Klampenborg is a northern suburb to Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located in Gentofte Municipality, directly on Øresund, between Skovshoved. Like other neighbourhoods along the Øresund coast, Klampenborg is an affluent area with many large houses. Klampenborg is known for a cluster of building projects by the Functionalist Danish architect Arne Jacobsen; these include Bellevue Beach, the Bellavista housing estate and the Bellevue Theatre, all completed between 1932–36 as some of the earliest Danish examples of Modernism. Klampenborg is the main gateway to the extensive Jægersborg Deer Park, one of the most popular green areas in greater Copenhagen, known for its large deer population, the Hermitage Royal Hunting Lodge and ancient oak trees; the entrance, one of many, is adjacent to Klampenborg Station and is marked by a red-painted wooden gate. Adjoining the park is the oldest operating amusement park in the world, Dyrehavsbakken located near the station. Adjacent to Deer Park is Klampenborg Racecourse, which hosts a season of thoroughbred racing over a flat 12-furlong turf course.
The full-service racecourse features paddock, turf club and parimutuel betting. Besides park and amusements, Klampenborg consists of residences single-family houses and large villas, the most notable of, Hvidøre, former home-in-exile of the Danish-born dowager empress of Russia, Maria Feodorovna. Architecture, Deer Park, thoroughbred racing, white-sand Bellevue Beach, with panoramic view of Øresund and Sweden beyond, easy access make Klampenborg a popular day-trip destination for locals and visitors. Klampenborg Station Skovshoved
Maria Louise Sanford was an American educator. Maria Sanford was born in Connecticut, her love for education began early. She graduated with honors from State Normal School, she rose in the ranks of local and national educators, becoming principal and superintendent of schools in Chester County, Pennsylvania. She took the place of Anna Hallowell and served as professor of history at Swarthmore College from 1871 to 1880, she was one of the first women named to a college professorship. Dr. William Watts Folwell, President of the University of Minnesota at the time, invited Maria to join the faculty, she did so enthusiastically. Dr. Folwell declared hiring. During her tenure at the university Sanford was a professor of rhetoric and elocution, she lectured on literature and art history. Maria made strong connections with her students and challenged them with surprise tests and poetry recitations, she held student social events in her home and gave speeches to organizations and groups across the nation.
She was a champion of women's rights, supported the education of blacks, pioneered the concept of adult education, became a founder of parent-teacher organizations. Notably, she resisted universal suffrage until her late seventies. Sanford was a leader in the conservation and beautification program of her new state, she retired in 1909. However, that did not stop Maria from reaching out to the community and nation with the power of her speeches, she traveled throughout the United States delivering more than 1000 patriotic speeches, the most famous being the powerful address An Apostrophe to the Flag, that she delivered at a national Daughters of the American Revolution convention. Maria created the Minneapolis Improvement League, she was picked in 1920 to give a speech at the state celebration of the passing of the 19th amendment. In 1910, the University of Minnesota constructed Sanford Hall in honor of Maria. In 1964 they expanded the building by adding on a "Tower" to house more students, it was built to house the women of the campus.
In the 1970s, the hall became coeducational, housed 502 residents. She died on April 21, 1920, at the age of 83. In June of that year the University of Minnesota held a memorial convocation in her honor, her death made the cover of the Minneapolis Tribune. A school in Minneapolis, was named Maria Sanford Junior High in memory of her. An elementary school in Montevideo, too, was named Maria L. Sanford Elementary School, she was called "the best loved woman of the North Star State." Additionally, an academic hall, Maria Sanford Hall, at Central Connecticut State University is named after her. In 1958, Minnesota picked Maria to represent the state in Statuary Hall, she died on April 21, 1920 in Washington, D. C. and is interred at Mount Vernon Cemetery in Pennsylvania. Sanford was the namesake of a World War II Liberty ship, the SS Maria Sanford, launched in 1943. In 1958, the state of Minnesota donated a bronze statue of Sanford, created by Evelyn Raymond, to the U. S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection.
New Zealand contains many glaciers located near the Main Divide of the Southern Alps in the South Island. They are classed as mid-latitude mountain glaciers. There are eighteen small glaciers in the North Island on Mount Ruapehu. An inventory of South Island glaciers compiled in the 1980s indicated there were about 3,155 glaciers with an area of at least one hectare. One sixth of these glaciers covered more than 10 hectares; these include: Fox Glacier Franz Josef Glacier Hooker Glacier Mueller Glacier Murchison Glacier Tasman Glacier Volta GlacierNew Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica, the Ross Dependency contains many glaciers. Notable glaciers in New Zealand include: Agassiz Glacier Bonar Glacier, Mount Aspiring Classen Glacier Douglas Glacier Douglas Glacier Fox Glacier Franz Josef Glacier Gray Glacier Godley Glacier Hooker Glacier Ivory Glacier Maud Glacier Mount Ruapehu glaciers Maruia Glacier, Spenser Mountains Mueller Glacier Murchison Glacier Olivine Ice Plateau Ramsay Glacier Rob Roy Glacier Tasman Glacier Therma Glacier, Mount Aspiring Volta Glacier, Mount Aspiring Waiau Glacier, Spenser Mountains New Zealand glaciers have been retreating since 1890, with an acceleration of this retreat since 1920.
Most of the glaciers have thinned measurably and have reduced in size, the snow accumulation zones have risen in elevation during the 20th century. In the period 1971–75, Ivory Glacier receded 30 m from the glacial terminus, about 26% of the surface area of the glacier was lost over the same period. Since 1980 numerous small glacial lakes were created behind the new terminal moraines of several of these glaciers. Glaciers such as Classen and Douglas now all have new glacial lakes below their terminal locations due to the glacial retreat over the past 20 years. Satellite imagery indicates. There has been significant and ongoing ice volume losses on the largest glaciers: the Tasman, Classen, Maud, Grey, Ramsay, Therma and Douglas Glaciers; the retreat of these glaciers has been marked by expanding proglacial lakes and terminus region thinning. The loss in volume from 1975–2005 is 11 percent of the total. Several glaciers, notably the much-visited Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers on the West Coast, have periodically advanced during the 1990s, but the scale of these advances is small when compared to 20th-century retreat.
Both glaciers are more than 2.5 km shorter than a century ago. These large flowing glaciers situated on steep slopes have been reactive to small mass-balance changes. A few years of conditions favorable to glacier advance, such as more westerly winds and a resulting increase in snowfall, are echoed in a corresponding advance, followed by rapid retreat when those favorable conditions end. Hence glacier advance in a few locations is regarded as due to transient local weather conditions which brought more precipitation and cloudier, cooler summers since 2002. Climate change in New Zealand List of glaciers in the Antarctic Retreat of glaciers since 1850 Glaciers and Glaciation in Te Ara, Encyclopaedia of New Zealand Glaciers from the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand