The Reverend Horton Heat
The Reverend Horton Heat is the stage name of American musician Jim Heath as well as the name of his Dallas, Texas-based psychobilly trio. Heath is a singer and guitarist. A Prick magazine reviewer called Heath the "godfather of modern rockabilly and psychobilly"; the group formed in 1986. Its current members are Jim "Reverend Horton" Heath on guitar and lead vocals and Jimbo Wallace on the upright bass; the band signed to Victory Records on November 27, 2012, released its 11th studio album, REV, on January 21, 2014. The band describes itself as rock and roll that's influenced by 50s rockabilly, country and jazz standards; the band mixes country, punk, big band and rockabilly into loud, energetic songs with often-humorous lyrics. Video games and commercials have used the band's songs, giving The Reverend Horton Heat mainstream exposure. Heath's first band was 50s cover group called "Chantilly" featuring David McNair, C. A. Flores, David Flores and Sara Flores. However, Heath was more into blues and not good enough to be in the band and was kicked out.
So Heath went to practicing. Within a year, Heath played in a cover band called Southern Comfort with friends from W. B. Ray High School, David McNair, Jeff Nolte, Sam Reid, Steve Hall, before attending the University of Texas at Austin in the fall of 1977. At UT, he entertained friends and dormmates and was found playing in the stairwells at Moore-Hill Dormitory late into the night. Heath left school in the spring to join up with a touring cover band by the name of Sweetbriar. Three years former dormmate David Livingston, now in his senior year of school and at home visiting family, saw a familiar face on stage and reunited with Heath. Livingston told Heath stories of the punk music scene in Austin and the acts playing at venues such as Raul's and Club Foot. Once, while home on another visit, Livingston took Heath to a Dallas rock and roll venue, The Bijou, to see an act called The Cramps. After the show, a brawl between punks and rockers broke out in the parking lot. While Heath and Livingston escaped any involvement in the scuffle, Heath claimed to have had an epiphany on that evening saying, "I didn't know anything about the Cramps.
I thought it would be a punk rock show, it was, except that they played "The Way I Walk" by Jack Scott and "Surfin' Bird" and I realized that the roots rock and rockabilly that I had grown up with was able to cross over into the punk thing. It gave me ideas." Always a fan of 50s, blues and honky tonk, Heath returned the favor by taking Livingston and his wife to see The Blasters in Dallas at the Hot Klub. Livingston would manage the band and co-wrote, with Heath, the song "Liquor and Wine". Heath had married a former bandmate from Sweetbriar, Jenny Turner and together they had a child, Kendall, but in 1982, Ted Roddy and Heath started a rockabilly group called Teddy and the Talltops with Phil Bennison aka "Homer Henderson" on bass and Jas Stephens on drums. Heath moonlighted on some gigs with "The Hot House Tomato Boys" from Fayetteville, Arkansas; the band included long time friend Tim Alexander. Around 1985, Heath was known as "Big Jim the Sound Guy" by those who frequented two warehouses that by night became music venues, Theater Gallery and The Prophet Bar while playing with.
Theater Gallery owner Russell Hobbs nicknamed Heath "Horton". Heath used the old Sweetbriar PA system to earn extra money, running sound for bands such as the New Bohemians, End Over End, Dino Lee, Shallow Reign, Burning Desire, The Textones and Three On A Hill as well as doing sound reinforcement for the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Flaming Lips, The Pandoras, Husker Du, The True Believers and Michael Stipe from REM. For the Red Hot Chili Peppers gig and Jeff Liles, the booking agent for Theater Gallery formed a one-gig, local all-star band called "Beat Orgy". Heath sang one song during the set, "Folsom Prison Blues", it caught the ear of Theater Gallery owner, Russell Hobbs. Heath decided and there to start trying to get solo gigs. Russell Hobbs asked Heath to play the opening week at his new venue, "The Prophet Bar"; when Heath showed up for soundcheck, Hobbs told him his stage name was going to be "Reverend Horton Heat". The title "Reverend" was a total shock to Heath; the Horton part was Hobbs' nickname for Heath and the rest was a shortened version of his last name, Heath except spelled "Heet".
