Waseda University, abbreviated as Sōdai, is a Japanese private research university in Shinjuku, Tokyo. Founded in 1882 as the Tōkyō Senmon Gakkō by Ōkuma Shigenobu, the school was formally renamed Waseda University in 1902. Waseda is organized into thirty-six departments: thirteen undergraduate schools and twenty-three graduate schools; as of May 2016, there were 8,269 graduate students. In addition to a central campus in Shinjuku, the university operates campuses in Chūō, Nishitōkyō, Honjō, Kitakyūshū. Waseda operates twenty-one research institutes at its main Shinjuku campus; the Waseda University Library is collectively one of the largest libraries in Japan and hold some 4.5 million volumes and 46,000 serials. Waseda ranks among the most academically selective and prestigious universities in Japanese university rankings, it is ranked alongside Keio University, its rival, as the best private university in Japan. In 2015–2016, Waseda ranked 212th in the QS World University Rankings. Waseda is among the top type of the select Japanese universities assigned additional funding under the MEXT's Top Global University Project to enhance Japan's global educational competitiveness.
Waseda has graduated many notable alumni, including seven Prime Ministers of Japan, numerous important figures of Japanese literature, including Haruki Murakami, many CEOs, including Tadashi Yanai, the CEO of UNIQLO, Nobuyuki Idei, the former CEO of Sony, Takeo Fukui, the former President and CEO of Honda, Norio Sasaki, the former CEO of Toshiba, Lee Kun-hee, the Chairman of Samsung Group, Mikio Sasaki, the former Chairman of Mitsubishi, Hiroshi Yamauchi and Shuntaro Furukawa and current Presidents of Nintendo respectively. Waseda was founded as Tōkyō Senmon Gakkō on October 21, 1882 by samurai scholar and Meiji-era politician and former prime minister Ōkuma Shigenobu. Before the name'Waseda' was selected, it was known variously as Waseda Gakkō or Totsuka Gakkō after the location of the founder's villa in Waseda Village and the school's location in Totsuka Village respectively, it was renamed Waseda University on September 1902, upon acquiring university status. It started as a college with three departments under the old Japanese system of higher education.
In 1882, the university had the department of political science and economics and physical science. Along with these departments, an English language course was established, where the students of all the departments could learn English. Three years the department of physical science was closed because it had too few applicants; the department of literature was established in 1890, the department of education in 1903, the department of commerce in 1904, the department of science and engineering in 1908. Although Waseda formally adopted the term university in its title in 1902 it was not until 1920 that, in common with other Japanese schools and colleges, it received formal government recognition as a university under the terms of the University Establishment Ordinance, thus Waseda became, with Keio University, the first private university in Japan. Much of the campus was destroyed in the fire bombings of Tokyo during World War II, but the university was rebuilt and reopened by 1949, it has grown to become a comprehensive university with two senior high schools and school of art and architecture.
In June 12, 1950, sixty police raided Waseda University and seized copies of a Communist-inspired open letter to General MacArthur. The open letter to MacArthur was once read at a Communist-sponsored rally a week earlier; the letter demanded a peace treaty for Japan that would include Russia and Communist China, withdrawal of occupation forces, the release of eight Japanese sent to prison for assaulting five U. S soldiers at a Communist rally. A police official said most meetings at Waseda would be banned in the future because "political elements" might try to utilize them. Yuichi Eshima, Vice-Chairman of the Students Autonomy Society, said the police action "stupefied" students and professors, that "This is worse than the prewar peace preservation measures." Ōkuma had long desired to create an academic cap so distinctive that someone wearing the cap would be identified as a Waseda student. The chief tailor of Takashimaya, was called upon to design a cap in three days; each square cap was stamped on the inside with the student's name, his department, the school seal and the legend, "This certifies that the owner is a student of Waseda".
