King Ranch, located in South Texas between Corpus Christi and Brownsville near Kingsville, is the largest ranch in Texas. The ranch does not consist of one single plot of land. The divisions are the Santa Gertrudis, the Laureles, the Encino, only the first two of the four divisions border each other, and that border is relatively short. The ranch was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961, Richard King was a river pilot, born in New York City to Irish immigrants. He was indentured to a jeweler at age 11, but ran to sea, in 1843, King first met his future business partner in the King Ranch, Mifflin Kenedy, captain of the steamboat Champion. After the Mexican War, King made a good living hauling merchandise on the Rio Grande, as far up river as Camargo, in the meantime, Kenedy was able to make money by carrying goods overland into Mexico. The enterprise required two types of steamers — the Grampus and Comanche, during the American Civil War, the steamboat fleet was reflagged under the name of the Matamoros, Mexico citizen Francisco Iturria and the Mexican flag.
Stillman sold his share of the enterprise after the Civil War, King first saw the land that would become part of the King Ranch in April 1852 as he traveled north from Brownsville to attend the Lone Star Fair in Corpus Christi, a four-day trip by horseback. After a grueling ride, King caught sight of the Santa Gertrudis Creek,124 miles from the Rio Grande and it was the first stream he had seen on the Wild Horse Desert. The King Ranch LK brand, still in use today, stands for partners Lewis and Lewis established a cow camp on Santa Gertrudis Creek. During this time, Richard King purchased the Rincón de Santa Gertrudis grant and it was purchased from the heirs of Juan Mendiola of Camargo on July 25,1853, for $300. King sold Lewis an undivided half-interest in the land for $2,000, at the same time, Lewis sold King undivided half-interest in the ranchos of Manuel Barrera and of Juan Villareal for the same sum, on November 14,1853. In 1854, King and Lewis purchased the de la Garza Santa Gertrudis grant from Praxides Uribe of Matamoros for $1,800, as the years passed, more land was added, growing to 1.2 million acres at its largest extent, until reaching its current total.
In 1855, Lewis was killed by the husband of a woman with whom he had been having an affair, on July 1,1856, a court sale of Lewis property was held. King had arranged for Maj W. W. Chapman to bid on the Rincón property, Chapman had been the quartermaster of Fort Brown in Brownsville, and regulated the steamboat contracts to supply Fort Ringgold, up river in Rio Grande City. Chapmans heirs published the home from his wife in a new book named The News From Brownsville. King interested Captain James Walworth in acquiring the de la Garza grant. King thus retained control of the Ranch, with Walworth as a silent partner who held title to the land
Kenedy County, Texas
Kenedy County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 416 and it is the third-least populous county in Texas and fourth-least populous in the United States. The county was created in 1921 from parts of Hidalgo and Willacy counties and is named for Mifflin Kenedy, Kenedy County is included in the Kingsville, TX Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice, TX Combined Statistical Area. There are no incorporated municipalities in Kenedy County, in 1999, Hurricane Bret struck the county, but damage was minimal because of the low population. The Peñascal Wind Power Project was built near Sarita in the early 21st Century and is expected to raise the population of the area. The King Ranch, of which Mifflin Kenedy had been a prior to 1868. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,946 square miles. In total area, Kenedy is the 13th largest county in Texas, in land area only, it is the 25th-largest county in Texas.
It borders the Gulf of Mexico, baffin Bay makes up much of the border with Kleberg County. US77 is the highway in Kenedy County. U. S. Highway 77 The future route of Interstate 69E is planned to follow the current route of U. S.77 in most places. Kleberg County Willacy County Hidalgo County Brooks County Padre Island National Seashore As of the census in 2000, there were 414 people,138 households, the population density was 0.28 people per square mile. There were 281 housing units at a density of 0.19 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 64. 49% White,0. 72% Black or African American,0. 72% Native American,0. 48% Asian,31. 88% from other races,78. 99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18. 80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 34 years old, for every 100 females there were 110.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.70 males, the median income for a household in the county was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $26,719.
