Festen is a 1998 Danish black comedy-drama film directed by Thomas Vinterberg and produced by Nimbus Film. With a budget of US$1.3 million, the film tells the story of a family gathering to celebrate their father's 60th birthday. It is a dark comedy juggling subjects of death and family. Vinterberg was inspired to write it with Mogens Rukov, based on a hoax broadcast by a Danish radio station, it was the first Dogme 95 film, an artistic movement created by Danish directors Vinterberg and Lars von Trier. The movement preferred simple and analog production values to allow for the highlight of plot and performance. Festen was selected as the Danish entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. In addition, it won the Jury Prize at Cannes Film Festival in 1998. Helge, a respected businessman and family patriarch, is celebrating his 60th birthday at the family-run hotel. Gathered together amongst a large party of family and friends are his wife Else, his sullen eldest son Christian, his boorish younger son Michael, his well-traveled daughter Helene.
Another sibling, has taken her life at the hotel. Helene finds Linda's suicide note, but hides it in a medicine bottle after becoming upset by the undisclosed contents. Michael fights with his wife, whom he had earlier abandoned on the roadside with their three children, has sex with her, he beats a waitress of the hotel after she pulls him aside to discuss that he had impregnated her in an affair. At Helge’s birthday dinner, Christian makes a toast to his father. During the toast, he publicly accuses his father of sexually abusing both him and his twin sister as children. After an initial shocked silence, the party goes on as usual as guests decide to move past the moment in denial. Helge pulls Christian aside to engage in a baffled conversation about his accusations, he questions his motivations for slandering him, Christian appears to recant his accusation. However, Christian is spurred to further action by hotel chef Kim, a childhood friend who knows about the abuse. Christian continues his toast by accusing Helge of causing Linda's death through the trauma caused from the abuse.
Helge speaks to Christian alone and makes threatening offers to bring up Christian's troubled personal history including his impotence with women and his perhaps-incestuous relationship with Linda. Further exacerbating the tensions of the day, Helene's black boyfriend Gbatokai shows up, causing the racist Michael to lead most of the partygoers in singing the Danish song "Jeg har set en rigtig negermand" to offend him; the song contains racist remarks as it describes people of varying colors with lyrics such as “a real negro man, black as a bucket of tar,” and “a Chinese man, yellow as a bottle of Fanta" Else makes a toast where she makes insulting comments towards her children. She accuses Christian of having an overactive imagination. With this, she asks him to apologize for accusations. Christian accuses her of knowing about the abuse yet not interfering. Michael and two other guests eject Christian from the hotel as guests are still in denial of the incident and are angered by Christian. Christian walks back in and they beat him and tie him to a tree in the woods outside of the hotel.
He returns. The waitress, finds Linda’s suicide note and gives it to Christian. Christian gives the note to Helene and she reads it aloud in front of the party guests. In the note, Linda states. Helge leaves the dining room. Christian has a hallucination of Linda, causing him to faint; as he awakes, he learns that Michael are missing. Michael drunk, calls Helge outside and beats him severely; the following morning, the family and guests eat breakfast when Helge comes in and speaks to the group. He declares his love for his children. Michael tells his father to leave the table. Ulrich Thomsen as Christian Klingenfeldt-Hansen Henning Moritzen as Helge, the father Thomas Bo Larsen as Michael, the brother Paprika Steen as Helene, the sister Birthe Neumann as Else, the mother Trine Dyrholm as Pia Helle Dolleris as Mette Therese Glahn as Michelle Klaus Bondam as Helmut von Sachs, the toastmaster Bjarne Henriksen as Kim Gbatokai Dakinah as Gbatokai Lasse Lunderskov as The uncle Lars Brygmann as Lars, the receptionist Lene Laub Oksen as Linda, the dead sister Linda Laursen as Birthe John Boas as Grandfather Erna Boas as Grandmother The movie's score is minimal.
