Are Alright. After Townshend became weary of touring, the group split in 1983; the Who re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and a tour of Quadrophenia in 1996–1997. They resumed regular touring with drummer Zak Starkey. After Entwistle's death in 2002, plans for a new album were delayed.
Townshend and Daltrey continued as the Who, releasing Endless Wire in 2006, continue to play live with Starkey, bassists Pino Palladino and Jon Button, guitarist Simon Townshend serving as touring players. A tour with a complete symphony orchestra, along with a planned studio album, are both scheduled for 2019; the Who's major contributions to rock music include the development of the Marshall stack, large PA systems, use of the synthesizer and Moon's lead playing styles, Townshend's feedback and power chord guitar technique, the development of the rock opera. They are cited as an influence by hard rock, punk rock and mod bands, their songs still receive regular exposure; the founder members of the Who, Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend and John Entwistle, grew up in Acton and went to Acton County Grammar School. Townshend's father, played saxophone and his mother, had sung in the entertainment division of the Royal Air Force during World War II, both supported their son's interest in rock and roll.
Townshend and Entwistle became friends in their second year of Acton County, formed a trad jazz group. Both were interested in rock, Townshend admired Cliff Richard's début single, "Move It". Entwistle moved to guitar, but struggled with it due to his large fingers, moved to bass on hearing the guitar work of Duane Eddy, he built one at home. After Acton County, Townshend attended Ealing Art College, a move he described as profoundly influential on the course of the Who. Daltrey, in the year above, had moved to Acton from Shepherd's Bush, a more working-class area, he had trouble fitting in at the school, discovered gangs and rock and roll. He found work on a building site. In 1959 he started the Detours, the band, to evolve into the Who; the band played professional gigs, such as corporate and wedding functions, Daltrey kept a close eye on the finances as well as the music. Daltrey spotted Entwistle by chance on the street carrying a bass and recruited him into the Detours. In mid-1961, Entwistle suggested Townshend as a guitarist, Daltrey on lead guitar, Entwistle on bass, Harry Wilson on drums, Colin Dawson on vocals.
The band played instrumentals by the Shadows and the Ventures, a variety of pop and trad jazz covers. Daltrey was considered the leader and, according to Townshend, "ran things the way he wanted them". Wilson was fired in mid-1962 and replaced by Doug Sandom, though he was older than the rest of the band, a more proficient musician, having been playing semi-professionally for two years. Dawson left after arguing with Daltrey and after being replaced by Gabby Connolly, Daltrey moved to lead vocals. Townshend, with Entwistle's encouragement, became the sole guitarist. Through Townshend's mother, the group obtained a management contract with local promoter Robert Druce, who started booking the band as a support act; the Detours were influenced by the bands they supported, including Screaming Lord Sutch, Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers, Shane Fenton and the Fentones, Johnny Kidd and the Pirates. The Detours were interested in the Pirates as they only had one guitarist, Mick Green, who inspired Townshend to combine rhythm and lead guitar in his style.
Entwistle's bass became more of a lead instrument. In February 1964, the Detours became aware of the group Johnny Devlin and the Detours and changed their name. Townshend and his room-mate Richard Barnes spent a night c
Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me!
Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! is an hour-long weekly news-based radio panel show produced by WBEZ and National Public Radio in Chicago, Illinois. On the program and contestants are quizzed in humorous ways about that week's news, it is distributed by NPR in the United States, internationally on NPR Worldwide and on the Internet via podcast, broadcast on weekends by member stations. The show averages about 6 million weekly listeners via podcast. Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! is recorded in front of a live audience in Chicago at the Chase Auditorium beneath the Chase Tower on Thursday nights. Until May 2005, the show was recorded in one of Chicago Public Radio's studios, with no audience and with one or more panelists calling in from other locations; the show often travels to various cities in the United States and produces a road show in front of a live audience for promotional and station-related purposes. The show is hosted by actor Peter Sagal; when the program had its debut in January 1998, Dan Coffey of Ask Dr. Science was the original host, but a revamping of the show led to his replacement in May of that year.
