The Eastman Kodak Company is an American technology company that produces camera-related products with its historic basis on photography. The company is headquartered in Rochester, New York, is incorporated in New Jersey. Kodak provides packaging, functional printing, graphic communications and professional services for businesses around the world, its main business segments are Print Systems, Enterprise Inkjet Systems, Micro 3D Printing and Packaging and Solutions, Consumer and Film. It is best known for photographic film products. Kodak was founded by George Eastman and Henry A. Strong on September 4, 1888. During most of the 20th century, Kodak held a dominant position in photographic film; the company's ubiquity was such that its "Kodak moment" tagline entered the common lexicon to describe a personal event, demanded to be recorded for posterity. Kodak began to struggle financially in the late 1990s, as a result of the decline in sales of photographic film and its slowness in transitioning to digital photography, despite developing the first self-contained digital camera.
As a part of a turnaround strategy, Kodak began to focus on digital photography and digital printing, attempted to generate revenues through aggressive patent litigation. In January 2012, Kodak filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. In February 2012, Kodak announced that it would stop making digital cameras, pocket video cameras and digital picture frames and focus on the corporate digital imaging market. Digital cameras are still sold under the Kodak brand by JK Imaging Ltd thanks to an agreement with Kodak. In August 2012, Kodak announced its intention to sell its photographic film, commercial scanners and kiosk operations, as a measure to emerge from bankruptcy, but not its motion picture film operations. In January 2013, the Court approved financing for Kodak to emerge from bankruptcy by mid 2013. Kodak sold many of its patents for $525,000,000 to a group of companies under the names Intellectual Ventures and RPX Corporation.
On September 3, 2013, the company emerged from bankruptcy having shed its large legacy liabilities and exited several businesses. Personalized Imaging and Document Imaging are now part of Kodak Alaris, a separate company owned by the UK-based Kodak Pension Plan. From the company's founding by George Eastman in 1888, Kodak followed the razor and blades strategy of selling inexpensive cameras and making large margins from consumables – film and paper; as late as 1976, Kodak commanded 90% of film sales and 85% of camera sales in the U. S. Japanese competitor Fujifilm entered the U. S. market with lower-priced film and supplies, but Kodak did not believe that American consumers would desert its brand. Kodak passed on the opportunity to become the official film of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. Fuji opened a film plant in the U. S. and its aggressive marketing and price cutting began taking market share from Kodak. Fuji went from a 10% share in the early 1990s to 17% in 1997. Fuji made headway into the professional market with specialty transparency films such as Velvia and Provia, which competed with Kodak's signature professional product, but used the more economical and common E-6 processing machines which were standard in most processing labs, rather than the dedicated machines required by Kodachrome.
Fuji's films soon found a competitive edge in higher-speed negative films, with a tighter grain structure. In May 1995, Kodak filed a petition with the US Commerce Department under section 301 of the Commerce Act arguing that its poor performance in the Japanese market was a direct result of unfair practices adopted by Fuji; the complaint was lodged by the United States with the World Trade Organization. On January 30, 1998, the WTO announced a "sweeping rejection of Kodak's complaints" about the film market in Japan. Kodak's financial results for the year ending December 1997 showed that company's revenues dropped from $15.97 billion in 1996 to $14.36 billion in 1997, a fall of more than 10%. Kodak's market share declined from 80.1% to 74.7% in the United States, a one-year drop of five percentage points that had observers suggesting that Kodak was slow to react to changes and underestimated its rivals. Although from the 1970s both Fuji and Kodak recognized the upcoming threat of digital photography, although both sought diversification as a mitigation strategy, Fuji was more successful at diversification.
Although Kodak developed a digital camera in 1975, the first of its kind, the product was dropped for fear it would threaten Kodak's photographic film business. In the 1990s, Kodak planned a decade-long journey to move to digital technology. CEO George M. C. Fisher reached out to other new consumer merchandisers. Apple's pioneering QuickTake consumer digital cameras, introduced in 1994, had the Apple label but were produced by Kodak; the DC-20 and DC-25 launched in 1996. Overall, there was little implementation of the new digital strategy. Kodak's core business faced no pressure from competing technologies, as Kodak executives could not fathom a world without traditional film there was little incentive to deviate from that course. Consumers switched to the digital offering from companies such as Sony. In 2001 film sales dropped, attributed by Kodak to the financial shocks caused by the September 11 attacks. Executives hoped that Kodak might be able to slow the sh
The Dolby Theatre is a live-performance auditorium in the Hollywood and Highland Center shopping mall and entertainment complex, on Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue, in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Since its opening on November 9, 2001, the theater has been the venue of the annual Academy Awards ceremony, it is adjacent to the Grauman's Chinese Theatre and the El Capitan Theatre nearby on Hollywood Boulevard. The theater was designed by David Rockwell of the Rockwell Group, with Theatre Projects Consultants with the Oscar ceremonies in mind. Though the stage is one of the largest in the United States—roughly tied with the Edward C. Elliott Hall of Music at Purdue University—measuring 113 ft wide and 60 ft deep, its seating capacity is only about half the Hall of Music's, accommodating 3,332 people; the result of astute planning and technical design, the auditorium is successful as a venue for televised theatrical performance. The architectural team consulted extensively with leading production personnel in Hollywood, achieving a functional cable infrastructure, with an underground cable bunker that crosses under the theater to truck locations on adjacent streets.
Power is substantial and accessible. The theater has a unique Rockwell-designed cockpit in the orchestra seating area for camera and stage management; the hall from the front entrance to the grand stairway is flanked by storefronts, as well as Art Deco columns displaying the names of past recipients of the Academy Award for Best Picture, with blank spaces left for future Best Picture winners, well into the 21st century. The columns are set for Best Picture up to 2071. In a fashion reminiscent of Hollywood movie-making, the building is dressed before the Academy Awards ceremony, sometimes with a different sign on its facade, red drapery to hide its storefronts, the famous red carpet running up its grand stairway; the theater is rented to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for weeks before Oscar night. Having hosted the awards ceremony annually since 2002, the theater is best known for this event. During the rest of the year, it hosts numerous live concerts, awards shows, symphony performances, other events.
Artists who have appeared there include Adele, Neil Young, Christina Aguilera, Elissa, Céline Dion, Andrea Bocelli, Dixie Chicks, Mariah Carey, Beyoncé Knowles, Alicia Keys, Elvis Costello, Vanilla Ice, Joe Bonamassa, Philipp Kirkorov, The Corrs, Barry Manilow, The New Power Generation, Ian Anderson, David Gilmour, Persian Singers such as Googoosh, Siavash Ghomayshi, Shohreh Solati, Leila Forouhar, Andy Madadian and Shadmehr Aghili. It has provided the stage for musicals, dance shows, symphony performances, opera; the theater was sponsored, until February 2012, by the Eastman Kodak Company, which paid $75 million for naming rights to the building. In early 2012, Eastman Kodak filed for bankruptcy protection; the theater's name was temporarily changed to the Hollywood and Highland Center at the suggestion of the venue's landlord. On May 1, 2012, it was announced that the venue would be renamed the Dolby Theatre, after Dolby Laboratories signed a 20-year naming-rights deal. Dolby updated the sound system first by installing Dolby Atmos.
The company plans to continue updating the auditorium with newer technologies as they become available. From September 2011 until early 2013, the venue was home to the permanent Los Angeles Cirque du Soleil show Iris, an acrobatic journey through the world of cinema, featuring an original score by Danny Elfman; the show made significant changes to the theater, including adding lifts deep under the original floor. It was announced on November 29, 2012, that Iris would close on January 19, 2013, after only two seasons, due to lack of profit. After hosting the Academy Awards on February 24, 2013, the theater reopened for touring acts and headliners; as of 2016, the theater hosts the live shows of America's Got Talent. It hosts the America's Got Talent Holiday Spectacular that broadcasts live during the Christmas season. Rene Liu - Renext World Tour - 18 October 2015 Joker Xue - Skyscraper World Tour - 11 November 2018 List of concert venues L. A. Live Official Website of the Dolby Theatre
Kodak is a poetry collection by Patti Smith, published in 1972. Untitled "k.o.d.a.k." "Star Fever" Untitled Untitled "Radando Beach" "Conch" Untitled "Balance" kodak at Google Books