Heath said no to the proposed stage name, thinking it was too close to Reverend Gary Davis and "The Reverend Willie G.", guitar players whom Heath holds in high esteem and didn't want to be thought to be pretending to be in their league. But Hobbs had made flyers and listed the show in the papers as Reverend Horton Heet. At that first show, to Heath's surprise, there was a healthy audience who enjoyed his sets and were calling him "Reverend". So, being somewhat poor and desperate decided to take the name except for the spelling of Heet. Hobbs claimed that the Reverend part of Heath's stage name was the idea of artist/musician John Battles. All of this transpired somewhere around the time of Heath's divorce to Jenny Turner. Within several weeks of starting to play as Reverend Horton Heat, Heath began recruiting local musicians to play with him—sometimes unrehearsed; the first show of Reverend Horton Heat with a band consisted of Heath, Jack Barton, Peter Kaplan and Tim Alexander. As Tim Alexander had a full-time gig with "Asleep at the Wheel", the band became a trio, Tim Alexander played piano and accordion on many RHH albums as w
Michael Valentine Doonican was an Irish singer of traditional pop, easy listening, novelty songs, noted for his warm and relaxed style. A crooner, he found popular success in the United Kingdom where he had five successive Top 10 albums in the 1960s as well as several hits on the UK Singles Chart, including "If the Whole World Stopped Lovin'", "Walk Tall" and "Elusive Butterfly"; the Val Doonican Show, which featured his singing and a variety of guests, had a long and successful run on BBC Television from 1965 to 1986 and Doonican won the Variety Club of Great Britain's BBC-TV Personality of the Year award three times. Doonican was born on 3 February 1927 in Waterford, the youngest of the eight children of Agnes and John Doonican, he played in his school band from the age of six. In 1941 when he was a teenager his father died, so he had to leave De La Salle College Waterford, to get factory jobs fabricating steel and making orange and grapefruit boxes, he began to perform in his hometown with his friend Bruce Clarke, they had their first professional engagement as a duo in 1947.
Doonican appeared in a summer season at County Wexford. He soon featured on Irish radio, sometimes with Clarke, appeared in Waterford's first-ever television broadcast, he played the drums in a band on a tour through Ireland. In 1951 Doonican moved to England to join the Four Ramblers, who toured and performed on BBC Radio shows broadcast from factories, on the Riders of the Range serials, he began performing at United States Air Force bases. The Ramblers supported Anthony Newley on tour and recognising his talent and potential as a solo act, Newley persuaded him to leave the singing group and go solo, he was auditioned for radio as a solo act, appeared on the radio show Variety Bandbox. Soon after his solo career started, he had his own radio show as well as performing in concerts and cabaret. In the late 1950s, Doonican became one of the artists managed by Eve Taylor, the self-described'Queen Bee' of showbusiness, who remained his manager until her death. After seeing him in cabaret in London in 1963, impresario Val Parnell booked him to appear on Sunday Night at the Palladium.
As a result of his performance, Bill Cotton Assistant Head of Light Entertainment at BBC Television, offered Doonican his own regular show. The TV shows were lasted for over 20 years. At their peak the shows attracted audiences of some 19 million viewers; the shows featured his relaxed crooner style, sitting in a rocking chair wearing cardigans or jumpers, sometimes performing comedic Irish songs including "Paddy McGinty's Goat", "Delaney's Donkey" and "O'Rafferty's Motor Car" as well as easy listening and country material on which he accompanied himself on acoustic guitar. Doonican's songs about O'Rafferty were popular enough for the BBC to publish a book, Val Doonican Tells The Adventures of O'Rafferty, which retold five of the tales, in 1969; as his were variety shows, his TV programmes gave a number of other performers, such as Dave Allen, early exposure. Regular guests included Bernard Cribbins, Bob Todd, the Norman Maen Dancers, the Mike Sammes Singers, the Kenny Woodman Orchestra. At its height The Val Doonican Show, which featured both American and British acts, had 20 million viewers.