Thus, the cap served as a form of identification, a status symbol. The cap, with its gold-braided badge, is registered as a trademark. On October 21, 2007, Waseda University celebrated its 125th anniversary. Ōkuma talked about the "125 years of life" theory: "The lifespan of a human being can be as long as 125 years. He will be able to live out his natural lifespan as long as he takes proper care of his health", because "physiologists say that every animal has the ability to live five times as long as its growth period. Since a man is said to require about 25 years to become mature, it follows that he can live up to 125 years of age." This theory propounded by Ōkuma was popular and referred to in the media of the time. In commemorative events relating to Waseda University and Ōkuma, the number 125 is accorded special significance, as it marks an important epoch; the tower of Ōkuma Auditorium, completed on the university's 45th anniversary, is 125 shaku, or about 38 m high. In 1963, there were events to mark the 125th anniversary of Ōkuma Shigenobu's birth.
Ōkuma, who twice served as prime minister of Japan, organized his second cabinet when he was 77 and died when he was 83. He
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
Kurume is a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2015, the city has an estimated population of 304,499 and a population density of 1,324.83 persons per km². The total area is 229.84 km². On February 5, 2005, the town of Kitano, the towns of Jōjima and Mizuma, the town of Tanushimaru were merged into Kurume. Traditional products of Kurume are woven indigo-dyed cloth. Kurume University Kurume University Hospital Kurume Institute of Technology St. Mary's College Kurume Shin-Ai Women's College Kurume Station is served by the Kyushu Shinkansen and Kyudai Main Line east to Oita, while Nishitetsu Kurume Station is served by the Nishitetsu Amagi Line. Kurume is twinned with these cities. Kōriyama, Japan Modesto, United States Hefei, China In chronological order of birth year: George Shima, "Potato King" of California. Shigeru Aoki, Western-style artist. Shōjirō Ishibashi, founder of Bridgestone Corporation, which originated in Kurume as traditional footwear manufacturers, producing the sock-like shoe used by farmers.
Harue Koga, eclectic avant-garde artist and poet. Susumu Fujita, actor. Leiji Matsumoto, manga artist, anime character animator. Ryo Ishibashi, actor. Seiko Matsuda and actress. Fumiya Fujii, lead vocalist of The Checkers. Izumi Sakai, lead vocalist of Zard. Rena Tanaka, actress. Kanikapila 7 piece Pop Band. Chikugo River Official website 久留米アート.info » 久留米市の歴史と秘話. Kurume-art.info
National Showa Memorial Museum
The National Showa Memorial Museum is a national museum in Chiyoda, Japan, managed by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. The museum is referred to as the "Showakan" and displays items illustrating the lifestyles of the Japanese people during and after World War II. To be named The War Victims Peace Commemoration Prayer Hall, the museum opened on 27 March 1999 in response to strong lobbying by the Japan War-Bereaved Families Association, whose headquarters are in the adjacent Kudan Hall; the museum building was designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. The Museum is located next to the northern entrance to Kitanomaru Park. Official website
Shōzō Uchii was a Japanese architect and academic authority on the works of Frank Lloyd Wright. Known for the design of landmark structures such as the Setagaya Art Museum, Oita City Museum of Art, the private residence on the grounds of the Tokyo Imperial Palace for the current Emperor of Japan, Akihito. Uchii was awarded the R. S Reynolds Memorial Prize in 1980 for his design of the Treasury building of the Kuon-ji Temple in Minobu, Yamanashi Prefecture. Uchii was born in Tokyo on the 20 February 1933. After graduating with both an undergraduate and master's degree from Waseda University in 1958, he started his architectural career in the offices of influential Metabolist pioneer Kiyonori Kikutake. Uchii started his own independent architectural practice, Shōzō Uchii Architect and Associates, in 1967. Uchii earned a PhD degree in Engineering from Kyoto University in 1992. From 1979 to 1981, Uchii served as President of the Japan Institute of Architects. Treasury building of the Kuon-ji Temple, Yamanashi Prefecture Tokyo YMCA Nobeyama Youth Center, Nagano Prefecture St. Hilda's School, Tokyo, main classroom building and auditorium Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo Urasoe Art Museum, Okinawa Prefecture Tokyo Imperial Palace, Private Residence of the Imperial Family Nippon Sei Ko Kai, Nazareth Convent and retreat center, Tokyo Sunritz Hattori Museum of Arts, Nagano Prefecture The University of Shiga Prefecture, master plan and main campus structures Motoazabu Hills, Forest Tower, Tokyo Uchii's awards and honors include: 1980 – R.