Kodak is an unincorporated community in Sevier County, United States. It is located along State Highway 139 and State Highway 66, just south of Interstate Highway 40 and Knoxville, Tennessee; the elevation of Kodak is about 896 feet above sea level. Kodak was named in 1892 when the local postmaster, Harvey N. Underwood, learned of the new "Kodak" brand of camera. Underwood decided that this was a name, easy to remember and spell, hence he sought permission from the founder of Eastman Kodak, George Eastman, to use this name for his village and its post office. Eastman granted this permission; the portion of Kodak along State Highway 66 has been annexed by the city of Sevierville. Exit 407 on Interstate 40 has several stores. Bass Pro Shops is located right off the exit. Other stores in Kodak include Dollar General, Family Dollar and various local shops. Schools in Kodak are a part of Sevier County Schools. Northview Primary School – grades K–3 Northview Intermediate School – grades 4–6 Northview Academy – grades 7–12 Great Smokies Flea Market River Islands Golf Club Smokies Stadium Seven Islands State Birding Park
Eastman Business Park
Eastman Business Park Kodak Park, is a large manufacturing and industrial complex in the city of Rochester, New York, in the United States. The complex is run by Eastman Kodak and is located 3 miles north of downtown Rochester and 4 miles south of Lake Ontario; the complex runs parallel to New York State Route 104 and Mount Read Boulevard for most of its length. Eastman Business Park is serviced by both CSX, via the Charlotte Running Track, Norfolk Southern, via the Rochester and Southern Railroad; the plant maintains an intra-plant railroad. It was serviced by the Rochester Subway via the Dewey Avenue surface connection; the ashes of Eastman Kodak founder George Eastman are buried here. In the decades following 1890 Kodak Park was constructed to meet the massive demand of Eastman Kodak Company's Photographic and Motion Picture Film products; the park would become the largest photographic product manufacturing facility in the world, employing over 15,000 employees in over 154 different buildings spanning its 1,300 acres.
In the mid 2000s Eastman Kodak began downsizing its film manufacturing operations due to the shrinking demand for film. A number of unused buildings were demolished in 2007. On November 11, 2008 Eastman Kodak renamed Kodak Park "Eastman Business Park" and began an aggressive marketing campaign to attract new tenants to the park. During the Bankruptcy of Eastman Kodak in 2012 and 2013 Eastman Kodak began selling off a number of large assets in Eastman business park as it continued to downsize which included its coal power plant as well numerous other land and building assets. In 2012 It was revealed that Kodak had weapons grade uranium in an underground lab for 30 years; as Eastman Kodak Downsized the manufacturing facilities were leased out to both established and start-up manufacturing companies. Current Members of Eastman Business Park Include: Eastman Business Park has been described as a vital part of Rochester, NY's economic growth efforts. State and local governments and Eastman Kodak Company itself have been working towards turning Eastman Business Park into an innovation hub which would attract large companies as well as small start up companies with a focus on green-tech, photonics and material science to the park.
Eastman Kodak Company Rochester, New York Eastman Business Park Eastman Kodak
Kodak fortress was a fort built in 1635 by the order of the Polish king Władysław IV Vasa and the Sejm on the Dnieper River near what would become the town of Stari Kodaky (now near the city of Dnipro in Ukraine. In 1711 according to the Treaty of the Pruth the fortress was destroyed by the Muscovites, it was constructed by Stanisław Koniecpolski to control Cossacks of the Zaporizhian Sich, to prevent Ukrainian peasants from joining forces with the Cossacks and to guard the southeastern corner of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Poles tried to establish order in that area, commissioned French military cartographer and engineer William le Vasseur de Beauplan to construct the fort. Building cost around 100,000 Polish zlotys; the dragoon garrison was commanded by the French officer Jean de Marion. Shortly after construction was completed in July 1635, in the Sulima Uprising, the Cossack forces of Ivan Sulima captured the fortress in a surprise attack on the night of August 11/12, 1635; the Cossacks demolished the fortress.
The Poles hired the German engineer Friedrich Getkant and rebuilt Kodak, three times larger, in 1639. The fortress contained a Catholic church with an Orthodox church, its garrison increased with artillery support. About two miles outside of the fortress was erected a huge guard tower; the governor of that fortress became Jan Zoltowski. During the Khmelnytsky Uprising of 1648, Krzysztof Lada-Grodzicki commanded the fortress, it surrendered to the Cossacks on October 1, 1648, after a 7-month siege, upon hearing the news of Polish defeat at the Battle of Pyliavtsi on September 23, 1648. Rank and file defenders were massacred or drowned in the river after they had left Kodak upon capitulation; the Cossacks sold some other officers to the Tatars as slaves. After the Treaty of Pereyaslav in 1654, Kodak fortress was manned by the Cossacks. Peter I of Russia razed it in accordance with the terms of the Treaty of the Pruth with the Ottoman Empire in 1711; the Soviet government attempted to destroy the remnants of fortress in order to eradicate traces of Polish influence on Ukraine by establishing a quarry on the site in 1944.