In the United States, The Val Doonican Show aired on ABC on Saturday evenings at 8:30 p.m. from 5 June to 14 August 1971. The Palladium performance kick-started his recording career. Between 1964 and 1973 Doonican was out of the UK Singles Chart, his greatest successes including the singles "Walk Tall", "The Special Years", "Elusive Butterfly", "What Would I Be", "If The Whole World Stopped Loving", "Morning"; the 1966 single release "Elusive Butterfly" reached a UK chart peak of # 3 in Ireland. In all, he recorded over 50 albums. After a spell with Philips records in the seventies he recorded for RCA, he sang the theme song to the film Ring of Bright Water. Behind the scenes, Doonican was described as "a perfectionist who knew his limitations but always aimed to be'the best Val Doonican possible.'" He was sometimes compared to American singer Perry Como, though he claimed his main influence was Bing Crosby. He appeared in three Royal Variety Performances. On 31 December 1976, Doonican performed his hit song "What Would I Be" on BBC One's A Jubilee of Music, celebrating British pop music for Queen Elizabeth II's impending Silver Jubilee.
Doonican won the BBC Television Personality of the Year award in 1966. He was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1970. Eamonn Andrews met him at the 18th green of the South Herts Golf Club as Doonican played a round of golf, he wrote two volumes of autobiography, The Special Years and Walking Tall Doonican met his future wife, Lynette Rae, when both she and the Ramblers supported Anthony Newley on tour. The couple married in 1962, they had two daughters and Fiona, two grandchildren and Scott. In years they lived at Knotty Green in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. Doonican retired in 1990 but was still performing in 2009, he was a keen golfer and a talented watercolour painter. Another hobby he enjoyed was cooking. In June 2011, he was recognised by the Mayor of Waterford bestowing on him "The Freedom of the City". Doonican died at a nursing home in Buckinghamshire on 1 July 2015, aged 88, his daughter Sarah told The Guardian: "U
Jerry Lee Lewis
Jerry Lee Lewis is an American singer-songwriter and pianist known by his nickname, The Killer. He has been described as "rock & roll's first great wild man."A pioneer of rock and roll and rockabilly music, Lewis made his first recordings in 1956 at Sun Records in Memphis. "Crazy Arms" sold 300,000 copies in the South, but it was his 1957 hit "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" that shot Lewis to fame worldwide. He followed this with "Great Balls of Fire", "Breathless" and "High School Confidential". However, Lewis's rock and roll career faltered in the wake of his marriage to Myra Gale Brown, his 13-year-old cousin, he had minimal success in the charts following the scandal, his popularity eroded. Sun Records, through its label Phillips International, released "In the Mood" credited to The Hawk in an attempt to have the record-buyers think it was someone other than Lewis, they didn't buy it. His live performance fees plummeted from $10,000 per night to $250. In the meantime he was determined to gain back some of his popularity.
In the early 1960s, he did not have much chart success, with few exceptions, such as a cover of Ray Charles's "What'd I Say". His live performances at this time were wild and energetic, his 1964 live album Live at the Star Club, Hamburg is regarded by music journalists and fans as one of the wildest and greatest live rock albums ever. In 1968, Lewis made a transition into country music and had hits with songs such as "Another Place, Another Time"; this reignited his career, throughout the late 1960s and 1970s he topped the country-western charts. His No. 1 country hits included "To Make Love Sweeter for You", "There Must Be More to Love Than This", "Would You Take Another Chance on Me", "Me and Bobby McGee". Lewis's successes continued throughout the decade and he embraced his rock and roll past with songs such as a cover of the Big Bopper's "Chantilly Lace" and Mack Vickery's "Rockin' My Life Away". In the 21st century Lewis still releases new albums, his album Last Man Standing is his best selling to date, with over a million copies sold worldwide.
