Flying Spaghetti Monster
The Flying Spaghetti Monster is the deity of the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster, or Pastafarianism. Pastafarianism is a social movement that promotes a light-hearted view of religion and opposes the teaching of intelligent design and creationism in public schools. According to adherents, Pastafarianism is a "real, legitimate religion, as much as any other". In New Zealand, Pastafarian representatives are authorized to officiate weddings. However, in the United States, a federal judge has ruled that the "Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster" is not a real religion. In August 2018 the Dutch Council of State ruled that Pastafarianism is not a religion; the "Flying Spaghetti Monster" was first described in a satirical open letter written by Bobby Henderson in 2005 to protest the Kansas State Board of Education decision to permit teaching intelligent design as an alternative to evolution in public school science classes. In the letter, Henderson demanded equal time in science classrooms for "Flying Spaghetti Monsterism", alongside intelligent design and evolution.
After Henderson published the letter on his website, the Flying Spaghetti Monster became an Internet phenomenon and a symbol of opposition to the teaching of intelligent design in public schools. Pastafarian tenets are presented both on Henderson's Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster website, where he is described as "prophet", in The Gospel of the Flying Spaghetti Monster, written by Henderson in 2006; the central belief is that an invisible and undetectable Flying Spaghetti Monster created the universe. Pirates are revered as the original Pastafarians. Henderson asserts that a decline in the number of pirates over the years is the cause of global warming; the FSM community congregates at Henderson's website to share ideas about the Flying Spaghetti Monster and crafts representing images of it. Because of its popularity and exposure, the Flying Spaghetti Monster is used as a contemporary version of Russell's teapot—an argument that the philosophic burden of proof lies upon those who make unfalsifiable claims, not on those who reject them.
Pastafarianism has received praise from the scientific community and criticism from proponents of intelligent design. Pastafarians have engaged in disputes with creationists, including in Polk County, where they played a role in dissuading the local school board from adopting new rules on teaching evolution. In January 2005, Bobby Henderson a 24-year-old Oregon State University physics graduate, sent an open letter regarding the Flying Spaghetti Monster to the Kansas State Board of Education. In that letter, Henderson satirized creationism by professing his belief that whenever a scientist carbon-dates an object, a supernatural creator that resembles spaghetti with meatballs is there "changing the results with His Noodly Appendage". Henderson argued that his beliefs were just as valid as intelligent design, called for equal time in science classrooms alongside intelligent design and evolution; the letter was sent prior to the Kansas evolution hearings as an argument against the teaching of intelligent design in biology classes.
Henderson, describing himself as a "concerned citizen" representing more than ten million others, argued that intelligent design and his belief that "the universe was created by a Flying Spaghetti Monster" were valid. In his letter, he noted, I think we can all look forward to the time when these three theories are given equal time in our science classrooms across the country, the world. According to Henderson, since the intelligent design movement uses ambiguous references to a designer, any conceivable entity may fulfill that role, including a Flying Spaghetti Monster. Henderson explained, "I don't have a problem with religion. What I have a problem with is religion posing as science. If there is a god and he's intelligent I would guess he has a sense of humor."In May 2005, having received no reply from the Kansas State Board of Education, Henderson posted the letter on his website, gaining significant public interest. Shortly thereafter, Pastafarianism became an Internet phenomenon. Henderson published the responses he received from board members.
Three board members, all of whom opposed the curriculum amendments, responded positively. Henderson has published the significant amount of hate mail, including death threats, that he has received. Within one year of sending the open letter, Henderson received thousands of emails on the Flying Spaghetti Monster totaling over 60,000, of which he has said that "about 95 percent have been supportive, while the other five percent have said I am going to hell". During that time, his site garnered tens of millions of hits; as word of Henderson's challenge to the board spread, his website and cause received more attention and support. The satirical nature of Henderson's argument made the Flying Spaghetti Monster popular with bloggers as well as humor and Internet culture websites; the Flying Spaghetti Monster was featured on websites such as Boing Boing, Something Awful and Fark.com. Moreover, an International Society for Flying Spaghetti Monster Awareness and other fan sites emerged; as public awareness grew, the mainstream media picked up on the phenomenon.
