Ballysadare, locally Ballisodare, is a village in County Sligo, Ireland. It is located about 7 kilometres south of Sligo town; the town developed on an important crossing of the Owenmore River. The Ox Mountains are located west of the village; the village itself is named after the falls on the Owenmore River. Ballysadare is in the barony of Leyny the túath of Luighne Connacht, the barony of Tirerril, ￼￼formerly the túath of￼￼￼ Tír Olloíl; the Owenmore river forms the border between the baronies. Ballysadare borders two other baronies in Co. Sligo, Carbury to the North and Tireragh to the West. Ballysadare is in the diocese of Achonry. Alternative names for the falls are Ess na n-Éan. Ballysadare is a possible location for the town noted as Nagnata on Claudius Ptolemy's 2nd century CE co-ordinate map of the world. Ballysadare was anciently a major gathering place for all surrounding districts. St. Columba visited Ballysadare in 575 AD at which "Before the Saint returned to Britain he founded one church in the district of Carbury, proceeded from thence to a place called Easdara, where all the prelates of the neighbouring regions, vast numbers of holy men and women had come to meet him.
This extract is from Colgans Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae. The O'Hara were the lords of Lúighne. St Féichín was born in the townland of Billa in the parish of Ballysadare, he is said to have studied under St. Nath Í of Achonry further to the south in the same territory; the word Bile means grove. The townland is the location of the Leaba St. St. Feichins bed; the town developed near a church founded by St. Féichín, some time before he died in 664 AD; this monastic site is in Kilboglashy townland and the remains consist of a stone church known as the Great Temple of St. Féichín, with a Romanesque style carved doorway, two small buildings and a graveyard; the O'Duillenain, were erenachs of Ballysadare. The Canons Regular of St. Augustine built a new priory a short distance to the west in Abbeytown Townland in the 13th century. Ballysadare was mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters 15 times between 1158 and 1602, in 1188, 1199, 1228, 1230, 1235, 1239, 1249, 1261, 1267, 1285, 1360, 1444, 1595 and 1602.
In 1360 the Annals of the Four Masters note: A bridge of lime and stone was built by Cathal O’Conor across the river of Eas-dara. In 1588 all monastery lands around Ballysadare were seized by the Dublin government on behalf of the Crown. Ballysadare is the site of an ancient silver and lead mine, re-opened and worked in the 19th and 20th century, it is now the site of a quarry. Ballysadare was the location of a Pollexfen Mills. There is a hydro electric power station in the vicinity; the area experienced rapid development during the'Celtic Tiger' boom, with many new housing developments, many of which now lie empty, creating phantom estates. The village was bypassed by the N4 Sligo-Collooney dual-carriageway, completed in January 1998; the N59 Ballina-Sligo road still winds through the village. It is home to St. Mary's College,a secondary school which serves the southern and western environs of County Sligo, including the surrounding areas of Collooney and Coolaney. There is St. John's national school which serves the surrounding area Ballysadare railway station is located on the Dublin-Sligo railway line and the Western Rail Corridor but is closed to passengers.
List of towns and villages in Ireland
Christianization is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once. Various strategies and techniques were employed in Christianization campaigns from Late Antiquity and throughout the Middle Ages; the conversion of the ruler was followed by the compulsory baptism of his subjects. Some were evangelization by monks or priests, organic growth within an partly Christianized society, or by campaigns against paganism such as the conversion of pagan temples into Christian churches or the condemnation of pagan gods and practices. A strategy for Christianization was Interpretatio Christiana – the practice of converting native pagan practices and culture, pagan religious imagery, pagan sites and the pagan calendar to Christian uses, due to the Christian efforts at proselytism based on the Great Commission. Reformatting native religious and cultural activities and beliefs into a Christianized form was sanctioned. In essence, it was intended that the traditions and practices still existed, but that the reasoning behind them was altered.
The existence of syncretism in Christian tradition has long been recognized by scholars. Since the 16th century and till modern days, significant scholarship was devoted to deconstruction of interpretatio christiana, i.e. tracing the roots of some Christian practices and traditions to paganism. Early works of this type have tended to be downplayed and dismissed as a form of Protestant apologetics aimed at "purification" of Christianity; the Council of Jerusalem, according to Acts 15, agreed that lack of circumcision could not be a basis for excluding Gentile believers from membership in the Jesus community. Rather, they instructed new believers to avoid "pollution of idols, things strangled, blood", expecting them to hear Moses read on the Sabbath days; these clarifications were put into writing, distributed by messengers present at the Council, were received as an encouragement to the growth of these gentiles' trust in the God of Israel as revealed in the Gospel. The Apostolic Decree thus helped to establish nascent Christianity as a unique alternative among the forms of Judaism for prospective Proselytes.
