King's College Chapel is the chapel at King's College in the University of Cambridge. It is considered one of the finest examples of late Perpendicular Gothic English architecture; the chapel was built in phases by a succession of kings of England from 1446 to 1515, a period which spanned the Wars of the Roses. The chapel's large stained glass windows were not completed until 1531, its early Renaissance rood screen was erected in 1532–36; the chapel is an active house of worship, home of the King's College Choir. The chapel is a significant tourist site and a used symbol of the city of Cambridge. Henry VI planned a university counterpart to Eton College; the King decided the dimensions of the Chapel. The architect of the chapel is disputed: Reginald Ely, commissioned in 1444 as the head press mason, was a possible architect; the first stone of the Chapel was laid, by Henry himself, on the Feast of St James the Apostle, 25 July 1446, the College having been begun in 1441. By the end of the reign of Richard III, despite the Wars of the Roses, five bays had been completed and a timber roof erected.
Henry VII visited in 1506, paying for the work to resume and leaving money so that the work could continue after his death. In 1515, under Henry VIII, the building was complete but the great windows had yet to be made; the chapel features the world's largest fan vault, constructed between 1512 and 1515 by master mason John Wastell. It features fine medieval stained glass and, above the altar, The Adoration of the Magi by Rubens, painted in 1634 for the Convent of the White Nuns at Louvain in Belgium; the painting was installed in the Chapel in 1968. It had been believed that gradations were created in 1774 by James Essex, when Essex had in fact lowered the floor by 5 1/2 inches, but at the demolition of these steps, it was found that the floor instead rested on Tudor brick arches. During the removal of these Tudor steps, built at the Founder's specific request that the high altar should be 3 ft above the choir floor, human remains in intact lead coffins with brass plaques were discovered, dating from the 15th to 18th centuries, were disinterred.
The eventual installation of the Rubens was not without problems: once seen beneath the east window, a conflict was felt between the picture's swirling colours and those of the stained glass. The Rubens was a similar shape to the window, which "dwarfed it and made it look rather like a dependent postage stamp". Plain shutters were proposed, one on each side, to give it a triptych shape and lend it independence of form, how one sees the Rubens today; the installation was designed by architect Sir Martyn Beckett, "philosophical about the furore this occasioned - which became acceptance of a solution to a difficult problem."During the Civil War the chapel was used as a training ground by Oliver Cromwell's troops, but escaped major damage because Cromwell, having been a Cambridge student, gave orders for it to be spared. Graffiti left by these soldiers is still visible on the south walls near the altar. During World War II most of the stained glass was removed and the chapel again escaped damage.
The windows of King's College Chapel are some of the finest in the world from their era. There are 12 large windows on each side of the chapel, larger windows at the east and west ends. With the exception of the west window, they are by Flemish hands and date from 1515 to 1531. Barnard Flower, the first non-Englishman appointed as the King's Glazier, completed four windows. Gaylon Hone and three partners are responsible for the east window and 16 others between 1526 and 1531; the final four were made by Symon Symondes. The one modern window is that in the west wall, donated by King's alumnus Francis Stacey and is by the Clayton and Bell company and dates from 1879; this large wooden screen, which separates the nave from the altar and supports the chapel organ, was erected in 1532–36 by Henry VIII in celebration of his marriage to Anne Boleyn. The screen is an example of early Renaissance architecture: a striking contrast to the Perpendicular Gothic chapel; the Chapel is used as a place of worship and for some concerts and college events.
Notable college events include the annual King's College Music Society May Week Concert, held on the Monday of May Week. The event is popular with students and visitors to the city; the Chapel is noted for its splendid acoustics. The world-famous Chapel choir consists of choral scholars, organ scholars, choristers. From 1982 until shortly before his death on 22 November 2019 the director of music for the choir was Sir Stephen Cleobury; the choir sings services on most days in term-time, performs concerts and makes recordings and broadcasts. In particular, it has broadcast its Nine Lessons and Carols on the BBC from the Chapel on Christmas Eve, during which a solo treble sings the first verse of Once in Royal David's City. There is a chapel choir of male and female students, King's Voices, which sings Evensong on Mondays during term-time; the Chapel is seen as a symbol of Cambridge. The Dean of the Chapel is responsible to the College Council
The Lancashire dialect and accent refers to the Northern English vernacular speech of the English county of Lancashire. The region is notable for its tradition of poetry written in the dialect. Lancashire emerged during the Industrial Revolution as industrial region; the county encompassed several hundred mill towns and collieries and by the 1830s 85% of all cotton manufactured worldwide was processed in Lancashire. It was during this period that most writing in and about the dialect took place, when Lancashire covered a much larger area than it does today; the county was subject to significant boundary changes in 1974, which removed Liverpool and Manchester with most of their surrounding conurbations to form part of the metropolitan counties of Merseyside and Greater Manchester. At this time, the detached Furness Peninsula and Cartmel were made part of Cumbria, the Warrington and Widnes areas became part of Cheshire; the linguist Gerard Knowles noted that Lancashire dialect was still spoken in the city of Liverpool in 1830, before the period of mass immigration from Ireland that led the dialect of the city to change radically.
Modern Liverpool speech is treated as a separate dialect, named Scouse. In the post-war era, migration to other towns in Merseyside, to the new towns created at Runcorn and Warrington, has led to an expansion in the area in which Scouse is spoken, as the next generation acquired Scouse speech habits that displaced the traditional Lancashire dialect of the area; the area transferred in 1974 to modern Cumbria, known as "Lancashire over the sands", is sometimes covered as in scope of Cumbrian dialect: for example, The Cumbrian Dictionary of Dialect and Folklore was written by the Barrovian William Robinson and included this area. As there was mass migration in the 19th century to Barrow-in-Furness from Ireland, the Black Country and nearby rural areas, it has developed a dialect different from the surrounding rural area. In recent years, some have classified the speech of Manchester as a separate Mancunian dialect, but this is a much less established distinction. Many of the dialect writers and poets in the 19th and early 20th century were from Manchester and surrounding towns.
Alexander John Ellis, one of the first to apply phonetics to English speech, divided the county of Lancashire into four areas. Three of these four were considered North Midland in his categorisation of dialects, whereas the fourth was considered Northern. Dialect isoglosses in England correspond to county boundaries, an area of Lancashire could have a dialect more similar to an area of a neighbouring county than to a distant area of Lancashire. Ellis expressly excluded the Scouse dialect of Liverpool from the areas below, although his Area 22 included some sites in modern Merseyside. Ellis spoke of "the Lancashire U" in his work; this was similar to the ʊ in other Northern and North Midland dialects, but more centralised ʊ̈. In addition, the dialects were all rhotic at the time of writing. A number of dialect glossaries were published in the 18th and 19th Centuries by philologists who were interested in the old words retained in certain dialects. Glossary of provincial words used in the neighbourhood of Ashton-under-Lyne, Mr. Barnes, 1846.
Glossary of provincial words used in the neighbourhood of Ormskirk, W Hawkstead Talbot, 1846. The Dialect of South Lancashire, or Tom Bobbin's Meary. A Glossary of the Dialect of the Hundred of Lonsdale and South of the Sands, in the County of Lancaster. A Glossary of the Words and Phrases of Furness, RB Peacock, London Phil. Soc. Trans. 1869. A Glossary of Rochdale-with-Rossendale Words and Phrases, H Cunliffe, 1886. A Blegburn Dickshonary, J Baron, 1891. A Grammar Of The Dialect Of Adlington, Karl Andrew Hargreaves, 1904. A Grammar Of The Dialect Of Oldham, Karl Georg Schilling, 1906. Of these, only the works on Oldham and Adlington contain any phonetic notation, this was in a different code to the modern IPA. Graham Shorrocks wrote that Lancashire has been the county with the strongest tradition of dialect poetry since the mid-19th century. Many of these gave commentaries on the poverty of the working class at the time and occasional political sentiments: for example, the ballad Joan of Grinfilt portrayed an unemployed handloom worker who would rather die as a soldier in a foreign war than starve at home.
Vicinus argued that, after 1870, dialect writing declined in quality owing to "clichés and sentimentality". The Lancashire Authors Association was founded in 1909 and still exists for writers in the dialect, producing an annual paper called The Record; some dialect poets include: Benjamin Brierley was a writer in Lancashire dialect. He began to contribute articles to local papers in the 1850s and in 1863 he took to journalism and literature, publishing in the same year his Chronicles of Waverlow. John Collier, writing under the name Tommy Bobbin, published more than a hundred editions of "A View of the Lancashire Dialect". Sam Fitton of Rochdale Nicholas Freeston was an English poet w
Kenyon William James "Ken" Jones was a Welsh rugby union international player. Jones was born in Wales, he was educated at Monmouth School before matriculating to Oxford. A keen sportsman, as well as his rugby career he was selected to represent Wales as a high jumper but was unable to compete. In his post-graduate years he was a management trainee, he was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in the Welch Regiment in 1930, becoming a lieutenant in 1939. During the Second World War he served in Military Intelligence in Egypt where he was awarded the American Bronze Star for his work in General Eisenhower's headquarters. On returning to civilian life Jones entered the business world and became the managing director of Unilever and managing director of Ronson Products. Jones played rugby as a youth, he continued playing at university and was selected for Oxford University RFC, winning his "Blue" for rugby in 1931 and 1932. On leaving education, he settled in England, played for Welsh exile club London Welsh as well as playing county rugby for Yorkshire.