Males had an income of $18,125 versus $12,188 for females
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party, commonly referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party. The party is named after republicanism, the dominant value during the American Revolution and it was founded by anti-slavery activists, modernists, ex-Whigs, and ex-Free Soilers in 1854. The Republicans dominated politics nationally and in the majority of northern States for most of the period between 1860 and 1932, there have been 19 Republican presidents, the most from any one party. The Republican Partys current ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats more progressive platform, its platform involves support for free market capitalism, free enterprise, fiscal conservatism, a strong national defense and restrictions on labor unions. In addition to advocating for economic policies, the Republican Party is socially conservative. As of 2017, the GOP is documented as being at its strongest position politically since 1928, in addition to holding the Presidency, the Republicans control the 115th United States Congress, having majorities in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The party holds a majority of governorships and state legislatures, the main cause was opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil, the first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement where the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20,1854, in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin. The name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jeffersons Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 6,1854, in Jackson and it oversaw the preserving of the union, the end of slavery, and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861–1877. The Republicans initial base was in the Northeast and the upper Midwest, with the realignment of parties and voters in the Third Party System, the strong run of John C. Fremont in the 1856 United States presidential election demonstrated it dominated most northern states, early Republican ideology was reflected in the 1856 slogan free labor, free land, free men, which had been coined by Salmon P.
Chase, a Senator from Ohio. Free labor referred to the Republican opposition to labor and belief in independent artisans. Free land referred to Republican opposition to the system whereby slaveowners could buy up all the good farm land. The Party strove to contain the expansion of slavery, which would cause the collapse of the slave power, representing the fast-growing western states, won the Republican nomination in 1860 and subsequently won the presidency. The party took on the mission of preserving the Union, and destroying slavery during the American Civil War, in the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. The partys success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s and those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency. The Stalwarts defended Grant and the system, the Half-Breeds led by Chester A.
Arthur pushed for reform of the civil service in 1883
Padre Island National Seashore
Padre Island National Seashore is a national seashore located on Padre Island off the coast of South Texas. In contrast to South Padre Island, known for its beaches and vacationing college students, PAIS is located on North Padre Island, most of the park is primitive, but camping is available, and most of the beach is only accessible to four-wheel-drive vehicles. All but four miles is open to vehicle traffic, PAIS is the fourth designated national seashore in the United States. North Padre Island is the longest undeveloped barrier island in the world, the national seashore is 70 miles long with 65.5 miles of Gulf beach. PAIS hosts a variety of beach and tidal flat environments, including the Laguna Madre on its west coast. It is located in parts of Kleberg and Willacy counties, a program to re-establish a nesting beach for Kemps ridley sea turtles on Padre Island was begun in 1978. In 1992, the first two turtles from the returned to Padre Island beach to lay their eggs. The number of Kemps ridley sea turtle nests on Padre Island has increased ever since with 28 being found in 2005, park rangers at PAIS are involved in an effort to help this endangered species.
In the summer, visitors can witness the release of newborn turtles, on September 2007, Corpus Christi, Texas wildlife officials found a record of 128 Kemps ridley sea turtle nests on Texas beaches, including 81 on North Padre Island and 4 on Mustang Island. Wildlife officials released 10,594 Kemps ridleys hatchlings along the Texas coast this year, the turtles are endangered due to shrimpers nets and they are popular in Mexico as boot material and food. The best time to see the multitude of the parks bird migrants is during early spring or fall. During the summer the most common birds are shore and marshbirds as well as some raptors, the two periodically appearing birds nesting on the parks shores are the least tern and piping plover. Bird Island Basin, on the Laguna Madre side of the park and it is home to a wide variety of birds when wet, including black-necked stilts, roseate spoonbills, great egrets, American white ibis, and many others. Currents within the Gulf of Mexico are responsible for the transport of this seaweed mainly from the Sargasso Sea, but have been responsible for the transport of trash to the shores of the park.
These items can range from pieces of plastic, hypodermic needles. Oil and tar can commonly wash up onto the beaches as well, 94% of which originates from oil spills, engine lubrication oil, the park relies on a grass roots policy that encourages park visitors to take out more trash than they bring in. A study by the park, started in 1994, to analyze the origin of debris, the park began collecting data in 1998 to catalogue and remove debris from 16 miles of beach. Currently the park has collected over 1,000 days of data for the project and this study is one of the first long-term and comprehensive marine debris research projects started within the United States
Brooks County, Texas
Brooks County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,223, the county is named for James Abijah Brooks, a Texas Ranger and legislator. The county faces a range of challenges due to immigration issues, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 944 square miles, of which 943 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 281 The future route of Interstate 69C is planned to follow the current route of U. S.281 in most places. 89. 6% were White,0. 5% Black or African American,0. 3% Native American,0. 3% Asian,7. 9% of some other race and 1. 4% of two or more races. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,976 people,2,711 households, the population density was 8 people per square mile. There were 3,203 housing units at a density of 3 per square mile. 91. 57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,21. 40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.92 and the family size was 3.38. In the county, the population was out with 31. 60% under the age of 18,8. 90% from 18 to 24,23. 40% from 25 to 44,21. 70% from 45 to 64. The median age was 34 years, for every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males, the median income for a household in the county was $18,622, and the median income for a family was $22,473. Males had an income of $23,051 versus $16,103 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,234, about 36. 90% of families and 40. 20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51. 70% of those under age 18 and 30. 40% of those age 65 or over. While the state of Texas is a stronghold of the Republican Party, in the 2004 presidential election, the county gave 1,820 votes to Democratic candidate John Kerry to 844 for Republican George W. Bush. In 2012,78. 5% of the voters choose President Obama while only 21% voted for the Republican candidate Mitt Romney.
