Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska
Matanuska-Susitna Borough is a borough located in the U. S. state of Alaska. The borough is part of the Anchorage Metropolitan Statistical Area, along with the municipality of Anchorage on its south; the Mat-Su Borough is so designated because it contains the entire Susitna rivers. These rivers empty into Cook Inlet, the southern border of the Mat-Su Borough; this area is one of the few agricultural areas of Alaska. The borough seat is Palmer, the largest city is Wasilla; as of the 2010 census, the population was 88,995. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 25,258 square miles, of which 24,608 square miles is land and 650 square miles is water. Denali Borough, Alaska - north Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska - northeast Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska - east Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska - south Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska - south Bethel Census Area, Alaska - west Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska - west Chugach National Forest Denali National Park and Preserve Denali Wilderness Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Lake Clark Wilderness As of the census of 2000, there were 59,322 people, 20,556 households, 15,046 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 27,329 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the borough was 87.55% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 5.50% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, 4.57% from two or more races. 2.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 20,556 households out of which 42.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.29. In the borough the population was spread out with 32.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 5.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females, there were 108.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.10 males. Schools in the borough are administered by the Matanuska-Susitna Borough School District. Matanuska-Susitna Borough was the largest of fifteen county-equivalents in America carried by Ross Perot in the 1992 presidential election. Vern Halter is the mayor of the Matanuska-Susitna Borough; the borough has a strong manager form of government. John Moosey is the borough manager. Long-time Manager John Duffy retired in 2010. Houston Palmer Wasilla Alexander Creek Dinglishna Hills In July 2018, the borough's computer systems, including the library and animal shelter, were hit by a ransomware attack, forcing employees to do without computers, using electric typewriters where available; the borough incurred over $2 million in costs. The method is thought to have been a targeted phishing e-mail. Matanuska-Susitna Valley List of Airports in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough Matanuska Formation official government website Borough Facebook Borough newsroom Borough map, 2000 census: Alaska Department of Labor Borough map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor
Knik Arm is a waterway into the northwestern part of the Gulf of Alaska. It is one of two narrow branches of the other being Turnagain Arm. Knik Glacier empties into the Knik Arm; the Port of Anchorage is located on the arm. Knik is the Eskimo–athabaskan language word for "fire", it has been written Kinik, Kneik, Kook and Kweek. Knik Arm begins near Anchorage, before heading north and east, it is about 15 miles long, at its upper end, receives the waters of the Matanuska River. West of Knik Arm is the delta of the largest stream emptying into the inlet. At the head of Knik Arm, at the mouth of Knik River, was the village of Knik. Knik Arm's other major tributaries are Ship Creek, Eagle River, Peter's Creek, Eklutna River and Fish Creek; the greater part of the plain, lying between the Knik Arm and the Susitna River, is drained by the Little Susitna. The upper part of Knik Arm merges into the delta of the Knik and Matanuska rivers, which unite just above tide limits. Google. "Knik Arm Area". Google Maps.
Google. Retrieved 10 January 2018. Knakatnuk and Nitak were historic native villages on the arm's shore; the 1964 Alaska earthquake destroyed or damaged most of the Anchorage neighborhoods adjacent to the Arm, including the downtown area. The proposed Knik Arm Bridge would measure 2 miles from Point MacKenzie on the west in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough to Anchorage on the east; the Knik Arm ferry was a proposed year-round passenger and auto ferry across the arm, to use the M/V Susitna SWATH / barge convertible expedition craft. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: U. S. Congress's "Congressional edition" This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Fish and Wildlife Service's "North American Fauna" This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Alaska Governor's "Annual Report... to the Secretary of the Interior" This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: U. S. Geological Survey's "Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior" Media related to Knik Arm at Wikimedia Commons
Alaska is a U. S. state in the northwest extremity of North America, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean; the Pacific Ocean lies to southwest. It is the largest U. S. state by the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States. Half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy; the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U. S. dollars at two cents per acre. The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912.