This was followed by Mean Old Man. Lewis has a dozen gold records in both country, he won several Grammy awards, including a Lifetime Achievement Award. Lewis was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, his pioneering contribution to the genre has been recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, he was a member of the inaugural class inducted into the Memphis Music Hall of Fame. In 1989, his life was chronicled in the movie Great Balls of Fire, starring Dennis Quaid. In 2003, Rolling Stone listed his box set All Killer, No Filler: The Anthology number 242 on their list of "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". In 2004, they ranked him number 24 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Lewis is the last surviving member of Sun Records' Million Dollar Quartet and the Class of'55 album, which included Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison and Elvis Presley. Music critic Robert Christgau has said of Lewis: "His drive, his timing, his offhand vocal power, his unmistakable boogie-plus piano, his absolute confidence in the face of the void make Jerry Lee the quintessential rock and roller."
Lewis was born in 1935 to the poor farming family of Elmo and Mamie Lewis in Ferriday, Concordia Parish, in eastern Louisiana. In his youth, he began playing piano with two of Mickey Gilley and Jimmy Swaggart, his parents mortgaged their farm to buy him a piano. Lewis was influenced by a piano-playing older cousin, Carl McVoy, the radio, the sounds from Haney's Big House, a black juke joint across the tracks. On the live album By Request, More of the Greatest Live Show on Earth, Lewis is heard naming Moon Mullican as an artist who inspired him, he was influenced by the Great American Songbook and popular country singers like Jimmie Rodgers and Hank Williams. Williams in particular struck a chord with Lewis, who told biographer Rick Bragg in 2014, "I felt something when I listened to that man. I felt something different."His mother enrolled him in the Southwest Bible Institute, in Waxahachie, Texas, so that he would be singing evangelical songs exclusively. But Lewis daringly played a boogie-woogie rendition of "My God Is Real" at a church assembly, which ended his association with the school the same night.
Pearry Green president of the student body, related how during a talent show Lewis played some "worldly" music. The next morning, the dean of the school called Green into his office to expel them. Lewis said that Green should not be expelled because "he didn't know what I was going to do."After that incident, he went home and started playing at clubs in and around Ferriday and Natchez, becoming part of the burgeoning new rock and roll sound and cutting his first demo recording in 1954. Around 1955, he traveled to Nashville, where he played in clubs and attempted to build interest, but he was turned down by the Grand Ole Opry, as he had been at the Louisiana Hayride country stage and radio show in Shreveport. Recording executives in Nashville suggested. In November 1956, Lewis traveled to Tennessee, to audition for Sun Records. Label owner Sam Phillips was in Florida, but producer and engineer Jack Clement recorded Lewis's rendition of Ray Price's "Crazy Arms" and his own composition "End of the Road".
In December 1956, Lewis began recording prolifically, as a solo a
In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
Roger Dean Miller was an American singer-songwriter and actor known for his honky-tonk-influenced novelty songs and his chart-topping country and pop hits "King of the Road", "Dang Me", "England Swings", all from the mid-1960s Nashville sound era. After growing up in Oklahoma and serving in the United States Army, Miller began his musical career as a songwriter in the late 1950s, writing such hits as "Billy Bayou" and "Home" for Jim Reeves and "Invitation to the Blues" for Ray Price, he began a recording career and reached the peak of his fame in the mid-1960s, continuing to record and tour into the 1990s, charting his final top 20 country hit "Old Friends" with Willie Nelson in 1982. He wrote and performed several of the songs for the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood. In his life, he wrote the music and lyrics for the 1985 Tony-award winning Broadway musical Big River, in which he acted. Miller died from lung cancer in 1992 and was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame three years later.
