Nyíradony is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. It covers an area of 96.59 km2 and in 2001, had a population of 8,070. New sports hall with indoor pool and sauna Greek Catholic church in the city centre with nice wall paintings Ruin of a little chapel, destroyed by the Tatars in the 12th century By car: Highway 471 connects Nyíradony with Debrecen. By train: There are sporadic direct connections to Budapest. In general it is necessary to change trains in Debrecen for long distance connections. In the forest there is a hunting lodge with a guesthouse. Official website in Hungarian Information about Nyíradony on 1hungary.com
Létavértes or Leta Mare is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. It covers an area of 116.62 km2 and has a population of 7061 people. Létavértes is twinned with: Săcueni, Romania Official website in Hungarian
Hajdúszoboszló is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, Hungary, 19 kilometres southwest of county seat Debrecen. It is the third largest town in Hajdú-Bihar county; the name comes from a Slavic personal name Soběslav. The town is located in the northeastern part of the Great Hungarian Plain. Three regions meet near the town: the Hajdúhát ridge to the north-north-east, the Hortobágy National Park to the north-north-west, the Great Sárrét and Berettyó region to the south. Szoboszló lies at an altitude of scarcely 100 to 110 metres above sea level and slopes towards Hortobágy; this is a landscape "where earth and sky meet", but not a monotonous plain for travellers accustomed to romantic mountains, since here and there the landscape is enlivened by the backwaters of the Tisza River with patches of reed, thousands of wild fowl, inviting groves. The surroundings are the renowned puszta, the "glorious plain". From historical data and archaeological finds, this part of the Great Plain was inhabited as far back as the Great Migrations.
Because of the natural resources and the convergence of trade routes, Vandals, Gepids and Avars alternated with one another in this area. Early in the reign of the Árpád Dynasty, the area was inhabited by populous communities; the first written mention of Szoboszló dates back to 1075, when King Géza I donated half of Szoboszló's royal duty taxes to the new abbacy to be established at Garamszentbenedek. With an ornate deed of gift dated 2 September 1606, István Bocskai, Prince of Transylvania, provided smallholdings for 700 Hajdú cavalrymen at the site of Szoboszló, destroyed by the Crimean Tartars. Henceforth the prefix Hajdú was attached to the settlement's previous Slavonic name, though the compound form - Hajdúszoboszló - only became widespread in the 19th century; the town led the customary, toilsome life of the small agricultural, stock-breeding towns of Hajdú County until well into the 20th century. An upswing began on 26 October 1925 with the discovery of the thermal spring in the course of drilling for oil and gas.
The medicinal water, tinged with natural iodine, led to the town's development into a resort spa, while agriculture retained its significant role after the discovery of the gas field. 1870 - 12,269 1920 - 17,722 1970 - 22,000 2002 - 23,874 2005 - 23,827 2009 - 23,295 The water park includes water slides, an olympic-sized swimming pool, a wave pool, while the spa features graded thermal pools, including a tepidarium and jacuzzi-type hot baths. Official website: http://hajduszoboszlo.hu/en/ Hajdúszoboszló is twinned with: Bad Dürrheim, Germany Târnăveni, Romania Kežmarok, Slovakia Krynica, Poland Luhačovice, Czech Republic Palanga, Lithuania Valkeakoski, Finland Żyrardów, Poland Lanškroun, Czech Republic Notes Official website in Hungarian, German, Polish, Slovakian and Czech hajduszoboszlonoclegi.pl accommodation in Hajduszoboszlo vendegzona.hu accommodation in Hajduszoboszlo All accommodations in Hajdúszoboszló hajduszoboszlo-szallas.lap.hu Great accommodation offers in Hajdúszoboszló www.szallasmagyarorszag.hu Hajdúszoboszló at funiq.hu
Hajdúhadház is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. It covers an area of 87.81 km2 and has a population of 12,724 people. Hajdúhadház is twinned with Łęczna, Poland Official website in Hungarian
Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest. It is the seat of Hajdú-Bihar county, it was the largest Hungarian city in the 18th century and it is one of the Hungarian people's most important cultural centres. Debrecen was the capital city of Hungary during the revolution in 1848–1849. During the revolution, the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared in the Reformed Great Church; the city served as the capital of Hungary by the end of the World War II in 1944–1945. It is home of the University of Debrecen; the city is first documented, as "Debrezun", in 1235. The name derives from the Turkic word "debresin", which means "live" or "move" and it is a male given name. Another theory says the name is of Slavic origin and means "well-esteemed". In other languages, the name of the city varies more in spelling than in pronunciation: Romanian Debrețin, German Debrezin, Serbian Debrecin and Slovak Debrecín; the settlement was established after the Hungarian conquest. Debrecen became more important after some of the small villages of the area deserted due to the Mongol invasion of Europe.
It experienced rapid development after the middle of the 13th century. In 1361, Louis I of Hungary granted the citizens of Debrecen the right to choose the town's judge and council; this provided some opportunities for self-government for the town. By the early 16th century, Debrecen was an important market town. King Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, as part of a treaty with Serbian ruler Stefan Lazarević, gave him the opportunity to rule Debrecen in September 1411. A year after Lazarević's death in 1426, his role was taken over by his successor, Đurađ Branković. Between 1450 and 1507, it was a domain of the Hunyadi family. During the Ottoman period, being close to the border and having no castle or city walls, Debrecen found itself in difficult situations and the town was saved only by the diplomatic skills of its leaders. Sometimes the town was protected by the Ottoman Empire, sometimes by the Catholic European rulers or by Francis II Rákóczi, prince of Transylvania. Debrecen embraced the Protestant Reformation quite early, earning the monikers "the Calvinist Rome" and "the Geneva of Hungary".
At this period the inhabitants of the town were Hungarian Calvinists. Debrecen came under Turkish control as a sanjak between 1558 and 1693 and orderly bounded to the eyalets of Budin, Eğri and Varat as "Debreçin". In 1693, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor elevated Debrecen to free royal town status. In 1715, the Roman Catholic Church returned to Debrecen, the town gave them a place to build a church, so the Piarist monks could build the St. Ann's Cathedral. By this time the town was an important cultural and agricultural centre, many future scholars and poets attended its Protestant College. In 1849, Debrecen was the capital of Hungary for a short time when the Hungarian revolutionary government fled there from Pest-Buda. In April 1849, the dethronization of Habsburgs and the independence of Hungary was proclaimed here by Lajos Kossuth at the Great Church The last battle of the war of independence was close to Debrecen; the Russians, allied to Habsburgs, defeated the Hungarian army close to the western part of the town.
After the war, Debrecen began to prosper again. In 1857, the railway line between Budapest and Debrecen was completed, Debrecen soon became a railway junction. New schools, churches and mills were built and insurance companies settled in the city; the appearance of the city began to change too: with new, taller buildings and villas, it no longer resembled a provincial town and began to look like a modern city. In 1884, Debrecen became the first Hungarian city to have a steam tramway. After World War I, Hungary lost a considerable portion of its eastern territory to Romania, Debrecen once again became situated close to the border of the country, it was occupied by the Romanian army for a short time in 1919. Tourism provided a way for the city to begin to prosper again. Many buildings were built in the Nagyerdő, providing recreational facilities; the building of the university was completed. Hortobágy, a large pasture owned by the city, became a tourist attraction. During World War II, Debrecen was completely destroyed, 70% of the buildings suffered damage, 50% of them were destroyed.
A major battle involving combined arms, including several hundred tanks, occurred near the city in October 1944. Debrecen was captured by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front on 20 October. After 1944, the reconstruction began and Debrecen became the capital of Hungary for a short time once again; the citizens began to rebuild their city, trying to restore its pre-war status, but the new, Communist government of Hungary had other plans. The institutions and estates of the city were taken into public ownership, private property was taken away; this forced change of the old system brought new losses to Debrecen. In 1952, two new villages – Ebes and Nagyhegyes – were formed from former parts of Debrecen, while in 1981, the nearby village Józsa was annexed to the city. According to the 2011 census, the total population of Debrecen were 211,320, of whom 20
Tiszacsege is a town in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. It covers an area of 136.4 km2 and has a population of 4713 people. Official website in Hungarian
Pocsaj is a village in Hajdú-Bihar county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. It covers an area of 96.59 km2 and has a population of 2642 people. Media related to Pocsaj at Wikimedia Commons Official website in Hungarian