Basirhat is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. It is located on the bank of Ichamati River, Basirhat subdivision was formed on 1 January 1861 as per a Government order and it consisted of Balia Parganas Basurhāt, Kalingā, Hāruā and Husenābād Police Stations. Previously, Basirhat was under the jurisdiction of Barasat sub-division and was named as Basurhāt till 1896, Basirhat municipality was established on 1 April 1869 and it is divided into 23 wards covering an area of 22.5 km². As per the 2011 census, Basirhat Urban Agglomeration had a population of 144,891, the 0–6 years population was 12,578. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 86.88 per cent, bengali is the principal language spoken in the area. Agriculture is the source of income though other industries like brick making, Nolen Sandesh. Some of the schools of Basirhat are, Barajirakpur Tarun Sangha High School Basirhat Baroda Prosad Vidyapith Girls High School Basirhat Town High School Basirhat H. M.
D, Girls High School Basirhat High School Basirhat P. C. M. Girls High School Bhabla Lady Mukharjee Girls High School Bhabla Tantra Sir Rajendra High School Dandirhat N. K. U. S. Niketan HS Gokna Sri Gobindapur F. P School Itinda Union High School Madhyampur Gulaichandi High School Panchanan Dalal Institution Panitor High School Shibati High School Sashina F. P, School Basirhat has a long history of farmers movements like the Tebhaga movement. Freedom fighter Dinesh Chandra Majumder was born here in 1907, noted industrialist, Sir Rajen Mukherjee was born at Bhabla near Basirhat. Basirhat is one of the areas where water is affected by arsenic contamination. Basirhat was connected with Barasat by the narrow gauge Barasat Basirhat Railway operated by Martins Light Railways and it was closed down in 1955 and subsequently converted to broad gauge. The railway tracks in the region have been electrified and there are EMUs services to Sealdah, bus services to Kolkata and other places are available
Bhadrapur is a town and municipality in Jhapa District in the Mechi Zone of southeastern Nepal. It lies on the bank of the Mechi River, Nepals eastern border with Bihar state. There is a crossing with a customs post for goods. Galgalia village in Kishanganj District is on the other side, Bhadrapur is one of Nepals oldest municipalities. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it had a population of 50249 people, Bhadrapur Airport has flights to Kathmandu. This airport is the best way to reach Kathmandu from eastern part of India, Bhadrapur is the tea city of Nepal. It is a point for tourist attractions. A few hours ride north takes one close to the Himalayas, there are good roads up to a height of around 3700 meters. Bhadrapur was a prosperous city during the early 1970s. It was renowned for its rice cultivation due to its fertile soil. This period saw rice mills being established, led by Brahma Lal Shrestha who was one of the city founders. The prosperous rice business led Bhadrapur to its most prosperous period, Bhadrapur has important governmental and other important infrastructures, including a zonal hospital, college and military headquarters, and hosts the Central District Offices.
However, due to the construction of the Mahendra Highway or East West Highway and this has left Bhadrapur with a receding population and crippled its once-booming economic activity. In the last decade, Bhadrapur has slowly transformed itself into a tea hub with new plantations, the much-awaited Mechi Bridge joining Bhadrapur to India is under construction and acts as a lifeline to the revitalization of Bhadrapur. It is a community radio station, krishna Raj Complex has a cinema hall which is situated at Bhadrapur Bazar. Abala Chitra Mandir, which was the first cinema hall of bhadrapur was reconstructed to Krishma Raj Complex Jawahar Talkies is a cinema between Bhadrapur Municipality office and Mechi River, Mechi Zonal Hospital, Jhapa Om Sai Pathibhara Hospital Pvt. Ltd. Laparoscopic Surgery, Ortho Surgery, Gyane Surgery, ENT Surgery, Dental surgery) Durga Pharmacy, Chandragadi Dristy Eye Hospital
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia. Nepal is divided into 7 provinces and 75 districts and 744 local units including 4 metropolises,13 sub-metropolises,246 municipal councils and 481 village and it has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area. Bordering China in the north and India in the south, Nepal does not border Bangladesh, which is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip. It neither borders Bhutan due to the Indian state of Sikkim being located in between, Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the worlds ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city. It is a nation with Nepali as the official language. The territory of Nepal has a history since the Neolithic age. The name Nepal is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era which founded Hinduism, in the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in southern Nepal.
Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet, the Kathmandu Valley in central Nepal became known as Nepal proper because of its complex urban civilization. It was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala, the Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valleys traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture, by the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and formed an alliance with the British Empire, the country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and Colonial India. In the 20th century, Nepal ended its isolation and forged ties with regional powers. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was suspended by Nepalese monarchs in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War resulted in the proclamation of a republic in 2008, modern Nepal is a federal secular parliamentary republic.
Nepal is a nation, ranking 144th on the Human Development Index in 2016. The country struggles with the transition from a monarchy to a republic and it suffers from high levels of hunger and poverty. Despite these challenges, Nepal is making progress, with the government declaring its commitment to elevate the nation from least developed country status by 2022
Bansberia is a town and a municipality in Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is under Mogra/ Chinsurah police stations in Chinsurah subdivision and it is at the western end of the Kalyani Bridge, and a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Bansberia is 4 km from Bandel on the Bandel-Katwa branch line, Bansberia was one of the main villages of ancient Saptagram, once the main port and commercial complex in the area. The temples of Ananta Vasudeva and Hangseshwari are famous here, the Vasudeva temple is constructed in the traditional ekaratna style with curved cornices and an octagonal tower. Hangseshwari temple has an architectural style. There are thirteen minars, each shaped like a lotus bud, zafar Khan Ghazi Mosque and Dargah situated at Tribeni in Hughli district, West Bengal, are considered to be among the earliest surviving Muslim monuments in Bengal. According to an inscription, the mosque is dated 698 AH, Tribeni was an ancient holy place of the Hindus.
The Muslims conquered it during the phase of their conquest of Bengal. The mosque is a structure measuring 23.38 by 10.53 metres externally. The stones used in the mosque were originally materials from temples, the original structure has suffered reconstruction a number of times. There are five arched entrances in the east wall, the arches are supported by stumpy hexagonal stone piers. The north and south walls have two doors each, there are thus ten domes roofing the mosque. The interior of the structure is broken into two aisles and five short bays by means of stone pillars, creating ten equal compartments. The brick-built domes rest on pillars and pointed arches with brick pendentives at the corners. The silhouette of the pointed arches has added to the spaciousness. Corresponding to the five entrances in the east, there are five mihrabs in the west wall contained within multifoil arches, the mihrab wall shows sparse decoration within panels. The cornice and the parapet of the structure are straight, the mosque follows the Bengali type with only the prayer chamber without court and minaret. A significant feature of the interior is that a brick wall up to the level of the arch-spring has closed the bay at each end and south
The Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative Assembly is the lower house or the sole house of the state legislature in the different States of India. The same name is used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the Union Territories and Puducherry. The upper house in the seven states with a legislature is called the Legislative Council. Members of a Vidhan Sabha are direct representatives of the people of the state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not less than 60 members. However, the size of the Vidhan Sabha can be less than 59 members through an Act of Parliament, such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim and the Union Territory of Puducherry. In some states Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e. g. the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately represented in the House. Those elected or nominated to Vidhan Sabha are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAsEach Vidhan Sabha assembles for a five-year term, during a State of Emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved.
The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years, but it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister. The term of a Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, a Vidhan Sabha can be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition. To become a member of a Vidhan Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India and he or she should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He or she should state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her, Speaker of Vidhan Sabha who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speakers absence. The Speaker acts as a judge and manages all debates. A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the Vidhan Sabha, if it is passed by a majority vote, the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign. A money bill can only be introduced in Vidhan Sabha, in bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the Vidhan Sabha, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.