The show has been guest-hosted by Tom Bodett, Luke Burbank, Adam Felber, Peter Grosz, Mike Pesca, Richard Sher, Bill Radke, Susan Stamberg, Robert Siegel, Brian Unger, Drew Carey, Tom Hanks, Helen Hong, Jessi Klein, Faith Salie when Sagal was on vacation. Carl Kasell, who served as the newsreader on Morning Edition, was the show's official judge and scorekeeper until his retirement on May 17, 2014, after which the role was taken over permanently by journalist Bill Kurtis. In addition to Kurtis, Korva Coleman, Corey Flintoff, Jean Cochran and Chioke L'Anson among others, have served this role in the past. Wait Wait... listeners participate by telephoning or sending emails to nominate themselves as contestants. The producers select several listeners for each show and call them to appear on the program, playing various games featuring questions based on the week's news. Prior to October 21, 2017, the usual prize for winning any game was to have Kasell record a greeting on the contestant's home answering machine or voice mail system.
The current prize is to have any one show panelist or staff member of the contestant's choice record the greeting, including Sagal, Kurtis, or Kasell prior to his death in April 2018. Several shows a year coinciding with holidays or local National Public Radio member station pledge drives, are compiled from segments from past episodes, or feature holiday-related theme programming, are either recorded in front of an audience for broadcast, or at WBEZ's studio facilities without an audience. Though there are some deviations from time to time, episodes of Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! Feature the following format: As with other NPR programs, Wait Wait offers a one-minute top-of-hour billboard teasing the program that will follow the network's hourly newscast. In this minute, the host offers a humorous comment on the week's news, mentions the identity of the week's interview guest, sets up an out-of-context reading by Kurtis of a quote or game title from the episode; the contestant is asked to identify the speaker or explain the context of three quotations from that week's major news stories as read by Bill Kurtis.
Each answer is followed by a humorous discussion of the story by the panelists. Two correct answers constitute a win for the contestant. Prior to Kasell's retirement, the segment was known as "Who's Carl This Time?" and he read the quotations. In two separate segments each week, the host asks the panelists questions regarding less serious stories in the week's news, awarding them one point for each correct answer; the questions are phrased to those featured on The Match Game or Hollywood Squares to allow the panelists to offer a comedic answer in addition to their real guess as well as a hint from the host if needed. The answer is followed by a discussion of the story; each panelist reads all sharing a common theme. Only one of the three stories is genuine. A sound bite from a person connected to the genuine story is played to reveal whether the contestant's guess is correct. Regardless of the outcome, the panelist whose story is chosen scores one point. A celebrity guest calls in to be interviewed by the host and the panelists as well as take a three-question multiple-choice quiz.
In Wait Wait's early years, "Not My Job" guests were culled from NPR's roster of personalities and reporters. As the segment's title suggests, the guests are quizzed on topics that are not associated with their field of work. For example, former U. S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright was asked questions on the history of Hugh Hefner and Playboy magazine, while author Salman Rushdie was asked about the history of Pez candy; the subject matter of the quizzes serve as an oblique yet comic juxtaposition to the guests' fields of work, such as when Mad Men creator/producer Matthew Weiner was quizzed on ways people try to cheer others up in a March 2015 appearance. Two correct answers from the guest constitute a win, with the prize going to a randomly-selected listener who contacted the show but was not chosen as an on-air contestant. Kurtis reads three limericks connected to unusual news stories; the contestant wins the prize by comp
Robert Nesta Marley, OM was a Jamaican singer and songwriter. Considered one of the pioneers of reggae, his musical career has been marked by blending elements of reggae and rocksteady, as well as forging a smooth and distinctive vocal and songwriting style. Marley's contributions to music increased the visibility of Jamaican music worldwide, made him a global figure in popular culture for over a decade. Born in Nine Mile, British Jamaica, Marley began his professional musical career in 1963, after forming Bob Marley & The Wailers; the group released its debut studio album The Wailing Wailers in 1965, which contained the single "One Love/People Get Ready". The Wailers subsequently went onto release eleven additional studio albums. During this period, Marley relocated to London, the group typified their musical shift with the release of the album The Best of The Wailers; the group attained international success after the release of the albums Catch a Fire and Burnin', forged a reputation as touring artists.