Brooks County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
2000 United States Census
This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States. Approximately 16 percent of households received a form of the 2000 census. Full documentation on the 2000 census, including forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Microdata from the 2000 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, personally identifiable information will be available in 2072. The U. S. resident population includes the number of people in the 50 states. The Bureau enumerated the residents of the U. S. territory of Puerto Rico, its population was 3,808,610, the 2000 Census was the first time survey options for multiracial Americans were provided. S. Households had access to computers, 42% have Internet access, the South and West experienced the bulk of the nations population increase,14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively.
This meant that the center of U. S. population moved to Phelps County. The Northeast grew by 2,785,149, the Midwest by 4,724,144, the results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned. Congress defines the formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U. S. Code, each member of the House represents a population of about 647,000. The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have voting seats in the U. S, since the first census in 1790, the decennial count has been the basis for the United States representative form of government. Article I, Section II specifies that The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, in 1790, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House more than quadrupled in size, each member represents about 20 times as many constituents. This recommendation was followed by the Secretary of Commerce, after the census was tabulated, Utah challenged the results in two different ways.
Utah was extremely close to gaining a fourth seat, falling 857 people short. The margin was shortened to 80 people, after the government discovered that it overcounted the population of North Carolina by 2,673 residents. Utah claimed that individuals traveling abroad as religious missionaries should be counted as residents, almost half of all Mormon missionaries, more than 11,000 individuals, were from Utah, only 102 came from North Carolina
Kingsville, Texas micropolitan area
The Kingsville Micropolitan Statistical Area is a micropolitan area in South Texas that covers two counties – Kleberg and Kenedy. As of the 2000 census, the μSA had a population of 31,963 and it is part of the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. Kenedy Kleberg Armstrong Kingsville Loyola Beach Ricardo Riviera Sarita Vattmann As of the census of 2000, there were 31,963 people,11,034 households, and 7,791 families residing within the μSA. The racial makeup of the μSA was 71. 78% White,3. 66% African American,0. 61% Native American,1. 46% Asian,0. 10% Pacific Islander,19. 17% from other races, and 3. 23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 65. 58% of the population, the median income for a household in the μSA was $27,157 and the median income for a family was $29,887. Males had an income of $24,652 versus $15,841 for females. The per capita income for the μSA was $15,751, List of cities in Texas Texas census statistical areas List of Texas metropolitan areas
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name.
Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town.
Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
Texas House of Representatives
The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from districts for a term of 2 years. As of the 2010 Census, each represents a average of 167,637 people. There are no limits, with the most senior member, Tom Craddick. The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin, the Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local. Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders, the unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses. †Representative was first elected in a special election, eligio De La Garza, II, first Mexican-American to represent his region in the US House and the second Mexican-American from Texas to be elected to Congress.
Ray Barnhart, Federal Highway Administrator Anita Lee Blair, first blind woman elected to a state legislature Jack Brooks and House Majority Leader John Nance Garner, U. S. Representative, Speaker of the House, and Vice President of the United States O. H. Ike Harris, Dallas County representative from 1963–1965, state senator Sarah T, charles Henry Nimitz Born in Bremen. In 1852, built the Nimitz Hotel in Fredericksburg, which now houses the National Museum of the Pacific War, grandfather of United States Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz. Elected to the Texas Legislature 1890, rick Perry, longest serving Governor of Texas, Colonel Alfred P. C. Petsch Lawyer, civic leader, and philanthropist, veteran of both World War I and World War II. Representative and longest served Speaker of the House Coke R. Stevenson, Governor of Texas Sarah Weddington, coauthored bill to establish the Pasteur Institute of Texas, authored resolution for humane treatment of state convicts, coauthored the indeterminate sentence and parole law.