The quarry closed in 1994, but by two thirds of fortress was destroyed. As of 2015 the site consists only of ruins. Czołowski A. Kudak. Przyczynki do założenia i upadku twierdzy. "Kwartalnik Historyczny" R. 40:1926, pp 161–184 http://www.fortified-places.com/kudak/ Historical overview
Kodak Tower is a 19-story skyscraper in the High Falls District of Rochester, New York, is part of the Eastman Kodak Headquarters complex. It stands 366 ft with its antenna spire included, it was Rochester, NY’s tallest building for over 50 years from its completion in 1914 until the Xerox Square Tower surpassed it in the late 1960s. Today, it is the 4th tallest building in Rochester, NY and is the 9th tallest building in New York State outside NYC; the Kodak Tower has long been recognized as a landmark in the Rochester Skyline, an icon in the world of film photography. The building has been called the "nerve center of photography"; the Eastman Kodak Company owns the skyscraper, it remains the company's headquarters. In 2008, Kodak undertook work to restore the exterior of the building; the Kodak Tower was constructed on the site of a former factory next to several seven story Camera Works buildings that clustered around the site. Construction began in 1912 and was completed in 1914 with Kodak founder George Eastman presiding over the project.
Upon its completion in 1914, the tower held the title of the tallest building in Rochester, New York until the 1960s. Kodak Tower was designed by Howard Wright Cutler and Gordon & Kaelber Architects with a French Renaissance style; when construction began in 1912, the building was designed as a 16-story high-rise with a steel skeleton faced with terra cotta. The building overtook the Powers Building to become the tallest building in the city upon its completion in 1914. In the late 1920s, the architects of the Genesee Valley Trust building announced plans to mount an architectural feature that would threaten the Kodak Tower’s status as the city's tallest building. Following the announcement Eastman Kodak hired an architect to construct 3 more floors on the building with a mansard roof and aluminum tower bringing the tower to a height of 366 ft feet in 1935. In 1994 Dennis Money, the founder of the Rochester Peregrine Falcon Project, got permission from Kodak to install a nest box on the spire of the Kodak Office Tower.
The nest box was installed as part of an effort to reintroduce peregrine falcons to eastern North America after the species was listed on the U. S. Endangered Species list. In 1998 a pair of peregrine falcons known to the public as Mariah & Cabot-Sirocco began nesting in the nest box; the reintroduction effort became popular over the web after Brad Carney an IT Consultant at Eastman Kodak coordinated an effort to install web cams around the nest and made the web cam imagery available on the web for the public to view. The web cam became a popular attraction on the kodak website. Mariah hatched 43 falcon chicks at the top of the Kodak Tower until the nest box was relocated to the Times Square Building in 2008 when Eastman Kodak announced plans to do extensive restoration work on the Tower. Kodak Tower reaches a full height of 366 ft tall; the building has 19 floors of commercial office space occupied by the Eastman Kodak Company. Atop the building is an 18th and 19th floor balcony with a steep gothic steeple and a lightning rod with the initials EK for Eastman Kodak at the top of the building.
A block letter sign that spells out the company name KODAK is displayed at the roof level of the north and the south sides of the tower. Throughout the night the sign is lit up with red neon lights. In addition to the sign, the tower's 18th and 19th balcony facade is lighted during special occasions such as sporting events and holidays. On June 13, 2008, Eastman Kodak announced that it would restore the tower's exterior; the building needed urgent repairs due to deterioration in the masonry in many locations on the tower which threatened the building's safety and integrity. The restoration was completed in 2010; the building's official address is 343 State Street, New York 14650. Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman List of tallest buildings in Rochester, New York List of tallest buildings in Upstate New York Peregrine falcon Media related to Kodak Tower at Wikimedia Commons Kodak Website Emporis.com:Kodak Tower On top of the Kodak Tower