He played for the Wales national rugby union team on one occasion, as no. 8 against England on 20 January 1934. During the Second World War he played in Germany representing a Berlin team and a Germany XV, his final game of rugby was after the war. Jenkins, John M.. Who's Who of Welsh International Rugby Players. Wrexham: Bridge Books. ISBN 1-872424-10-4
USS Spray II was the proposed name and designation for a United States Navy World War I patrol vessel that the Navy never took over. Spray II was built as a wooden-hulled civilian launch in 1911 by Charles L. Seabury and Company at Morris Heights in the Bronx, New York. On 9 May 1917, she was ordered delivered to the U. S. Navy for World War I section patrol duty, but the Navy never took control of her and she remained in civilian hands. Spray II was stricken from the Navy List in late 1918. Spray II should not be confused with USS Spray, a naval trawler and minesweeper in commission from 1918 to 1919; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive Spray II
Anthony Mason is an American broadcast journalist. He has worked as a reporter and correspondent for CBS News since 1986, is weekday co-host of its flagship morning program CBS This Morning since 2019, he has served as an interim anchor for the weekday editions of the CBS Evening News. Mason was educated at St. George's School, a private Episcopal co-educational university-preparatory boarding school in Middletown, Newport County, Rhode Island, from which he graduated in 1974, he attended Georgetown University, a private research university in Washington, D. C. where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts in English with a minor in Government, in 1980. Mason worked at KJRH-TV in Oklahoma, he spent two years at then-CBS owned WCAU-TV in Philadelphia, the start of his association with the network. His last position before joining CBS News was at WCBS-TV in New York City. Mason joined CBS News as a correspondent in 1986, he was the London Bureau correspondent from 1987 to 1990. From 1991 to 1993, Mason was the Chief Moscow Correspondent.
He contributed award-winning coverage of the 1991 Soviet coup attempt from Russia. He has been working in New York City since 1993. Mason was named the Business Correspondent in 1998. In early 2012 Mason became the co-anchor of CBS This Morning Saturday. On May 31, 2017, CBS News announced that Mason would become the interim anchor for the weekday editions of the CBS Evening News, replacing Scott Pelley in that role; this was made effective on June 19, 2017. On October 25, CBS News announced. Mason's last day as anchor of CBS Evening News was Friday, December 1, 2017, with Glor becoming the new permanent weekday anchor of the program the following Monday, December 4. Anthony Mason serves as a main correspondent for CBS Sunday Morning with Jane Pauley. For most of the second half of 2017, Mason was absent from the broadcast due to his interim anchor position at the CBS Evening News. In 1985, Mason won the New York Associated Press Award for General Excellence of Individual Reporting on Vietnam Veterans.
He won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement by a Reporter, the Pennsylvania Associated Press Award for Best Feature Story. Mason has been married to Christina Anne Unhoch since 1994, they have one daughter and one son; the family resides in New York. Mason has one daughter from a previous marriage to advice columnist Amy Dickinson. New Yorkers in journalism IMDB Profile
Stephen Tolkin is a television writer and composer. He worked on a number of American television series including Brothers & Sisters, Legend of the Seeker and Switched at Birth, he has been nominated for an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Directing in a Motion Picture for A Day Late and a Dollar Short. Tolkin is the son of Mel Tolkin, the award-winning head writer of Your Show of Shows and Edith Tolkin, Paramount Pictures' senior vice president of legal affairs, brother of Michael Tolkin, he attended Yale College, where he was awarded the 1975 Peter J. Wallace Prize for Fiction for his short story Notes for a Biography of Lelia Reiszman, the Yale School of Architecture. Tolkin has written films and miniseries including Intensity, based on the Dean Koontz novel of the same name, Cleveland Abduction, based on the Ariel Castro kidnappings, The Craigslist Killer, he wrote and directed New York Prison Break: The Seduction of Joyce Mitchell, based on the 2015 Clinton Correctional Facility escape, Daybreak, for HBO.
He directed A Day Late and a Dollar Short, for Lifetime, based on the bestselling novel by Terry McMillan, for which he was nominated for an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Directing in a Motion Picture, What If God Were the Sun?, starring Gena Rowlands, who received Primetime Emmy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award nominations for her performance. He has created and developed multiple TV series, including Kate Brasher, Taxi Brooklyn, Somewhere Between and Legend of the Seeker, he has served as producer on series Perception and Brothers & Sisters. He has directed Switched at Birth and the miniseries Golden Years, he wrote music and lyrics for songs performed in Legend of the Seeker, A Day Late and a Dollar Short and Judgment Day: The Ellie Nesler Story, a film he wrote and directed. Somewhere Between New York Prison Break: The Seduction of Joyce Mitchell Switched at Birth Cleveland Abduction A Day Late and a Dollar Short What If God Were the Sun? Perception Brothers & Sisters Legend of the Seeker The Craigslist Killer Carolina Moon Summerland Kate Brasher Judgment Day: The Ellie Nesler Story Intensity Daybreak Captain America Stephen Tolkin on IMDb