Kilmarnock Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Kilmarnock Burghs
Former District of burghs constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandAyrshire, Lanarkshire, Dumbartonshire, Renfrewshire
Major settlementsKilmarnock, Dumbarton, Rutherglen, Renfrew, Port Glasgow
18321918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byKilmarnock
Dumbarton Burghs
West Renfrewshire
East Renfrewshire
Rutherglen
Created fromAyrshire constituency
Renfrewshire
Glasgow Burghs

Kilmarnock Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

Kilmarnock county constituency was created when the district of burghs constituency was abolished.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted of five parliamentary burghs: Kilmarnock in the county of Ayr, Dumbarton in the county of Dumbarton, Rutherglen in the county of Lanark and Renfrew and Port Glasgow in the county of Renfrew.

The Kilmarnock burgh was previously within the Ayrshire constituency and Port Glasgow was previously within the Renfrewshire constituency. Dumbarton, Rutherglen and Renfrew were transferred from Glasgow Burghs.

In 1918 the burgh of Kilmarnock was merged into the then new Kilmarnock county constituency, which included areas previously within North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire; the new Kilmarnock constituency consisted of "The county district of Kilmarnock, inclusive of all burghs situated therein except in so far as included in the Ayr District of Burghs." The burgh of Dumbarton was transferred to Dumbarton Burghs, the burgh of Port Glasgow was merged into West Renfrewshire, the burgh of Renfrew into East Renfrewshire and the burgh of Rutherglen into the Rutherglen constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1832 John Dunlop Whig[2][3]
1835 John Bowring Radical[3]
1837 John Campbell Colquhoun Conservative[2][3]
1841 Alexander Johnston Whig[2][3]
May 1844 by-election Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Whig[4][5][6]
1859 Liberal
Feb 1874 James Fortescue Harrison Liberal[2]
1880 John Dick Peddie Liberal
1885 Peter Sturrock Conservative
1886 Stephen Williamson Liberal
1895 John McAusland Denny Conservative
1906 Adam Rolland Rainy Liberal
1911 by-election Will Gladstone Liberal
1915 by-election Alexander Shaw Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Kilmarnock

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General election 1852: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Pleydell-Bouverie 558 64.9 N/A
Conservative James Archibald Campbell[7] 302 35.1 N/A
Majority 256 29.8 N/A
Turnout 860 62.3 N/A
Registered electors 1,380
Whig hold

Pleydell-Bouverie was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 7 April 1855: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Unopposed
Whig hold

Pleydell-Bouverie was appointed President of the Poor Law Board, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 16 August 1855: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1857: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Unopposed
Registered electors 1,414
Whig hold
General election 1859: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Unopposed
Registered electors 1,449
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General election 1865: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Unopposed
Registered electors 1,645
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Kilmarnock Burghs[8][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Pleydell-Bouverie 2,892 57.4 N/A
Liberal Edwin Chadwick 1,148 22.8 N/A
Independent Liberal Robert Thomson[9][10] 999 19.8 N/A
Majority 1,744 34.6 N/A
Turnout 5,039 77.2 N/A
Registered electors 6,531
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General election 1874: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Fortescue Harrison 3,316 52.3 N/A
Liberal Edward Pleydell-Bouverie 3,019 47.7 −9.7
Majority 297 4.7 −29.9
Turnout 6,335 79.0 +1.8
Registered electors 8,020
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1880: Kilmarnock Burghs[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Dick Peddie 3,320 49.5 N/A
Conservative John Neilson Cuthbertson[11] 2,005 29.9 N/A
Independent Liberal Robert Malcolm Kerr[12] 1,384 20.6 N/A
Majority 1,315 19.6 +14.9
Turnout 6,709 87.1 +8.1
Registered electors 7,700
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1885: Kilmarnock Burghs[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Sturrock 3,645 40.2 +10.3
Liberal John Dick Peddie 3,513 38.7 −10.8
Independent Liberal John Dalrymple 1,862 20.5 N/A
Ind. Conservative John Steven Storr 55 0.6 N/A
Majority 132 1.5 N/A
Turnout 9,075 86.6 −0.5
Registered electors 10,475
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +11.6
General election 1886: Kilmarnock Burghs[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Williamson 4,664 55.2 +16.5
Conservative Peter Sturrock 3,870 44.8 +4.6
Majority 884 10.4 N/A
Turnout 8,444 80.6 −6.0
Registered electors 10,475
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General election 1892: Kilmarnock Burghs[15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Williamson 5,110 54.1 -1.1
Conservative Charles Dickson 4,335 45.9 +1.1
Majority 775 8.2 -2.2
Turnout 9,445 84.2 +3.6
Registered electors 11,216
Liberal hold Swing -1.1
General election 1895: Kilmarnock Burghs[16][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Denny 5,432 51.8 +5.9
Liberal Stephen Williamson 5,051 48.2 -5.9
Majority 381 3.6 N/A
Turnout 10,483 87.2 +3.0
Registered electors 12,027
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General election 1900: Kilmarnock Burghs[16][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Denny 6,076 51.6 −0.2
Liberal Adam Rainy 5,692 48.4 +0.2
Majority 384 3.2 −0.4
Turnout 11,768 86.4 −0.8
Registered electors 13,621
Conservative hold Swing −0.2
General election 1906: Kilmarnock Burghs[17][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rainy 8,268 59.0 +10.6
Conservative Thomas W McIntyre 5,743 41.0 −10.6
Majority 2,525 18.0 N/A
Turnout 14,011 87.4 +1.0
Registered electors 16,024
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +10.6

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Adam Rainy
General election Jan 1910: Kilmarnock Burghs[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rainy 8,937 61.1 +2.1
Conservative John James Bell 5,701 38.9 -2.1
Majority 3,236 22.2 +4.2
Turnout 88.9
Liberal hold Swing +2.1
W. Gladstone
General election December 1910: Kilmarnock Burghs[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rainy 8,657 60.9
Conservative James Buyers Black 5,569 39.1
Majority 3,088 21.8
Turnout 14,226 86.4
Liberal hold Swing
J.D. Rees
Alex Shaw
Kilmarnock Burghs by-election, 1911[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Will Gladstone 6,923 48.3 -12.6
Conservative John David Rees 4,637 32.4 -6.7
Labour Thomas McKerrell 2,761 19.3 n/a
Majority 2,286 15.9 -5.9
Turnout 14,321
Liberal hold Swing -3.0
Kilmarnock Burghs by-election, 1915[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Shaw Unopposed
Liberal hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  3. ^ a b c d Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 205. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Boase, George Clement (1896). "Pleydell-Bouverie, Edward" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 45. London: Smith, Elder & Co. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. ^ "Leicester Journal". 31 May 1844. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "Kilmarnock Election". Ayr Advertiser; or, West Country Journal. 23 May 1844. p. 4. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "Glasgow Gazette". 10 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
  9. ^ "The Rev. Mr Thomson at Port-Glasgow". Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald. 14 November 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Kilmarnock". Newcastle Journal. 17 November 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 19 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "The General Election". Glasgow Herald. 7 April 1880. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 2 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "Renfrew". Paisley and Renfrewshire Gazette. 27 March 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 2 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  14. ^ a b c d e f Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885–1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  16. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  18. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 by Craig, F.W.S. (1974)
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 by Craig, F. W. S. (1974)