Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman
China at the 2010 Winter Olympics
China participated at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, sending its largest delegation at a Winter Olympics with 94 athletes. China had its best Winter Olympics medal finish, winning five gold medals and eleven in total, finishing seventh in the medal standings. China won its first gold medal in figure skating when Shen Xue and Zhao Hongbo set a new world record for the overall combined score in pair figure skating, it was the first time since 1960 that a Russian, Soviet, or Unified Team flagged team did not win the gold medal. China won its first team Winter Olympic medal in the women's curling event with a bronze; the women's short track speed skating team swept the gold medals in all four events. China won three medals in freestyle skiing aerials. Wang Meng won three gold medals in short track speed skating and became the most decorated Chinese Winter Olympics athlete ever. Zhou Yang won two gold medals at these Games. Xiao Tian, deputy chef de mission of the Chinese delegation, described the outcome as an "important breakthrough" for China in winter sports.
At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, 76 athletes competed in 48 events within nine disciplines and won two gold, four silver and five bronze medals. In an attempt to surpass that achievement, China sent 94 athletes to Vancouver, its largest delegation ever. According to He Zhenliang, China's senior International Olympic Committee member and the honorary president of the Chinese Olympic Committee, the insufficient participation in Winter Olympic sports by "ordinary people" is still limiting the country's success in the Winter Games and is discouraging any attempt to bid to host a future Winter Olympics; the Chinese Olympic Committee had high expectations in particular for the country's men's and women's aerials teams. Only two teams—those from China and the United States—qualified four male and four female skiers in the event. Aerials skier Han Xiaopeng, winner of the gold medal in his sport at the 2006 Olympics in Turin, was chosen as China's national flag bearer for the 2010 opening ceremony.
One potential competitor, speed skater Wang Manli, the 2006 silver medal winner at 500 metres, vowed in January 2007 to win gold in 2010, however, a chronic knee injury forced her to announce retirement in early 2008. In the sport of figure skating, Shen Xue and Zhao Hongbo set a new world record for the overall combined score of 216.57 points in pair figure skating. It was the first time since 1960 that a Russian, Soviet, or Unified Team flagged team did not win the gold medal. Shen and Zhao set a new world record for the short program with 76.66 points. Meanwhile, in the same event, the pair skating team of Pang Qing and Tong Jian set a new world record for the free skate with a score of 141.81 points. Wang Meng and Zhou Yang set Olympic records in the 500 m and 1,500 m short track speed skating events. China set a new world record in the 3000 metre relay race. Zhou Yang set a new world record in the 1,000 m event; the following Chinese athletes won medals at the games: MenWomen MenWomen MenWomen Round-robin Round-robin SemifinalBronze medal final China has qualified one entrant in ladies singles, three in pair skating, one in ice dancing for a total of nine athletes.
Shen Xue and Zhao Hongbo set a new world record in both the overall combined score and the short program while teammates Pang Qing and Tong Jian set a new world record in the free skate. MenWomen See China women's national ice hockey team Roster The following is the Chinese roster in the women's ice hockey tournament of the 2010 Winter Olympics. China played in Group B. Round-robinAll times are local. Standings Fifth place semifinalSeventh place game China has 10 qualified teams to this sporting event. MenWomenLiu Qiuhong Zhang Hui MenWomenKey: Q=Qualified for next round, QF=Qualified directly for the final MenWomen Athletes from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region compete separately as "Hong Kong, China". China at the 2010 Winter Paralympics Team China at olympic.cn and vancouver2010.com Team coverage at CTV Olympics and NBC Olympics
Choi Min-jeong is a South Korean short track speed skater. Choi was awarded her first senior individual gold medal ahead of Arianna Fontana and Shim Suk-hee, passing through the finish line of the women's 1500 m final for second ISU Short Track World Cup of the 2014–2015 seasons held in Montreal, Canada. At age 16, she became the 2015 Overall Ladies World Champion, she is the current 500m short track speed skating Olympic record holder after breaking the previous record set by Elise Christie by 0.45 seconds. She was penalised in the final of the 500 m event at the 2018 Winter Olympics for interference, but won a gold medal in the following 1500 m race, she won Gold in the 3000m Relay. In the 1000m Finals, she collided with another South Korean skater and crashed finishing 4th. Choi Min-jeong at the International Skating Union Profile from The-Sports.org
South Korea the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea has a predominantly mountainous terrain, it comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2. Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited by early humans starting from the Lower Paleolithic period; the history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 11th century BCE, its existence and role has been controversial in the modern era; the written historical record on Gojoseon was first mentioned in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE.
