Ripley's Believe It or Not!
Ripley's Believe It or Not! is an American franchise, founded by Robert Ripley, which deals in bizarre events and items so strange and unusual that readers might question the claims. A newspaper panel, the Believe It or Not feature proved popular and was adapted into a wide variety of formats, including radio, comic books, a chain of museums, a book series; the Ripley collection includes 20,000 photographs, 30,000 artifacts and more than 100,000 cartoon panels. With 80-plus attractions, the Orlando-based Ripley Entertainment, Inc. a division of the Jim Pattison Group, is a global company with an annual attendance of more than 12 million guests. Ripley Entertainment's publishing and broadcast divisions oversee numerous projects, including the syndicated TV series, the newspaper cartoon panel, books and games. Ripley first called his cartoon feature involving sports feats and Chumps, it premiered on December 19, 1918, in The New York Globe. Ripley began adding items unrelated to sports, in October 1919, he changed the title to Believe It or Not.
When the Globe folded in 1923, Ripley moved to the New York Evening Post. In 1924, the panel began being syndicated by Associated Newspapers; that same year, Ripley hired Norbert Pearlroth as his researcher, Pearlroth spent the next 52 years of his life in the New York Public Library, working ten hours a day and six days a week in order to find unusual facts for Ripley. Other writers and researchers included Lester Byck. In 1930, Ripley moved to the New York American and was picked up by the King Features Syndicate, being syndicated on an international basis. Ripley died in 1949. Others who assisted included Clem Gretter, Bob Clarke, Joe Campbell, Art Sloggatt, Carl Dorese, Stan Randall. Paul Frehm won the National Cartoonists Society's Newspaper Panel Cartoon Award for 1976 for his work on the series. Clarke created parodies of Believe It or Not! for Mad, as did Wally Wood and Ernie Kovacs, who did a recurring satire called "Strangely Believe It!" on his TV programs. Other strips and books borrowed the Ripley design and format, such as Ralph Graczak's Our Own Oddities, John Hix's Strange as it Seems, Gordon Johnston's It Happened in Canada.
The current artist is John Graziano and current researcher is Sabrina Sieck. At the peak of its popularity, the syndicated feature was read daily by about 80 million readers, during the first three weeks of May 1932 alone, Ripley received over two million pieces of fan mail. Dozens of paperback editions reprinting the newspaper panels have been published over the decades. Recent Ripley's Believe It or Not! books containing new material have supplemented illustrations with photographs. Peanuts creator Charles M. Schulz's first publication of artwork was published by Ripley, it was a cartoon claiming his dog was "a hunting dog who eats pins, screws and razor blades." Schulz's dog Spike became the model for Peanuts' Snoopy. Some notable books: Believe it or not! by Ripley The Big Little Book Ripley's Believe It or Not, reprinted in 2004 Ripley's Mammoth Book of Believe It or Not Ripley's Giant Book of Believe It or Not Ripley's 35th Anniversary Believe It or Not Ripley's 50th Anniversary Believe It or Not Ripley's Believe It or Not Special Edition 2012 A series of paperback books containing annotated sketches from the newspaper feature: Ripley's Believe It or Not 1st Series Ripley's Believe It or Not 2nd Series Ripley's Believe It or Not 3rd Series Ripley's Believe It or Not 34th Series Ripley Entertainment produces a range of books featuring unusual facts, news stories and photographs.
In 2004 Ripley Entertainment founded Ripley Publishing Ltd, based in the United Kingdom, to publish new Believe It or Not titles. The company produces the New York Times bestselling Ripley's Believe It or Not! Annuals, the children's fiction series Ripley's RBI, an educational series called the Ripley's Twists, the Ripley's Believe It or Not! Special Edition in conjunction with Scholastic USA and a number of other titles. At the height of his popularity Robert Ripley received thousands of letters a day from the public, Ripley Entertainment continues to encourage submissions from readers who have strange stories and photographs that could be featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not! books and media. The people whose items are featured in such books as Strikingly True, have what Edward Meyer, Vice President of Exhibits and Archives at Ripley Entertainment Inc. describes as an obsession. "Whatever it is they're after, it is so important to them that all the rest of the world can go on without them.