S. Reynolds Memorial Award for Kuonji Temple Treasury, Yamanashi 1986 – Mainichi Art Prize
Kenzō Tange was a Japanese architect, winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism, designed major buildings on five continents. Tange was an influential patron of the Metabolist movement, he said: "It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was to call structuralism", a reference to the architectural movement known as Dutch Structuralism. Influenced from an early age by the Swiss modernist, Le Corbusier, Tange gained international recognition in 1949 when he won the competition for the design of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, he was a member of CIAM in the 1950s. He did not join the group of younger CIAM architects known as Team X, though his 1960 Tokyo Bay plan was influential for Team 10 in the 1960s, as well as the group that became Metabolism, his university studies on urbanism put him in an ideal position to handle redevelopment projects after the Second World War.
His ideas were explored in designs for Skopje. Tange's work influenced a generation of architects across the world. Born on 4 September 1913 in Osaka, Tange spent his early life in the Chinese cities of Hankow and Shanghai. In contrast to the green lawns and red bricks in their Shanghai abode, the Tange family took up residence in a thatched roof farmhouse in Imabari on the island of Shikoku. After finishing middle school, Tange moved to Hiroshima in 1930 to attend high school, it was here that he first encountered the works of Le Corbusier. His discovery of the drawings of the Palace of the Soviets in a foreign art journal convinced him to become an architect. Although he graduated from high school, Tange's poor results in mathematics and physics meant that he had to pass entrance exams to qualify for admission to the prestigious universities, he spent two years doing so and during that time, he read extensively about western philosophy. Tange enrolled in the film division at Nihon University's art department to dodge Japan's drafting of young men to its military and attended classes.
In 1935 Tange began the tertiary studies he desired at University of Tokyo's architecture department. He studied under Shozo Uchida. Although Tange was fascinated by the photographs of Katsura villa that sat on Kishida's desk, his work was inspired by Le Corbusier, his graduation project was a seventeen-hectare development set in Tokyo's Hibiya Park. After graduating from the university, Tange started to work as an architect at the office of Kunio Maekawa. During his employment, he travelled to Manchuria, participating in an architectural design competition for a bank, toured Japanese-occupied Jehol on his return; when the Second World War started, he left Maekawa to rejoin the University of Tokyo as a postgraduate student. He developed an interest in urban design, referencing only the resources available in the university library, he embarked on a study of Greek and Roman marketplaces. In 1942, Tange entered a competition for the design of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Memorial Hall.
He was awarded first prize for a design. The design was not realised. In 1946, Tange opened Tange Laboratory. In 1963, he was promoted to professor of the Department of Urban Engineering, his students included Kisho Kurokawa, Arata Isozaki, Hajime Yatsuka and Fumihiko Maki. Tange's interest in urban studies put him in a good position to handle post war reconstruction. In the summer of 1946 he was invited by the War Damage Rehabilitation Board to put forward a proposal for certain war damaged cities, he submitted plans for Maebashi. His design for an airport in Kanon, Hiroshima was accepted and built, but a seaside park in Ujina was not; the Hiroshima authorities took advice about the city's reconstruction from foreign consultants, in 1947 Tam Deling, an American park planner, suggested they build a Peace Memorial and preserve buildings situated near ground zero, that point directly below the explosion of the atomic bomb. In 1949 the authorities enacted the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Reconstruction Act, which gave the city access to special grant aid, in August 1949, an international competition was announced for the design of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park.
Tange was awarded first prize for a design that proposed a museum whose axis runs through the park, intersecting Peace Boulevard and the atomic bomb dome. The building is raised on massive columns; the Centro Direzionale is a service center in Italy. The district is devoted to business; the project of the Centro Direzionale dates back to 1964. It was designed in 1982 by Tange; the layout includes 18 blocks of buildings, with high-rises up to 100 meters. There are office buildings as well as residential flats; the Center is meant to accommodate most, if not all, of the administrative offices of the city of Naples, such as the new Hall of Justice. It includes a pedestrian zone at ground level with shops and hotels. There is an underground parking facility with escalators running up into the middle of the large pedestrian concourse, an area adorned with fountains, greenery and a church; the Centro Direzionale is home to the tallest building in souther