The Twelve Apostles and the Apostolic Fathers initiated the process of transforming the Jewish sect into a diaspora of communities composed of both Jews and gentiles, united by their trust in Jesus. The Armenian and Ethiopian churches are the only instances of imposition of Christianity by sovereign rulers predating the council of Nicaea; the initial conversion of the Roman Empire occurred in urban areas of Europe, where the first conversions were sometimes among members of the Jewish population. Conversions happened among the Grecian-Roman-Celtic populations over centuries initially among its urban population, with rural conversions taking place some time later; the term "pagan" is from Latin and means "villager, civilian." It is derived from this historical transition. The root of that word is present in today's word "paisan" or "paisano"; the Christianization of the Roman Empire is divided into two phases and after the year 312, which marked the momentous conversion of Constantine. By this date, Christianity had converted a significant but unknown proportion of at least the urban population of the empire including a small number of the elite classes.
Constantine ended the intermittent persecution of Christianity with the Edict of Milan, in fact a quote from a letter of the emperor Licinius by Eusebius, which granted tolerance to all religions, but mentions Christianity. Under Constantine's successors, Christianization of Roman society proceeded by fits and starts, as John Curran documented in detail. Constantine's sons did not close the temples. Although all state temples in all cities were ordered shut in 356, there is evidence that traditional sacrifices continued. Under Julian, the temples were state religious sacrifices performed once more; when Gratian, emperor 376-383, declined the office and title of Pontifex Maximus, his act brought an end to the state religion due to the position's authority and ties within the Imperial administration. Again, this process ended state official practices but not private religious devotion; as Christianity spread, many of the ancient pagan temples were defiled, destroyed, or converted into Christian sites by such figures as Martin of Tours, in the East by militant monks.
However, many temples remained open until Theodosius I's edict of Thessalonica in 381 banned haruspices and other pagan religious practices. From 389 to 393 he issued a series of decrees which led to the banning of pagan religious rites, the confiscation of their property and endowments; the Olympic Games were banned in 392 because of their association with the old religion. Further laws were passed against remaining pagan practices over the course of the following years; the effectiveness of these laws empire-wide is debatable. Christianization of the central Balkans is documented at the end of the 4th century, where Nicetas the Bishop of Remesiana brought the gospel to "those mountain wolves"
Ulster is a province in the north of the island of Ireland. It is made up of nine counties, six of which are in Northern Ireland and three of which are in the Republic of Ireland, it is the second largest and second most populous of Ireland's four provinces, with Belfast being its biggest city. Unlike the other provinces, Ulster has a high percentage of Protestants, making up half of its population. English is Ulster English the main dialect. A minority speak Irish, there are Gaeltacht in southern Londonderry, the Gaeltacht Quarter of Belfast and in Donegal, where 25% of the total Gaeltacht population of Ireland is located. Lough Neagh, in the east, is the largest lake in the British Isles, while Lough Erne in the west is one of its largest lake networks; the main mountain ranges are the Mournes, Sperrins and Derryveagh Mountains. Ulster lay at the heart of the Gaelic world made up of Gaelic Ireland and the Isle of Man. According to tradition, in ancient Ireland it was one of the fifths ruled by a rí ruirech, or "king of over-kings".
It is named after the overkingdom of Ulaid, in the east of the province, in turn named after the Ulaid folk. The other overkingdoms in Ulster were Ailech. After the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th century, eastern Ulster was conquered by the Anglo-Normans and became the Earldom of Ulster. By the late 14th century the Earldom had collapsed and the O'Neill dynasty had come to dominate most of Ulster, claiming the title King of Ulster. Ulster became the most Gaelic and independent of Ireland's provinces, its rulers were defeated in the Nine Years' War. King James I colonized Ulster with English-speaking Protestant settlers from Britain, in the Plantation of Ulster; this led to the founding of many of Ulster's towns. The inflow of Protestant settlers and migrants led to bouts of sectarian violence with Catholics, notably during the 1641 rebellion and the Armagh disturbances. Along with the rest of Ireland, Ulster became part of the United Kingdom in 1801. In the early 20th century, moves towards Irish self-rule were opposed by many Ulster Protestants, sparking the Home Rule Crisis.
