Key West International Airport

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Key West International Airport
Key West International Airport Logo.jpg
Key west international airport.jpg
Aerial view of Key West International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public (temporarily closed due to hurricane)
Owner Monroe County
Serves Key West, Florida
Elevation AMSL 3 ft / 1 m
Coordinates 24°33′22″N 081°45′34″W / 24.55611°N 81.75944°W / 24.55611; -81.75944Coordinates: 24°33′22″N 081°45′34″W / 24.55611°N 81.75944°W / 24.55611; -81.75944
Website eyw.com
Map
EYW is located in Florida
EYW
EYW
EYW is located in the US
EYW
EYW
Location of airport in Florida / United States
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
9/27 4,801 1,463 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraft operations 62,293
Based aircraft 59

Key West International Airport (IATA: EYWICAO: KEYWFAA LID: EYW) is an international airport located in the City of Key West in Monroe County, Florida and two miles east of the main commercial center of Key West.

Flights departing from EYW often have weight restrictions because the airport's runway is only 4,801 feet (1,463 m) long.[2]

History[edit]

First scheduled service between Miami and Key West by National Airlines (February 10, 1944)

Key West's aviation history began in 1913, with a flight to Cuba by Augustin Parla; in 1928, Pan American Airways began scheduled flights from Key West.[3] The main runway at Meacham Field was pressed into U.S. Army use after the Pearl Harbor attack, and into U.S. Navy use later in World War II as an alternative to the Trumbo Point seaplane base and the main Naval Air Station for fixed-wing and lighter-than-air (i.e., blimp) aircraft on Boca Chica Key. After the war, the city took over what became Key West Municipal Airport;[4] in January 1953, the city gave Monroe County the title to Meacham Field, allowing the county to apply for Federal Aviation Administration grants.[5] Around the same time, the airport became Key West International Airport.

National Airlines began flights to Miami in the mid 1940s with Lockheed Lodestar twin prop aircraft,[6] although the airport did not have a paved runway until around 1956. National served Key West for nearly 25 years and later operated Convair 340 and Convair 440 prop aircraft,[7] as well as Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops, into the airport.[8] In 1968, National began the first jet flights into Key West with Boeing 727-100s, providing nonstop service to Miami. By 1969, National was operating daily 727 jet service direct to Washington National Airport, Philadelphia International Airport, and John F. Kennedy International Airport via intermediate stops in Miami, West Palm Beach, and Orlando.[9]

Several other airlines also began operating jet service into Key West; in 1979, Air Florida was operating five nonstop flights a day to Miami with Boeing 737 jetliners.[10] In 1987, Eastern Airlines was operating daily mainline Boeing 727-100 jet service nonstop to Miami.[11] By 1989, Piedmont Airlines was operating six nonstop flights a day to Miami with Fokker F28 Fellowship twin jets,[12] this F28 jet service was then continued by USAir following its acquisition of and merger with Piedmont.[13] More recently, Southwest Airlines, following its acquisition of AirTran, operated Boeing 737-700 jet service into the airport, including nonstop flights from New Orleans, Orlando, and Tampa. However, Southwest subsequently ceased all service to the airport.[14]

As of May 9th, 2010, the flight schedule included commercial service on Cape Air, United Express, American Eagle, Delta Airlines, Delta Connection and, most notably, AirTran Airways, some former routes to EYW in 2010 included Orlando and Tampa on AirTran Airways, Fort Myers on Cape Air, and Fort Lauderdale and Tampa on United express (although neither of these services were to a United Airlines hub).

The terminal as seen from the Atlantic Ocean

A number of commuter and regional airlines also served Key West with turboprop and prop aircraft during the 1980s and 1990s primarily with nonstop flights to Miami but also with nonstop service to Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Naples, Orlando and Tampa.[15] According to the Official Airline Guide (OAG), these air carriers included Air Florida Commuter, Airways International, American Eagle Airlines, Bar Harbor Airlines (operating Eastern Express code sharing service for Eastern Airlines), Cape Air, Comair (operating Delta Connection code sharing service for Delta Air Lines), Dolphin Airlines, Gulfstream International Airlines (operating independently and later as Continental Connection with code sharing services for Continental Airlines), Gull Air, Pan Am Express, Paradise Island Airlines (operating code sharing service for Carnival Air Lines), Pro Air Services, Provincetown-Boston Airlines (PBA), Southeast Airlines, Southern Express and USAir Express. Turboprop aircraft operated into the airport included the ATR-42, British Aerospace BAe Jetstream 31, Beechcraft 1900C, Beechcraft 1900D, Beechcraft C99, CASA 212 Aviocar, de Havilland Canada DHC-7 Dash 7, de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8, Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante, Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia, Nord 262 and Saab 340. American Eagle later operated ATR-72 propjets into the airport before introducing regional jet service. Delta Connection subsequently introduced regional jet service as well. Piston engine twin prop aircraft flown by commuter air carriers serving Key West included the Cessna 402, Douglas DC-3, Martin 2-0-2, Martin 4-0-4 and Piper Navajo.

On July 15, 2017, Key West International Airport was awarded a grant of $6.5 million by the FAA to assist in a $10 million runway project. The project will add 277 feet to the runway for takeoffs in one direction and add 10 feet-wide shoulders paved on each side of the runway, the added runway length will be for flights taking off to the East only. Construction work is set to begin in January 2018 and all construction is scheduled to be done at night. [16]

Facilities[edit]

Ticketing Hall
Conch Republic sign at the Key West International Airport

Key West International Airport covers 334 acres (135 ha) at an elevation of 3 feet (1 m). Its one runway, 9/27, is 4,801 by 100 feet (1,463 x 30 m) asphalt.[1]

The airport has two terminals designed by Mark Mosko and Dwane Stark of URS; Mosko also worked on Baltimore–Washington International Airport. The older ground-level terminal building opened in 1957 and now serves arriving passengers, the terminal was expanded with the addition of a second building elevated over the parking lot in February 2009. With an area of about 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2), it more than doubled the airport's terminal space. The newer building includes an elevated roadway and houses ticketing, check-in, and the airport's security checkpoint, the older building was then renovated with the former ticketing area becoming an expanded departure gate lounge, and the baggage claim area was then expanded into the former departure lounge. The two buildings are connected by an enclosed walkway.[17]

Parking for 300 vehicles is at ground level beneath the newer terminal—150 spaces for rental cars and 150 for the public.[18]

In 2011, the airport had 62,293 aircraft operations, averaging 170 per day: 71% general aviation, 16% air taxi, 13% airline, and <1% military. At the time, 59 aircraft were based at the airport: 61% single-engine, 37% multi-engine, and 2% helicopter.[1]

Annual traffic[edit]

Key West's traffic was generally fairly stagnant to start the new millennium, but gradually began increasing at the end of the 2000s with the addition of the new terminal and the introduction of low-cost jet service operated by AirTran, as well as mainline jet service by Delta.[19]

When Southwest Airlines acquired AirTran in 2011, it continued to operate flights from the airport, first under the AirTran brand and then under the Southwest brand.[20] Southwest Airlines ended service to Key West Airport in 2014.[20]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at EYW, 2000 through 2014[21][22][23]
Year Passengers
2000 292,508
2001 261,809
2002 272,440
2003 299,193
2004 298,790
2005 314,075
2006 294,047
2007 270,781
2008 231,339
2009 234,322
2010 287,359
2011 335,603
2012 370,637
2013 402,842
2014 383,776

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
American Eagle Miami, Washington–National
Seasonal: Charlotte
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Delta Connection Atlanta
Gulf Coast Airways Naples
Silver Airways Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa, West Palm Beach
United Express Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Newark

Delta Air Lines currently operates mainline jet service into the airport with Boeing 737-700 jetliners. Key West's 4,801 foot runway is the shortest runway in North America used regularly by 737s.[24] Delta's regional affiliate, Delta Connection (operated by ExpressJet), operates Canadair CRJ-700 regional jets.

