Zeltweg is a town in Styria, Austria. It is located in the Aichfeld basin of the Mur River in Upper Styria. Larger municipalities in the vicinity are Judenburg and Fohnsdorf; some farms were recorded at Zeltweg in the Duchy of Styria during the 13th century. The village was called Celtwich, its name being recorded in 1430 for the first time. During the 15th century, there were considerable difficulties resulting from famines, failed harvests and epidemics, From 1569 onwards, the Habsburg archduke Charles II of Austria initiated the rafting of timber down the Mur, which gained considerable importance for Zeltweg's history. During the following decades, Zeltweg was a target of migration. During the 18th century, the population shrank because of the expansion of roads. In 1848, Count Hugo Henckel von Donnersmarck, who came from Upper Silesia, decided to relocate his family's smeltery from Carinthian Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud to the site; this industrial revolution brought a boom for Zeltweg. A railway station was built in 1868.
Zeltweg was detached from neighbouring Fohnsdorf as a municipality in its own right and the first mayor, Heinrich Dillinger, was elected in 1875. After the Austrian Anschluss in 1938, the Zeltweg ironworks were incorporated into the Reichswerke Hermann Göring conglomerate, employing numerous unfree labourers during World War II. At the end of the war, Zeltweg was first occupied by Soviet and British troops. Still, there was an upswing both in industry after the war. Zeltweg received town privileges on 1 January 1966. Zeltweg's main attraction is the Farrach Palace, built by Carl Friedrich von Teufenbach between 1670 and 1680 in the style of an Italian Renaissance palace. Stucco works were installed inside. Since 1986, the palace is owned by Anton and Ingrid Hartleb, who refurbished it and transformed it a site for cultural and artistic events. Zeltweg's coat of arms is a cog and a human sized one was erected at the railway bridge to show that Zeltweg was an industrial town; the most important industries are mechanical engineering, the packaging industry, timber.
Furthermore, Austria's largest military airport, Zeltweg Airfield operated by the Austrian Air Force is located here, built in 1937. The Zeltweg Airfield was used as a racing circuit in the 1960s and hosted the Formula One Grand Prix in 1964; the track was abandoned in 1969 with the construction of the Österreichring, a purpose built motorsport track in Spielberg. The center of Zeltweg was polluted by truck traffic, as a large proportion of the traffic coming from Wolfsberg and Obdach had to be brought through the town. For that reason, a by-pass was built and opened on 3 November 2004; the expressway is 4.5 km long, cost €11 million and saves Judenburg and Fisching from traffic. In Zeltweg, there are, among others, two elementary schools, one Hauptschule and a vocational high school machine construction and building. On 14 May 2015 Zeltweg hosted one of the biggest rock bands in the world, AC/DC, on their Rock or Bust World Tour, it was the largest concert in Austria, with an audience of 105,042 people.
Official site Ice Hockey Team Information about the region Pictures of Zeltweg
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
In Austrian politics, a district is a second-level division of the executive arm of the country's government. District offices are the primary point of contact between resident and state for most acts of government that exceed municipal purview: marriage licenses, driver licenses, assembly permits, hunting permits, or dealings with public health officers for example all involve interaction with the district administrative authority. Austrian constitutional law distinguishes two types of district administrative authority: district commissions, district administrative authorities that exist as stand-alone bureaus; as of 2017, there are 94 districts, 79 districts headed by district commissions and 15 statutory cities. Many districts are geographically congruent with one of the country's 114 judicial venues. Statutory cities are not referred to as "districts" outside government publications and the legal literature. For brevity, government agencies will sometimes use the term "rural districts" for districts headed by district commissions, although the expression does not appear in any law and many "rural districts" are not rural.
A district headed by a district commission covers somewhere between ten and thirty municipalities. As a purely administrative unit, a district does not hold elections and therefore does not choose its own officials; the district governor is appointed by the provincial governor. In the provincial laws of Lower Austria and Vorarlberg, districts headed by district commissions are called administrative districts. In Burgenland, Salzburg, Upper Austria, Tyrol, the term used is political district. National law, including national constitutional law, uses all three variants interchangeably. A statutory city is a city vested with district administrative responsibility. Town hall personnel serves as district personnel. City management thus functions both as a regional government and a branch of the national government at the same time. Most of the 15 statutory cities are major regional population centers with residents numbering in the tens of thousands; the smallest statutory city is more than a village, but owes its status to a quirk of history: Rust, current population 1900, has enjoyed special autonomy since it was made a royal free city by the Kingdom of Hungary in 1681.
The constitution stipulates that a community with at least 20,000 residents can demand to be elevated to statutory city status by its respective province, unless the province can demonstrate this would jeopardize regional interests, or unless the national government objects. The last community to have invoked this right is Wels, a statutory city since 1964; as of 2014, ten other communities are eligible but not interested. The statutory city of Vienna, a community with well over 1.8 million residents, is divided into 23 municipal districts. Despite the similar name and the comparable role they fill, municipal districts have a different legal basis than districts; the statutory cities of Graz and Klagenfurt have subdivisions referred to as "municipal districts," but these are neighborhood-size divisions of the city administration. Austria speaking does not name districts but district administrative authorities; the German term for "district commission" and "city," Bezirkshauptmannschaft and Stadt is part of the official proper name of each such entity.
This means. Several such pairs do. There are, for example, two district administrative authorities sharing the toponym Innsbruck: the city of Innsbruck and the Innsbruck district commission. To avoid confusion, the names of the rural districts in these pairs are rendered with the suffix -Land, in this context meaning "region." The customary name for the city of Innsbruck is Innsbruck, the customary name for the district headed by the Innsbruck district commission is Innsbruck-Land. While this usage is nearly universal both in the media and in everyday spoken German and appears in the occasional government publication, the suffix -Land is not part of any official, legal designation. From the middle ages until the mid-eighteenth century, the Austrian Empire was an absolute monarchy with no written constitution and no modern concept of the rule of law. Provinces were ruled by the monarch the emperor himself or a vassal of the emperor, supported by their personal advisors and the estates of the realm.
The precise nature of the relationship between ruler and estates was different from region to region. Regional administrators were answerable to the monarch; the first step towards modern bureaucracy was taken by Empress Maria Theresa, who in 1753 imposed an empire-wide system of district offices. A major break with tradition, the system was unpopular at first; the district offices never became operational in the
Freedom Party of Austria
The Freedom Party of Austria is a right-wing populist, national-conservative political party in Austria. The party, led by Heinz-Christian Strache, is a member of the Europe of Nations and Freedom group in the European Parliament, as well as of the Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom; the FPÖ was founded in 1956 as the successor to the short-lived Federation of Independents, representing the "Third Camp" of Austrian politics, i.e. pan-Germanists and national liberals opposed to both socialism and Catholic clericalism. The party's first leader was a former Nazi functionary and SS officer; the FPÖ, a third party with modest support, was admitted to the Liberal International in 1979 and participated in a government led by the Social Democratic Party, following the 1983 legislative election. When Jörg Haider was chosen as new FPÖ leader in 1986, the party started an ideological turn towards right-wing populism; this new political course soon resulted in a strong surge in electoral support, although it led the SPÖ to break ties.
In 1993, after a controversial proposal on immigration issues, the adherents of a position closer to classical liberalism broke away from the FPÖ and formed the Liberal Forum, which took over the FPÖ's membership in the LI and would eventually merge into NEOS. In the 1999 legislative election the FPÖ placed second and won 26.9% of the vote, its best-ever result in a nationwide election, for the first time came ahead of the Austrian People's Party by a small margin. The FPÖ reached a coalition agreement with the ÖVP in 2000, but ceded the chancellorship to the ÖVP to appease international opinion; the FPÖ soon became uncomfortable with governing and fell in the 2002 legislative election, in which it obtained only 10.0% of the vote. In 2005 increasing internal disagreements in the FPÖ led Haider and several leading members to defect and form the Alliance for the Future of Austria, which replaced the FPÖ as government partner. Since under Strache's leadership, the party has again attracted an increase in its popular support.
In the 2013 legislative election the FPÖ won 20.5% of the vote and, more it came ahead either of the SPÖ or the ÖVP in some state elections, entered in an SPÖ-led government in Burgenland and gained more than 30% of the vote in Vienna. In the 2016 presidential election, FPÖ member Norbert Hofer won the first round, receiving 35.1%, but was defeated by The Greens' candidate Alexander Van der Bellen, 53.8% against 46.2%, in the final run-off. In the nationwide 2017 legislative snap elections the FPÖ had the aim to finish first and make Strache chancellor, they gained to 26% of the vote, which meant a narrow third place, entered government as a junior partner in a coalition with the ÖVP, with ÖVP leader Sebastian Kurz as chancellor. Among other things, the party supports the unification of South Tyrol with Tyrol, therefore, the South Tyrolean secessionist movement, which notably includes its South Tyrolean sister party Die Freiheitlichen; the FPÖ is a descendant of the pan-German and national liberal camp dating back to the Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
During the interwar era, the national liberal camp fought against the mutually-hostile Christian Social and Marxist camps in their struggles to structure the new republic according to their respective ideologies. After a short civil war, the Federal State of Austria, an authoritarian Christian Social dictatorship, was established in 1934. By 1938, with the Anschluss of Austria into Nazi Germany, the national liberal camp had been swallowed whole by Austrian National Socialism and all other parties were absorbed into Nazi totalitarianism. Both Socialists and Christian Socials were persecuted under the Nazi regime, the national liberal camp was scarred after the war due to guilt by association with National Socialism. In 1949, the Federation of Independents was founded as a national liberal alternative to the main Austrian parties—the Social Democratic Party and the Austrian People's Party, successors to the interwar era Marxist and Christian Social parties; the VdU was founded by two liberal Salzburg journalists—former Nazi Germany prisoners—who wanted to stay clear of the mainstream socialist and Catholic camps and feared that hostility following the hastily devised postwar denazification policy might stimulate a revival of Nazism.
