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Angelus Oaks, California

Angelus Oaks is an unincorporated community in San Bernardino County, United States, has a population of 535 as of the 2010 U. S. Census, up from an estimated population of 312 in 2000, it is surrounded by the San Bernardino National Forest and located northeast of Redlands on California State Route 38. Angelus Oaks was called Camp Angelus. In 1849 there was a big gold strike in Holcomb Valley, north of Bear Valley and near the town, to become Big Bear; the only way to get supplies in and the gold out was by mule trains. The mule train traveled up the Santa Ana River Canyon, stopping overnight in Seven Oaks and took a switch back trail up to the gold fields. A wagon road was built to replace the mule skinner trail. But, the Santa Ana River kept washing out the wagon road within the rugged canyon, so another, better road, known as a'Control Road', was built in nearby Mill Creek Canyon; the "Lower Control Road" started at Mountain Home Village, in Mill Creek Canyon, ended in Camp Angelus, at the Lodge.

"Middle Control Road" meandered down to Seven Oaks. The final control road,'Clark's Grade', went up and over the north side of the Santa Ana Canyon and into Bear Valley; the Clark Brothers, based at Clark's Ranch north and west of Seven Oaks, scratched out their control road by hand, collected fees for its use. In the late 1870s, cattle rustlers, operating out of San Bernardino, would bring their stolen herds up to nearby Glen Martin, just below Camp Angelus in Mountain Home Canyon, to hide them. Due to the configuration of the opening of the mountain down by the Ranger Station, the opening to the canyon was not visible to posses passing by searching for the stolen herds. Beginning in the late 1800s and early 1900s, the stagecoach, using the old wagon road, would bring passengers and mail from Redlands up Mill Creek Mountain Home Creek, through Camp Angelus, on to Seven Oaks via Middle Control Road and up the back side of the mountain to Big Bear; the now Angelus Oaks Lodge was first built as a stagecoach stop for changing horses at the top of the climb and for serving up sandwiches to passengers.

It served as a small grocery store for the local community. The original wagon road is the small road that now runs along the front of the Lodge and crosses over to the current chain up turn-out. In 1919, with automobiles now traveling up the road to Big Bear, the Angelus Oaks Lodge became a perfect spot to replenish the water in their radiators. A few cabins were built by two brothers; these crude cabins were nothing more than four walls and contained only cots for sleeping and a wood-burning stove for heat and cooking. The original school was a log cabin on a hill located rented from Glen Lodge; this lodge had a full restaurant, bar and repair station, grocery store, cabins, a dance hall with a large fireplace. In 1953 the first teacher from South Dakota and a graduate of USC, was Orville Young, he lived with his family in Camp Angelus and taught the community children from 5–13 years of age at Camp Angelus Elementary. In 1956 the natural wood clad one-room school-house serving grades 1-7 was built, closed permanently in 2004.

Glen Lodge burned down in the late sixties. In the 1970s, when the postal service decided to combine the two small post offices of Camp Angelus and Seven Oaks, closing the Seven Oaks location, they renamed the remaining office "Angelus Oaks." That name stuck with the town. It was at this time that the Lodge fell into disrepair. In 1987, the lodge was purchased by a couple living at that time in California; the lodge and cabins were restored over a 2-year period and heaters and showers were added to the cabins. The lodge and surrounding cabins became a livable resort for individuals wanting to get away from the hectic city life below. Over the years, full bathrooms and some dividing walls for bedrooms were added. Beginning in 2012 and continuing through 2015, the Lodge and its outer cabins once again underwent a major restoration; as of January 2015, 8 of the original 12 cabins have been restored, the Lodge is open for viewing. The cabins are available to rent on a nightly basis and are operated under a special use permit provided by the USDA Forest Service.

On February 12, 2013, in a rural area east of Angelus Oaks, the search for Christopher Dorner ended after a standoff with the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. He was the primary suspect in a series of shootings, its downtown consists of a restaurant, a post office and a real estate office. A San Bernardino County Fire Station is downtown, a San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department Resident Deputy lives nearby; the State of California's Department of Transportation and the United States Forest Service have a presence in downtown Angelus Oaks. Two private water companies service the residents of Angelus Oaks. Within the town lies the historical Angelus Oaks Lodge, which served as a stagecoach stop for passengers traveling up the mountain to Big Bear, is now available for overnight visitors. Angelus Oaks has become a favorite to bicyclists due to its proximity to the Santa Ana River Trail, renowned for its grandeur and challenge. For hikers, Angelus Oaks offers th