The Flying Spaghetti Monster became a symbol for the case against intelligent design in public education. The open letter was printed in several major newspapers, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, and
Google Groups is a service from Google that provides discussion groups for people sharing common interests. The Groups service provides a gateway to Usenet newsgroups via a shared user interface. Google Groups became operational in February 2001, following Google's acquisition of Deja's Usenet archive. Deja News had been operational since 1995. Google Groups allows any user to conduct and access threaded discussions, via either a web interface or e-mail. There are at least two kinds of discussion group; the first kind are forums specific to Google Groups. The second kind are Usenet groups, accessible by NNTP, for which Google Groups acts as gateway and unofficial archive; the Google Groups archive of Usenet newsgroup postings dates back to 1981. Through the Google Groups user interface, users can post to Usenet groups. In addition to accessing Google and Usenet groups, registered users can set up mailing list archives for e-mail lists that are hosted elsewhere; the Deja News Research Service was an archive of messages posted to Usenet discussion groups, started in March 1995 by Steve Madere in Austin, Texas.
Its powerful search engine capabilities won the service acclaim, generated controversy, changed the perceived nature of online discussion. This archive was acquired by Google in 2001. While archives of Usenet discussions had been kept for as long as the medium existed, Deja News offered a novel combination of features, it was available to the general public, provided a simple World Wide Web user interface, allowed searches across all archived newsgroups, returned immediate results, retained messages indefinitely. The search facilities transformed Usenet from a loosely organized and ephemeral communication tool into a valued information repository; the archive's relative permanence, combined with the ability to search messages by author, raised concerns about privacy and confirmed oft-repeated past admonishments that posters should be cautious in discussing themselves and others. While Madere was reluctant to remove archived material, protests from users and legal pressure led to the introduction of "nuking", a method for posters to permanently remove their own messages from search results.
It supported the use of an "X-No-Archive" message header, which if present would cause an article to be omitted from the archive. This did not prevent others from quoting the material in a message and causing it to be stored. Copyright holders were allowed to have material removed from the archive. According to Humphrey Marr of Deja News, copyright actions most came from the Church of Scientology; the capability to "nuke" postings was kept open for many years but removed without explanation under Google's tenure. Google mistakenly resurrected "nuked" messages at one point, angering many users. "Nukes" that were in effect at the time when Google removed the possibility, are still honored, however. Since May 2014, European users can request to have search results for their name from Google Groups, including their Usenet archive, delinked under the right to be forgotten law. Google Groups is one of the ten most delinked sites. If Google does not grant a delinking, Europeans can appeal to their local data protection agencies.
The service was expanded beyond search. My Deja News offered the ability to read Usenet in the traditional chronological, per-group manner, to post new messages to the network. Deja Communities were private Internet forums offered to businesses. In 1999 the site changed direction and made its primary feature a shopping comparison service. During this transition, which involved relocation of the servers, many older messages in the Usenet archive became unavailable. By late 2000 the company, in financial distress, sold the shopping service to eBay, who incorporated the technology into their half.com services. By 2001, the Deja search service was shut down. In February 2001, Google acquired Deja News and its archive, transitioned its assets to groups.google.com. Users were able to access these Usenet newsgroups through the new Google Groups interface. By the end of 2001, the archive had been supplemented with other archived messages dating back to May 11, 1981; these early posts from 1981–1991 were donated to Google by the University of Western Ontario, based on archives by Henry Spencer from the University of Toronto.
A short while Google released a new version that allowed users to create their own non-Usenet groups. When AOL discontinued access to Usenet around 2005, it recommended Google Groups instead. In 2008, Google broke the Groups search functionality and left it nonfunctional for about a year, until a Wired article spurred the company to fix the problems. For several years from May 2010 onward, Google incrementally changed the layout of the web search results pages degrading the discoverability of the site itself as well as its usability and functionality. On February 13, 2015, a Vice Media story reported that the ability to do advanced searches across all groups had again become nonfunctional, to date, Google has neither fixed nor acknowledged the problem; the researcher interviewed stated, "Advanced searches within specific groups appear to be working, but that's hardly useful for any form of research—be it casual or academic." The late Lee Rizor known as "Blinky the Shark", started the Usenet Improvement Project, a project, critical of Google Groups and its users.