They want to make something that makes them immortal, makes them a little different than you and me." Despite the wide range of true and unbelievable art, photographs, interactive devices, animal oddities, recycled objects contained within the Ripley's collection considered are alien or witchcraft-type stories, which are, according to Meyers, difficult to prove. To be included in Ripley's Believe It or Not books, museums, or television shows, items must undergo scrutiny from Ripley's staff and be 100% authenticated. On April 14, 1930, Ripley brought "Believe It or Not" to radio, the first of several series heard on NBC, CBS and the Mutual Broadcasting System; as noted by Ripley On Radio, Ripley's broadcasts varied in length from 15 mi
San Antonio the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populous city in the United States, the second-most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States, with more than 1.5 million residents. Founded as a Spanish mission and colonial outpost in 1718, the city became the first chartered civil settlement in present-day Texas in 1731; the area was still part of the Spanish Empire, of the Mexican Republic. Today it is the state's oldest municipality; the city's deep history is contrasted with its rapid recent growth during the past few decades. It was the fastest-growing of the top ten largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, the second from 1990 to 2000. Straddling the regional divide between South and Central Texas, San Antonio anchors the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion colloquially known as the "Texas Triangle". San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County. Since San Antonio was founded during the Spanish Colonial Era, it has a church in its center, on the main civic plaza in front, a characteristic of many Spanish-founded cities and villages in Spain and Latin America.
As with many other urban centers in the Southwestern United States, areas outside the city limits are sparsely populated. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan statistical area. Called Greater San Antonio, the metro area has a population of 2,473,974 based on the 2017 U. S. census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States and third-largest in Texas. Growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north and east make it that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio was named by a 1691 Spanish expedition for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is June 13; the city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which together were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2015. Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, SeaWorld, the Alamo Bowl, Marriage Island. Commercial entertainment includes Morgan's Wonderland amusement parks.
According to the San Antonio Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. It is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs, hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the U. S; the U. S. Armed Forces have numerous facilities around San Antonio. Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, Lackland AFB/Kelly Field Annex, Camp Bullis, Camp Stanley are outside the city limits. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, when the airfield was transferred to Lackland AFB; the remaining parts of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas region. At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, they called the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning "refreshing waters".
In 1691, a group of Spanish explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, they named the river "San Antonio" in his honor. It was years. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there; the viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane to the east, as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. He directed the governor of Coahuila y Tejas, to establish the mission complex. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, construction did not start until 1718. Olivares built, with the help of the Payaya Indians, the Misión de San Antonio de Valero, the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar, the bridge that connected both, the Acequia Madre de Valero; the families who clustered around the presidio and mission were the start of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas.
On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas, his plan was approved, notice was given the Canary Islanders to furnish 200 families. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, where they arrived on March 9, 1731. Due to marriages along the way, the party now included a total of 56 persons, they joined the military community established in 1718. The immigrants f
Artpace is a non-profit contemporary art gallery located in San Antonio, United States, founded by Linda Pace. Artpace opened its doors in 1995, focuses on the artistic process. Occupying the space of a former Hudson automobile dealership, Artpace uses its industrial space as the setting for its programs and events. Artpace is known for their International Artist-in-Residence program, which involves bringing one artist from Texas, one from the United States, one from around the world, to Artpace to create an original work of art; the International Artist-in-Residence artists are chosen by a guest curator and the program invites nine artists per year to live and work at Artpace in three different 4 month cycles. For a full list of artists that have participated in the International Artist-in-Residence program see below; the Window Works exhibition space at Artpace is visible from N. Main Avenue, which means that the space is accessible to the community; the Hudson Room is a gallery space that exhibits international artists and exhibitions.
The room is named for the former function of a Hudson automobile dealership. Artpace's education programs are designed to expose the youth of San Antonio to think critically about art Each program aims to educate and spark a dialogue about contemporary art; the education department at Artpace has K-12 Programs, Community Programs, U of Artpace, Adult Programs. Chalk It Up is an annual citywide family-friendly event that promotes the importance of art education; each year, Houston Street in downtown San Antonio is filled with chalk drawings and original murals by artists in San Antonio. The event facilitates interactions between contemporary artists; this year Chalk It Up will take place on October 11, 2014 from 10AM-4PM. Artpace partners with other arts organizations in San Antonio, hosts an annual Family Day in the spring to host an art-themed day designed for younger children and their families
United States Army Medical Department Museum
The U. S. Army Medical Department Museum — or AMEDD Museum — at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, originated as part of the Army's Field Service School at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, it moved to Fort Sam Houston in 1946. It is a component of the U. S. Army Medical Department Center and School; the museum features the history of the Army Medical Department from 1775 to the present, as well as medical contributions of the Army during times of peace and war. General areas covered are significant historical events and technological advances, development of the medical field service and contributions of key officers and enlisted personnel. Audio-visual presentations introduce the history of the Department. Two large galleries house the medical equipment, medals and artwork that make up the museum's exhibits. Museum holdings include material on medical personnel, POWs in World War II's Pacific Theater, unit insignia and archival documents and photographs; the museum has been chosen to preserve historic artifacts from Naval Hospital Corps School Great Lakes.
BRAC 2005 resulted in transferred of Corps School from Chicago to the Medical Education and Training Campus located on Fort Sam Houston. Specific displays of interest include: Dr. William Beaumont, the Army surgeon known as the "Father of Gastric Physiology" Brigadier General George Sternberg, MD, the Surgeon General known as the "Father of American Bacteriology" MASH units in Korea Medical air evac in Vietnam Combat Medic Medal of Honor recipients Images of all of the Army Surgeons General Aftermath of the 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Outside the museum are examples of medical vehicles including ambulances and a equipped hospital train ambulance car. A Medical Combat Memorial honors the Army's combat medics. List of ships of the United States Army#Hospital ships United States Army Medical Department Museum official website AMEDD Museum - old website
Neighborhoods and districts of San Antonio
The city of San Antonio in the U. S. state of Texas is composed of a number of neighborhoods and districts, spreading out surrounding the central Downtown Area. The central area of San Antonio is diverse economically and socially. While the term "Central San Antonio" is not used, the notion of a greater area around the downtown core exists. Neighborhoods and districts that fall within this area are not categorized as part of the city's north, east, or west sides. City Council District 1 is a slender geographic area that covers most of the city's central area bordered by I-410 to the north, I-10 to the west and south, I-37/U. S. 281 to the east. Alamo Heights, a separate municipality located a couple of miles northeast of downtown, is an inner suburb, considered central; the urban core of the city and metropolitan area, Downtown San Antonio encompasses many of the city's famous structures and businesses. The central business district is understood to cover the northern half of the "Downtown Loop" -- the area bordered by Cesar Chavez to the south.
Due to the sheer size of the city and its horizontal development, downtown accounts for less than one half of one percent of San Antonio's geographic area. Downtown is a popular destination for tourists. Attractions such as the Alamo, the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, the Alamodome, St. Paul Square, the Pearl Brewery, Market Square, the Shops at Rivercenter attract millions of visitors every year; the city hosts an annual Christmas lighting festival on the river to welcome the holidays. Bounded by Hildebrand Avenue to the north, Broadway to the east, I-10 to the west and I-35 to the south, Midtown features an assortment of neighborhoods ranging from the working class Beacon Hill to the up-and-coming Five Points to the established upper middle class Monte Vista; each neighborhood has distinctive housing characteristics, from Victorian in Beacon Hill to French Eclectic and Italian Renaissance in Monte Vista. Located between Alamo Heights and Downtown, Midtown is one of the most historic areas of metro San Antonio, home to Temple Beth-El, Trinity University, neighborhoods such as Five Points, Tobin Hill, the Monte Vista Historic District, Alta Vista, Beacon Hill, University Hill, Trinity Heights, Brackenridge Park and the Japanese Tea Garden known as the Garden District.
Tobin Hill is located just north of downtown San Antonio, this area is a mix of residential and cultural space. Olmos Park Terrace, a neighborhood, granted historic district status by the City of San Antonio in 2007, lies just north of Hildebrand next to the City of Olmos Park, it borders the districts of Midtown, Uptown Broadway, Downtown. Midtown is where San Antonio's gay village is located. Gay bars such as The Saint, Sparky's Pub and Essence are located in this area; the city's near south side is referred to as "Southtown." South of Cesar Chavez Boulevard along South Presa/South Saint Mary's/South Alamo streets and, more South Flores is a district of Downtown San Antonio known as Southtown. Southtown is next to the King William Historic District, where the writer Sandra Cisneros has a home, the Lavaca neighborhood, as well as the warehouse and loft conversions of Blue Star Contemporary Art Center along South Flores/Probandt/Cevallos streets. Once labeled Texas' most eccentric neighborhood by Texas Monthly magazine, Southtown is known for its diverse community, art galleries and Victorian era homes.
There is a heavy concentration of resident artists and contemporary art spaces, such as those found on emerging South Flores. Restaurants and bars in Southtown include Bar America, Blue Star Brewing Company, Rosario's, La Tuna, El Mirador, The Friendly Spot. Art spaces and galleries include Blue Star Contemporary Art Center, UTSA Satellite Space, San Antonio Art League, SAY Si!, Joan Grona Gallery, David Shelton Gallery, Cactus Bra Space, Three Walls Gallery, Justice Works, REM Gallery, San Angel Folk Art, Stone Metal Press, Fiber Artspace. On the first Thursday of the month the serious area art galleries have openings. On the first Friday of every month, Blue Star acts as the hub of the Downtown event known as First Friday. A diverse crowd of art lovers can visit galleries, art spaces, vintage stores, street vendors selling art and jewelry, all while listening to live music. Second Saturday is on the following weekend after First Friday but sometimes falls on the next day. Second Saturday is a monthly showcase of the area known as SoFlo known by its inhabitants as the South Flores Arts District.
The area is only a few blocks South of the Blue Star District but is popular for those who want a less crowded environment than the one found at First Friday. Art galleries include One9Zero6, FL! GHT, LoneStar Studios, Salon Mijangos, Gallista Gallery, Triangle Project Space. Artists in the area with studios include Andy Benavides, Justin Parr, Ed Saavedra, Zane Lewis, Thomas Cummins, Dario Robleto. Once a year in the Fall, the S. M. A. R. T fair is an annual festival held to support the various arts in San Antonio. Located along the city's Broadway corridor about two miles northeast of Downtown San Antonio, lies Alamo Heights. Known as by its ZIP Code, Alamo Heights is bordered to the south by Hildebrand Avenue, to the north by Interstate 410, to the east by Fort Sam Houston, to the west by US 281; the enclaves of Alamo Heights and Terrell Hills are included in this area. This area includes a large swath of Broadway from Mulberry to Loop 410. Inside this
Casa Navarro State Historic Site
Casa Navarro is a historic site in San Antonio, Bexar County, in the U. S. state of Texas. The original house complex was the residence of Texas patriot José Antonio Navarro, a rancher, leading advocate for Tejano rights, one of only two native-born Texans to sign the Texas Declaration of Independence. Navarro first bought the property, about 1.5 acres, in 1832. The limestone, caliche block, adobe structures were built c. 1832–1855, Navarro moved onto the property soon after. The site is situated in the heart of old San Antonio, in what used to be a thriving Tejano neighborhood known as Laredito; the structures were acquired and restored by the San Antonio Conservation Society between 1960 and 1964, the site was opened to the public in October 1964. The site was designated a Texas State Historic Landmark in 1962, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. On January 1, 2008, the house was transferred from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department to the Texas Historical Commission.
It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2016. Today, visitors can tour Navarro's one-story limestone house — a fine example of early-statehood domestic architecture — read copies of his writing and discuss questions of history with informed staff. There is a two-story square store and office building, noted for its bold quoins, which anchor the edges of the building's walls; the detached adobe and caliche block kitchen is typical of early Texas architecture with front and rear porches. List of Texas state historic sites List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas Casa Navarro State Historic Site website
Spanish Governor's Palace
The Spanish Governor's Palace is a historic adobe from the Spanish Texas period located in Downtown San Antonio. It is the last visible trace of the 18th-century colonial Presidio San Antonio de Béxar complex, the only remaining example in Texas of an aristocratic 18th-century Spanish Colonial in−town residence; the National Geographic Society has named the landmark "the most beautiful building in San Antonio." The building was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970. It is now owned by the city, is open to the public as a museum; the building was constructed in the early 18th century, planned as early as 1722 and completed in 1749. The keystone above the front entrance is marked with the coat-of-arms of Spanish King Ferdinand VI and the date 1749; the building was working offices of the local presidio captain at first. It became the home of the Spanish governors who lived in San Antonio; the building became the capitol building of the Texas region of Spanish Texas in 1772. The Spanish built the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar to protect the area's missions, including the San Antonio de Valero Mission and the missions in the present day San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, as well as the growing Spanish colony.
The one-story masonry and stucco structure features ten rooms, a grand courtyard and a fountain, is alleged to be haunted. The palace is located in between Market Square and the San Antonio River Walk near the current city hall; the address is 105 Military Plaza, San Antonio. Spanish Governor's Palace – official web page of the Center City Development & Operations Dept. Spanish Governor's Palace – Handbook of Texas Online