His songs continued to be recorded by other singers, with covers of "Tall, Tall Trees" by Alan Jackson and "Husbands and Wives" by Brooks & Dunn. The Roger Miller Museum in his home town of Erick, was a tribute to Miller. Roger Miller was born in Fort Worth, the third son of Jean and Laudene Miller. Jean Miller died from spinal meningitis. Unable to support the family during the Great Depression, Laudene sent her three sons to live with three of Jean's brothers. Thus, Miller grew up on a farm outside Erick, with Elmer and Armelia Miller; as a boy, Miller did farm work, such as plowing. He would say he was "dirt poor" and that as late as 1951 the family did not own a telephone, he received his primary education at a one-room schoolhouse. Miller was an introverted child, would daydream or compose songs. One of his earliest compositions went: "There's a picture on the wall. It's the dearest of them all, Mother."Miller was a member of the National FFA Organization in high school. He listened to the Grand Ole Opry and Light Crust Doughboys on a Fort Worth station with his cousin's husband, Sheb Wooley.
Wooley bought him a fiddle. Wooley, Hank Williams, Bob Wills were the influences that led to Miller's desire to be a singer-songwriter, he began to perform in Oklahoma and Texas. At 17, he stole a guitar out of desperation to write songs, he chose to enlist in the United States Army to avoid jail. He quipped, "My education was Korea, Clash of'52." Near the end of his military service, while stationed in Atlanta, Miller played fiddle in the "Circle A Wranglers," a military musical group started by Faron Young. While Miller was stationed in South Carolina, an army sergeant whose brother was Kenneth C. "Jethro" Burns, from the musical duo Homer and Jethro, persuaded him to head to Nashville after his discharge. On leaving the Army, Miller traveled to Nashville to begin his musical career, he met with Chet Atkins, who asked to hear him sing, loaning him a guitar since Miller did not own one. Out of nervousness, Miller sang a song in two different keys. Atkins advised him to come back when he had more experience.
Miller found work as a bellhop at Nashville's Andrew Jackson Hotel, he was soon known as the "singing bellhop." He was hired by Minnie Pearl to play the fiddle in her band. He met George Jones, who introduced him to music executives from the Starday Records label who scheduled an audition. Impressed, the executives set up a recording session with Jones in Houston. Jones and Miller collaborated to write "Tall, Tall Trees" and "Happy Child." After marrying and becoming a father, Miller put aside his music career to be a fireman in Amarillo, Texas. A fireman by day, he performed at night. Miller said that as a fireman he saw only two fires, one in a "chicken coop" and another he "slept through," after which the department "suggested that... seek other employment." Miller met Ray Price, became a member of his Cherokee Cowboys. He returned to Nashville and wrote "Invitation to the Blues,", covered by Rex Allen and by Ray Price, whose recording was a number three hit on country charts. Miller signed with Tree Publishing on a salary of $50 a week.
He wrote: "Half a Mind" for Ernest Tubb, "That's the Way I Feel" for Faron Young. Miller became one of the biggest songwriters of the 1950s, he was known to give away lines, inciting many Nashville songwriters to follow him around since, according to Killen, "everything he said was a potential song." Miller signed a recording deal with Decca Records in 1958. He was paired with singer Donny Lytle, who gained fame under the name Johnny Paycheck, to perform the Miller-written "A Man Like Me," and "The Wrong Kind of Girl." Neither of these honky-tonk-style songs charted. His second single with the label, featuring the B-side "Jason Fleming," foreshadowed Miller's future style. To make money, Miller went on tour with Faron Young's band as a drummer, although he had never drummed. During this period, he signed a record deal with Chet Atkins at RCA Victor, for whom Miller recorded "You Don't Want My Love" in 1960, which marked his first appearance on country charts, peaking at N
Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby
Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby is a 2006 American sports comedy film directed by Adam McKay and starring Will Ferrell, while written by both McKay and Ferrell. Additionally, the film features John C. Reilly, Sacha Baron Cohen, Gary Cole, Michael Clarke Duncan, Leslie Bibb, Jane Lynch, Amy Adams, appearances by Saturday Night Live alumni. NASCAR drivers Jamie McMurray and Dale Earnhardt Jr. make cameos, as do broadcasting teams from NASCAR on Fox and NASCAR on NBC. In North Carolina, Ricky Bobby is a man. Born in the backseat of a racing car on country roads while his father, accidentally missed the turnoff for the hospital due to driving too fast. Bobby grew up not knowing his father, only seeing him once in 10 years where he was kicked out of Bobby's school for inappropriate behavior; as an adult, while working on the pit crew of Dennit Racing driver Terry Cheveaux, Bobby acts as a replacement driver after Terry decides to take a bathroom break while in last place. After finishing third in the race, Bobby gains fortune at Dennit Racing.