Aiming to become a political home to everyone not a member of the two main parties, the VdU incorporated an array of political movements—including free-market liberals, former Nazis and German nationalists, all of whom had been unable to join either of the two main parties. The VdU won 12% of the vote in the 1949 general election, but saw its support beginning to decline soon afterward, it evolved into the FPÖ by 1955/56 after merging with the minor Freedom Party in 1955. The first FPÖ party leader was Anton Reinthaller, a former Nazi Minister of Agriculture and SS officer, he had been asked by ÖVP Chancellor Julius Raab to take over the movement rather than let it be led by a more socialist-leaning group. While the majority of former Nazis had joined the two main parties in absolute numbers, they formed a gre
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate known as a number plate or a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction; the registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. There are electronic license plates. Most governments require a registration plate to be attached to both the front and rear of a vehicle, although certain jurisdictions or vehicle types, such as motorboats, require only one plate, attached to the rear of the vehicle.
National databases relate this number to other information describing the vehicle, such as the make, colour, year of manufacture, engine size, type of fuel used, mileage recorded, vehicle identification number, the name and address of the vehicle's registered owner or keeper. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Either a government agency or a private company with express contractual authorization from the government makes plates as needed, which are mailed to, delivered to, or picked up by the vehicle owners. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates, because such unauthorized private manufacturing is equivalent to forging an official document. Alternatively, the government will assign plate numbers, it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be permanently assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime.
If the vehicle is either destroyed or exported to a different country, the plate number is retired or reissued. China requires the re-registration of any vehicle that crosses its borders from another country, such as for overland tourist visits, regardless of the length of time it is due to remain there. Other jurisdictions follow a "plate-to-owner" policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyer's name and plate number. A person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the local laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them, or may be permitted to keep them; some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with "personal" plates. In some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, may have to pay a fee to exercise this option. Alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration, periodic safety and/or emissions inspections or vehicle taxation. Other jurisdictions have replaced the decal requirement through the use of computerization: a central database maintains records of which plate numbers are associated with expired registrations, communicating with automated number plate readers to enable law-enforcement to identify expired registrations in the field. Plates are fixed directly to a vehicle or to a plate frame, fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the vehicle service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames. In some jurisdictions registration plate frames have design restrictions.
For example, many states, like Texas, allow plate frames but prohibit plate frames from covering the name of the state, district, Native American tribe or country that issued of license plate. Plates are designed to conform to standards with regard to being read by eye in day or at night, or by electronic equipment; some drivers purchase clear, smoke-colored or tinted covers that go over the registration plate to prevent electronic equipment from scanning the registration plate. Legality of these covers varies; some cameras incorporate filter systems that make such avoidance attempts unworkable with infra-red filters. Vehicles pulling trailers, such as caravans and semi-trailer trucks, are required to display a third registration plate on the rear of the trailer. An engineering study by the University of Illinois published in 1960 recommended that the state of Illinois adopt a numbering system and plate design "composed of combinations of characters which can be perceived and are legible at a distance of 125 feet under daylight conditions, are adapted to filing and administrative procedures".
It recommended that a standard plate size of 6 inches by 14 inches be adopte
Marcel Ritzmaier is an Austrian footballer who plays as a midfielder or left-back for Wolfsberger AC. Ritzmaier started playing football in December 1997 with the youth side of TuS Spielberg before joining SV Lobmingtal in September 1999. In January 2004, after three and a half years in the SV Lobmingtal youth teams, he moved to FC Judenburg. Having become one of the key players of FC Judenburg Ritzmaier was scouted by SK Austria Kärnten in July 2006, he played two and a half years in the Austria Kärnten youth system and was promoted to the reserve team in January 2009. In July 2009 he became part of Austrian Football Bundesliga team squad and made his debut on 2 August 2009 against SK Rapid Wien. In February 2010 PSV Eindhoven signed the Austrian teenage midfielder from SK Austria Kärnten on a contract running until 30 June 2012. In 2011 PSV extended Ritzmaier's contract by two years. In the 2013-14 season, Ritzmaier started out with PSV's reserve team Jong PSV, playing in their first Eerste Divisie match against Sparta Rotterdam.
On 8 August, he was loaned out to SC Cambuur for the remainder of the season. Ritzmaier played nine games and scored three goals for the Austria U-17, his brother Christian is professional footballer for DSV Leoben. Voetbal International profile
Stefan Rucker is a former Austrian racing cyclist