The project aims to "make Usenet participation a better experience". They have accused Google Groups of ignoring an "increasing wave of spam" from its servers and of encouraging an Eternal September of "lusers" and "lamers" arriving in established groups en masse; the Use
Religious satire is a form of satire targeted at religious beliefs. From the earliest times, at least since the plays of Aristophanes, religion has been one of the three primary topics of literary satire, along with politics and sex. Satire which targets the clergy is a type of political satire, while religious satire is that which targets religious beliefs. Religious satire is sometimes called philosophical satire. Religious satire can be the result of atheism. Religious satire surfaced during the Renaissance, with works by Chaucer and Durer. Bill Maher George Carlin Bill Hicks Ricky Gervais Doug Stanhope Pat Condell Lenny Bruce Lucian of Samosata Dave Allen Hannibal Buress Jim Jeffries Richard Pryor Theo van Gogh Tim Minchin Douglas Adams Monty Python The Kids in the Hall Heavens Above!, by John and Roy Boulting The Holy Mountain Monty Python and the Holy Grail Monty Python's Life of Brian Monty Python's The Meaning of Life Silent Night, Deadly Night Orgazmo by Trey Parker and Matt Stone Dogma by Kevin Smith Saved! by Brian Dannelly Religulous by Larry Charles and Bill Maher Futurama: The Beast with a Billion Backs The Invention of Lying by Ricky Gervais and Matthew Robinson OMG – Oh My God by Umesh Shukla How to Lose Your Virginity PK by Rajkumar Hirani Sausage Party by Conrad Vernon and Greg Tiernan Zarquon is a legendary prophet from Douglas Adams' Hitchhikers' Guide to the Galaxy, worshipped by a number of people.
His name was used as a substitute for "God". Al-Fuṣūl wa Al-Ghāyāt, a parody of the Quran by Al-Maʿarri Collection of stories The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer Essay The Praise of Folly by Desiderius Erasmus Novel A Tale of a Tub by Jonathan Swift Robert Burns' poem Holy Willie's Prayer, an attack on religious hypocrisy Chronicles of Barsetshire by Anthony Trollope Letters from the Earth, book of essays by Mark Twain Alexander the Oracle Monger, a parody and exposé of a false prophet by Lucian of Samosata The Screwtape Letters, by C. S. Lewis, 1943 Christian satire and humor magazine The Wittenburg Door Robert A. Heinlein's novel Job: A Comedy of Justice Christopher Moore's absurdist novel Lamb: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal The controversial "Islamophobic" Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons Tartuffe by Molière Mahomet, ou Le fanatisme by Voltaire, notable for its critical depiction of Muhammad, described as a self-deceived, perverted religious fanatic and manipulator, his hunger for political power behind the foundation of Islam.
Inherit the Wind, which fictionalizes the Scopes Monkey Trial of the 1920s Jerry Springer: The Opera, notable for its irreverent treatment of Judeo-Christian themes A Very Merry Unauthorized Children's Scientology Pageant, which makes fun of L. Ron Hubbard and Scientology Altar Boyz Off-Broadway musical about Christian Boysband Saturday's Voyeur is a parody of life in Utah and Mormon culture The Book of Mormon A broadway production about two young Mormon Missionaries sent to Uganda, written by South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone Letting Go of God, Julia Sweeney, an autobiographical monologue taking aim at Catholicism and Mormonism The Barchester Chronicles, 1982 television serial produced by the BBC, from the Anthony Trollope novels satirizing Victorian clergy Futurama episode "A Pharaoh to Remember" features a religious ceremony in which a priest chants, "Great Wall of Prophecy, reveal to us God's Will, that we might blindly obey!" and celebrants answer, "Free us from thought and responsibility."
Curb Your Enthusiasm has episodes that have satirized Orthodox Judaism and Christianity South Park has satirized Christianity, Judaism, Islam and other religions Family Guy has satirized elements of Christianity and other religions in several episodes Satirical Australian documentary miniseries John Safran vs God British sitcom Father Ted, which lampooned the role of the Catholic Church in Ireland Blackadder episode "The Archbishop" sees Edmund invested as Archbishop of Canterbury amid a Machiavellian plot by the King to acquire lands from the Catholic Church. In Series 2, in the episode "Money", the Bishop of Bath and Wells comments "Never, in all my years, have I encountered such cruel and foul-minded perversity! Have you considered a career in the church?" Princess Clara of Drawn Together is a devout Christian, used to lampoon conservative Christian viewpoints Ned Flanders of The Simpsons is an Evangelical Christian who practices sola scriptura Sinfest, an internet comic strip by Tatsuya Ishida that stresses religious issues Semiweekly comic Jesus and Mo Comedic short film series Mr. Deity, which stars God, his assistant, Jesus and several other characters from the Bible The LOLCat Bible Translation Project, a wiki-based project by Martin Grondin Net Authority, a site that purported to be a Christian Internet censorship site.
Betty Bowers plays a character called "America's Best Christian". In the persona of a right-wing evangelical Christian, she references Bible verses, using the persona to point out the inconsistencies in the Bible Boogyism is a fun loving cult that follows the teachings of The Great Booga, an 8 ft stuffed bunny look-alike who created the entire universe after an accident involving an unattended barbecue, it has The Spiritual Arghh. The Flying Spaghetti Monster is the deity of the "Pastafarian" parody religion, which asserts that a supernatural creator resembling spaghetti with meatballs is responsible
Church of the SubGenius
The Church of the SubGenius is a parody religion that satirizes better-known belief systems. It teaches a complex philosophy that focuses on J. R. "Bob" Dobbs, purportedly a salesman from the 1950s, revered as a prophet by the Church. SubGenius leaders have developed detailed narratives about Dobbs and his relationship to various gods and conspiracies, their central deity, Jehovah 1, is accompanied by other gods drawn from ancient myth and popular fiction. SubGenius literature describes a grand conspiracy that seeks to brainwash the world and oppress Dobbs' followers. In its narratives, the Church presents a blend of cultural references in an elaborate remix of the sources. Ivan Stang, who co-founded the Church of the SubGenius in the 1970s, serves as its leader and publicist, he has imitated actions of other religious leaders, using the tactic of culture jamming in an attempt to undermine better-known faiths. Church leaders instruct their followers to avoid mainstream commercialism and the belief in absolute truths.
The group holds that the quality of "Slack" is of utmost importance—it is never defined. The number of followers is unknown, although the Church's message has been welcomed by college students and artists in the United States; the group is compared to Discordianism. Journalists consider the Church to be an elaborate joke, but a few academics have defended it as an honest system of held beliefs; the Church of the SubGenius was founded by Ivan Stang and Philo Drummond as the SubGenius Foundation. Dr. X was present at the group's inception; the organization's first recorded activity was the publication of a photocopied document, known as the Sub Genius Pamphlet #1, disseminated in Dallas, Texas in 1979. The document announced the possible deaths of its readers, it criticized Christian conceptions of New Age perceptions of spirituality. Church leaders maintain that a man named J. R. "Bob" Dobbs founded the group in 1953. SubGenius members constructed an elaborate account of the life of Dobbs, described by commentators as fictional.
They assert that he telepathically contacted Drummond in 1972, before meeting him in person the next year, that Drummond persuaded Ivan Stang to join shortly afterwards. Stang describes himself as the "sacred scribe" of Dobbs and a "professional maven of weirdness"; the Church of the SubGenius's ostensible beliefs defy categorization or a simple narrative striking outside observers as bizarre and convoluted. The group has developed an intricate mythology involving gods and mutants, considered by observers to satirize other religions, their primary deity known as Jehovah 1, is cast as an extraterrestrial, who contacted Dobbs in the 1950s. Various accounts state that the encounter occurred while Dobbs was building a television or watching late-night television. Jehovah 1 gave him supernatural knowledge of the future, in addition to incredible power. Dobbs posed deep questions to the alien, receiving mysterious answers; some of their discussion centered on a powerful conspiracy, to which the Church attributes command of the world.
Jehovah 1 and his spouse Eris, regarded by the Church as "relatively evil", are classified as "rebel gods". SubGenius leaders note that Jehovah 1 is wrathful, a quality expressed by his "stark fist of removal"; the Church teaches that they are part of the Elder Gods, who are committed to human pain, but that Jehovah 1 is "relatively good" in comparison. Yog-Sothoth, a character from H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos, is the leader of the Elder Gods. In her 2010 study of the Church of the SubGenius, religious scholar Carole Cusack of the University of Sydney states that Lovecraft's work is a "model for the Church of the SubGenius' approach to scripture", in that aspects of his fiction were treated as real by some within paganism, just as the Church appropriates aspects of popular culture in its spirituality. SubGenius leaders teach that Dobbs' nature is ineffable and stylize his name with quotation marks, they hold that he has died and been reborn many times. The Church's primary symbol is an icon of his face.