A year The Wailers disbanded, Marley continued to use band's name for which to release his solo material. His debut studio album, Natty Dread, received positive reception, as did its follow up Rastaman Vibration. A few months after the album's release, Marley survived an assassination attempt at his home in Jamaica, which prompted permanent relocation to London soon after. There, he recorded the album Exodus. Over the course of his career, Marley became known as a Rastafari icon, the singer sought to infuse his music with a sense of spirituality, he is considered a global symbol of Jamaican culture and identity, was controversial in his outspoken support for the legalization of marijuana, while he advocated for Pan-Africanism. In 1977, Marley was diagnosed with acral lentiginous melanoma, in 1981, he died as a result of the illness. Marley's fans around the world expressed their grief, he received a state funeral in Jamaica; the greatest hits album, was released in 1984, subsequently became the best-selling reggae album of all-time.
Marley ranks as one of the best-selling music artists of all-time, with estimated sales of more than 75 million records worldwide, while his sound and style have influenced artists of various genres. He was posthumously honored by Jamaica soon after his death, as he was designated the nation's Order of Merit award. Bob Marley was born 6 February 1945 on the farm of his maternal grandfather in Nine Mile, Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica, to Norval Sinclair Marley and Cedella Booker. Norval Marley was a white Jamaican from Sussex, whose family claimed Syrian Jewish origins. Norval claimed to have been a captain in the Royal Marines. Bob Marley's full name is Robert Nesta Marley, though some sources give his birth name as Nesta Robert Marley, with a story that when Marley was still a boy a Jamaican passport official reversed his first and middle names because Nesta sounded like a girl's name. Norval provided financial support for his wife and child but saw them as he was away. Bob Marley attended Stepney Primary and Junior High School which serves the catchment area of Saint Ann.
In 1955, when Bob Marley was 10 years old, his father died of a heart attack at the age of 70. Marley's mother went on to marry Edward Booker, a civil servant from the United States, giving Marley two step-brothers: Richard and Anthony. Marley and Neville Livingston had been childhood friends in Nine Mile, they had started to play music together while at Junior High School. Marley left Nine Mile with his mother when he was 12 and moved to Kingston. Cedella Booker and Thadeus Livingston had a daughter together whom they named Claudette Pearl, a younger sister to both Bob and Bunny. Now that Marley and Livingston were living together in the same house in Trenchtown, their musical explorations deepened to include the latest R&B from United States radio stations whose broadcasts reached Jamaica, the new ska music; the move to Trenchtown was proving to be fortuitous, Marley soon found himself in a vocal group with Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Beverley Kelso and Junior Braithwaite. Joe Higgs, part of the successful vocal act Higgs and Wilson, resided on 3rd St. and his singing partner Roy Wilson had been raised by the grandmother of Junior Braithwaite.
Higgs and Wilson would rehearse at the back of the houses between 2nd and 3rd Streets, it wasn't long before Marley, Junior Braithwaite and the others were congregating around this successful duo. Marley and the others didn't play any instruments at this time, were more interested in being a vocal harmony group. Higgs was glad to help them develop their vocal harmonies, although more he had started to teach Marley how to play guitar—thereby creating the bedrock that would allow Marley to construct some of the biggest-selling reggae songs in the history of the genre. In February 1962, Marley recorded four songs, "Judge Not", "One Cup of Coffee", "Do You Still Love Me
KMGH-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Denver, United States. The station is owned by the E. W. Scripps Company. KMGH-TV's studios are located on East Speer Boulevard in Denver's Congress Park neighborhood, its transmitter is located atop Lookout Mountain, near Golden. On cable, the station is available on Comcast Xfinity in standard definition on channel 7, in high definition on digital channel 652, it is carried on CenturyLink Prism channels 7 and 1007. KMGH operates digital translator KZCO-LD, which allows homes with issues receiving KMGH's VHF signal or only a UHF antenna to receive KMGH in some form; the station's Azteca América-affiliated second digital subchannel is relayed on analog translators KZCS-LP in Colorado Springs and KZFC-LP in Windsor. The station first signed on the air on November 1, 1952 as KLZ-TV, it was founded by the Oklahoma City-based Oklahoma Publishing Company, which owned KLZ radio. KLZ-TV took the CBS affiliation from KBTV, owing to KLZ radio's longtime affiliation with the CBS Radio Network.
In 1954, Gaylord sold the KLZ radio stations to Time-Life. The station's original studio facilities were housed in a renovated former auto dealership on the east side of the block at East 6th Avenue and Sherman Street. Channel 7 moved to its present studio facilities, an eight-sided, five-story building called "The Communications Center," on the intersection of Speer Boulevard and Lincoln Street in 1969. Time-Life sold the station to McGraw-Hill in late October 1970, in a group deal that involved the company's other radio and television combinations in Indianapolis, San Diego and Grand Rapids, Michigan. In order to comply with the Federal Communications Commission's new restrictions on concentration of media ownership that went into effect shortly afterward, McGraw-Hill was required to sell the KLZ radio stations as well as their sister radio properties in Indianapolis, San Diego and Grand Rapids to other companies. Time-Life would purchase WOTV in Grand Rapids in the final deal. By the time the sale was finalized in June 1972, the purchase price for the entire group was just over $57 million.
WFBM-TV in Indianapolis, KERO-TV in Bakersfield and KOGO-TV in San Diego were retained by McGraw-Hill, along with KLZ-TV, which subsequently changed its call letters to KMGH-TV, in order to comply with a now-repealed FCC rule in place that forbade TV and radio stations in the same market, but with different ownership from sharing the same callsigns. The 1990s did not begin well for KMGH. A new management team introduced in 1991 turned things around at KMGH. Although KMGH had been one of CBS' stronger affiliates, the station would end up disaffiliating from the network due to a series of events that were set in motion as a result of CBS' partnership with the Westinghouse Electric Corporation in July 1994; as part of the deal, the network moved its programming from its owned-and-operated station in Philadelphia, WCAU-TV, to Westinghouse's KYW-TV. In a three-way trade, CBS traded WCAU to NBC in exchange for two of that network's O&Os —Denver's KCNC-TV and Salt Lake City's KUTV. CBS formed a joint venture with Westinghouse that assumed ownership of KYW-TV, KCNC and KUTV, with Westinghouse serving as majority owner.
Group W/CBS and NBC swapped the transmitter facilities—and by association, channel frequencies—of their respective stations in Miami, WCIX and WTVJ. At the same time, McGraw-Hill had struck an affiliation agreement with ABC, due to the fact that its stations in San Diego and Indianapolis had been aligned with the network. In keeping with all of this, each of the three major broadcast networks relocated their programming to different stations in the Denver market on September 10, 1995. On June 14, 2011, McGraw-Hill announced that it would exit from the broadcasting industry and put its entire television station group up for sale; the FCC approved the sale on November 29, 2011, the deal was completed on December 30, 2011. The deal marked a re-entry into the Denver market for Scripps; the station's digital signal is multiplexed: KMGH-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 7, on April 16, 2009. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 17 to VHF channel 7 for post-transition operations.
KMGH-TV clears the entire ABC network schedule.
Aurora is a Home Rule Municipality in the U. S. state of Colorado, spanning Arapahoe and Adams counties, with the extreme southeastern portion of the city extending into Douglas County. Aurora is one of the principal cities of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city's population was 325,078 in the 2010 census, which made it the third most populous city in the state of Colorado and the 54th most populous city in the United States. The Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated population of 2,645,209 on July 1, 2012; however and Aurora combined make up less than half of the Denver Metro Area's population and Aurora has half the population of Denver. The estimated population of the Denver-Aurora, CO Combined Statistical Area was 3,214,218 on July 1, 2012. Aurora originated in the 1880s as the town of Fletcher, taking its name from Denver businessman Donald Fletcher who saw it as a real estate opportunity, he and his partners staked out four square miles east of Denver, but the town - and Colorado - struggled mightily after the Silver Crash of 1893.