Unless by the Finance Minister of the state in the name of the Governor of that state, in matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months
New Jalpaiguri Junction railway station
New Jalpaiguri is a railway station in the Jalpaiguri district of Indian state of West Bengal which serves the twin cities of Siliguri and Jalpaiguri. The partition of India in 1947 completely disrupted communication links in North Bengal, the links were through the eastern part of Bengal, which became a part of Pakistan in 1947. Siliguri gained in importance as the gateway to North Bengal, Bhutan, around 1949, Siliguri Junction station, a new station north of the old Siliguri Town railway station, came up with several metre gauge lines converging on it. In addition there was the narrow gauge Darjeeling Himalayan Railway running from Siliguri Town station to Darjeeling via Siliguri Junction, the Assam Rail Link Project, completed in 1950, linked the railways in Assam, with a metre gauge line to Kishanganj. The line running across North Bengal, spanned the Teesta, Torsha, in the early 1960s, Indian Railways started changing over from metre gauge to broad gauge and built a new 1,676 mm broad gauge station south of Siliguri Town station.
Since the new station was located in Jalpaiguri district, it was named New Jalpaiguri, by 1964, New Jalpaiguri became the most important railway station in the area. It had both broad gauge and metre gauge tracks, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway narrow gauge track was extended from Siliguri town station to the new greenfield station. The metre gauge track from New Jaipaiguri to Siliguri town and Siliguri junction was converted to broad gauge, New Jalpaiguri railway station has two double-bedded air-conditioned retiring rooms, six double-bedded non-AC retring rooms, one three-bedded dormitory and one twelve-bedded dormitory. Other amenities include computerized reservation counters and non-vegetarian refreshment rooms, New Jalpaiguri railway station is amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway. New Jalpaiguri is connected to almost all parts of the country and has been ranked 10th in the Cleanest Railway Stations of India recently and it has a good connection to Kolkata and Guwahati and there are many other trains to different parts of India.
New Jalpaiguri is the Busiest station in North Bengal and the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone, three Rajdhani and a Shatabdi Express run at this station
Chandannagar, formerly spelled as Chandernagore, is a Corporation city and former French colony located about 35 kilometers north of Kolkata, in West Bengal, India. It is headquarter of a subdivision of same name in Hooghly District and it is one of the 7 municipal corporations in West Bengal. It is a part of the covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Located on the Hooghly River, the city has been able to maintain an identity different from all other cities. The total area is 19 square kilometers, and had a population of 166,867 at the 2011 Census, Chandannagar is connected to Kolkata by railway and Hooghly river and it takes about an hour to reach there by car. The name Chandannagar is possibly derived from the shape of the bank of the river Ganges which is bent like a half moon, some local people say that once, the place was the major hub of the trade of Sandal. In some old documents the spelling of Chandannagar was Chandernagore which probably came from Chandra Nagar, to mention, Chandra is the Bengali of Moon.
One more reason behind the name is, in Chandernagore there is a temple of Goddess Chandi, so it might come from there. But earlier people knew the place by the name Farasdangaor Francedonmgi as it was a French colony. Chandannagar was established as a French colony in 1673, when the French obtained permission from Ibrahim Khan, Bengal was a province of the Mughal Empire. For a time, Chandannagar was the center for European commerce in Bengal. The towns fortifications and many houses were demolished thereafter, and Chandannagars importance as a center was eclipsed by that of Calcutta situated down river. Chandernagore was restored to the French in 1763, but retaken by the British in 1794 in the Napoleonic Wars, the city was returned to France in 1816, along with a 3 sq mi enclave of surrounding territory. It was governed as part of French India until 1950, under the control of the governor-general in Pondicherry. By 1900 the towns commercial importance was gone, and it was little more than a quiet suburb of Calcutta.