While racing, he meets his future wife Carley. Years after winning several championships, Bobby persuades Dennit Racing to field a second team for his best friend Cal Naughton Jr.. Bobby and Naughton become an unstoppable duo on the track, but are soon introduced to their new teammate gay French Formula One driver Jean Girard; the Frenchman soon outperforms both Bobby and Naughton to become Dennit Racing's latest success story. Desperate to win, Bobby exceeds his crashes at Lowe's Motor Speedway, his declining performance subsequently gets. Bobby moves in with his mom Lucy, brings his two disobedient sons Walker and Texas Ranger with him while taking a job as a pizza delivery man, his luck worsens when he loses his driver's license after colliding with a woman pushing a shopping cart and hitting a police officer, reducing Bobby to riding the bus or a bicycle to deliver pizzas. Meanwhile, Lucy is determined to reform her two disrespectful grandsons. With his life at rock bottom, Bobby's estranged father Reese returns to remind him how to drive, using unorthodox methods such as putting a live cougar in his car, forcing him to escape the police.
When his father leaves him again after causing trouble at an Applebees restaurant, Bobby's former assistant Susan persuades him to return to NASCAR, since it is in his nature to drive fast. They develop a romantic relationship when Bobby takes Susan's advice and races at Talladega Superspeedway. Bobby makes amends with Carley and Naughton, while uniting with his pit crew chief and close friend Lucius Washington. With limited sponsors, Bobby's car is painted with a cougar to remind him of his passion. At the start of the race, Bobby flies from last place to pass all of the drivers except Girard. In the closing laps, Naughton uses a slingshot technique for Bobby to pass Girard; the replacement driver of Bobby's Wonder Bread car causes a massive wreck that takes out the field, except Bobby and Girard. On the final lap of the race and Girard collide, wrecking their vehicles. Bobby and Girard begin running towards the finish line. Bobby reaches the line first, however both are disqualified for getting out of their cars.
As Naughton takes the checkered flag, Girard offers Bobby a handshake, but Bobby responds by kissing him on the lips. Carley asks Bobby to move back in with her and start over, but he chooses to stay with Susan instead. At the end of the event, Bobby is congratulated in the parking lot by Reese. He, his family and Susan leave to go back to Applebees. In a post credits scene, Grandma Lucy is shown reading a story to Walker and Texas Ranger, both having been disciplined by her and are now presented as polite, respectful children. Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 71%, from 184 reviews; the site's critical consensus reads: "Though it stalls, Talladega Nights' mix of satire, clever gags, excellent ensemble performances put it squarely in the winner's circle." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 66 out of 100, from 33 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews."British magazine Total Film gave it a perfect five-star rating, with the following verdict: "Forget the recent blips.
More than just the year's funniest film, Talladega Nights is one of the best films of the year." Automotive journalist Leo Parente said, "the most accurate racing film trust me," while emphasizing that he was not being sarcastic. The film grossed $148.2 million in the U. S. and Canada and $14.8 million in other territories for a total worldwide gross of $163 million. The film grossed $47 million in its first week. Behind The Lego Movie, it is the second largest opening for a film starring Will Ferrell; the former Supercars Championship team, Britek Motorsport, incorporated the Talladega Nights logo into the paint scheme for the 2006 Enduro Cup, appearing in three races, including the Sandown 500 a
Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders is a German filmmaker, playwright and photographer. He is a major figure in New German Cinema. Among many honors, he has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature: for Buena Vista Social Club, about Cuban music culture. One of Wenders' earliest honors was a win for the BAFTA Award for Best Direction for his narrative drama Paris, which won the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival. Many of his subsequent films have been recognized at Cannes, including Wings of Desire, for which Wenders won the Best Director Award at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival. Wenders has been the president of the European Film Academy in Berlin since 1996. Alongside filmmaking, he is an active photographer, he is considered to be an auteur director. Wenders was born in Düsseldorf into a traditionally Catholic family, his father, Heinrich Wenders, was a surgeon. The use of the Dutch name "Wim" is a shortened version of the baptismal name "Wilhelm"; as a boy, he took unaccompanied trips to Amsterdam to visit the Rijksmuseum.
