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Killology

Killology is the study of the psychological and physiological effects of killing and combat on the human psyche. The term and field of study was invented by Lt. Col. Dave Grossman of the Killology Research Group in his 1996 book On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Grossman claims in his book On Killing that soldiers are faced with four options once they have entered into combat; these are: Fight: As the name implies, this is the standard that defines the soldier’s role as trying to defeat the enemy by use of their training. Flight: This option involves the combatant fleeing the engagement. Posture: This action involves the soldier falsely showing active participation in combat. In actuality they are not being effective in deterring the enemy from success; this is a major point of concern for commanders as it is difficult to tell the difference between a soldier posturing or fighting. Submit: Submission to the enemy during an engagement is a direct act of surrender.

In the animal kingdom, this is used by lesser combatants to prevent them from being injured after they can ascertain the triviality of their battle. S. L. A. Marshall did a study on the firing rates of soldiers in World War II, he found. This is attributable to the inherent humanity inside the soldiers who grew in a peaceful, equitable society; this was a problem for the US military and its allies during World War II. New training implements hit rates improved; the changes were effective. First, instead of shooting at bull's-eye type targets, the United States Army switched to silhouette targets that mimic an average human. Training switched from 300 yard slow fire testing to rapid fire testing with different time and distance intervals from 20 to 300 yards. With these two changes, hitting targets became a reaction, automatic; some authors have discredited S. L. A. Marshall's book, stating that the book may be more of an idea of what was occurring and not a scientific study of what was happening. Other historians and journalists have outright accused Marshall of fabricating his study.

Another important factor that increased fire and hit rates is the development of camaraderie in training. Soldiers are taught that their actions the whole unit; this recurring theme in recollections collected from war veterans is the idea that they were not fighting for themselves at the time but more concerned for the people to their left and right. This ideology is ancient and was recorded by Sun Tzu in his book The Art of War: "If those who are sent to draw water begin by drinking themselves, the army is suffering from thirst." Some research has been done to say that the increase of posttraumatic stress disorder in the military is caused by the increase of firing rates. This brings up the classic debate of correlation vs. causation. Many believe that other factors have been influencing PTSD such as decompression time after conflicts, the lack of moral sovereignty in engagements. Vietnam is viewed by some as a less popular war than World War II. Many people who were sent to fight there thought that there was no reason for the engagement and did not feel a moral obligation to fight.

In World War II many felt. This helped the World War II troops' mettle to be steadfast. Another problem with PTSD rates after World War II is the fact that there is far less decompression time for the soldiers. During World War II the main way back home was on a boat trip; this time was spent with others who had had similar experiences and could understand the problems faced by others. During Vietnam soldiers were sent via draft to one year rotations by plane; when you arrived to your unit it was by yourself and you were shunned. This shunning was a result of the senior members being afraid to befriend someone who had a much higher chance of being killed than the experienced combatants. Once your time in country was over you were once again sent back home by yourself. There may have been other veterans with you but they were from a plethora of other units and you did not know them well enough to share the hardships you had seen. One of the worst displays of environmental stressors was once you made it back home you were demonized by the public and discarded as a human being.

Compare that to the treatment World War II veterans received when they came home from the European Theatre or the Pacific Theatre. Parades were thrown, everyone thanking the soldiers the invention of V for Victory was made to show military members support; that symbol was changed into the Peace sign and used to show disapproval of the war in Vietnam just a few years later. These factors among many others caused Vietnam to have the highest postwar depression, PTSD rates. To this day many are only now getting the counseling that they need to overcome the mental problems brought upon them from their service in Vietnam. In engagements in the modern era such as the Persian Gulf War through the Iraq War and War in Afghanistan there is still a problem with a lack of decompression time; the training has improved so soldiers train and deploy with the people they will be fighting with. Many times, when they reach home, they are given time off. If one is in a reserve unit, they most go back to work and only see their fellow soldiers once a month.

This lack of time to debrief and decompress can cause a feeling of isolation that only worsens the effects of PTSD. Grossman states in his book that everyon

Matthew 28:3

Matthew 28:3 is the third verse of the twenty-eighth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. This verse is part of the resurrection narrative; this verse describes the angel. The original Koine Greek, according to Westcott and Hort, reads: ην δε η ειδεα αυτου ως αστραπη και το ενδυμα αυτου λευκον ως χιωνIn the King James Version of the Bible it is translated as: His countenance was like lightning, his raiment white as snow:The modern World English Bible translates the passage as: His appearance was bright as lightning, his clothing is white as snow. For a collection of other versions see BibleHub Matthew 28:3 As with the great events of the previous verse, this verse emphasizes the importance of the figure and the events that happened; the text depicts the angel as an exalted figure and thus prompting great importance. The other gospels have a more muted description of the angel. Mark 16:5 and John 20:12 says the figure clad in white, while Luke 24:4 describes the clothes as dazzling.

Combining the lightning face and white clothes of this verse. The image of the angel has multiple descriptions in the Old Testament, reflecting Matthew's fondness for scriptural references. Daniel 10:6 mentioned an angel with a face like lightning, Ezekiel 1 since lightning associates with the creatures surrounding God. Daniel 7:9 described God himself as appearing white as snow, thus suggest that angels is linked to God and that they are more than mere messengers, but they play an important role theophonic. The description is similar to that of the transfigured Christ at Matthew 17:2, but Boring suggests that the angel in that verse was a bit less in glory from Jesus, showing his more divine nature. Jesus is described as being white as snow in Revelation 1:14. Color White symbolizes purity in both the Old and New Testaments, a reflection of the culture in that period. Jewish rabbis, Egyptian priests, pious worshippers were all clad in white in this period

Electrocop

Electrocop is a 1989 action video game developed by Epyx and published by Atari Corporation in North America and Europe for the Atari Lynx. It was released in Japan on November 25 of the same year, where it was instead distributed by Mumin Corporation. One of the first games written for the platform, it was one of the launch titles that were released along with the system in North America. Set on a futuristic interpretation of Washington, D. C. in the year 2069, players assume the role of the titular robot created by MegaCorp who must infiltrate into the Steel Complex fortress in an attempt of rescuing the President of the United States' first daughter under a time limit from The Criminal Brain, who kidnapped her for a ransom and threats to kill her if his demand is not met. Conceived by Greg Omi, who developed the Lynx hardware alongside Chip's Challenge creator Chuck Sommerville, Electrocop began its development prior to the existence of any functional Lynx hardware. Electrocop has received mixed reception from critics and reviewers alike since its release, who unanimously praised the pseudo-3D visuals and sound department, but some criticized the repetitive nature of the gameplay and convoluted graphics.

A version of the game was never released. Electrocop is a third-person shooter game in which players starts off with a countdown clock of one hour to complete the task of rescuing the president's daughter. You have to make your way through different levels coming up against different foes; these foes are robots that go by, Python, Wall Cannon and Stringray. To get between each level you have to hack through different doors through a computer interface. While in this interface there are directories of Information where you can learn more about the robots, Programs that disable robots and help hack through codes. Games where you can pass the time by playing games of Letter Puzzle and Out Break. Along with Med-pack which heals you and weapon repair to help repair your damaged weapons. There are different weapons to choose from to help you out during the course of the game. Electrocop was conceived by Greg Omi when he worked at Epyx as games developer and programmer alongside Chuck Sommerville. In an online interview with website The Atari Times, Omi recounted about the development process of the game, stating that work on the project began before any functional Atari Lynx hardware existed and the team were working on an emulator of the console on the Amiga microcomputer at a slow frame rate, in addition of using a video camera to scan the image in order to test how the graphics would look like once the hardware was finalized, although an early revision of the Lynx capable of displaying raster graphics was made during development.

Omi stated that he had a lack of knowledge of 3D computer graphics and matrices, as he needed a graphical perspective for his project and consulted Blue Lightning programmer Stephen Landrum in how to write it, as the system could not perform sprite rotation. A long-running rumor was that Electrocop started as a 3D sequel to Dennis Caswell's Impossible Mission. However, when asked about this rumor, Omi said "it's funny, but I can't remember if it was supposed to be a sequel to Impossible Mission or not. I remember writing a story and basic game design and pitching it to RJ, but I don't remember if they were asking for a sequel." Despite being a fan of Impossible Mission and knowing Caswell Omi could not recall if he was still a member of Epyx. Atari composer Alex Rudis was involved during the production of the project and created the music for it; the introductory sequence was created by Sommerville, who developed an animation engine that would be re-used on other titles for the hardware such as Blue Lightning and Todd's Adventures in Slime World, in addition of the minigame sequences.

Electrocop was one of the original launch titles during the initial release of the Lynx in 1989, along with the aforementioned Blue Lightning, California Games and Gates of Zendocon. It was released in Europe around the same time period and in Japan on December 23 of the same year, where it was distributed by Mumin Corporation instead and the difference between the international and Japanese releases is that the latter came bundled with an instruction manual in Japanese; the game was first showcased to the public during the International Summer Consumer Electronics Show 1989 along with the system, though early previews showed the title under the earlier name Net Runner. A version of Electrocop was in development by ICC for Atari Corporation on the Atari 7800, focusing on action and platforming instead of the third-person shooter gameplay style from the original Lynx version and was showcased during an exhibition at the Consumer Electronics Show in a complete state; the 7800 version is notable for being one of the first titles where director and writer Amy Hennig was involved, creating the artwork using Atari ST and Macintosh computers as a freelancer.

However, despite Hennig stating that work on the project was completed, this version would never be released due to Atari cancelling its release late during the official life span of the system. In a 2007 forum post at AtariAge, former MicroProse UK employee Steve Goss revealed artwork of the cancelled conversion, given to him by Hennig herself. In a capsule review for STart, Clayton Walnum praised the game's graphics and variety of challenges. Robert A. Jung reviewed the game, published to IGN Entertainment. In his final verdict he wrote "This cart was a brilliant concept that didn't click. Elect

Aslan Ahmadov

Aslan Ahmadov is a Russian professional photographer of Azerbaijani origin. Member of Photographer's Union of Russia. Aslan Ahmadov was born on February 1973, Baku, he graduated directing faculty in Azerbaijan Academy of Arts named after Samed Vurgun. In 1991 he moved to Moscow and thanks to creation of unusual and bright images in photography he became one of the leading photographers, who cooperates with TV-stars. Now he works with the main fashion-papers, such as Harpers Bazaar, Elle, MAXIM, FHM, OM, Dolce Vita, NRG, Beauty. In 2003 he founded creative trio "Fresh Art" – brand name, which symbolizes beauty and unreachable luxury in design and clothes and influences modern industry of Russian fashion; the members of that project have art education – one of them is a musician, the other one is a choreographer, the last one is an artist. The result of their creation is that Montserrat Caballe, Marilyn Manson, famous tennis players sisters Williams wear these clothes. In 2006 – photo-exposition "Zoom" took place in Moscow, Red Square, visited by many well-known people of the city, who were the characters of the photo.

In 2007 – fashion show "Meat". The show attracted an enormous number of visitors. It's dedicated to women-victims of male violence, murdered cows and defenders of animal rights. In 2008 he became an anchorman of cycle of TV-program "Fashion Police" in the channel "Muz-TV". In this program they gave advice about fashion to celebrities without tastefulness. In 2010 he became a co-author TV-project "Бабье лето" in TV-channel "Domashny". There were many great actresses of Sovet Cinema such as Elina Bystritskaya, Lyudmila Chursina, Vera Vasilyeva, Rimma Markova, Ada Rogovtseva, Inna Makarova, Irina Pechernikova, Olga Aroseva, Natalya Varley, Tamara Semina, Irina Miroshnechenko, Tatiana Konyukhova, Irina Skobtseva, Zinaida Kiriyenko, Tatyana Vasilyeva, Irina Alferova, Lyudmila Kasatkina, Eugene Uvarova, Svetlana Svetlichnaya, who became characters of this documentary film. In 2011 Aslan Ahmadov became a member of Photographer's Union of Russia. In that year he opened his personal exposition called "Бабье лето", what took place in the course of the year in different towns of Russia In 2011–2012 he worked on a book about People's Artist of the USSR Lyudmila Gurchenko.

The book contains studio portraits made in recent years of the great actress. The artist's creation is filled with passion, exposure of human emotion and sincerity of naked bodies, romanticism. November 2012 – he sold a photo called "Руки Людмилы Гурченко" in the auction Phillips de Pury in London, it cost £3750. December 2012 – opening the first exposition of "RED" in the Moscow Museum of Modern Art; the first Aslan Ahmadov's exposition from series "RED" was opened in 10, December 2012. There were a lot of Russian celebrities.25, April 2013 they opened the exhibition in Ekaterinburg Gallery of Modern Art. This works can be seen by citizens of St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don and other cities. Distinctive understanding of beauty and perfection, what are shown by Aslan Ahmadov resonated with representatives of the international company Nobel Biocare, which activity is connected with embodiment in the life harmony and aesthetics. Holding became general partner of the art project, what have charitable motives: the part of the money from the sale of pictures transfers to the local funds of ill children, care for orphans in families and bringing attention to their problems.

List of photographers Fine-art photography Fashion photography Raisa Murashkina. "Close friend of Lyudmila Gurchenko, photographer Aslan Akhmadov". Komsomolskaya Pravda. Retrieved 25 June 2013. "Official site". Retrieved 25 June 2013. "New Official site". Archived from the original on 8 August 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013

Pieter Lutz

Pieter Lutz was a Dutch actor best known for his role as Fred in the Dutch sitcom Het Zonnetje in Huis. His older brothers Ton and Luc were actors and he is the uncle of Dutch actor Joris Lutz. Lutz graduated from Theaterschool in 1954 and made his debut in A Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare. Over the course of his career, he appeared in many films, including the horror film De Lift and The Crab with the Golden Claws, he played roles in other television series such as the Pride and Prejudice adaptation De vier dochters Bennet where he essayed the role of Mr. Collins. Pieter Lutz married Ivonne Bernarda van Elburg in Rotterdam on February 26, 1959 and the couple had three daughters. Pieter Lutz died in summer 2009 at the age of 82 from cardiac arrest. 1993 Nominated for a Golden Calf Award for Best Actor at the Netherlands Film Festival Pieter Lutz on IMDb

USS Alexander J. Luke

USS Alexander J. Luke, a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy, was named in honor of Sergeant Alexander J. Luke, killed in action during the attack on Tulagi on 6 August 1942, he was posthumously awarded the Silver Star. Alexander J. Luke was laid down on 5 November 1943 by the Bethlehem Hingham Shipyard, Massachusetts. Luke, mother of Sgt. Luke. While returning to Boston on 2 March, the destroyer escort ran aground and suffered minor damage. After a period of drydocking for repairs, she got underway on 16 April for a shakedown cruise to Bermuda and returned to Boston on 15 May for post-shakedown availability; the ship reported to Norfolk, Virginia, in early June and began conducting exercises as a training ship for precommissioning details. On 13 July, Alexander J. Luke sailed as a unit of Escort Division 66 in company with a convoy bound for Bizerte, Tunisia; the ship returned to the Virginia Capes area on 27 August. Following an availability period and training exercises at Boston and Casco Bay, Alexander J. Luke joined Task Group 62.7 for another voyage to the Mediterranean.

She returned to Boston on 4 November. Upon arriving in Boston, Alexander J. Luke entered drydock, she got underway on 23 November for a period of anti-submarine warfare exercises and tactical maneuvers conducted at Casco Bay. On 21 March 1945, the ship returned to convoy duty, she made port calls at Northern Ireland. Having completed this mission, she reported to the Brown Shipbuilding Corp. Houston, Texas, on 22 June for conversion to a radar picket escort ship; the yard work was completed on 7 December, the ship received the new designation DER-577. Alexander J. Luke departed Houston on 8 January 1946, she headed to Guantanamo Bay, for shakedown and refresher training. On 1 February, the destroyer escort sailed to Casco Bay for further training and inspections, she began preparations for rejoining the active fleet. In late March, the destroyer escort was involved in maneuvers with the escort carrier USS Mindoro. On 17 April, she steamed from Hampton Roads for spring maneuvers in the Caribbean and arrived in Trinidad on the 24th.

In early May, Alexander J. Luke planeguarded USS Salerno Bay, she took part in landing exercises at Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. The vessel arrived in New York City on 26 May. Alexander J. Luke remained in New York through 10 June shifted operations to Casco Bay. From 1 to 26 July, the destroyer escort was in availability. Following this, the ship was used for training personnel. On 6 September, she moved to the New York Naval Shipyard for hull repairs; the destroyer escort sailed on 7 January 1947 for Norfolk. She sailed on 18 January for Guantanamo Bay. Upon their arrival, the ships began three weeks of hunter/killer exercises. On 10 February, Alexander J. Luke touched back at Norfolk, she continued her routine of anti-submarine warfare exercises and tactical maneuvers held along the East Coast through 18 October 1947. On that date, Alexander J. Luke was placed out of commission, in reserve, at Charleston, South Carolina. Alexander J. Luke was re-designated DE-577 in August 1954; the ship was never modernized, an inspection found her unfit for further service.

Alexander J. Luke was struck from the Navy List on 1 May 1970 and was expended as a target off Newport, RI, on 22 October 1970; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. History.navy.mil: USS Alexander J. Luke navsource.org: USS Alexander J. Luke hazegray.org: USS Alexander J. Luke