But it was noted for its clean wide thoroughfares, with many elegant residences along the riverbank, like the other three French occupied colonies of India, Chandernagore was under Pondicherry. There was only one Governor for the entire French India and he lived in the principal city of Pondicherry, from time to time he would visit the colonies. There was one Administrator under the Governor in each colony, though there were courts and magistrates here, a separate judge used to come from Pondicherry for session trials
Barasat (/ˈbɑːrəˌsʌt/, is a suburb in the outskirts of Kolkata, West Bengal India and is the district headquarters of the district North 24 Parganas. It is a part of the covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. The town is an important railway and roadway junction, Barasat is the name of a sub-division centring the city. As an urban setup in the vicinity of the Kolkata, the town is within the area of Greater Kolkata, several significant roads like National Highway 34, Jessore Road, road leading to Basirhat etc. cross through the town. During the period of Moghuls, Ram Sundar Mitra had got the Laminar at Barasat town, sankar Chakrabrorty, a commander of Pratapaditya, The king of Jessore, came to Barasat in 1600, and established himself in Barasat town. In 1700 AD Hazarat Ekdil Shah, the Muslim saint, started residing at Kazipara and he was known as a social reformer. His tomb, located in Kazipara, is a place of Muslim community. Pratapaditya had made his way to Kolkata from Jessore and Sirajudoulla had made his way to Kolkata from Murshidabad via Barasat, during the British Raj, Company officials from Calcutta made Barasat a weekend retreat location.
They had made many garden house at various places within Barasat town, warren Hastings had made his Villa in the heart of Barasat town. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, the renowned Author, was the first Indian Deputy Magistrate of this town, indigo cultivation was a major business in and around the town. The indigo merchants were known for their treatment of the farmers. Titumir, a farmer, had declared revolution against indigo merchants in Barasat, in the early nineteenth century, there was a college in Barasat called Barasat Cadet College, for the training of new recruits and cadets who arrived from Europe for the first time to India. The college was shut down in 1811, from 1834 to 1861, Barasat was the seat of a joint-magistrate, known as Barasat District. In 1861, the joint magistracy was abolished, and the Barasat District became a sub-division of the Twenty-four Parganas district, at present it is the district headquarters of North 24 Parganas district. Barasat is located in the Ganges Brahmaputra delta region in the district of North 24 parganas, the Bangladesh border - at Petrapole is situated about 70/80 km from the city.
The average altitude is 11 metres, no notable river flows by the city. The nearest one is Ganges itself — about 15 km to the west, the city is in the Gangetic plain lacking any hills. Barasat is 22 km from Sealdah Station on the Sealdah–Bangaon branch line and it is at one end of the Barasat-Basirhat-Hasnabad branch line of Eastern Railway
Bardhaman is a city of West Bengal state in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Purba Bardhaman district, having become a capital during the period of British rule. Burdwan, a name for the city, has remained in use since that period. The history of Burdwan is known from about 5000 BC and this place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour. The region has an elevation of 40 metres. The city is situated 1100 km from New Delhi and a less than 100 km north-west of Kolkata on the Grand Trunk Road. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka, the first epigraphic reference to the name of this place occurs in a 6th-century AD copper plate found in Mallasarul village under Galsi Police Station. Archeological evidences suggest that this region, forming a part of Radh Bengal. Burdwan police station has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I, the area covered is 192.15 km. There are out posts at Barabazar, Keshabganj and Birhata.2 Women police station Burdwan has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I, the area covered is 192.15 km.
During the period of Jahangir this place was named Badh-e-dewan, the city owes its historical importance to being the headquarters of the Maharajas of Burdwan, the premier noblemen of lower Bengal, whose rent-roll was upwards of 300,000. Bardhaman Raj was founded in 1657 by Sangam Rai, of a Hindu Khatri family of Kotli in Lahore, whose descendants served in turn the Mughal Emperors, the East Indian Railway from Howrah was opened in 1855. Mahtab Chand Bahadur and Bijoy Chand Mahtab struggled their best to make this region culturally and ecologically healthier, the chief educational institution was the Burdwan Raj College, which was entirely supported out of the maharajas estate. Sadhak Kamalakanta as composer of songs and Kashiram Das as a poet. Pratap Chandra Roy was the publisher of the first translation in the world to translate Mahabharata in English, the society at large continued to gain the fruits. We find, among others, the rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. Batukeshwar Dutt an Indian revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s was born on 18 November 1910 in a village Oari in Burdwan district.
He is best known for having exploded a few bombs, along with Bhagat Singh, the city became an important centre of North-Indian classical music as well
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire.
The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety