Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Merton is a small town on the Maroondah Highway in north-east Victoria, west of Bonnie Doon. At the 2011 census, Merton had a population of 302. Merton Post Office opened on 1 July 1858; the railway to Mansfield arrived in the town from Tallarook in 1890, closed on November 18, 1978. The last passenger service was on May 28, 1977. Merton has a picnic horse racing club, the Merton Amateur Turf Club, which holds its one race meeting a year with the Merton Cup on New Years Day. Merton Memorial Hall was opened on 20 June 1923, under the official title of Merton Mechanics' Institute, its name was changed to the current one in 1944. Media related to Merton, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
Maindample is a town in north east Victoria. The town is located in the Mansfield Shire local government area, 174 kilometres north east of the state capital Melbourne. South, just outside the town are twin hills known as The Paps; the Bridge Inn Hotel, a popular stop over for travellers to the Victorian ski fields, burned down in 2010. Maindample railway station, Victoria Hutchinson, Shiela. Maindample district: the early days -- beginning in the 1860s / researched and compiled by Sheila Hutchinson. Maindample: S. Hutchinson
Bonnie Doon, Victoria
Bonnie Doon is a small village in Victoria, Australia. It is located in the Shire of Mansfield. Bonnie Doon is 168 kilometres north-east from Melbourne. At the 2016 census, Bonnie Doon township had a population of 570; the township was established subsequent to gold discoveries in the area. It was named Doon after the town of that name in Ireland; the Post Office opened on October 1, 1866 and was renamed Bonnie Doon in 1891 coinciding with the arrival of the railway. Much of the original town of Bonnie Doon was flooded by the construction of Lake Eildon in the 1950s; the township was relocated. Lake Eildon makes Bonnie Doon a minor tourist town for water activities, the surrounds of Bonnie Doon, which has a rail trail, are somewhat popular for weekend holidaymakers; this popularity was satirised in the Australian comedy, The Castle, with popular quotes such as "How's the serenity?" and its catch-phrase song "We're going to Bonnie Doon". Bonnie Doon Community Great Victorian Rail Trail Australian Places - Bonnie Doon Goulburn River High Country Rail Trail
Division of Indi
The Division of Indi is an Australian Electoral Division in northeastern Victoria. The largest settlements in the division are the regional cities of Wodonga and Benalla. Other towns in the electorate include Rutherglen, Beechworth, Bright, Tallangatta, Corryong and a number of other small villages. While Indi is one of the largest electorates in Victoria, much of it is located within the uninhabited Australian Alps. While Wodonga serves as a regional hub for much of the more populated northern part of the electorate, the southern part is closer to Melbourne than Wodonga. Indi has existed continuously since Federation, it was created in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. The most nationally prominent person to represent Indi to date was the first, Sir Isaac Isaacs, who rose to become Attorney-General of Australia, Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia. Another member for Indi, John "Black Jack" McEwen, was a long-serving Minister and was Prime Minister of Australia after the death of Harold Holt in 1967, but he was member for Murray by then.
Indi has been held by a member of a conservative party or a conservative independent for all but four terms since Federation, without interruption since 1931. Labor last won the seat in 1928 when the Country incumbent forgot to renominate, retained it in 1929. Since 2004, the Liberal primary vote has been in decline, falling from 63% in 2004, to 54% in 2007, 53% in 2010, 44% in 2013 and 27% in 2016; the current member for Indi since the 2013 election is independent Cathy McGowan. McGowan defeated Liberal Party incumbent Sophie Mirabella, the only incumbent Liberal MP to lose their seat at the 2013 election. McGowan retained Indi against Mirabella at the 2016 election with an increased 54.8% two-candidate-preferred vote. The Liberal two-party-preferred vote was reduced to 54.4% against Labor's 45.6%, a marginal two-party result not seen since the 1929 election. Electoral results for the Division of Indi Division of Indi – Australian Electoral Commission
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
Woods Point, Victoria
Woods Point is a small town in Victoria, Australia and is located on the banks of the Goulburn River. At the 2006 census, Woods Point and the surrounding area had a population of 94; the town began as a general store built by Henry Wood, to service the gold diggings around the discovered Morning Star Reef. Wood's Point Post Office opened on 1 December 1862. By 1864, only three years after the discovery of the gold reef, the area had become a thriving town with 36 hotels; the town was subdivided into numerous suburbs, such as Waverly, Killarney and Morning Star Hill. Communication was established via a telegraph line to Jamieson, two local papers were in circulation. From the 1870s to 1890s, mining activity declined, the population dropped to between 100 and 200; the mining industry was revived in the 1890s, the population grew once again, with four hotels servicing the town. Much of the town had to be rebuilt following devastating bushfires in 1939; the Morning Star Mine continued operations until its closure in 1963.
The town now serves as a hub for recreational trail-bike and off-road four-wheel drive activities and contains one hotel and one general store/petrol station, Mini Golf course, tennis court and many camping areas, the most popular being J. H. Scott Reserve. There are three gold mines still active in the area surrounding the town; the town is still only accessible by dirt roads. Woods Point was again threatened by bushfire in December 2006 and a 2008 bushfire calendar has been released with proceeds going to the town; the general store in Woods Point closed its doors in late 2010 and a smaller version opened down the main street, just over the bridge. This store facilitates small diesel fuel sales while the Commercial Hotel is covering the unleaded fuel sales. Plenty of fuel for motorbikes. Morning Star, a publicly listed company, was operating the Morning Star mine, as well as other nearby projects, until it was placed into receivership in 2015. Media related to Woods Point, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Geoscience Australia place names: Woods Point Australian Places: Woods Point