This, the subsequent Irish War of Independence, led to the partition of Ireland. Six Ulster counties became Northern Ireland, a self-governing territory within the United Kingdom, while the rest of Ireland became the Irish Free State, now the Republic of Ireland. Ulster has no official function for local government purposes in either country. However, for the purposes of ISO 3166-2, Ulster is used to refer to the three counties of Cavan and Monaghan only, which are given country sub-division code "IE-U"; the name is used by various organisations such as cultural and sporting bodies. The name Ulster has several possible derivations: from the Norse name "Uladztir", an adaptation of Ulaidh and tir, the Irish for "land", it has been suggested to have derived from Uladh plus the Norse suffix ster, common in the Shetland Islands and Norway. The Irish name, Cúige Uladh, means the "province of the Ulaid", with the term cúige referring to a fifth; the Ulaidh were a group of tribes. Ulaidh has been anglicised as Ulagh or Ullagh and Latinised as Ulidia or Ultonia.
The latter two have yielded the terms Ultonian. The Irish word for someone or something from Ulster is Ultach, this can be found in the surnames MacNulty, MacAnulty, Nulty, which all derive from Mac an Ultaigh, meaning "son of the Ulsterman". Words that have been used in English are Ulsterman/Ulsterwoman. Northern Ireland is referred to as Ulster, despite including only six of Ulster's nine counties; this usage is most common amongst people in Northern Ireland who are unionist, although it is used by the media throughout the United Kingdom. Most Irish nationalists object to the use of Ulster in this context. Ulster has an area of 21,552 square kilometres. About 62 % of the area of Ulster is in the UK. Ulster's biggest city, has an urban population of over half a million inhabitants, making it the second-largest city on the island of Ireland and the 10th largest urban area in the UK. Six of Ulster's nine counties, Armagh, Fermanagh and Tyrone, including the former parliamentary boroughs of Belfast and Londonderry, form Northern Ireland which remained part of the United Kingdom after the partition of Ireland in 1921.
Three Ulster counties – Cavan and Monaghan – form part of the Republic of Ireland. About half of Ulster's population lives in counties Down. Across the nine counties, according to the aggregate UK 2011 Census for Northern Ireland, the ROI 2011 Census for counties Cavan and Monaghan, there is a Roman Catholic majority over Protestant of 50.8% to 42.7%. While the traditional counties continue to demarcate areas of local government in the Republic of Ireland, this is no longer the case in Northern Ireland. Since 1974, the traditional counties have a ceremonial role only. Local government in Northern Ireland is today demarcated by 11 districts. Counties shaded in grey are in the Republic of Ireland. Counties shaded in pink are in Northern Ireland. Settlements in Ulster with at least 14,000 inhabitants, li
The Anglo-Normans were the medieval ruling class in England, composed of a combination of ethnic Anglo-Saxons and French, following the Norman conquest. A small number of Normans had earlier befriended future Anglo-Saxon King of England, Edward the Confessor, during his exile in his mother's homeland of Normandy; when he returned to England some of them went with him, so there were Normans settled in England prior to the conquest. Following the death of Edward, the powerful Anglo-Saxon noble, Harold Godwinson, acceded to the English throne until his defeat by William, Duke of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings; the invading Normans came from the duchy of Normandy in the kingdom of France. They formed a ruling class in Britain, distinct from the native populations. Over time their language evolved from the continental Old Norman to the distinct Anglo-Norman language. Anglo-Normans established control over all of England, as well as parts of Wales. After 1130, parts of southern and eastern Scotland came under Anglo-Norman rule, in return for their support of David I's conquest.
