Pan American World Airways
It was a founding member of the International Air Transport Association, the global airline industry association. Identified by its blue logo, the use of the word Clipper in aircraft names and call signs, and the white pilot uniform caps. In an era dominated by flag carriers that were wholly or majority government-owned, during most of the jet era, Pan Ams flagship terminal was the Worldport located at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. Arnold and Spaatz drew up the prospectus for Pan American when SCADTA hired a company in Delaware to obtain air mail contracts from the U. S. government. Pan American was able to obtain the U. S. mail delivery contract to Cuba and their operation had the all-important landing rights for Havana, having acquired American International Airways, a small airline established in 1926 by John K. Bevier as a service from Key West, Florida, to Havana. ACA met its deadline of having an air service operating by October 19,1927 by chartering a Fairchild FC-2 floatplane from a small Dominican Republic carrier.
The Atlantic and Caribbean Airways company was established on October 11,1927 by New York City investment banker Richard Hoyt and this company merged with PAA and ACA on June 23,1928. Richard Hoyt was named as president of the new Aviation Corporation of the Americas, Trippe became operational head of Pan American Airways, the new companys principal operating subsidiary. The government further helped Pan Am by insulating it from its U. S. competitors, the airline expanded internationally, benefiting from a virtual monopoly on foreign routes. Trippe and his associates planned to extend Pan Ams network through all of Central, by the end of the year, Pan Am offered flights along the west coast of South America to Peru. Its Brazilian subsidiary NYRBA do Brasil was renamed as Panair do Brasil, Pan Am partnered with Grace Shipping Company in 1929 to form Pan American-Grace Airways, better known as Panagra, to gain a foothold to destinations in South America. The Aviation Corporation of the Americas changed its name to Pan American Airways Corporation in 1931, during the day, use of the compass while judging drift from sea currents was normal procedure, at night, all flight crews were trained to use celestial navigation.
In bad weather, pilots used dead reckoning and timed turns, making landings at fogged-in harbors by landing out to sea. Many pilots had merchant marine certifications and radio licenses as well as pilot certificates, before World War II it was not unusual for a captain to make engine repairs at remote locations. Pan Ams mechanics and support staff were similarly trained, newly hired applicants were frequently paired with experienced flight mechanics in several areas of the company until they had achieved proficiency in all aircraft types. Many crews supported repair operations by flying in spare parts to planes stranded overseas, Pan Am started its South American routes with Consolidated Commodore and Sikorsky S-38 flying boats. The S-40, larger than the eight-passenger S-38, began flying for Pan Am in 1931, carrying the nicknames American Clipper, Southern Clipper, and Caribbean Clipper, they were the first of the series of 28 Clippers that symbolized Pan Am between 1931 and 1946
Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum
The Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum is located at 200 Greene Street, Key West, Florida. The museum contains a collection of artifacts from 17th century shipwrecks, such as the Henrietta Marie, Nuestra Señora de Atocha. The museum is named for founder Mel Fisher, a popular tourist feature was a solid gold bar that could be lifted by visitors in a plexiglass case. This bar was stolen by two thieves in August 2010
Historic districts in the United States
Buildings, structures and sites within a historic district are normally divided into two categories and non-contributing. Districts greatly vary in size, some have hundreds of structures, the U. S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior under the auspices of the National Park Service. Federally designated historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, state-level historic districts may follow similar criteria or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards. Local historic district designation offers, by far, the most legal protection for historic properties because most land use decisions are made at the local level, local districts are generally administered by the county or municipal government. The first U. S. historic district was established in Charleston, South Carolina in 1931, Charleston city government designated an Old and Historic District by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it.
New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission, other localities picked up on the concept, with the city of Philadelphia enacting its historic preservation ordinance in 1955. The Supreme Court case validated the protection of resources as an entirely permissible governmental goal. In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from rootlessness. By the 1980s there were thousands of federally designated historic districts, Historic districts are generally two types of properties and non-contributing. In general, contributing properties are integral parts of the historic context, in addition to the two types of classification within historic districts, properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are classified into five broad categories. They are, structure, site and object, all but the eponymous district category are applied to historic districts listed on the National Register.