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty and the Joseon dynasty. It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U. S. zones of occupations. A separate election was held in the U. S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Soviet zone. The United Nations at the time passed a resolution declaring the ROK to be the only lawful government in Korea; the Korean War began in June 1950. The war lasted three years and involved the U. S. China, the Soviet Union and several other nations; the border between the two nations remains the most fortified in the world. Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. Military rule ended in 1987, the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of 2010. South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, its export-driven economy focuses production on electronics, ships, machinery and robotics. South Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the United Nations, Uniting for Consensus, G20, the WTO and OECD and is a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit; the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by the visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel.
Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Imperial Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted; the new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon. In 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk; the name Daehan, which means "Great Han" derives from Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula. However, the name Joseon was still used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the legal English name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming common in the Western world. While South Koreans use Han to refer to the entire country, North Koreans and ethnic Koreans living in China and Japan use the term Joseon as the name of the country; the Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology. Gojoseon expanded until it controlled parts of Manchuria. Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. In 108 BCE, the Han dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the n
Tara Kristen Lipinski is an American former competitive figure skater and sports commentator. A former competitor in ladies' singles, she is the 1998 Olympic champion, the 1997 World champion, a two-time Champions Series Final champion, the 1997 U. S. national champion. She is the youngest to win a World Figure Skating title, having done so at the age of 14 years, 9 months and 10 days. Tara Lipinski was born on June 10, 1982, in Philadelphia, the daughter of Patricia and Jack Lipinski, she spent her earliest years in Gloucester County, New Jersey. She is of Polish descent. Lipinski began ice skating in 1988, learning technique from roller skating coaches in the Philadelphia area, her first major competition was the 1990 Eastern Regional Championships for roller skating where she finished second. At the 1991 United States Roller Skating Championships, she won the primary girls freestyle as a nine-year-old. In 1991, her father's job required the family to move to Texas. However, training facilities were not available there.
In 1993, Lipinski and her mother moved back to Delaware. She moved to Detroit, Michigan, to train with Richard Callaghan. Lipinski first came to national prominence when she won the 1994 U. S. Olympic Festival competition, she became the youngest ladies figure skating gold medalist as well as the youngest athlete in any discipline to win gold. That season she placed fourth at the 1995 World Junior Championships and second in the junior level, behind Sydne Vogel, at the 1995 U. S. Championships. Lipinski was coached by Jeff DiGregorio at the University of Delaware. By 1995, she was the subject of a great deal of media attention, coined "Tara-Mania" by the media. After a fifth-place finish at the 1996 World Junior Championships, Lipinski changed coaches, joining Richard Callaghan in Detroit; that season, at the senior level, she placed third at the 1996 U. S. Championships and qualified to compete at the senior-level World Championships. Lipinski was second in her qualifying round to Midori Ito, but fell twice in the short program making the cutoff for the long program.
Lipinski rallied to land seven triple jumps, including a triple salchow/triple loop combination, finishing 11th in the long program and 15th overall. That year, the International Skating Union voted to raise the minimum age for participating at the World Championships to 15. Lipinski, 13 at the time, was grandfathered in and remained eligible for future events, along with other skaters who had competed at the World Championships before the new age requirement was introduced. In late 1996, at the U. S. Postal Challenge, Lipinski became the first female skater to land a triple loop/triple loop jump combination, which became her signature element. In early 1997, Lipinski unexpectedly won the U. S. Championships and, at 14, became the youngest person to win the title ahead of Sonya Klopfer who won it in 1951 at the age of 15. Lipinski won the 1997 Champion Series Final, again becoming the youngest female to win the title, she went on again becoming the youngest person to win the title. The following season, Lipinski finished second to Michelle Kwan at Skate America and, while suffering from a bad head cold, to Laëtitia Hubert at Trophée Lalique.
With Kwan sidelined due to a toe-related stress fracture injury, Lipinski defended her Champion Series Final title. At the 1998 U. S. Nationals and Lipinski met again, but after a fall on the triple flip in the short program, Lipinski ended the short program in 4th place with Kwan in 1st place. Although she landed seven triples in the long program, she finished second overall to Kwan. At the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Lipinski skated her short program to music from the animated movie Anastasia, placing second to Kwan. In the long program, Lipinski performed seven triples, including a historic triple loop/triple loop combination and, at the end, a triple toe/half loop/triple Salchow sequence, to overtake Kwan for the gold medal, she became the youngest ladies' Olympic figure skating champion and the youngest individual gold medalist, a record that had stood since Norwegian Sonia Henie won the same event at the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz at age 15. Lipinski trained at the Detroit Skating Club in Michigan.
On March 9, 1998, Lipinski announced her decision to withdraw from the 1998 World Figure Skating Championships, citing a serious glandular infection that required her to have two molars extracted, constant fatigue, possible mononucleosis. On April 7, 1998, Lipinski announced her intention to turn professional in an interview with Katie Couric on the Today Show, she cited a desire to spend more time with her family, to have time for school, to compete professionally against other Olympic champions. However, given the opportunities available to a newly crowned Olympic champion, Lipinski took on a full schedule of touring, publicity appearances, acting engagements, albeit requiring constant travel, she was criticized by some, such as Christine Brennan, for her decision to retire from competition at such a young age, who likened the pro skating circuit as "joining the circus". However, this criticism was labelled as "petty backlash" following Lipinski's defeat of the expected-winner Kwan at the Nagano Olympics.
In the spring and summer of 1998, Lip
China at the 2014 Winter Olympics
China competed at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia from 7–23 February 2014. According to the quota allocation released on January 20, 2014, China has two athletes in qualification position. Based on their performance at the 2012 and 2013 Biathlon World Championships China qualified 1 man and 4 women. According to the quota allocation released on January 20, 2014, China has qualified a total quota of four athletes. DistanceSprint Based on results from 2012 World Men's Curling Championship and the 2013 World Men's Curling Championship, China has qualified their men's team as one of the seven highest ranked nations; the Women's team managed to qualify by winning the last chance qualifying event in December 2013. The men's team will consist of Xu Xiaoming, Ba Dexin, Zang Jialiang and Zou Dejia; the women's team will consist of the defending bronze medalists Wang Bingyu, Liu Yin, Yue Qingshuang, Zhou Yan and new alternate Jiang Yilun. Final round robin standings Round-robinChina has a bye in draws 2, 6 and 10.
Final round robin standings Round-robinChina has a bye in draws 2, 6 and 10. China has achieved the following quota places: The team consists of eight athletes; the team has qualified for the team trophy. Team trophy China has qualified nine quota spots for the following events; the full list of Chinese freestyle skiing team was announced on January 26, 2014. AerialsMoguls China qualified five skaters of each gender for the Olympics during World Cup 3 & 4 in November 2013, they qualified the maximum number of starting places with 3 for each gender in each distance and both a men's and women's relay team. China was hot favorites to win most of the gold medals from the women in the short-track speed skating, including in the 500m, 1000m & 3000m women's relay; however reigning three-time Olympic gold medalist from Vancouver Wang Meng, broke her ankle during a crash during ice training on January 15, 2014 and did not compete at the Olympics. Creating a big blow to the medal chances for China, an emotional impact on the team with only a month remaining before Sochi.
China was handed another blow with disqualification from the women's 3000m relay final at Sochi, after impeding on the last lap giving arch rival Korea the gold medal. Korea was handed the same disqualification in Vancouver that gave China the gold medal four years earlier. Fan Kexin was set to win the 500m after Wang Meng's injury; however again fell during the semi's. However China picked up to win surprise win's in the 500m from Li Jianrou, 1500m from Zhou Yang; the men came away with un-predicted medals. MenWomenQualification legend: ADV – Advanced due to being impeded by another skater. Jing was selected to ride the women's 500 m. Deputy Secretary General of the delegation is studying, going to replace her. MenWomen China at the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics China at the 2014 Winter Paralympics China at the 2014 Winter Olympics at the Wayback Machine China at the 2014 Winter Olympics at SR/Olympics
Short track speed skating at the 2002 Winter Olympics
For the long track speed skating events, see Speed skating at the 2002 Winter OlympicsShort track speed skating at the 2002 Winter Olympics was held from 13 February to 23 February. Eight events were contested at Salt Lake Ice Center. Two new events were added with the men's and women's 1500 metres making debuts. China led the medal table with seven, while Evgenia Radanova's two medals for Bulgaria were their first in the sport. Two world records and fifteen Olympic records were set in Salt Lake City. Twenty-six nations competed in the short track events at Salt Lake City. Belarus, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong, Israel and Slovakia made their short track debuts. Sports-Reference 2002 Olympics - Short Track