The film contains no music throughout the performances. Its first musical piece is a rendition of Frank Mills's "Music Box Dancer," played over the closing credits. Festen is best known for being the first Dogme 95 film. Dogme films are governed by a manifesto that insists on specific production and narrative limitations, in part as a protest against the expensive Hollywood-style film-making; the movie is a low budget film and was shot on a Sony DCR-PC3 Handycam on standard Mini-DV cassettes. Some years after making the film, Vinterberg talked about its inspiration: a young man told the story on a radio show of the host Keld Koplev. Vinterberg was told about it by the friend of a psychiatric nurse who claimed to have treated the young man, he listened to the radio programme and asked the scriptwriter Mogens Rukov to write a screenplay on the events, as if it were the young man's own story. It has been revealed that the story was completely
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Monas verden is a Danish film from 2001, directed by Jonas Elmer. The actors could work freely of a script by Nikolaj Peyk; the story was first created by Jonas Elmer with Sidse Babett Knudsen, given to the actors. A test filming of the improvisation took place, was made into the script by Nikolaj Peyk. Jonas Elmer had the idea of creating a website where everybody could write suggestions for the film, such as the actor's lines, the locations, the poster, taglines and the plot of the film; the website was put up in 2000. Sidse Babett Knudsen - Mona Thomas Bo Larsen - Thorbjørn Mads Mikkelsen - Casper Klaus Bondam - Don J Jesper Asholt - Chefen Bjarne Henriksen - Tommy Bodil Udsen - Gudrun 2001 Special Prize in Memoriam R. W. Fassbinder, winner: Jonas Elmer, awarded at the Mannheim-Heidelberg International Filmfestival 2002 Robert Award nomination: Best Film - Monica Steenberg 2002 Bodil Award nomination: Best Actress - Sidse Babett Knudsen Monas verden on IMDb Monas verden at AllMovie Monas verden at the Danish Film Institute
Danish Social Liberal Party
The Danish Social Liberal Party is a social-liberal political party in Denmark. The party is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe; the party was founded in 1905 as a split from the liberal Venstre Reform Party. The initial impetus was the expulsion of Venstre's antimilitarist wing from the party in January 1905; the expelled members held a founding conference for the new party in Odense, on 21 May 1905. In addition to the differences over military spending, the social liberals took a more positive view than Venstre towards measures that aimed to reduce social inequality; the party became the political leg of the cultural radical movement. The party was cautiously open to aspects of the welfare state, advocated reforms to improve the position of smallholders, an important early group of supporters; the party's social-liberal ideals are said to have been inspired by the political economists Henry George and John Stuart Mill. The literal translation "radical left" refers to its origin as the radical wing of its parent party Venstre In a modern context, this literal translation is somewhat misleading, as the party is in fact at the centre of the Danish political spectrum.
The use of the word for "left" in the name of the party is meant to refer to liberalism and not left-wing politics. Venstre was to the left of the conservative and aristocratic right-wing party Højre, which means "right"; the party president is Svend Thorhauge and it has eight members in the Folketing. The party's political leader is Morten Østergaard; the party performed well at the 2005 elections. It came out with 9.2 % of the popular vote and 17 seats in a gain of eight seats. In the 2007 elections, the party share of the popular vote fell to 5.1% and it lost 8 seats, leaving it a total of 9. In the subsequent 2011 elections, the party support rose to 9.5%, it regained 8 seats to resume a total of 17. Around 2005 the party was inspired by Richard Florida's book The Rise of the Creative Class; the party released their own book/political program called "Det kreative Danmark". Current issues high on the agenda for the party are: Strong opposition to the tight immigration policies of the former Liberal-Conservative government the 24 year rule.
Opposition to the educational policies of the former Liberal-Conservative government, which according to the party stresses centralisation, nationalised testing and old-fashioned educational ideas over creativeness, freedom in teaching methods and personal development of pupils. A major tax reform, which should simplify the tax system in such a way that income taxes will be reduced in favour of more environmental taxes, less tax deductions and higher taxes on real estate; the point of this is to make working more attractive and the hiring of service workers more attractive. This implies that the party is opposed to the Liberal-Conservative government's "tax freeze" which prohibits any tax increases, but changes of the taxation pattern. In 2007 some prominent members of the party criticised the strategy as being too left-leaning and depending too much on the Social Democrats. On 7 May 2007, MP Naser Khader and MEP Anders Samuelsen announced that they had left the party to found the economic liberal New Alliance renamed the Liberal Alliance, party along with Conservative MEP Gitte Seeberg.
During the following debate the party first distanced itself from the Social Democrats, but after being criticised internally for that too, returned to an oppositional role. On 6 January 2009 MP Simon Emil Ammitzbøll left the party and founded a new party called Borgerligt Centrum, again as a centre-right alternative. In June 2009 he joined Liberal Alliance. At a press release on 15 June 2007, it was announced that MP Margrethe Vestager would take over the leadership of the party after Marianne Jelved, that the party would rethink its strategy and will now consider forming a coalition government with either the left or right side of parliament. Vestager clarified during the run-up to the 2007 election that her party would only be supporting a government led by the Social Democrats. In the 2007 parliamentary elections, it received 5.1% of the vote, 9 out of 179 seats. In the 2011 parliamentary election, in which it ran as part of the "Red Bloc" with the Social Democrats, Socialist People's Party, Red-Green Alliance, it received 9.5% of the votes and went from 9 to 17 seats doubling its share of votes and of seats in the Folketing.
The party joined the new centre-left government led by incoming Prime Minister and Social Democrat leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt following the 2011 elections. The Danish Social Liberal Party has traditionally kept itself in the centre of the political scale. Since the early nineties, though, it has cooperated with the Social Democrats. Carl Theodor Zahle, Prime Minister 1909–1910 and 1913–1920, Erik Scavenius, Prime Minister 1942–1945, Hilmar Baunsgaard, Prime Minister 1968–1971, Trade Minister 1961–1964 Edvard Brandes, Finance Minister 1909–1910 and 1913–1920 Christopher Krabbe, Defence Minister 1909–1910 P. Munch, Minister of the Interior 1909–1910, Defence Minister 1913–1920, Foreign Minister 1929–1940 Poul Christensen, Agriculture Minister 1909–1910 Ove Rode, Minister of the Interior 1913
Shake It All About (film)
Shake It All About is a 2001 Danish comedy-drama directed by Hella Joof. It was entered into the 24th Moscow International Film Festival; the film is Jørgen and Jacob, who live in a happy partnership. One day Jacob asks Jørgen to marry him, he accepts, but Jacob falls in love with the woman Caroline, who happens to be married to Tom - Jørgens brother! Jacob is torn, because he wants both Caroline. Jacob wants to do the right thing by marrying her. Jacob's secret can stay secret for only so long, and when the news gets out more complications arise. Mads Mikkelsen as Jacob Troels Lyby as Jørgen Charlotte Munck as Caroline Jesper Lohmann as Tom Oskar Walsøe as Oskar Peter Frödin as Frederik Nikolaj Steen as Mads Ditte Gråbøl as Inge Morten Kirkskov as Adrian Henning Jensen as Palle Pernille Højmark as Ellen Ellen Hillingsø as Anne Ghita Nørby as Bine Thomas Winding as Hans Henrik Klaus Bondam as The priest Shake It All About on IMDb
Mifune, 1999, is the third film to be made according to the Dogme 95 group rules. It was directed by Søren Kragh-Jacobsen; the film was a great success in Denmark and an international blockbuster, ranked among the ten best-selling Danish films worldwide. It was produced by Nimbus Film. At the 49th Berlin International Film Festival, the film won the Silver Bear – Special Jury Prize and Iben Hjejle won an Honourable Mention. Kresten had moved from his parents' farm on Lolland, an out-of-the-way small Danish island, to Copenhagen to pursue his working career; when his father dies, he has to move back to the farm, where nothing much has happened since he left. He places an ad in the local newspaper to get help running the farm and taking care of his retarded brother; the prostitute Liva, running away from harassing telephone calls, takes the job. But running away from one's past isn't easy. Iben Hjejle Anders W. Berthelsen Jesper Asholt Emil Tarding Anders Hove Sofie Gråbøl Paprika Steen Susanne Storm Ellen Hillingsø Sidse Babett Knudsen Søren Fauli Søren Malling Kjeld Nørgaard Kirsten Vaupel Torben Jensen Klaus Bondam Sofie Stougaard The "confession" is an idea adapted by Thomas Vinterberg in the first Dogme 95 film: Make a confession if elements of the film do not comply with the strict interpretation of the Dogme-rules.
It is written from the director's point of view. "As one of the DOGME 95 brethren and co-signatory of the Vow of Chastity I feel moved to confess to the following transgressions of the aforesaid Vow during the production of Dogme 3 – Mifune. Please note that the film has been approved as a Dogme work, as only one genuine breach of the rules has taken place; the rest may be regarded as moral breaches." I confess to having made one take with a black drape covering a window. This is not only the addition of a property, but must be regarded as a kind of lighting arrangement. I confess to moving furniture and fittings around the house. I confess to having taken with me a number of albums of my favourite comic book series as a youth, Linda & Valentin. I confess to helping to chase the neighbour's free-range hens across our location and including them in the film. I confess that I brought a photographic image from an old lady from the area and hung it in a prominent position in one scene: not as part of the plot, but more as a selfish, pleasureable whim.
I confess to borrowing a hydraulic platform from a painter, which we used for the only two bird's-eye overview shots in the film. I do solemnly declare that in my presence the remainder of Dogme 3 – Mifune was produced in accordance with the vow of chastity. I point out that the film has been approved by DOGME 95 as a Dogme film, as in real terms no more than a single breach of the rules has been committed; the rest may be regarded as moral transgressions. List of submissions to the 72nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of Danish submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film Mifunes sidste sang on IMDb