The Chief Clerk is the custodian of all legal documents within House. When there is an update of the electronic source website. The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the Houses automated voting machines, each representative would vote for the nearest absent members. This practice was in violation of a Rule of the House, however
1930 United States Census
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949, after which the original sheets were destroyed. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System
Corpus Christi, Texas
Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus, is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U. S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it extends into Aransas, Kleberg. It is 130 miles southeast of San Antonio and its political boundaries encompass Nueces Bay and Corpus Christi Bay. Its zoned boundaries include small land parcels or water inlets of three neighboring counties, the citys population was estimated to be 320,434 in 2014, making it the eighth-most populous city in Texas. The Corpus Christi metropolitan area had an population of 442,600. It is the hub of the six-county Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice Combined Statistical Area, the Port of Corpus Christi is the fifth-largest in the United States. The region is served by the Corpus Christi International Airport, the citys name means Body of Christ in Latin. The name was given to the settlement and surrounding bay by Spanish explorer Alonso Álvarez de Pineda in 1519, the citys nickname is Sparkling City by the Sea, particularly featured in tourist literature.
Corpus Christi was founded in 1839 by Colonel Henry Lawrence Kinney and William P. Aubrey as Kinneys Trading Post and it was a small trading post that sold supplies to a Mexican revolutionary army camped about 25 mi west. In July 1845, U. S. troops commanded by General Zachary Taylor set up there in preparation for war with Mexico. About a year later, the settlement was named Corpus Christi and was incorporated on 9 September 1852, the Battle of Corpus Christi was fought between August 12 and August 18,1862, during the American Civil War. United States Navy forces blockading Texas fought a land and sea engagement with Confederate forces in and around Corpus Christi Bay. Union forces defeated Confederate States Navy ships operating in the area, the Port of Corpus Christi was opened in 1926, and the Corpus Christi Naval Air Station was commissioned in 1941. The 1919 Storm devastated the city, killing hundreds on September 14, only three structures survived the storm on North Beach. To protect the city, the seawall was built, the city suffered damage from Hurricane Celia in 1970 and Hurricane Allen in 1980, but little damage from Hurricane Ike in 2008.
In November 1873, seven Mexican shepherds were lynched by a mob near the city, in February 1929, the League of United Latin American Citizens was founded in Corpus Christi. This organization was created to battle racial discrimination against Hispanic people in the United States, since its founding, LULAC has grown and now has a national headquarters in Washington, D. C. In March 1949, the American GI Forum was founded in Corpus Christi, currently, AGIF focuses on veterans issues and civil rights issues
U.S. Route 77
U. S. Route 77 is a north–south United States highway. As of 2005, the northern terminus is in Sioux City. Its southern terminus is in Brownsville, Texas, at Veterans International Bridge on the U. S. -Mexico border and it is unsigned in and around Dallas, Texas. The route has major freeway sections in Oklahoma City including the Broadway Extension connecting suburban Edmond to downtown Oklahoma City. The section between the Oklahoma-Texas state line and Waco, Texas is mostly co-located with Interstate 35 and the 35E spur through Dallas, Texas and, as of 2004, US77 Alternate has a northern terminus in Hallettsville, Texas. It rejoins US77 at Refugio, while the main line of US77 passes through Victoria, Alternate US77 veers to the west to serve Yoakum and Cuero. A section of U. S.77 located in the Giddings, another section of US77, from I-37 to SH44 in Nueces County, was redesignated I-69/US77 in 2011. In Oklahoma, U. S. Route 77 runs north–south, paralleling Interstate 35, connecting Texas to Kansas and it passes through many major cities, including Ardmore, Oklahoma City and Norman and Ponca City.
It has a section, the Broadway Extension, connecting Oklahoma City to its northern suburb Edmond. US-77 runs for 234 miles in Kansas, between the U. S.40 junction and the Cowley County line is designated as a Blue Star Memorial Highway. In Cowley County, it is the Robert B, near Arkansas City it is the Walnut Valley Greenway. From Nebraska to U. S.24 and from K-15 to Arkansas City, in Nebraska, U. S.77 is a major north–south artery connecting the capital city of Lincoln with outlying areas to the north and south. The highway is designated as the Homestead Expressway from Beatrice to Interstate 80 at Lincoln, in Lincoln, U. S.77 becomes a full controlled-access expressway before it overlaps with Interstate 80 for about 8 miles. North of Interstate 80, U. S.77 continues as an expressway to Wahoo and it remains a two-lane highway except for two sections near Fremont, which are four-lane divided highways. The expressway north of Fremont is shared with U. S. Route 275 and Nebraska Highway 91. U. S.275 and NE91 separate from U.
S.77 just south of Winslow, Nebraska, U. S. Route 77 barely enters Iowa. After crossing the Missouri River via the Veterans Bridge at Sioux City and its total length in Iowa is slightly more than four-tenths mile. US77 previously extended north through South Dakota to Ortonville, Minnesota and it followed the current I-29 corridor up to the Toronto, South Dakota area, and followed current South Dakota Highway 15 north to Milbank, South Dakota