It was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3, 1959. The name "Alaska" was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula, it was derived from an Aleut-language idiom. It means object to which the action of the sea is directed. Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America. It is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use. S. called "the Lower 48". The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system; the state is bordered by Yukon and British Columbia in Canada, to the east, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area at 663,268 square miles, over twice the size of Texas, the next largest state. Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the combined area of the next three largest states: Texas and Montana, it is larger than the combined area of the 22 smallest U. S. states. There are no defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. Rural unpopulated areas south of the Alaska Range and west of the Wrangell Mountains fall within the definition of South Central, as do the Prince William Sound area and the communities of Cordova and Valdez.
Referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States. As such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase; the region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, Ketchikan, at one time Alaska's largest city; the Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital surface transportation link throughout the area, as only three communities enjoy direct connections to the contiguous North American road system. Designated in 1963; the Interior is the largest region of Alaska. Fairbanks is the only large city in the region. Denali National Park and Preserve is located here. Denali is the highest mountain in North America. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the coast.
Kodiak Island is located in Southwest. The massive Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta, one of the largest river deltas in the world, is here. Portions of the Alaska Peninsula are considered part of Southwest, with the remaining portions included with the Aleutian Islands; the North Slope is tundra peppered with small villages. The area is known for its massive reserves of crude oil, contains both the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field; the city of Utqiagvik known as Barrow, is the northernmost city in the United States and is located here. The Northwest Arctic area, anchored by Kotzebue and containing the Kobuk River valley, is regarded as being part of this region. However, the respective Inupiat of the No
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Lazy Mountain, Alaska
Lazy Mountain is a census-designated place in Matanuska-Susitna Borough, United States. It is part of Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 census the population was 1,479, up from 1,158 in 2000. Lazy Mountain, the namesake geographic feature of the Lazy Mountain area, is located at 61°37′32″N 149°02′42″W; the peak of Lazy Mountain is 3,720 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the 2010 CDP has a total area of 58.82 square miles, of which, 35.5 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. The southern boundary of the CDP starts at the Old Glenn Highway where it meets E. Smith Rd, extends east along the Smith Road extension to Harmony Avenue south one block to Purser Place and east again 1/2 mile along an imaginary line to McRoberts Creek. McRoberts Creek forms the southeast boundary of the CDP up to its headwaters and to the top of the ridge south of Matanuska Peak; the east boundary forms an irregular line along the ridge to Matanuska Peak down to the glacier and along its outfall creek to where it meets Wolverine Creek.
Lazy Mountain has a continental subarctic climate. Lazy Mountain first appeared on the 1990 U. S. Census as a census-designated place; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,158 people, 410 households, 303 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 32.6 people per square mile. There were 465 housing units at an average density of 13.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.66% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 2.94% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.17% from other races, 3.11% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 410 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.7% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.30. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,500, the median income for a family was $54,881. Males had a median income of $37,179 versus $28,889 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $22,789. About 3.3% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. As a Census Designated Place, the Lazy Mountain Area is not a traditional town, it lies to the East of Palmer. The area is part of the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, as such is subject to borough control; the Lazy Mountain Community Council, which represents a similar but smaller area than the Lazy Mountain CDP, provides feedback to the borough from some of the residents of the area. The Lazy Mountain Community Council submitted a Comprehensive Plan to the Borough Assembly and it adopted by the Assembly in 2008.
The Lazy Mountain Recreation Area is a 360-acre site which has equestrian trails. The parking area at the East end of Huntley Road provides access to the Morgan Horse, Lazy Moose and Lazy Mountain Trails; the Lazy Mountain area is only accessible by road from along the Old Glenn Highway Alaska Route 1. This section of the Glenn Highway was bypassed when the Glenn Highway was rerouted across the Knik and Matanuska Rivers and the Palmer Hay Flats in 1976; the Old Glenn Highway is now reached from the south at an interchange off of the Glenn Highway at milepost 29.6, or from Palmer where the Old Glenn becomes Arctic Avenue. The Old Glenn Highway is classed as a major collector South of Clark-Wolverine Road, as a minor arterial from that point north into Palmer. East Smith Road, which forms the southern boundary of the Lazy Mountain CDP, is considered a minor collector road for the first 1/2 mile from the Old Glenn Highway, as is Clark-Wolverine Road from the Old Glenn Highway all the way to where it becomes Wolverine Road, on to N. McKenzie Drive The Lazy Mountain Area is served by numerous private airports.