Operation Prairie II

Operation Prairie II was a U. S. military operation in Quảng Trị Province, South Vietnam that sought to eliminate People's Army of Vietnam forces south of the Demilitarized Zone that took place from 1 February to 18 March 1967. Operation Prairie II was a continuation of the just-concluded Operation Prairie in the same tactical area of operations. 3rd Marine Division deputy commander BG Michael P. Ryan was given responsibility for the area and he controlled 3 infantry battalions, 2 reconnaissance companies and artillery and other supporting units. Only 1 infantry battalion was available at any time for mobile operations with the other two battalions occupied with defending the large Marines bases along Route 9; the first few weeks of the operation saw little PAVN activity, however PAVN infiltration across the DMZ increased during the Tết ceasefire from 8 to 12 February. On 25 February Marine artillery carried out Operation Highrise, bombarding PAVN within and north of the DMZ; the PAVN responded on 27 February with an intensive bombardment of Firebase Gio Linh.

On the morning of 27 February a Marine reconnaissance patrol operation 5km northwest of Cam Lộ Combat Base attempted to ambush 2 PAVN soldiers, however the soldiers were the lead elements of a company from the 812th Regiment, 324B Division which surrounded the Marines who called for support. Company L, 3rd Battalion, 4th Marines patrolling with 2 M48 tanks north of Cam Lộ was sent to support the patrol but were delayed by thick jungle and were engaged by PAVN as they crossed a stream, following that engagement one of the tanks lost a track and Company L formed a defensive perimeter. Company G, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marines was deployed from Camp Carroll to assist the reconnaissance Marines and they were able to link up with them at 23:40. At 06:30 on 28 February the PAVN hit Company L, 3/4 Marines night defensive position with over 150 82mm mortar rounds followed by a ground assault hitting 3 sides of the perimeter. RPG-2 rounds hit both tanks but they remained in operation and by 09:00 Company L had repulsed 3 assaults.

Company F, 2/3 Marines was sent from Camp Carroll to reinforce Company L and joined up with them at 10:30. Company L had lost 34 wounded in the morning's attacks. Company G and the reconnaissance patrol were ordered into blocking positions on Hill 124 and at 10:35 as they moved up the hill Company G was engaged on both sides by entrenched PAVN in a battle that lasted into the afternoon with Company G losing 7 Marines killed. At 14:30 Company M, 3/4 Marines was landed on Hill 162 north of Hill 124 and moved south to link up with Company G meeting no opposition. At 14:30 the 2/3 Marines command group and Company F moved from the Company L position towards Hill 124 triggering a PAVN ambush and at 15:10 the 2/3 Marines commander Lt Col. Victor Ohanesian ordered a withdrawal, he would be mortally wounded as he tried to evacuate a wounded Marine and the battalion operations officer Maj. Robert Sheridan, although wounded himself, took command of the column and organized its withdrawal back to the Company L position.

Marine PFC James Anderson Jr. would be posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during this ambush. The PAVN attacked the Marine perimeter but were repulsed by tank fire, however the PAVN kept up a steady bombardment of the position which prevented MEDEVAC helicopters from landing to evacuate the wounded. Lt Col. Earl DeLong was given command of 2/3 Marines to replace the wounded Ohanesian but was unable to land at the perimeter due to the intense fire and returned to Cam Lộ where he took command of Company F, 2nd Battalion, 9th Marines which marched to the 2/3 Marines perimeter, arriving at 03:40 on 1 March. At midday Company G 2/3 Marines and Company M, 3/4 Marines arrived at the 2/3 Marines position and they swept the surrounding area, but the PAVN had withdrawn; that day 1st Battalion, 9th Marines was landed at Hill 162 and began sweeping north, while the 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines moved northwest from Cam Lộ in an attempt to squeeze any PAVN between them and the 1/9 Marines.

On 3 March aerial reconnaissance spotted 3 large groups of PAVN moving towards the DMZ carrying bodies. Air and artillery strikes were called in and 1/9 Marines searched the area after the bombardment claiming to have found more than 200 PAVN dead. On 7 March the PAVN hit Camp Carroll with over 400 mortar rounds causing little damage; the Marines saw little action for the rest of the operation, sweeps uncovered more PAVN. In mid-March an Army of the Republic of Vietnam Airborne unit engaged a PAVN unit southeast of Con Thien, killing over 250 PAVN. Operation Prairie II concluded on 18 March, the Marines had lost 93 killed, 483 wounded and claiming 694 PAVN killed and 20 captured. 137 individual weapons were recovered during the campaign. The operation proceeded to Operation Prairie III; this article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps