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Kiev Metro

The Kiev Metro is a rapid transit system, the mainstay of Kiev's public transport. It was the first rapid transit system in Ukraine and the third system in the Soviet Union, after Moscow and St. Petersburg, it has three lines with a total length of 52 stations. The system carries 1.331 million passengers daily, accounting for 46.7% of Kiev's public transport load. In 2016, the metro carried 484.56 million passengers. The deepest station in the world, Arsenalna, is found on the system; the first idea for an underground railway appeared in 1884. The project, given for analysis to the city council by the director of the Southwestern railways, Dmytro Andrievskiy, planned to create tunnels from Kiev-Pasazhyrskyi railway station; the tunnel was expected to finish near Bessarabka. A new railway station was to be built there, while the old railway station was to be converted into a freight railway station; the project was long discussed, but turned down by the city council. The story of a rapid transit system in Kiev begins in September 1916 when businessmen of the Russo-American trading corporation attempted to collect funds to sponsor construction of a metro in Kiev, a pioneering city for Imperial Russian rapid transit, opening the first Russian tram system.

As a reason to construct it, the trading corporation wrote: The development has been going in fast pace, not only when talking about population growth, but as well while talking about the development of the trade and industry businesses. The specifics of Kiev, namely: the distance between the residential districts from the central business district, an insane price of the apartments in the centre and its neighbourhoods, the elongation and hilly position of the city, a predominantly commercial habit of its inhabitants - all those factors make the question of cheap and safe transportation arise; the Kiev city tram can't answer any of the issues. The tram's drawbacks are known, the reasons they appear is that, in the given conditions, the tram network development is not able to keep pace with the fast-growing city. An increase in rolling stock on the main lines may cause a slowdown in the street movement, while an increase of speed threatens the safety of people; the only way out of the situation is the transfer from on-ground trams to underground trams, starting from the main streets.

Despite the arguments, the project, was not accepted in the city council. After the downfall of the Tsarist government Hetman Skoropadsky was much interested in building the system somewhere near Zvirynets', where the government centre was planned to be built. Hetman argued: have an idea to construct trams, but not the ones now, - those overground, in tunnels that are called "metropoliten"; the soil of Zvirynets' and Kiev as a whole, where the underground is to be built, is the best for the kind of construction. Under these circumstances, the underground may be better placed than in Paris. Kiev is situated on the hills and ravines, the underground, appearing from the hill into the ravine again passing through the mountain, will transfer everyone and everything from Bessarabka to Demiivka, from Zvirynets' to Lukyanivka, from Naberezna or Prorizna to Zadniprovski Slobidky However, after the downfall of the Hetmanate in the autumn of 1918 and the change of the Ukrainian government towards the Directorate the project lost its support, and, in 1919–1920, Ukraine plunged into chaos of occupation by Communist Russia and the project was shelved for good.

Following the Bolsheviks' victory in the Russian Civil War, Kiev became only a provincial city, no large-scale proposals to improve the city were drawn. Everything changed in 1934. On July 9, 1936, the Presidium of the Kiev City Council assessed the diploma project by Papazov, an Armenian graduate of the Moscow University of Transport Engineering, called, "The Project of the Kiev Metro." The meeting minutes stated that, "the author resolved one of the problems of reconstruction of the city of Kiev and establishment of intra-city transportation and answered various practical questions pertaining to the Metro plan." The engineer Papazov received a bonus of 1,000 rubles for this project from the City of Kiev. Nobody knows, however. A few days before, on July 5, the Kiev's "Bil'shovyk" newspaper published an article which featured a project of an underground, prepared by the engineers from the Transport Devices Institute in the Ukraine's Soviet Socialist Republic's Academy of Sciences; the project promised to drill three lines of a subway ca. 50 km long.

Rumours started spreading. The city council denied it amid letters from the specialists in the drilling and mining sectors offering their services, at first. In 1938, the officials started preparatory work, which finished abruptly with the advent of war, in 1941. Kiev was destroyed during World War II, so a massive reconstruction process was ordered in the third largest city of the USSR; this time, the Metro was taken into account. Work continued after Kiev's liberation. On 5 August 1944 a resolution from the Soviet Union's Government was proclaimed; the resolution planned the underground construction, thus the government ordered the appropriate organisations to continue pr

1. FFC Turbine Potsdam

1. Frauenfußballclub Turbine Potsdam 71 e. V. known as 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam, is a women's football club located in Potsdam, Germany, they are one of the most successful teams in Germany. The team plays in the Karl-Liebknecht-Stadion in the Babelsberg district of Potsdam. Before the reunification of Germany, the team was one of the predominant teams in East German women's football; the team plays in the German women's Bundesliga and it is the only team from the former East to win the unified title. The team won the UEFA Women's Champions League competition in the 2004–05 season, beating the Swedish team of Djurgården/Älvsjö 5–1 overall in the final, in the 2009–10 season, winning against Olympique Lyonnais on penalties, their biggest rivals are FFC Frankfurt. In 1955, the Betriebssportgemeinschaft Turbine Potsdam was founded; the club was supported by the local energy supplier. The men's football team played with mediocre success on lower levels. On New Year's Eve 1970, Bernd Schröder, an employee of the energy supplier, discovered a strange piece of paper on the company's blackboard.

It says that a women's football team will be established on 3 March 1971. The identity of the person responsible for this paper was never established; the women's team was founded on 3 March 1971, Bernd Schröder became the first coach. The first match was played on 25 May 1971, at Empor Tangermünde and ended with a 3–0 win for Turbine; the first district championship was played a year and was won by Turbine. Schröder was always looking for new players, he concentrated on former field athletes who were dropped by their clubs. Schröder became a senior employee in his company, so he could offer jobs and flats for the new players. In 1979, the first unofficial women's football championship of the GDR was held – unofficial as women's football was far from being recognized by the Olympic Games. Turbine was the favourite but missed the final tournament, they missed the final tournament in 1980. The final tournament in 1981 was held in Potsdam and Schröder was under pressure, he held a training camp by the Baltic Sea.

However, the team struggled during the qualification. The team won their first championship; each player received 50 East German mark and Schröder was awarded the title "Activist of socialist work". Turbine won the championships of 1982 and 1983, their success was recognized in the rest of Europe and Turbine was invited for tournaments in the Netherlands and Italy. However, Turbine didn't receive any of these invitations; the GDR forbade the team to travel into capitalist countries. The club wasn't allowed to travel to tournaments in other communist countries in case some teams from western Europe participated. Schröder once asked a Hungarian club to alter the list of teams, they replaced teams from Yugoslavia by teams from Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia. The team was accompanied by a member of the SED party, he realized. Turbine played in the tournament and Schröder was banned internationally for a year. After the ban, Turbine was invited to a tournament in Poland; this time, Schröder himself altered the list of the teams.

Once again the team was accompanied by an SED member who wanted to force the Polish club to send the Western European teams home. As a compromise, Turbine played a friendly match against the home team; the club was now banned from traveling outside the GDR until further notice. In 1989, Turbine won their final GDR championship. Many players retired, after the fall of the Berlin wall, the company who supported the club ran into financial difficulties. On 1 January 1990, the BSG Turbine Potsdam became the SSV Turbine Potsdam. A few days Turbine played their first match against a team from Western Germany at an indoor tournament. While many male football players from the GDR were transferred to clubs from West Germany, most of the female players remained in the East. In 1991, Turbine missed the qualification for the Bundesliga. Turbine failed in the promotion playoffs. Schröder became the manager; the club was suffering from financial problems and sometimes the officials were not sure if they could afford the travel to away matches.

Many players lost their jobs. Peter Raupach became the new coach. Frank Lange took over for the 1993/94 season, he led his team to the championship. After a 3–2 win over Wattenscheid 09, Turbine won promotion to the Bundesliga; the first Bundesliga match ended in disaster after Turbine lost 0–11 at home to FC Rumeln-Kaldenhausen. The team lost more and more were knocked out in the cup. At the end of 1994, Turbine had to play at VfB Rheine. Schröder told Rheine's manager Alfred Werner. Turbine nothing happened at the press conference. Schröder wanted to discuss the situation in private with Lange, but the two were surrounded by journalists and players. Schröder told Lange that he was fired. Former player Sabine Seidel coached the team for the rest of the season, and Turbine got three Russian players in the winter break. The team finished sixth in the northern group. Lothar Müller became the new coach, he was from Western Berlin and now Turbine became an option for players from Western Berlin. Strengthened by players from Tennis Borussia Berlin, the defense was much better but the team again finished in sixth.

The 1996/97 season was the last season. To qualify for the single-tier Bundesliga it was ne

Small nucleolar RNA SNORD61

SnoRNA U61 is a non-coding RNA molecule which functions in the modification of other small nuclear RNAs. This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell, a major site of snRNA biogenesis, it is known as a small nucleolar RNA and often referred to as a guide RNA. snoRNA U61 belongs to the C/D box class of snoRNAs which contain the conserved sequence motifs known as the C box and the D box. Most of the members of the box C/D family function in directing site-specific 2'-O-methylation of substrate RNAs. U61 snoRNA was cloned from HeLa cells and is predicted to guide the 2'O-ribose methylation of 18S ribosomal RNA residue U1442. Page for Small nucleolar RNA SNORD61 at Rfam Entry for SNORD61 at snoRNABase

His Last Bow

His Last Bow: Some Reminiscences of Sherlock Holmes is a 1917 collection of published Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, including the titular short story, "His Last Bow. The War Service of Sherlock Holmes"; the collection's first US edition adjusts the anthology's subtitle to Some Later Reminiscences of Sherlock Holmes. All editions contain a brief preface, by "John H. Watson, M. D.", that assures readers that as of the date of publication Holmes is long retired from his profession of detective but is still alive and well, albeit suffering from a touch of rheumatism. The collection contains "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box", included in the first edition of in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes but was dropped from editions of that book. Six of the stories were published in The Strand Magazine between September 1908 and December 1913; the Strand published "The Adventure of Wistaria Lodge" as "A Reminiscence of Sherlock Holmes" and divided it into two parts, called "The Singular Experience of Mr. John Scott Eccles" and "The Tiger of San Pedro".

Printings of His Last Bow correct Wistaria to Wisteria. The final story, "His Last Bow; the War Service of Sherlock Holmes", an epilogue about Holmes' war service, was first published in Collier's on 22 September 1917—one month before the book's premiere on 22 October. Preface by John H. Watson "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box" "The Adventure of the Red Circle" "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans" "The Adventure of the Dying Detective" "The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" "The Adventure of the Devil's Foot" "His Last Bow; the War Service of Sherlock Holmes" His Last Bow was adapted for BBC Radio 4 in 1993–94 as part of Bert Coules' complete radio adaptation of the canon, starring Clive Merrison as Holmes and Michael Williams as Watson. Notable guest stars included Kevin Whately as Browner in "The Cardboard Box" and Edward Petherbridge as Culverton Smith in "The Dying Detective"; the episodes were written by Bert Coules, Roger Danes, Peter Ling, Robert Forrest, directed by Enyd Williams and Patrick Rayner.

First edition dustjacket image courtesy of Lucius Books Ltd. "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" at Project Gutenberg "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box" at Project Gutenberg "The Adventure of the Red Circle" at Project Gutenberg "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans" at Project Gutenberg "The Adventure of the Dying Detective" at Project Gutenberg "The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" at Project Gutenberg "The Adventure of the Devil's Foot" at Project Gutenberg "His Last Bow" at Project Gutenberg His Last Bow public domain audiobook at LibriVox

Wuikinuxv Nation

The Wuikinuxv Nation known as the Oweekeno Nation, is a First Nations band government whose traditional territory is the shores of Rivers Inlet and Owikeno Lake in the Central Coast region of the Canadian province of British Columbia, in the area south of Bella Bella and north of Queen Charlotte Strait. The Wuikinuxv people a.k.a. the Oweekeno people reside in the area of Rivers Inlet and Owikeno Lake at a village on the Wannock River. Substantial numbers of Wuikinuxv reside away from the traditional territory in Port Hardy on Vancouver Island and in larger BC communities such as Campbell River and Victoria. 80 people reside at the village while overall membership was 283 in 2006, 194 of whom lived off-reserve. The First Nation has an elected Chief and Council responsible for modern economic and administrative areas and continues to respect a more rooted hereditary system, it is a member of the Wuikinuxv-Kitasoo-Nuxalk Tribal Council. The Wuikinuxv speak the Oowekyala language, a Northern Wakashan language, a dialect of a language known as Heiltsuk-Oowekyala, the other main dialect of, Heiltsuk.

Their language, which in their own official usage is spelled "Wuikyala" and the people, were incorrectly known in the past, as were the Haisla, as "Northern Kwakiutl". Indian Reserves under the administration of the Wuikinuxv Nation are: Katit Indian Reserve No. 1, on the banks of the Wannock River at outflow of Owikeno Lake, at Rivers Inlet, 658 ha.51°41′00″N 127°12′00″W Kiltala Indian Reserve No. 2, at the mouth of the Kilbella River on Kilbella Bay, a part of Rivers Inlet near its head, 50 ha.51°43′00″N 127°21′00″W Cockmi Indian Reserve No. 3, on the west tip of Walbran Island near Darby Channel, 4.80 ha. BC information page First Nation Detail and Northern Affairs Canada

Frederick (song)

"Frederick" is a song written by Patti Smith, released as lead single from Patti Smith Group 1979 album Wave. The song is dedicated to Fred "Sonic" Smith, guitar player of the Detroit band MC5 and Smith's future husband; the melody of "Frederick" is a homage to Bruce Springsteen's live arrangement of "Prove It All Night" from the then-recent Darkness Tour of 1978. The song was covered by Sandie Shaw in 1986; the B-side was entitled "Go Johnny Go", had been written by Shaw as a tribute to Johnny Marr. Patti Smith Group Frederick by Patti Smith Group at Discogs