Mangalore Ranga Pai, or M. R. Pai, was born in Manjeshwar, Kerala, a small village on the Karnataka-Kerala Border, he studied at Canara High School, Mangalore and at Presidency College, Madras where he obtained an MA in Political Science at the top of his class and received the Candeth Gold Medal from Madras University. After his studies he went to Bombay. Two years he went to the United States, where he obtained a Master's Degree in Journalism from the University of California, Los Angeles. During his stay in the US he had the opportunity of editing a newspaper at the Carlsbad Journal in a small town Carlsbad, California, he returned to India and joined the New India Assurance Company Limited for a short while until it was nationalised, joined the Forum of Free Enterprise, launched on 18 July 1956 by the late A D Shroff. In 1957, along with Nani Palkhivala, the Forum was developed into a national organisation which organised meetings on economic subjects across the country. Through the Forum he was responsible in corresponding with members of the Parliament of India, other opinion leaders.
He left the Forum in 1976 to become a business consultant. However, he continued to be its vice president till his death. In 2004, the All India Bank Depositors' Association, which he founded and headed, started the M. R. Pai Award; when Milton Friedman visited India in 1963, Pai was responsible for his meetings in India. The friendship generated during this visit lasted till Pai's death; when the Friedmans published their book Free to Choose in 1982, an autographed copy was sent to Pai, with an offer to publish any portion as a booklet. The Forum obliged them by bringing a booklet Central Economic Planning in September 1982. A few years in 1998 in their autobiography Two Lucky People, the Friedmans made a mention of Pai, he was the secretary of the Forum till 1976, its Vice President till his death. During the years of the controlled economy India, when all services where provided by a Government owned monopoly, the services that could be availed by a consumer was either appalling or non existent.
It was during this time when the term Consumer Rights was yet to gain popularity, that Pai was able to make a big impact. Services offered by the Indian Telephones, Indian nationalised banks and Indian Airlines among others began to face his ire, he started demanding good services for the customer at every available forum. He was an honorary secretary of the All-India Bank Depositors' Association, through which he published the book Depositors’ Rights and Customer Service in Banks which provided the customer of a bank with information required to deal with the various problems faced by them; the Indian edition of Reader's Digest, featured him on the cover of their October 1995 issue under the title M. R. Pai - Champion of the Consumer, he has written about five books An Indian Economic Miracle and Other Essays How to Arrange Programmes and Meetings How to Save and Invest Time Management The Legend of Nani Palkhivala
Phil Alain is a Canadian painter known for his work on "Lewis Lavoie's Mural Mosaic project," a collaborative mural with contributions from participants such as William Shatner, The Barenaked Ladies' Kevin Hearn, the Premier of Alberta at the time, Ralph Klein. Alain has showcased both his own work and the work of others through an arts event of his creation called Night of Artists, is the founder of the arts magazine NOA Magazine. In 1997 Alain created, it began as a solo show featuring new works by live music. In 2003 Alain expanded the show across western Canada and not only showcased his own work but the work of over 70 Canadian artists. In 2005 Alain again expanded the show across Canada, it is now an annual arts events in many Canadian cities. In 2003, Alain founded the national arts magazine for Night of Artists; this magazine has a distribution base of 10,000 issues annually. Alain was commissioned to create a mural for NHL Hall of Famer legend Grant Fuhr from the Edmonton Oilers for the city of Spruce Grove, has designed three record covers for world champion quartet Realtime, world champion chorus Lions Gate and multiple record covers for German Blues record label Ruf Records.
The first is a compilation titled Blues Guitar Women by Sue Foley. Alain directed the Guitar Women shows across Canada from 2004-2007 based around the Sue Foley Guitar Woman book project and was the designer of the Guitar Woman Logo. Alain has received international attention for the collaborative "Lewis Lavoie's Mural Mosaic project" which he co-produces with Lewis Lavoie and Paul Lavoie; the Mural Mosaic team has created murals at the: 2010 Winter Olympics in West Vancouver BC 2012 100th anniversary of the Calgary Stampede for the Bank of Montreal 2012 Summer Olympics in London as part of an Alberta contingent led by former premier Allison Redford Chicago Illinois Million lights festival in 2013 Canada Summer Games Mural mosaic in Sherbrooke Quebec in 2013 South Jordan City Hall Utah United States of America Flag Mural mosaic Canada 150 Mosaic project to unite Canada from 2015-2017 ongoing
Gopaldas Shankarlal Agrawal was a member of the 13th Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. He represents the Gondiya Constituency, he joined Bharatiya Janata Party ahead of 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election. It is his third term as an MLA. A RTI question revealed that Agrawal was amongst those who didn't ask a single question during the winter session of assembly held in Nagpur from 9 to 20 December 2013. A PIL filed by him against his own government revealed the government being unable to meet deadline of 19 February 2014, with regards to measures necessary in connection to starting a medical college in Gondia; this caused the MCI to reject the proposal. He was the Chairman of Public Accounts Committee Maharashtra Legislature
EFD was a payments services company. EFD provided financial service companies and other large enterprises with new account decisions, fraud detection and payment processing services. On June 27, 2007, Fidelity National Information Services, Inc. announced that it was acquiring EFD in an all-cash transaction valued at about $1.8B. The target completion date for the acquisition was the 3rd quarter of 2007. EFD was formed as eFunds Corporation in 1999 as a spin-off from Deluxe Corporation, bringing together established players in financial risk management and electronic transaction processing services. In January 2000, iDLX Technology Partners, another Deluxe unit, combined with eFunds to add professional services and business process outsourcing capabilities to the new business. In June 2000, eFunds held its initial public offering on the NASDAQ national market and that year completed its separation from Deluxe. In March 2007, eFunds Corporation announced its transition to its new corporate brand EFD.
Based in the US, EFD|eFunds International Limited extends EFD's services beyond North America. In India, eFunds employs more than 5,000 employees in its Software Development, BPO and IT services operations in Mumbai and Chennai; the company has been ranked among the top three BPO providers in the country. ChexSystems eFunds Corporation Fidelity National Information Services
The 1689 Boston revolt was a popular uprising on April 18, 1689 against the rule of Sir Edmund Andros, the governor of the Dominion of New England. A well-organized "mob" of provincial militia and citizens formed in the town of Boston, the capital of the dominion, arrested dominion officials. Members of the Church of England were taken into custody if they were believed to sympathize with the administration of the dominion. Neither faction sustained casualties during the revolt. Leaders of the former Massachusetts Bay Colony reclaimed control of the government. In other colonies, members of governments displaced by the dominion were returned to power. Andros was commissioned governor of New England in 1686, he had earned the enmity of the local populace by enforcing the restrictive Navigation Acts, denying the validity of existing land titles, restricting town meetings, appointing unpopular regular officers to lead colonial militia, among other actions. Furthermore, he had infuriated Puritans in Boston by promoting the Church of England, rejected by many nonconformist New England colonists.
In the early 1680s, King Charles II of England began taking steps to reorganize the colonies of New England. The charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony was revoked in 1684 after its leaders refused to act on his demands for reforms in the colony, when Charles sought to streamline the administration of the colonies and bring them more under crown control, he died in 1685 but his successor continued the efforts, Roman Catholic James II, culminating in his creation of the Dominion of New England. He appointed former New York governor Sir Edmund Andros as dominion governor in 1686; the dominion was composed of the territories of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Connecticut Colony, the Province of New Hampshire, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. In 1688, its jurisdiction was expanded to include New York, East Jersey, West Jersey. Andros's rule was unpopular in New England, he disregarded local representation, denied the validity of existing land titles in Massachusetts, restricted town meetings, forced the Church of England into Puritan regions.
He enforced the Navigation Acts which threatened the existence of certain trading practices of New England. The royal troops stationed in Boston were mistreated by their officers, who were supporters of the governor and either Anglican or Roman Catholic. Meanwhile, King James became unpopular in England, he alienated otherwise supportive Tories with his attempts to relax the Penal Laws, he issued the Declaration of Indulgence in 1687 which established some freedom of religion, a move opposed by the Anglican church hierarchy. He increased the power of the regular army, an action seen by many Parliamentarians as a threat to their authority, placed Catholics in important military positions. James attempted to place sympathizers in Parliament who he hoped would repeal the Test Act which required a strict Anglican religious test for many civil offices; some Whigs and Tories set aside their political differences when his son and potential successor James was born in June 1688, they conspired to replace him with his Protestant son-in-law William, Prince of Orange.
The Dutch prince had tried unsuccessfully to get James to reconsider his policies. The religious leaders of Massachusetts were led by Increase Mather, they were opposed to the rule of Andros, they organized dissent targeted to influence the court in London. Increase Mather sent an appreciation letter to the king regarding the Declaration of Indulgence, he suggested to other Massachusetts pastors that they express gratitude to him as a means to gain favor and influence. Ten pastors agreed to do so, they sent Increase Mather to England to press their case against Andros. Dominion secretary Edward Randolph attempted to stop him, including pressing criminal charges, but Mather clandestinely boarded a ship bound for England in April 1688, he and other Massachusetts agents were received by King James in October 1688, who promised that the colony's concerns would be addressed. The events of the revolution, halted this attempt to gain redress; the Massachusetts agents petitioned the new monarchs and the Lords of Trade for restoration of the Massachusetts charter.
Mather furthermore convinced the Lords of Trade to delay notifying Andros of the revolution. He had dispatched a letter to previous colonial governor Simon Bradstreet containing news of a report that the annulment of the Massachusetts charter had been illegal, he urged the magistrates to "prepare the minds of the people for a change". Rumors of the revolution reached some individuals in Boston before official news arrived. Boston merchant John Nelson wrote of the events in a letter dated late March, the letter prompted a meeting of senior anti-Andros political and religious leaders in Massachusetts. Andros first received a warning of the impending upheaval to his control while leading an expedition to fortify Pemaquid, intending to protect the area against French and Indian attacks. In early January 1688/9, he received a letter from King James describing the Dutch military buildup. On January 10, he issued a proclamation warning against Protestant agitation and prohibiting an uprising against the dominion.