American Eagle operates Embraer ERJ-145, E170, and E175 regional jets into Key West.[25]

Silver Airways operates Saab 340B turboprops.[26]

United Express currently operates E-170s for service to Newark and Chicago O'Hare. The Chicago O'hare seasonal service lasts almost six months, spanning from December 20th to May 3rd, the Newark seasonal service lasts just over seven months, spanning from October 18th to May 3rd.

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from EYW (Feb 2016 – Jan 2017)[27]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 166,000 Delta
2 Miami, Florida 85,000 American
3 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 28,000 Silver
4 Charlotte, North Carolina 26,000 American
5 Tampa, Florida 19,000 Silver
6 Washington-National, D.C. 13,000 American
7 Orlando (International), Florida 12,000 Silver
8 Fort Myers, Florida 6,000 Silver
9 Newark, New Jersey 2,000 United

Accidents and incidents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for EYW (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective November 15, 2012.
  2. ^ "AirNav: KEYW - Key West International Airport". www.airnav.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  3. ^ "History and events for Key West International Airport". keywestinternationalairport.com. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived March 10, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Key West airport shelf". keyshistory.org. 
  6. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Feb. 1945 National Airlines system timeyable
  7. ^ http://www.timetablemages.com[permanent dead link], April 26, 1959 National Airlines system timetable
  8. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, May 31, 1964 system timetable
  9. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 15, 1969 National Airlines system timetable
  10. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 15, 1979 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Key West to Miami flight schedules
  11. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Aug. 31, 1987 Eastern Airlines system timetable
  12. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, June 1, 1989 Piedmont Airlines route map
  13. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 15, 1989 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Miami-Key West flight schedules
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions: April 1, 1981; July 1, 1983; Feb. 15, 1985; Dec. 15, 1989; Oct. 1, 1991; April 2, 1995; June 1, 1999; Miami-Key West flight schedules & Key West flight schedules
  16. ^ http://www.flkeysnews.com/news/local/article161555483.html
  17. ^ "NEW KEY WEST AIRPORT TERMINAL TO OPEN FEB. 25". Florida Keys. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "New Terminal Opens at Key West International Airport". Florida Browser. Retrieved September 17, 2009. 
  19. ^ McCarthy, Ryan. "Key West airport gets a lift with new terminal, service". The Miami Herald. December 21, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2011. Archived from the original by California Aviation Alliance.
  20. ^ a b Guerra, John L. "Southwest pulling out of Key West on June 7". KONK Life. April 6, 2014.
  21. ^ "Calendar Year 2005 Primary and Non-Primary Commercial Service Airports". CY05 ACAIS. Federal Aviation Administration.
  22. ^ "Primary Airport Enplanement Activity Summary for CY2000 Listed by Rank Order, Enplanements". FAA DOT/TSC CY2000 ACAIS Database. Federal Aviation Administration. October 19, 2001.
  23. ^ "Passenger Boarding (Enplanement) and All-Cargo Data for U.S. Airports". Federal Aviation Administration. June 9, 2017.
  24. ^ "AirTran and Delta begin 737 flights to Key West". Sunshine Skies. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  25. ^ http://www.aa.com, timetable
  26. ^ "Silver Airways - Official Website- Flights to Florida, Bahamas & More". silverairways.com. 
  27. ^ "RITA - BTS - Transtats". bts.gov. 
  28. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 8, 2009. 
  29. ^ "CU-T1192 Hijacking description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved June 21, 2001. 
  30. ^ "Cuba". DC3 history. Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Rick Hendrick crash". Accident Description. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Accident Report". Accident Report. NJ.com. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]