At that point Fletcher skipped town. Inhabitants decided to rename the town Aurora in 1907, after one of the subdivisions composing the town, Aurora began to grow in Denver's shadow becoming the fastest-growing city in the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Aurora is composed of hundreds of subdivisions thus carries the name of one of the original development plats from which it sprang. Aurora is Denver's largest suburb. Aurora's growing population in recent decades has led to efforts for co-equal recognition with its larger neighbor. Former mayor Dennis Champine once expressed the somewhat whimsical notion that the area would be called the "Aurora/Denver Metropolitan Area". Indeed, since the 2000 Census Aurora has surpassed Denver in land area, much of Aurora is undeveloped, while Denver is more built-out. However, such efforts are somewhat hampered by the lack of a large important central business district in the city. Aurora is suburban in character, as evidenced by the city's modest collection of tall buildings.
A large military presence has existed in Aurora since the early 20th century. In 1918, Army General Hospital #21 opened, with the U. S. government expanding and upgrading the hospital facilities in 1941 just in time to care for the wounded servicemen of World War II. Lowry Air Force Base was opened in 1938, straddling the border of Denver, it closed in 1994, was redeveloped into a master-planned community featuring residential, commercial and educational facilities. In 1942, the Army Air Corps built Buckley Field, which over the course of history has been renamed Naval Air Station, Buckley Air National Guard Base and Buckley Air Force Base; the base, home of the 460th Space Wing and the 140th Wing Colorado Air National Guard, is Aurora's largest employer. President Warren G. Harding visited Fitzsimons Army Hospital in 1923, President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited in 1936. In 1943 the hospital was the birthplace of 2004 Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry. President Dwight D. Eisenhower recovered from a heart attack at Fitzsimons for seven weeks during the fall of 1955.
Decommissioned in 1999, the facility is part of the Anschutz Medical Campus of the University of Colorado Denver, the Fitzsimons Life Science District. The Anschutz Medical Campus includes the University of Colorado Hospital, which moved to Aurora from Denver in 2007, the Children's Hospital; the first carbon-ion radiotherapy research and treatment facility in the U. S. has been proposed at the site. These facilities will employ a workforce of 32,000 at build-out. In 1965, mayor Norma O. Walker became the first woman to head a U. S. city with a population over 60,000. In 1979, it was announced that a science fiction theme park would be built in Aurora using the sets of a 50,000,000 dollar film based on the fantasy novel Lord of Light. However, due to legal problems the project was never completed; the script of the unmade film project, renamed Argo, was used as cover for the "Canadian Caper": the exfiltration of six U. S. diplomatic staff trapped by the Iranian hostage crisis. In 1993, Cherry Creek State Park on the southwestern edge of Aurora was the location for the papal mass of the 8th World Youth Day with Pope John Paul II, attended by an estimated 500,000 people.
In 2004, Aurora was honored as the Sports Illustrated magazine's 50th Anniversary "Sportstown" for Colorado because of its exemplary involvement in facilitating and enhancing sports. The city attracts more than 30 regional and national sports tournaments annually to Aurora's fields, which include the 220-acre Aurora Sports Park opened in 2003. Aurora's active populace is reflected in the variety of professional athletes hailing from the city. Aurora's first semi-professional sports franchise, the Aurora Cavalry in the International Basketball League, began play in 2006 but folded by season's end due to budget mishaps. Aurora lies distant from the respective county seats. A consolidated city and county government was considered in the mid-1990s but failed to win approval by city voters; the issue was reconsidered in 2006. Colorado voters created the City and County of Denver in 1902 and the City and County of Broomfield in 2001. A consolidated city and county of Aurora would include areas not within the current city limits, but the new city-county boundaries would be set, restricting future expansion.
In 2008, Aurora was designated an All-America City by
The Denver Post
The Denver Post is a daily newspaper and website, published in the Denver, area since 1892. As of March 2016, it has an average weekday circulation of 134,537 and Sunday circulation of 253,261, its 2012-2013 circulation made it the 9th highest in the US. The Denver Post receives six million monthly unique visitors generating more than 13 million page views, according to comScore; the Post was the flagship newspaper of MediaNews Group Inc. founded in 1983 by William Dean Singleton and Richard Scudder. MediaNews is today one of the nation's largest newspaper chains, publisher of 61 daily newspapers and more than 120 non-daily publications in 13 states. MediaNews bought The Denver Post from the Times Mirror Co. on December 1, 1987. Times Mirror had bought the paper from the heirs of founder Frederick Gilmer Bonfils in 1980. Since 2010, The Denver Post has been owned by hedge fund Alden Global Capital, which acquired its bankrupt parent company, MediaNews Group. In April 2018, a group called "Together for Colorado Springs" said that it was raising money to buy the Post from Alden Global Capital, saying that “Denver deserves a newspaper owner who supports its newsroom.”
In August 1892, The Evening Post was founded by supporters of Grover Cleveland with $50,000. It was a Democratic paper used to publicize political ideals and stem the number of Colorado Democrats leaving the party. Cleveland had been nominated for president because of his reputation for honest government; however and eastern Democrats opposed government purchase of silver, Colorado's most important product, which made Cleveland unpopular in the state. Following the bust of silver prices in 1893, the country and Colorado went into a depression and The Evening Post suspended publication in August 1893. A new group of owners with similar political ambitions raised $100,000 and resurrected the paper in June 1894. On October 28, 1895, Harry Heye Tammen, former bartender and owner of a curio and souvenir shop, Frederick Gilmer Bonfils, a Kansas City real estate and lottery operator, purchased the Evening Post for $12,500. Neither had newspaper experience, but they were adept at the business of promotion and finding out what people wanted to read.
Through the use of sensationalism, "flamboyant circus journalism", a new era began for the Post. Circulation grew and passed the other three daily papers combined. On November 3, 1895 the paper's was name changed to Denver Evening Post. On January 1, 1901 the word "Evening" was dropped from the name and the paper became The Denver Post. Among well-known Post reporters were Gene Fowler, Frances Belford Wayne, "sob sister" Polly Pry. Damon Runyon worked for the Post in 1905–1906 before gaining fame as a writer in New York. After the deaths of Tammen and Bonfils in 1924 and 1933, Helen and May Bonfils, Bonfils' daughters, became the principal owners of the Post. In 1946, the Post hired Palmer Hoyt away from the Portland Oregonian to become editor and publisher of the Post and to give the paper a new direction. With Hoyt in charge, news was reported and accurately, he put it on an editorial page. He called it continues today. In 1960 there was a takeover attempt by publishing mogul Samuel I. Newhouse.
Helen Bonfils brought in lawyer Donald Seawell to save the paper. The fight led to a series of lawsuits, it drained the paper financially. When Helen Bonfils died in 1972, Seawell was named chairman of the board, he was head of the Denver Center for the Performing Arts. The Center was established and financed by the Frederick G. and Helen G. Bonfils foundations, with aid from city funds; the majority of the assets of the foundations came from Post stock dividends. By 1980, the paper was losing money. Critics accused Seawell of being preoccupied with building up the DCPA. Seawell sold the Post to the Times Mirror Co. of California for $95 million. Proceeds went to the Bonfils Foundation, securing the financial future of the DCPA. Times Mirror started morning delivery. Circulation improved. Times Mirror sold The Denver Post to Dean Singleton and MediaNews Group in 1987. In January 2001, MediaNews and E. W. Scripps, parent company of the now defunct Rocky Mountain News, entered into a joint operating agreement, creating the Denver Newspaper Agency, which combined the business operations of the former rivals.
Under the agreement, the newsrooms of the two newspapers agreed to publish separate morning editions Monday through Friday, with the Post retaining a broadsheet format and the News using a tabloid format. They published a joint broadsheet newspaper on Saturday, produced by the News staff, a broadsheet on Sunday, produced by the Post staff. Both newspapers' editorial pages appeared in both weekend papers; the JOA ended on February 2009, when the Rocky Mountain News published its last issue. The following day, the Post published its first Saturday issue since 2001; the Post launched a staff expansion program in 2001, but declining advertising revenue led to a reduction of the newsroom staff in 2006 and 2007 through layoffs, early-retirement packages, voluntary-separation buyouts and attrition. The most recent round of announced buyouts occurred in June 2016. In 2013, just before legalization in Colorado, The Denver Post initiated an online media brand The Cannabist to cover cannabis-related issues.
First led by Editor in Chief Ricardo Baca, the online publication has surged in popularity, beating the industry veteran High Times in September, 2016. Thirty layoffs were announced for The Post in March 2018, according to