The Norman conquest of Ireland in 1169 saw Anglo-Normans settle vast swaths of Ireland, becoming the Hiberno-Normans. The composite expression regno Norman-Anglorum for the Anglo-Norman kingdom that comprises Normandy and England appears contemporaneously only in the Hyde Chronicle; the Norman conquest of England, being a conquest by a people whose tongue and institutions were different from those of the English in many aspects, was an event of an altogether different character from the Danish conquest, a conquest by a people whose tongue was more akin to those of the English, but whose religion was pagan. The English were Catholic and shared this religion with the Normans and they had an influence in England, before the conquest. Furthermore, the relationships between the sailors from both sides of the English channel had maintained a certain common culture; the Normans were not a homogeneous group springing from Scandinavian stock, but hailed from a region of France known as Normandy. The Normans who invaded England did it with a strong contingent from a wide cross-section of north western and central France, from Maine, Brittany, Poitou and "France", altogether non-Norman men accounted for more than a quarter of the army at Hastings.
In terms of culture, they represented the Northern French civilisation, who only spoke French and other Langues d'oïl. The Norman settlers felt no community with the earlier Danish settlers, despite the fact that the Normans were themselves descendants of the Danish Vikings. However, in their own army, they did not feel any sense of community with the Poitou, the Bretons, other groups that had different dialects and traditions; the association between these different troops was only occasional and corresponds to an immediate necessity for the Norman ruler. In fact, the Normans met with the steadiest resistance in a part of England, the most influenced by the Danish. Ousting the Danish leaders who conquered parts of England and provided some of the stiffest resistance to the Normans, replacing the powerful English territorial magnates, while co-opting the most powerful of them, the Normans imposed a new political structure, broadly termed "feudal". Many of the English nobles lost titles. A number of free geburs had their rights and court access much decreased, becoming unfree villeins, despite the fact that this status did not exist in Normandy itself.
At the same time, many of the new Norman and Northern-France magnates were distributed lands by the King, taken from the English nobles. Some of these magnates used their original French-derived names, with the prefix'de,' meaning they were lords of the old fiefs in France, some instead dropped their original names and took their names from new English holdings; the Norman conquest of England brought Britain and Ireland into the orbit of the European continent what remained of Roman-influenced language and culture. If the earlier Anglo-Saxon England was tied to local traditions, the England emerging from the Conquest owed a debt to the Romance languages and the culture of ancient Rome, not so important before the Conquest, but was maintained at a high level by the English Catholic Church and the clerks of England, it transmitted itself in the emerging feudal world. That heritage can be discerned in language, incorporating shards of the French language and the Roman past, in architecture, in the emerging Romanesque architecture, in a new feudal structure erected as a bulwark against the chaos that overtook the Continent following the collapse of Roman authority and the subsequent Dark Ages.
The England that emerged from the Conquest was a decidedly different place, but one, opened up to the sweep of outside influences. The Norman conquest of England signalled a revolution in military styles and methods; the old Anglo-Saxon military elite began to emigrate the generation next younger to that defeated at Hastings, who had no particular future in a country controlled by the conquerors. William, encouraged them to leave, as a security measure; the first to leave went to Denmark and many of these mo
Lough Erne is the name of two connected lakes in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is the second-biggest lake system in Northern Ireland and Ulster, the fourth biggest in Ireland; the lakes are widened sections of the River Erne, which flows north and curves west into the Atlantic. The smaller southern lake is called the Upper Lough; the bigger northern lake is called the Lower Broad Lough. The town of Enniskillen lies on the short stretch of river between the lakes; the lake has 154 islands along with many inlets. When windy, navigation on Lower Lough Erne, running for 26 miles to the Atlantic, can be something of a challenge with waves of open-sea dimensions. Shallow Upper Lough Erne, spreading southeast of Enniskillen for about 12 miles, is a maze of islands; the River Erne is 80ml long and drains an area of about 4,350 km2. Lough Erne appears to be named after an ancient population group called the Érainn, or after a goddess from which the Érainn took their name. Since tribes were named after a divine ancestor, T. F. O'Rahilly suggested that the Érainn took their name from a goddess named Érann and that Loch Éirne means "lake of Érann".
O'Rahilly and other scholars have connected these names to Ériu, the goddess after which Ireland is named. He writes that the earlier forms of these goddess names were Everna/Iverna and Everiu/Iveriu and that both come from "the Indo-European root ei-, implying motion". In his view Érann and Ériu would thus appear to mean "she who travels regularly", explained as "the sun-goddess, for the sun was the great celestial Traveller". Alternatively, John T. Koch suggests that Ériu was a mother goddess whose name comes from an Indo-European word stem meaning "fat, fertile". In Irish mythology and folklore, there are three tales about the lake's origins. One says that it is named after a mythical woman named Erne, Queen Méabh's lady-in-waiting at Cruachan. Erne and her maidens were frightened away from Cruachan when a fearsome giant emerged from the cave of Oweynagat, they drowned in a river or lake, their bodies dissolving to become Lough Erne. Patricia Monaghan notes that "The drowning of a goddess in a river is common in Irish mythology and represents the dissolving of her divine power into the water, which gives life to the land".
