Upper Dir District
Upper Dir District is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The town of Dir is the district headquarters. At the time of independence, Dir was a princely state ruled by Nawab Shah Jehan Khan, it was merged with Pakistan in 1969 and on declared as a district in 1970. In 1996, it was bifurcated into Lower Dir districts; this district is situated in the northern part of Pakistan. It borders Chitral district and Afghanistan on the north and north west and Swat district to the east, on the south by Lower Dir District; the British Raj honored Muhammad sharif Khan as Nawab of Dir in 1898. By declaring his allegiance to the British Raj, Khan/Nawab, once exiled to Afghanistan by Umara Khan Mastkhel was seated as Nawab of Dir, he was succeed by his son Nawab Aurang Zeb in 1904, who ruled until his death in 1925. His son Sir Shah Jehan ruled the state for 35 long years, he was dethroned and kept in house arrest in Lahore until his death in 1966. He was succeeded by Mohammad Shah Khisro Khan.
He left all the business at the mercy of his advisor, a man deputed by the Govt:of Pakistan to mould the state into a settled district through gradual implementation of laws. In 1969, it was merged as a district with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. In 1996, Dir District was divided into two districts-Lower and Upper Dir- with Timergara and Dir as their respective headquarters; the district of Upper Dir is divided into three tehsils: Dir Larjam Sheringal Wari This district is represented by one elected MNA in Pakistan National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-33; the district is represented by three elected MPAs in the provincial assembly who represent the following constituencies: PK-91 PK-92 PK-93 Except for Dir and a number of growing bazaar towns along the main roads, the population is rural, scattered in more than 1200 villages in the deep narrow valleys of the Panjkora and its tributaries. Of these, notable villages are Khas Dir Roghano Darra-Jelar Usheri Sundrawal Hattan Barawal Bandai Qashqaray Benr Nusrat Ben Shahi Sunai Kair Pataw Kalkot patrak Sheringal Doog Dara Barawal Gandigar Katan Toormang Darorra Ganori Shalkani Wari Kakad Dir district was split into Upper Dir and Lower Dir in 1996.
Until 2000 as funds were not available to provide the accommodation needed at Dir town by government departments at a district headquarters, both districts continued to be administered by a single deputy Commissioner stationed at Timergara in Lower Dir. Popular places Qashqaray Panakot Kumrat Valley Kalkot Sheringal Bibyawar, Malakabad Doog Dara Ushirai Dara Shahi Koto Nehag Dara Barawal Ganori Gandigar Nowra Lowari Top Seratai sawni Guli Bagh Karo kakad Roghano Darra Dir Dir Lower Dir District Chitral District Swat District
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
The Kuhistani Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Tajik: Вилояти Мухтори Кӯҳистони Бадахшон, Viloyati Muxtori Köhistoni Badaxshon. Located in the Pamir Mountains, it makes up 45% of the land area of the country but only 3% of its population. Prior to 1895, the area of today's Gorno-Badakhshan A. R. consisted of several semi-self governing statelets, including Darwaz, Shughnun-Rushan, Wakhan, who ruled over territories that today are part of Gorno-Badakhshan A. R. in Tajikistan and Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan. The territory was claimed by the Emirate of Afghanistan; the Qing rulers of China claimed control of the entire Pamir Mountains, but Qing military units only controlled the passes just east of Tashkurgan. In the 1890s, the Chinese and Afghan governments signed a series of agreements that divided Badakhshan, but the Chinese continued to contest these borders, until it signed a 2002 agreement with the government of Tajikistan. Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region was created in January 1925.
It was attached to Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic after the republic's creation in 1929. During the 1950s, the native inhabitants of Gorno-Badakhshan, including many ethnic Pamiris, were forcibly relocated to southwestern Tajikistan. Gorno-Badakhshan absorbed some of the territory of the Gharm Oblast when that territory was dissolved in 1955; when the civil war broke out in Tajikistan in 1992, the local government in Gorno-Badakhshan declared independence from the Republic of Tajikistan. During the civil war, many Pamiris were targeted for killing by rival groups and Gorno-Badakhshan became a bastion for the opposition; the Gorno-Badakhshan government backed down from its calls for independence. Gorno-Badakhshan remains an autonomous region within Tajikistan. In 2011, Tajikistan ratified a 1999 deal to cede 1,000 km2 of land in the Pamir Mountains to the People's Republic of China, ending a 130-year dispute, the relinquishing of China's claims to over 28,000 km2 of Tajikistani territory. In 2012, the region saw a series of clashes between the Tajik military and militants loyal to former warlord Tolib Ayombekov after the latter was accused of murdering a Tajik general.
Darvoz District is the western'beak' of the province. West-central Gorno-Badakhshan is a series of east-west mountain ranges separated by valleys of rivers that flow into the Panj River; the districts correspond the river valleys. Murghob District occupies the eastern half of the province and is a desolate plateau with high mountains on the west. Darvoz District Vanj District Rushon District Shughnon District Roshtqal'a District Ishkoshim District Murghob District GBAO covers all the eastern part of the country and borders the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China in the east, the Badakhshan Province of Afghanistan in the south, Osh Region of Kyrgyzstan in the north. Within Tajikistan the region's western border is with the Districts of Republican Subordination and the tip of its south-western finger borders on Khatlon Region; the highest mountains are in the Pamirs, known as the roof of the world, three of the five 7,000 meter summits in Soviet Central Asia are located here, including Ismoil Somoni Peak, Ibn Sina Peak, on the border with Kyrgyzstan, Peak Korzhenevskaya.
The population of GBAO increased from 160,900 to 206,000 between the censuses in 1989 and 2000. The population as of 2017 is estimated at 223,600. According to the State Statistical Committee of Tajikistan, the main ethnic group in GBAO are Pamiris; the remainder of the population is other nationalities. The largest city in GBAO is Khorugh, population 29,000. GBAO is home to a number of distinct dialects of the Pamir languages group; the Pamiri language speakers represented in Gorno-Badakshan are speakers of Shughni, Wakhi, Sarikoli, Khufi and Oroshani. Vanji spoken in the Vanj River valley, became extinct in the 19th century. There is a sizable population of Kyrgyz speakers in the Murghab district. Russian and Tajik are widely spoken throughout GBAO; the majority religion in GBAO is Ismaili Shi'ite and adherence to the Aga Khan is widespread. Only two navigable roads connect GBAO to the outside world, Khorog-Osh and Khorog-Dushanbe, both of which are segments of the Pamir Highway. A third road from Khorog to Tashkurgan in China through the Kulma Pass is rough.
Gorno-Badakhshan is separated from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit Baltistan by the narrow, but nearly impassable, Wakhan Corridor. Another road leads from Khorog across the Afghan border. Khorog Airport is serviced by Tajik Air and as of 2014 had scheduled flights to Dushanbe. Khorugh is the location of highest altitude. Qimmatgul Aliberdiyeva Savsan Bandishoeva Nobovar Chanorov Akbarsho Iskandrov Davlat Khudonazarov Mirsaid Mirshakar Muboraksho Mirzoshoyev Nuqra Rahmatova Shodi Shabdolov Sabzajon Shoismoilova Shirinsho Shotemur Khudoyor Yusufbekov Gurminj Zavkibekov Badakhshan Province Kingdom of Balhara List of Chairmen of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province Hoeck, Tobias. "Rural energy
Kohistan District, Pakistan
Kohistan called Abasin Kohistan or Indus Kohistan, was an administrative district within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan, covering an area of 7,492 square kilometres. Geographically, Kohistan stretches from the border with Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the east and north to Swat and Shangla in the west, Mansehra and Battagram District in the south. In 2014, the government bifurcated Kohistan District into Upper Kohistan and Lower Kohistan, carving out one more administrative unit; the District is represented in the National Assembly of Pakistan & provincial assembly by three elected MNA & MPAs who represent the following constituencies: NA-11 PK-25 PK-26 PK-27 Since the 2014 Kohistan District split, each of the new districts are subdivided into two tehsils: Upper Kohistan Dasu Kandia Lower Kohistan Palas Pattan The District lies between 34° 54′ and 35° 52′ north latitudes and 72° 43′ and 73° 57′ east longitudes. It is bounded on the north and northeast by Ghizer and Diamer Districts of northern areas, on the southeast by Manshera District on the south by Battragram District and on the west by shangla and Swat Districts Kohistan is where the Hindukush and Himalayan mountain systems meet and serve as a natural boundary for environmental regions in the chains of the Himalayas and Hindu Kush mountains.
This uniqueness of the mountains system results in rich flora and fauna and therefore gives home to unique species such as the western tragopan pheasant and the snow leopard. The literacy rate of the District among the population aged 10 years and above is 11.1%: male 17.23% and female 2.95%. The proportion of working or employed population to population aged 10 years and above is 26.47%, 70.53% of the total labor force. Out of the total employed population, 71.60% are self-employed, 10.68% work as employees, 17.32% are unpaid family helper. Kohistan's literacy rate is amongst the lowest in Pakistan and hovers around 20%, it has the lowest Human Development Index of all districts in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa February 2012 Kohistan Killings