The following airports are registered with the FAAIdentifier Name AK46 ABI Airport AK88 Eagle Nest Airport AK92 Martin Field 7AK9 Vinduska Airportand one Heliport 5AK4 Eagles Nest HeliportAt least three other unregistered landing areas exist in the Lazy Mountain area, one along the Old Glenn Highway between Eugene Drive and Clark-Wolverine Rd. and two near Huntley Road. The nearest public airport is the Palmer Municipal Airport. Effective May 29, 2014 all airports in the Lazy Mountain area use a single common traffic advisory frequency, 123.60 MHz. The nearest airport with scheduled commercial service is the Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport. Anna Marly, Russian-French singer-songwriter. Settled in Lazy Mountain where she became US Citizen and died in Palmer
Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in the U. S. state of Alaska. With an estimated 298,192 residents in 2016, it is Alaska's most populous city and contains more than 40 percent of the state's total population. All together, the Anchorage metropolitan area, which combines Anchorage with the neighboring Matanuska-Susitna Borough, had a population of 401,635 in 2016, which accounts for more than half of the state's population. At 1,706 square miles of land area, the city is the fourth largest city by land in the United States and larger than the smallest state, Rhode Island, at 1,212 square miles. Anchorage is in the south-central portion of Alaska, at the terminus of the Cook Inlet, on a peninsula formed by the Knik Arm to the north and the Turnagain Arm to the south; the city limits span 1,961.1 square miles which encompass the urban core, a joint military base, several outlying communities and all of Chugach State Park. Due to its location equidistant from New York City and Tokyo, Anchorage lies within 9 1⁄2 hours by air of nearly 90% of the industrialized world.
For this reason, the Anchorage International Airport is a common refueling stop for many international cargo flights and home to a major FedEx hub, which the company calls a "critical part" of its global network of services. Anchorage has won the All-America City Award four times: in 1956, 1965, 1984–85, 2002, by the National Civic League, it has been named by Kiplinger as the most tax-friendly city in the United States. Russian presence in south-central Alaska was well-established in the 19th century. In 1867, U. S. Secretary of State William H. Seward brokered a deal to purchase Alaska from Imperial Russia for $7.2 million, or about two cents an acre. His political rivals lampooned the deal as "Seward's folly," "Seward's icebox," and "Walrussia." In 1888, gold was discovered along Turnagain Arm. Alaska became an organized incorporated United States territory in 1912. Anchorage, unlike every other large town in Alaska south of the Brooks Range, was neither a fishing nor mining camp; the area surrounding Anchorage lacks significant economic metal minerals.
A number of Dena'ina settlements existed along Knik Arm for years. By 1911 the families of J. D. "Bud" Whitney and Jim St. Clair lived at the mouth of Ship Creek and were joined there by a young forest ranger, Jack Brown, his bride, Nellie, in 1912; the city grew from its happenstance choice as the site, in 1914, under the direction of Frederick Mears, of a railroad-construction port for the Alaska Engineering Commission. The area near the mouth of Ship Creek, where the railroad headquarters was located became a tent city. A townsite was mapped out on higher ground to the south of the tent city noted in the years since for its order and rigidity compared with other Alaska town sites. In 1915, territorial governor John Franklin Alexander Strong encouraged residents to change the city's name to one that had "more significance and local associations". In the summer of that year, residents held a vote to change the city's name. However, the territorial government declined to change the city's name.