Another tale says that it was formed when a magical spring-well overflowed, similar to the tale of Lough Neagh. The third says that, during a battle between the Érainn and the army of High King Fíachu Labrainne, it burst from the ground and drowned the Érainn. In Cath Maige Tuired, it is listed as one of the twelve chief loughs of Ireland; the lake was called Loch Saimer. Folklore says that Partholón killed his wife's favourite hound—Saimer—in a fit of jealous rage, the lake was named after it. Lough Erne is the setting of a folk tale known as "The Story of Conn-eda" or "The Golden Apples of Lough Erne", which appears in Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry. In the tale, Conn-eda goes on a quest to procure three golden apples, a black steed and a supernatural hound from a city underneath Lough Erne; the city is ruled by a king of the Fir Bolg. The Menapii are the only known Celtic tribe named on Ptolemy’s AD 150 map of Ireland, where they located their first colony — Menapia — on the Leinster coast circa 216 BC.
They settled around Lough Erne, becoming known as the Fir Manach, giving their name to Fermanagh and Monaghan. Mongán mac Fiachnai, a 7th-century King of Ulster, is the protagonist of several legends linking him with Manannán mac Lir, they spread across Ireland. The Annals of Ulster were written in the late 15th century on Belle Isle, an island in Upper Lough Erne. Fermanagh escaped the potato blight disease during the Great Famine better than any other county, as the county had so many islands; the potato blight had difficulty travelling over water, compared to the easier transmission across the green hills and fields of most of Ireland. Those Erne islands produced surprising amounts of potatoes, whilst the mainland was starving in comparison. During the Second World War, RAF Castle Archdale was based on Lough Erne, providing an essential airbase for the Battle of the Atlantic and the battle against U boats. A secret agreement with the Irish Government permitted flying boats based there to fly West straight across neutral Ireland to the Atlantic, avoiding the two-hour detour that would have been necessary for aeroplanes based in Northern Ireland.
An example of the many ways Ireland assisted the allies while remaining neutral. In November 2012, it was announced that the Lough Erne Resort, a hotel on the southern shore of the Lower Lough, would host the 39th G8 summit; the lakes contain many small islands and peninsulas, which are called "islands" because of the convoluted shoreline and because many of them were islands prior to two extensive drainage schemes in the 1880s and the 1950s which dropped the water level by about 1.5 metres. Islands in the lower lake include Boa Island, Cleenishmeen Island, Crevinishaughy Island, Cruninish Island, Devenish Island, Ely Island, Goat Island, Horse Island, Inish Doney, Inish Fovar, Inish Lougher, Inish More, Inis Rath, Inishmakill, Lustybeg Island, Lustymore Island and White Island; those in the upper lake include Bleanish Island, Dernish Island, Inishcrevan, Inishleague, Inishturk, Killygowan Island, Naan Island and Trannish. Several of the islands are owned, come on
County Fermanagh is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. The county covers an area of 1,691 km² and has a population of 61,805 as of 2011. Enniskillen is largest in both size and population. Fermanagh is one of four counties of Northern Ireland to have a majority of its population from a Catholic background, according to the 2011 census. Unusually for an area of Northern Ireland, there are few Presbyterians in Fermanagh. Most of the Protestants are members of the Church of Ireland and there is a Methodist community. Fermanagh is by far the smallest of Northern's Ireland's six counties in terms of population, with just over one-third of the population of Northern Ireland's next smallest county, Armagh, it is ranked 25th in Ireland by size. Fermanagh borders County Tyrone to the north-east, County Monaghan to the south-east, County Cavan to the south-west, County Leitrim to the west and County Donegal to the north-west; the county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the middle of the county.
