Norrmalm is a city district in Stockholm, part of the larger Norrmalm borough. The southern part of the district, Lower Norrmalm known as City, constitutes the most central part of Stockholm, while Upper Norrmalm is more residential; the name Norrmalm is first mentioned in 1288. In 1602 Norrmalm became an independent city with its own mayor and administration called Norra Förstaden; the town was short-lived and in 1635 it was incorporated with Stockholm again. Norrmalm is today considered to be the central part of Stockholm. In the 1950s and 1960s, large parts of southern Norrmalm were torn down to build a new and modern city; the demolitions were carried out swiftly and many Stockholmers still miss "old Klara". Among the new features created as a result of the clearances were the large plaza at Sergels torg and the Klara Tunnel. Norrmalmstorg Hötorget Kungsträdgården Stockholm Central Station Media related to Norrmalm at Wikimedia Commons Norrmalm travel guide from Wikivoyage
The Church of Saint Clare or Klara Church is a church in central Stockholm. Since 1989, the Swedish Evangelical Mission is responsible for its activities; the Church of Saint Clare is located on Klara Västra Kyrkogata in the Klara area in lower Norrmalm. The Klara area takes its name from the church; this name has become synonymous with the old city. The Convent and Church of St. Clare was founded on the site in 1280s. In 1527, Gustav Vasa, King of Sweden, had the convent torn down. Construction of the current church started in 1572 under Johan III; the graveyard, surrounded now by modern buildings was started in the 17th century. The church tower is 116 metres tall. History of Stockholm Media related to Klara kyrka at Wikimedia Commons
Arvfurstens palats is a palace located at Gustav Adolfs Torg in central Stockholm. Designed by Erik Palmstedt, the palace was the private residence of Princess Sophia Albertina, it was built 1783-1794 and declared a historical monument in 1935 and subsequently restored by Ivar Tengbom in 1948-52. Since 1906 the palace has served as the seat of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs; the palace is facing the square Gustav Adolfs torg, with the Royal Swedish Opera on the opposite side. Located near the palace are the Sager Palace, official residence of the Prime Minister, Rosenbad, official office of the government; the bridge Norrbro stretches past the Riksdag on Helgeandsholmen and further south to Stockholm Old Town and the Royal Palace. Lennart Torstensson, a successful general, bought the area west of the square and had his palace built there 1646-51; the main entrance of this building was facing Fredsgatan, the street passing north of the site, while the southern part of the site was still occupied by one-story wooden structures.
This was a German-Dutch Renaissance palace in brick in a style favoured all over Europe at this time. One of the rooms from this era is still preserved. Lennart's son Anders, governor of Estland, made unsuccessful attempts to sell the property to save his economy, the palace was subsequently taken over by the Crown in 1696 but given back to Torstensson's heir. King Gustav III's sister Princess Sophia Albertina bought the property in 1793; the king, who wished to give his sister a residence in accordance to her station, commissioned architect Erik Palmstedt to create a new palace which should include the old and adopt the plans for the area north of the Royal Palace. The architect not only had to create a copy of the building on the opposite side of the square, he was ordered to ensure the old Renaissance palace would be included into the new, a demand which reflects Gustav III's passion for Gustavus Adolphus and his era. While Sophia Albertina, before her death in 1829, had the palace bequeathed to the Swedish heir presumptive, it was during the ensuing decades used by court officials and as offices for various authorities, a faith which would prevail.
Before Oscar II became king in 1872, he and his wife Sofia used the palace as their residence, where their son, Gustav V, other members of the royal family, including Prince Eugén, spent parts of their childhood. The ministry for Foreign Affairs moved there in 1906, but had to share the building with several other authorities until 1936. A comprehensive restoration was made 1948–1952, which among other things resulted in the addition of a building on the courtyard. During the era of the Swedish Empire, Gustav Adolfs torg, the square in front of the palace, was developed into one of the most prominent public spaces in Sweden, it is centred on the equestrian of Gustavus Adolphus by Pierre Hubert L'Archevêques. This project was based on Tessin the Younger's plans for the rebuilt Royal Palace and its immediate surroundings. East of the square, a new opera building was erected in 1782 and the façade on the western side was designed as a copy of the former, echoing its pilasters and the columns of the accentuated central portion.
The entire setting was inspired by the Place de la Concorde in Paris. And like in the French capital, several other aristocrat residences were built in the surrounding area; some of the grand visions Tessin developed were carried through with the construction of the bridge Norrbro though the centrepiece in his plans, a royal church on the northern side of the square, remained a dream. A large Renaissance sandstone portico from the original Torestensson Palace on the northern side, was restored in the 20th century, its present appearance thus reflects the original design of Diedrich Blume from 1647. An identical portico is still found on the courtyard. Matsalen or Stora konferensrummet was divided into three separate rooms during Torstensson, but these were united into a single space in the mid-18th century and are since used for official dinners and conferences. On the walls hang the portraits of past Minister for Foreign Affairs and a large portrait of Axel Oxenstierna. Stora salongen or Blå salongen is a salon designed by the Louis Masreliez in a style called Late Gustavian.
This, the central and largest room in the piano nobile, was used as an archive during WWII and was at the time in a bad shape. It is today used for official receptions, it has cut-glass chandeliers, two sandstone stoves, textiles in the original blue and white colours. It features the busts of Gustav III and his sister Sophia Albertina by Johan Tobias Sergel, as well as four sculptures donated by the Italian government. In Audiensrummet, because of the red textiles called Röda salongen, Sophia Albertina used to receive her guest sitting in a gilded throne under a baldachin, the prominence of the scene underlined by the royal coat of arms topped by a princess crown over the four doors. Today it serves as the office room of the Minister's press his/her staff; the preserved wood carvings were executed by Gottlieb Iwersson, one of the most distinguished furniture designers of the late 18th century, with ornaments carved by Jean Baptiste Masreliez, Louis Masreliez's brother. During the era of Sophia Albertina, Sällskapsrummet served a salon where she and her courtiers could spend hours conversing and embroidering.
The wall frameworks by Louis Masreliez featuring nymphs and muses, w
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
The Sager House or Sager Palace is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Sweden, located at Strömgatan 18 in central Stockholm. The Sager House is located in the Stockholm borough of Norrmalm, on the street Strömgatan, on the north side of the Norrström River; the Sager House lies between: the Government Chancellery. It lies across from the Parliament House building, the Royal Palace, is connected with them over the Norrström River through the Riksbron and Norrbro bridges, respectively; the first historical records of a building on the site are from the 1640s. In 1880 the property was purchased by the Sager brothers; the Sager Palace was owned by the Sager family from 1880 to 1986. In 1988 the building was purchased by the Swedish State to be turned into the official residence of the Prime Minister of Sweden. Before it was bought, there was no official residence in Stockholm for the head of government; the first Prime Minister to use the building after an extensive renovation for its new use was Göran Persson.
Fredrik Reinfeldt moved in after the Swedish general election, 2006. In 1893 Robert Sager had the palace remodeled, including the addition of a new floor within a Mansard roof and a French Baroque Revival style facade with Neo-Rococo details, that are still seen. Harpsund Manor — another official residence of the Swedish Prime Minister. Prime Minister of Sweden Government of Sweden
Redevelopment of Norrmalm
The redevelopment of Norrmalm was a major revision of the city plan for lower Norrmalm district in Stockholm, principally decided by the Stockholm town council in 1945, realised during the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s. The renewal resulted in most of the old Klara quarters being replaced for the modern city of Stockholm, according to rigorist CBD ideas, while the Stockholm subway was facilitated through the city; as a result of the project, over 750 buildings were demolished to make way for new infrastructure and redevelopment. The renewal of Norrmalm was the largest Swedish urban development project to date and engaged a large part of Sweden's architectural élite; the Norrmalm renewal has been criticised and admired throughout Sweden and internationally, is regarded as one of the larger and most full-of-character of all city renewals in Europe in the aftermath of World War II including the cities that were damaged during the war. Key politicians behind the massive urban renewal project included Hjalmar Mehr.
Californication Manhattanization Brusselization Yngve Larsson. Nedre Norrmalm – Historiskt och ohistoriskt. Stockholm. Mats Persson m fl. CITY Byggnadsinventering 1974 -- 75 -- Historik. Stockholm: Stockholms stadsmuseum. Mats Persson m fl. CITY Byggnadsinventering 1974 -- 75 -- Historik. Stockholm: Stockholms stadsmuseum. Eva Rudberg. Sven Markelius, arkitekt. Stockholm: Arkitektur Förlag. ISBN 91-860-5022-2. Marianne Råberg. Husen på malmarna: En bok om Stockholm. Stockholm: Prisma. ISBN 9151817608. Gösta Selling. Esplanadsystemet och Albert Lindhagen. Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag. ISBN 9789149029530. Anders Sjöbrandt, Björn Sylvén. Stockholm – Staden som försvann. Stockholm: Natur & Kultur. ISBN 91-27-35225-0. Rikard Skårfors. Beslutsfattandets dilemma – Planarbete och opinionsyttringar rörande trafikleder i Stockholm 1945–1975. Uppsala: Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet. Per Olgarsson. Recording and Characterizing the Modern City Centre of Stockholm. Stockholm City Museum
The House of Culture (Stockholm)
For the House of Culture in Helsinki, see The House of Culture. The House of Culture is a cultural centre to the south of Sergels torg in Sweden. Opened in 1974, the House of Culture is today a symbol for Stockholm and the growth of modernism in Sweden; the House of Culture hosts many initiatives every year, with dozens of contemporary cultural events, including photo exhibitions, stories for children, literary discussions, debates. It functions during nighttime; the Stockholm City Theatre has since 1990 been placed in the building. It was the temporary seat of the Riksdag until 1983, while the Riksdag building was remodelled for a unicameral legislature; the House of Culture and Centre Pompidou in Paris are part of the same inspiration of modern culture. Kulturhuset – The House of Culture