Anchorage was incorporated on November 23, 1920. Construction of the Alaska Railroad continued until its completion in 1923; the city's economy in the 1920s and 1930s centered on the railroad. Col. Otto F. Ohlson, the Swedish-born general manager of the railroad for nearly two decades, became a symbol of residents' contempt due to the firm control he maintained over the railroad's affairs, which by extension became control over economic and other aspects of life in Alaska. Between the 1930s and the 1950s, the city experienced massive growth as air transportation and the military became important. Aviation operations in Anchorage commenced along the firebreak south of town, which residents used as a golf course. An increase in air traffic led to clearing of a site directly east of town site boundaries starting in 1929. However, Merrill Field still sees a significant amount of general aviation traffic. Elmendorf Air Force Base and Fort Richardson were constructed in the 1940s, served as the city's primary economic engine until the 1968 Prudhoe Bay discovery shifted the thrust of the economy toward the oil industry.
The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure process led to the combining of the two bases to form Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson. On March 27, 1964, the magnitude 9.2 Good Friday earthquake hit Anchorage, killing 115 people and causing $116 million in damages. The earth-shaking event lasted nearly five minutes, it was the world's second-largest earthquake in recorded history. Rebuilding dominated the remainder of the 1960s. In 1968, ARCO discovered oil in Prudhoe Bay on the Alaska North Slope, the resulting oil boom spurred further growth in Anchorage. In 1975, the City of Anchorage and the Greater Anchorage Area Borough merged into the geographically larger Municipality of Anchorage The city continued to grow in the 1980s, capital projects and an aggressive beautification campaign took place. During this time Anchorage became known as the "Gree
The Alaska Senate is the upper house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U. S. state of Alaska. It convenes in the Alaska State Capitol in Juneau, Alaska and is responsible for making laws and confirming or rejecting gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet and boards. With just twenty members, the Alaska Senate is the smallest state upper house legislative chamber in the United States, its members serve four-year terms and each represent an equal number of districts with populations of 35,512 people, per 2010 Census figures. They are not subject to term limits; the Alaska Senate shares the responsibility for making laws in the state of Alaska. Bills are developed by staff from information from the bill's sponsor. Bills undergo four readings during the legislative process. After the first reading, they are assigned to committee. Committees can hold legislation and prevent it from reaching the Senate floor. Once a committee has weighed in on a piece of legislation, the bill returns to the floor for second hearing and a third hearing, which happens just before the floor vote on it.
Once passed by the Senate, a bill is sent to the opposite legislative house for consideration. If approved, without amendment, it is sent to the governor. If there is amendment, the Senate may either reconsider the bill with amendments or ask for the establishment of a conference committee to work out differences in the versions of the bill passed by each chamber. Once a piece of legislation approved by both houses is forwarded to the governor, it may either be signed or vetoed. If it is signed, it takes effect on the effective date of the legislation. If it is vetoed, lawmakers in a joint session may override the veto with a two-thirds majority vote; the Alaska Senate has the sole responsibility in the state's legislative branch for confirming gubernatorial appointees to positions that require confirmation. Current committees include: Past partisan compositions can be found on Political party strength in Alaska. Senators must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, a resident of the district from which elected for one year preceding filing for office.
A senator must be at least 25 years old at the time. Senators may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the body; this has happened only once in Senate history. On February 5, 1982, the Senate of the 12th Legislature expelled Bethel senator George Hohman from the body. Hohman was convicted of bribery in conjunction with his legislative duties on December 24, 1981, had defiantly refused to resign from his seat. Expulsion was not a consideration during the 2003–2010 Alaska political corruption probe, as Ben Stevens and John Cowdery were the only Senators who were subjects of the probe and neither sought reelection in 2008. Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubernatorial election; the term of senators is four years and half of the senators are up for election every two years. The President of the Senate presides over the body, appointing members to all of the Senate's committees and joint committees, may create other committees and subcommittees if desired.
Unlike many other states, the Lieutenant Governor of Alaska does not preside over the Senate. Instead, the Lieutenant Governor oversees the Alaska Division of Elections, fulfilling the role of Secretary of State. Only two other states and Utah, have similar constitutional arrangements for their lieutenant governors; the other partisan Senate leadership positions, such as the Majority and Minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses to head their parties in the chamber. ↑: Senator was appointed^a: Caucuses with the Republican-led majority Alaska House of Representatives Alaska State Capitol List of Alaska State Legislatures Alaska State Senate official government website Project Vote Smart – State Senate of Alaska