It is rural, with a population density of 36.1 people per km2, is situated in the basin of the River Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough Erne, including water, spans an area of 1,851 km², it is 120 km from Belfast and 160 km from Dublin. Under Köppen climate classification, Fermanagh experiences a maritime temperate oceanic climate with cold winters, mild humid summers, a lack of temperature extremes. Fermanagh accounts for 13.2% of the land mass of Northern Ireland and 30% of Fermanagh is covered with lakes and waterways. With 24,000 hectares of forest cover, or 14% of total land area, Fermanagh is well above both the UK and Irish national averages. Due to its expansive lakelands and scenic rural countryside, much of the county is set to be designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the county is situated over a sequence of prominent faults the Killadeas – Seskinore Fault, the Tempo – Sixmilecross Fault, the Belcoo Fault and the Clogher Valley Fault which cross-cuts Lough Erne.
To the north of Lough Erne, the oldest rocks in the county are found. These are red beds that were formed 550 million years ago. In eastern Fermanagh there are extensive sandstones that were laid down during the Devonian, 400 million years ago. Much of the rest of the county's bedrock geology dates from the Carboniferous, 354 to 298 million years ago; these rocks are marine muds and limestones, which have produced extensive cave systems such as the Shannon Cave, the Marble Arch Caves and the Caves of the Tullybrack and Belmore hills. These carboniferous shales aggregate across several counties in the northwest of Ireland - known colloquially as the Lough Allen basin - and are estimated to contain 9.4 trillion cubic metres of natural gas, equivalent to 1.5 billion barrels of oil. The county has three prominent upland areas, the expansive West Fermanagh Scarplands to the southwest of Lough Erne, which rise to some 350m, the Sliabh Beagh hills to the east on the Monaghan border, the Breifne mountain range along Fermanagh's southern border, which contain Cuilcagh, the county's highest point, at 665m.
The Menapii are the only known Celtic tribe named on Ptolemy’s 150 AD map of Ireland, where they located their first colony- Menapia – on the Leinster coast circa 216 BC. They settled around Lough Erne, becoming known as the Fir Manach, giving their name to Fermanagh and Monaghan. Mongán mac Fiachnai, a 7th-century King of Ulster, is the protagonist of several legends linking him with Manannán mac Lir, they spread across Ireland. The Annals of Ulster which cover medieval Ireland between AD 431 to AD 1540 were written at Belle Isle on Lough Erne near Lisbellaw. Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh was divided in similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish; the baronies of Knockninny and Magheraboy were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly and Lurg to English undertakers and those of Clanawley and Tyrkennedy, to servitors and natives.
The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Butler and Dunbar. Fermanagh was made into a county by statute of Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster that it was brought under civil government; the closure of all the lines of Great Northern Railway within County Fermanagh in 1957 left the county as the first non-island county in the UK without a railway service. With the creation of Northern Ireland's district councils, Fermanagh District Council the only one of the 26 that contained all of the county from which it derived its name. After the re-organisation of local government in 2015, Fermanagh was still the only county wholly within one council area, namely Fermanagh and Omagh District Council, albeit that it constituted only a part of that entity. For the purposes of elections to the UK Parliament, the territory of Fermanagh is part of the Fermanagh and South Tyrone Parliamentary Constituency; this constituency is renowned for high levels of voting and for electing Provisional IRA hunger-striker Bobby Sands as a member of parliament in the Fermanagh and South Tyrone by
County Sligo is a county in Ireland. It is part of the province of Connacht. Sligo is largest town in the county. Sligo County Council is the local authority for the county; the population of the county is 65,535 according to the 2016 census, making it the 3rd most populated county in the province. It is noted for one of Ireland's most distinctive natural landmarks; the county was formed in 1585 by the Lord Deputy Henry Sidney, but did not come into effect until the chaos of the Nine Years' War ended, in 1603. Its boundaries reflect the Ó Conchobhair Sligigh confederation of Lower Connacht as it was at the time of the Elizabethan conquest; this confederation consisted of the tuatha, or territories, of Cairbre Drumcliabh, Tír Fhíacrach Múaidhe, Tír Ollíol, Luíghne, Corann and Cúl ó bhFionn. Under the system of surrender and regrant each tuath was subsequently made into an English barony: Carbury, Leyny, Tirerril and Coolavin; the capital of the newly shired county was placed at Sligo. A causewayed enclosure discovered in 2003 at Maugheraboy is one of the earliest indications of Neolithic farming activity on the Cúil Irra peninsula.
The nearbly megalithic cemetery of Carrowmore forms part of a huge complex of Stone Age remains connecting Carrowkeel in south Sligo to the Ox Mountains, to the Cuil Irra Peninsula, where the passage tomb named after the legendary Queen Maeve, Miosgán Médhbh, dominates the western skyline from the crest of Knocknarea Mountain. The Caves of Kesh, famous in Irish mythology, are in south County Sligo. A recent decoding of the work of Marinus of Tyre and Ptolemy shows Sligo as he location of Nagnata, an important place of assembly in the Iron Age. Famous medieval manuscripts written in the area include the Book of Ballymote, written in the territory of Corran, the Great Book of Lecan, the Yellow Book of Lecan, both written in Tir Fhiacrach; the patron of the Annals of the Four Masters was Fearghal Ó Gadhra of Coolavin in south County Sligo. Sligo County Council is the governing body for the county, it is divided into five Local Electoral Areas Ballymote, Sligo-Drumcliff, Sligo-Strandhill and Tubbercurry.
There are 25 members elected to Sligo County Council. Sligo is part of the Sligo-Leitrim constituency and has four representatives in Dáil Éireann, Tony McLoughlin, Marc MacSharry Martin Kenny and Eamon Scanlon; this crest was adopted by Sligo County Council in 1980. The design on the black shield, which shows an open book on which there is a Celtic Cross and a red rose, represents collectively the literary and cultural history of Sligo; these refer to such early works as the Books of Ballymote and Lecan, while the rose was a significant theme in the poetry of W. B. Yeats; the escallop shells sprinkled on the shield refer to the origin of the word Sligeach -- "a place abounding in shells". The boar's head refers to the "wild boar of Benbulben" in the Gráinne myth; the colour scheme of the crest incorporates the Sligo GAA colours of white. The poet and Nobel laureate William Butler Yeats spent much of his childhood in northern Sligo and the county's landscapes were the inspiration for much of his poetry.
Yeats said, "the place that has influenced my life most is Sligo." He is buried in North County Sligo. County Sligo has a long history of traditional music; the south of the county is noted with such musical luminaries as James Morrison, Michael Coleman, Paddy Killoran, Fred Finn, Peter Horan, Joe O'Dowd, Jim Donoghue, Martin Wynne, Oisín Mac Diarmada, tin-whistle player Carmel Gunning and the band Dervish. The county has many traditional music festivals and one of the most well known is the Queen Maeve International Summer School, a traditional Irish Music summer school of music and dance, held annually in August in Sligo Town. On the more contemporary music scene there are Westlife, Tabby Callaghan and The Conway Sisters who are from Sligo. Strandhill, about 9 km west of Sligo, hosts the Strandhill Guitar Festival each year, featuring a wide variety of guitar music and musicians. Unlike its neighbouring counties, Sligo has had more success at soccer rather than Gaelic games; the county is home to League of Ireland Premier Division club Sligo Rovers, who have played home matches at The Showgrounds since they were founded in 1928.
Brother Walfrid, the founder of Celtic Football Club, was born in Ballymote. The county is represented in Gaelic Games by Sligo GAA. Sligo is the 22nd largest of Ireland's 32 counties in area and 26th largest in terms of population, it is the fourth largest of Connacht's 5 counties in size and third largest in terms of population. The County borders County Mayo to the west, County Roscommon to the south and south-east and County Leitrim to the north-east. Sligo, 19,452 Tubbercurry, 1,986 Strandhill, 1,753 Collooney, 1,610 Ballymote, 1,549 Ballisodare, 1,350 Enniscrone, 1,223 Coolaney, 990 Rosses Point, 883 Grange, 586 Feldmarschall The 3rd Earl of Carlingford - a senior-ranking military commander for the Hapsburg Monarchy in the Holy Roman Empire. Lord Carlingford was born in Ballymote and served for many years as the chief minister of the Duchy of Lorraine. Kian Egan – member of pop band Westlife Mark Feehily – member of pop band Westlife Shane Filan – member of pop band Westlife El Marqués de Osorno – Spanish colonial administrator Feldmarschall Nicholas Graf von Taaffe and 6th Viscount Taaffe - senior-ranking military commander for the Hapsburg Empire.
Born in Ballymote, the Graf was a cousin