Stang states that the image was taken from Yellow Pages clip art, it has been likened to Ward Cleaver, Mark Trail, or a 1950s-era salesman. The Church's canon contains references to aspects of the culture of the United States in that decade. In the Church's mythology, Jehovah 1 had intended for Dobbs to lead a powerful conspiracy and brainwash individuals to make them work for a living. Dobbs refused to support the group. Church leaders teach that he was a intelligent child and, as he grew older, studied several religious traditions, including Sufism and the Fourth Way. Another key event in his life occurred; the Church teaches that Yetis exist, that SubGenius members have descended from them. The only relative of Dobbs that the Church identifies is his mother, Jane McBride Dobbs—Church leaders cite his lack of resemblance to his mother's husband as the reason for not revealing his father. Dobbs is married to a woman named Connie. Church literature has variously described Dobbs' occupation as "drilling equipment" or fluoride sales, accounts of his life emphas
James Parry known by his nickname and username Kibo, is a Usenetter known for his sense of humor, various surrealist net pranks, an absurdly long.signature, a machine-assisted knack for "kibozing": joining any thread in which "kibo" was mentioned. His exploits have earned him a multitude of enthusiasts, who celebrate him as the head deity of the parody religion kibology, centered on the humor newsgroup alt.religion.kibology. James Parry lived in Scotia, New York, he showed early computing skills, such as being able to open up and reprogram ROM video game cartridges such as those for the Atari 2600, but was more interested in graphics and artistic pursuits. In this vein, he was a computer engineering major at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, but moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1990 and attended Emerson College, where he studied videography and graphic design. At that time, he worked as a typeface designer and for the world.std.com internet service provider. He developed several fonts in use today.
One of his better-known works is the typography for Philip K. Dick's novel Gather Yourselves Together. In the early 1990s, as public awareness grew of the Internet and Usenet, Parry received publicity, including a cover story in Wired magazine and mentions in Playboy and The Times, he became known on Usenet for grepping all occurrences of the term "Kibo"—whether intended to refer to Kibo himself or not—and replying in a fanciful manner. A typical exchange: Mary Rose Campbell wrote: >At CMU, we have something called Gray Matter in the center of Skibo >. It's a bunch of shapes, holes, >and steps covered with the same dark gray carpet that's on the floor. >It looks like a giant cat toy. It's a life-size model of S. Kibo himself, my great great grand-uncle; this was. Now he's a trilobite. – K. This practice became known as kibozing. In 2006, Parry estimated that he had posted "an average of 20 articles a week to alt.religion.kibology during the past 15 years about 500 words of original content per article, that's... seven point eight mmmmillion words.
Equivalent to about 100 books." He is best known on Usenet for his famous "Happynet Proclamation", circulated to many newsgroups, some absurdly unrelated, which satirised the endless flamewars on the network, with Parry posing as a godlike being issuing an edict full of in-jokes and humor targets that claimed to unify all news into one glorious totality, "happynet". In the article, Kibo claimed that: ********* HAPPYNET: THE NET THAT'S HAPPIER THAN YOU! ********* UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE ALL-WISE LEADER KIBO, THE NEW NETWORK SHALL BE ORGANIZED THUSLY: Three hierarchies encompassing ALL HUMAN DISCOURSE. => nonbozo.* => bozo.* => megabozo.* Existing groups will be moved into the new organization scheme, resulting in nonbozo.news.announce.newusers, bozo.rec.pets, megabozo.talk.bizarre, nonbozo.comp.virus, bozo.alt.sex, megabozo.alt.fan.lemurs, bozo.postmodern, etc. as determined by scientific measurements of the bozosity of the groups, measured by Leader Kibo's Council On Scientific Bozosity and the faculty of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, world leaders in bozosity assessment.
It is estimated that the breakdown will be thus: 1.0000% nonbozo.* 90.0000% bozo.* 9.0000% megabozo.* Bozo.* will, of course, be subdivided logically: bozo.nerd.*, bozo.tv.*, bozo.inane.*, bozo.boring.*, bozo.sex.*, bozo.argue.*. The term "bozo" and related jokes like the physics particle the "bozon" were Parry hallmarks. Revisions of the Manifesto were published in 1994 and 1998, HappyWeb was introduced in 1999. Parry has a variable dedicated to him in the Geek Code, the "Kibo number", describing how far a particular person is from direct contact with Kibo. It's similar in principle to the Erdős number. In 1992, at age 25, he launched a spoof campaign for President of the United States. After constant daily changes for over a decade his personal website stayed stagnant from late March 2004 until late December 2005, has not been updated in recent years. Wired magazine profile, September 1993. Kibo's website The alt.religion.kibology newsgroup http://www.birdhouse.org/etc/kibosig.txt –.signature