He graduated from high school in Oberhausen in the Ruhr area. He studied medicine and philosophy in Freiburg and Düsseldorf. However, he dropped out of university studies and moved to Paris in October 1966 to become a painter. Wenders failed his entry test at France's national film school IDHEC, instead became an engraver in the studio of Johnny Friedlander, in Montparnasse. During this time, Wenders became fascinated with cinema, saw up to five movies a day at the local movie theater. Set on making his obsession his life's work, Wenders returned to Germany in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf office of United Artists; that fall, he entered the "Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film München". Between 1967 and 1970 while at the "HFF", Wenders worked as a film critic for FilmKritik the Munich daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung, Twen magazine, Der Spiegel. Wenders completed several short films before graduating from the Hochschule with a feature-length 16mm black-and-white film, Summer in the City. Wenders began his career during the New German Cinema era of the late 1960s, making his feature directorial debut with Summer in the City.
Much of the distinctive cinematography in his movies is the result of a productive long-term collaboration with Dutch cinematographer Robby Müller. Some of his more successful and critically acclaimed movies—Paris and Wings of Desire, for example—have been the result of fruitful collaborations with avant-garde authors Peter Handke and Sam Shepard. Handke's novel, The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick was adapted for Wenders' second feature film, The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty. Handke co-wrote the script for Wings of Desire and Until the End of the World, both featuring Solveig Dommartin. Wenders has directed several acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club, about Cuban musicians, The Soul of a Man, on American blues, he has directed a documentary style film on the Skladanowsky brothers, known in English as A Trick of the Light. The Skladanowsky brothers were inventing'moving pictures' when several others like the Lumière brothers and William Friese-Greene were doing the same.
Alongside Buena Vista Social Club his documentaries on Pina Bausch and Sebastiao Salgado, The Salt of the Earth received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. He has directed many music videos for groups such as U2 and Talking Heads, including "Stay" and "Sax and Violins", his television commercials include a UK advertisement for Carling Premier Canadian beer. Wenders' book, Emotion Pictures, a collection of diary essays written while a film student, was adapted and broadcast as a series of plays on BBC Radio 3, featuring Peter Capaldi as Wenders, with Gina McKee, Saskia Reeves, Dennis Hopper, Harry Dean Stanton and Ricky Tomlinson, dramatised by Neil Cargill. Wenders was collaborating with artist/journalist and longtime friend Melinda Camber Porter on a documentary feature about his body of work, Wim Wenders - Visions on Film, when Porter died – the film remains incomplete. Wenders is a member of the advisory board of World Cinema Foundation; the project was founded by Martin Scorsese and aimed at finding and reconstructing world cinema films that have been long neglected.
He serves as a Jury Member for the digital studio Filmaka, a platform for undiscovered filmmakers to show their work to industry professionals. In 2011 he was selected to stage the 2013 cycle of Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival, a reflection of his capacity to produce imaginative tributes to great works of art; the project fell through when he insisted on filming in 3-D, which the Wagner family found too costly and disruptive. While promoting his 3-D dance film, Wenders told the Documentary channel Blog in December 2011 that he has begun work on a new 3-D documentary, this one about architecture, he has said that he will only be working in the 3-D film format from now on. Wenders admired the dance choreographer Pina Bausch since 1985, but only with the advent of digital 3-D cinema did he decide that he could sufficiently capture her work on screen, he will stage director debut for Georges Bizet's opera Les Pêcheurs de perles starring Olga Peretyatko, Francesco Demuro, conducted by Daniel Barenboim at Berlin State Opera in June 2017.
In an interview with Christiane Amanpou