A listing on the National Register of Historic Places is governmental acknowledgment of a historic district, the Register is an honorary status with some federal financial incentives. The National Register of Historic Places defines a historic district per U. S. federal law, a district may comprise individual elements separated geographically but linked by association or history. Districts established under U. S. federal guidelines generally begin the process of designation through a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, the National Register is the official recognition by the U. S. government of cultural resources worthy of preservation. While designation through the National Register does offer a district or property some protections, if the federal government is not involved, the listing on the National Register provides the site, property or district no protections. If, company A was under federal contract the Smith House would be protected, a federal designation is little more than recognition by the government that the resource is worthy of preservation.
Usually, the National Register does not list religious structures, moved structures, reconstructed structures, however, if a property falls into one of those categories and are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria an exception allowing their listing will be made. Historic district listings, like all National Register nominations, can be rejected on the basis of owner disapproval, in the case of historic districts, a majority of owners must object in order to nullify a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places
Key West Cemetery
The Key West Cemetery is a 19-acre cemetery at the foot of Solares Hill on the island of Key West, United States. It is estimated that as many as 100,000 people are buried there and it is in the northeast section of the Old Town area of the island. In 1847 it was established at its current location after an 1846 hurricane washed dead bodies from the cemetery out of the coastal sand dunes on Whitehead Point near the West Martello Towers. An African Memorial Cemetery was dedicated beside the West Martello Tower in 2009, ill from the sea voyage to slavery in The New World, were buried there prior to the US Civil War. In 2005, the cemetery was among those profiled in the PBS documentary A Cemetery Special, aerial View from Google Maps Key West Cemetery map Historic American Buildings Survey No. FL-191, Memorial to the U. S. Battleship Maine, Key West Cemetery, Key West, Monroe County, FL,3 data pages, supplemental material
Thompson Fish House, Turtle Cannery and Kraals
The Thompson Fish House, Turtle Cannery and Kraals is a historic site located at 200 Margaret Street, Key West, United States. On June 23,1994, it was added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places, the kraals were fenced-in holding pens adjacent to the cannery in a sheltered bay at the north end of town, where turtles were kept awaiting slaughter. The once-fashionable turtle meat was canned and sold to cooks who used it largely to make turtle soup, the valuable Tortoiseshell was used to make many kinds of products made today from plastic. The building is owned by the City of Key West, the Turtle Kraals Museum, which educated the public about dangers to sea turtles, was formerly located at this site. Monroe County listings at National Register of Historic Places Floridas Office of Cultural and Historical Programs Monroe County listings Turtle Kraals Museum
Mallory Square is a plaza located in the city of Key West, United States. It is located on the waterfront in Key Wests historic Old Town and it is located just west of the northern end of Duval Street, facing the Gulf of Mexico. It runs the length of Wall Street. Adjacent to the square are the Key West Shipwreck Historeum Museum, Mallory Square is the location of the Sunset Celebration, which is considered one of the main tourist attractions of the city. The Sunset Celebration involves hundreds of tourists who arrive each night to view the sunset, the celebration includes arts and crafts exhibitors, street performers, and food carts. It begins two hours before sunset, every day of the year, in 1984 the city opened a pier right on Mallory Square. The decision was met with opposition from people who felt it would disrupt the tradition of watching the sunset at Mallory Square. In response to this, the city passed an ordinance requiring cruise ships to port two hours before sunset, enabling them to return after sunset without an additional docking fee.
The Key West Historic Memorial Sculpture Garden in Mallory Square contains bronze busts of people who had an impact in Key West. There are 36 busts, honoring A. Maitland Adams, John Bartlum, Livingston W. Bethel, Joe Pearlman, Dr. J. Y. Http, //www. mallorysquare. com/ http, //www. keywesttravelguide. com/mallory-square. html Live Web cam Live cam A map of the Square
Audubon House and Tropical Gardens
The Audubon House & Tropical Gardens is located at 205 Whitehead Street, Key West, Florida. Brick-pathed gardens offer a lush 1-acre view of orchids and other tropical foliage, the house has many antique furnishings purchased from estate sales and auctions in Europe. The house contains 28 first-edition works of the famous ornithologist John James Audubon, Audubon visited the Florida Keys and Dry Tortugas in 1832 and left Key West having sighted and drawn 18 new birds for his Birds of America folio. It is believed many of those drawings were conceived in the Audubon House garden. Also, Audubons painting of the white-crowned pigeon features the Geiger tree found in the front yard of the house, the Audubon House Gallery, separate from the main house features a unique collection of 19th century original Audubon art and a comprehensive selection of John James Audubons images. The house was slated for demolition in 1958, but was saved by the Mitchell Wolfson Family Foundation and this was the first restoration project in Key West.
The Audubon House Museum & Tropical Gardens was established in 1960 by Key West native, Colonel Mitchell Wolfson, the Evanses 2-3 story estate houses dot the Key West landscape and can be recognized by their customary circular wooden accents and grand multi-poled verandas. Alfred Evans used a special shipbuilding technique of gradually bending the wood for circular archways and stairways, the Evanes restored the three level Captains home, which was built in the American Classic Revival architectural style of the mid-1800s. The home was built by Captain John Huling Geiger, who was Key Wests first harbor pilot. Captain Geiger raised many children in the house, and planted beautiful tropical vegetation on the property and it was the beautiful plants which drew Audubon to it during his visit in 1832. Audubon took cuttings from the plants growing on the property, and used them as backgrounds in many works, including the White crowned Pigeon and this was the first restoration project in Key West and is still considered the gem of the islands restoration movement.
Antique enthusiasts who tour the house appreciate the quality of the furnishings
Bahama Village is a neighborhood in the City of Key West, Monroe County, United States. It is located southwest of downtown, in Old Town and it covers over a 16 block area that lies southwest of Whitehead Street and northeast of Truman Annex, bordered by Whitehead, Southard and Louisa Streets. It was once a black neighborhood, and is named for its many original residents who were of Bahamian ancestry. Once a marginalized area, it is undergoing gentrification and now many of the islands most popular restaurants. It contains the city of Key Wests public swimming pool, while the sign announcing the entrance to Bahama Village remains, the area as depicted in the picture has since been transformed from a shopping area into a restaurant
Factory tours, industrial heritage, creative art and crafts workshops are the object of cultural niches like industrial tourism and creative tourism. Many tourist attractions are landmarks, tourist attractions are created to capitalise on legends such as a supposed UFO crash site near Roswell, New Mexico and the alleged Loch Ness monster sightings in Scotland. Ghost sightings make tourist attractions, ethnic communities may become tourist attractions, such as Chinatowns in the United States and the black British neighbourhood of Brixton in London, England. In the US, owners and marketers of attractions advertise tourist attractions on billboards along the side of highways and roadways, tourist attractions often provide free promotional brochures and flyers in information centres, fast food restaurants and motel rooms or lobbies, and rest area. Such places are known as tourist traps. Within cities such transport tourist attractions as rides by boats and buses are very popular, novelty attractions are not limited to the American Midwest, but are part of Midwestern culture.
It may contain one or more tourist attractions and possibly some tourist traps, siem Reap town for example is a popular tourist destination in Cambodia, mainly owed to its proximity to Angkor temples. A tropical island resort is an island or archipelago that depends on tourism as its source of revenue, according to the World Tourism Organization, •698 million people travelled to a foreign country in 2000, spending more US$478 billion. Lists of tourist attractions Attractions at DMOZ