Tochigi is a city located in Tochigi Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 159,648, a population density of 482 persons per km², its total area is 331.50 square kilometres. Because the city escaped war damage during World War II, many historical temples, traditional shops and kura remain in the city center; the city was awarded the "Utsukushii-machinami Taisho" prize from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Tourism in 2009. Tochigi is located in the southern portion of Tochigi Prefecture, bordering on Ibaraki Prefecture and Gunma Prefecture to the southwest. In the southern part of the city the Yanaka Reservoir, in the Watarase flood control area, is used for sailboating and windsurfing, it was designated a Ramsar Site in June 2012. Tochigi Prefecture Oyama Shimotsuke Kanuma Sano Mibu Nogi Ibaraki Prefecture Koga Gunma Prefecture Itakura In the Edo period, Tochigi prospered from its location on the Uzumagawa River, which connected with the Tone River to Edo.
Envoys using the Reiheishi Way sent from the Imperial Court going to Shrines and Temples of Nikkō stayed at the lodging area in the city. Most the area was tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. Following the Meiji Restoration and the creation of Tochigi Prefecture, Tochigi Town was the prefectural capital from 1871 until its relocation to Utsunomiya in 1884. On April 1, 1937, Tochigi was elevated to city status. On September 30, 1954, Tochigi absorbed the villages of Ōmiya, Minagawa and Terao; this was followed by the village of Kōō on March 31, 1957. Tochigi hosted its first film festival, the Kuranomachikado, or, "Eizo Film Festival" from October 5, 2007, to October 8, 2007. On March 29, 2010, Tochigi absorbed the towns of Ōhira and Tsuga; this was followed by the town of Nishikata on October 1, 2011, the town of Iwafune on April 5, 2014. Tochigi city is a regional commercial center, has a mixed local economy. Food processing, automotive parts and light manufacturing dominated the industrial sector.
Isuzu has maintained a factory since 1961. In 2010, the city ranked first in the number of farming families in the prefecture. Kokugakuin Tochigi Junior College Tochigi has 31 primary schools, 15 middle schools and eight high schools. JR East – Ryōmō Line Tochigi - Ōhirashita - Iwafune Tobu Railway – Tobu Nikko Line Fujioka - Shizuwa - Shin-Ōhirashita - Tochigi - Shin-Tochigi - Kassemba - Ienaka - Tōbu Kanasaki Tobu Railway – Tobu Utsunomiya Line Shin-Tochigi - Yashū-Hirakawa - Yashū-Ōtsuka Tōhoku Expressway – Sano-Fujioka IC, Iwafune JCT, Tochigi IC, Tochigi-Tsuga JCT, Tsuga-Nishikata PA Kita-Kantō Expressway – Iwafune JCT, Tochigi-Tsuga JCT, Tsuga IC Japan National Route 50 Japan National Route 293 *the sound of Tree frogs in Ajisai-zaka, Mount Ohirasan in Tochigi have been designated as one of the 100 Soundscapes of Japan by the Ministry of the Environment Namihei Odaira – founder of Hitachi Yūzō Yamamoto – author Tanaka Isson – artist Toyo Shibata – poet Tomoko Yamaguchi – actress Toshio Furukawa – voice actor Yuriko Handa – Olympic volleyball athlete Hirokazu Sawamura – professional baseball player Takayuki Terauchi – professional baseball player Takuya Takei – professional football player Shingo Tomita – professional football player Koji Hachisuka – professional football player Toshiaki Kawada – professional wrestler Ryoji Isaoka – Olympic weightlifter Tochigiyama Moriya – sumo wrestler Kosuke Hagino- swimmer Media related to Tochigi, Tochigi at Wikimedia Commons Official Website "Tochigi".
New International Encyclopedia. 1905
Kokugakuin University is a private university, whose main office is in Tokyo's Shibuya district. The academic program and research of Shinto study, Japanese history and Chinese literature and cultural study are evaluated in and out of Japan as well as the study of economics and pedagogy, it was established in 1882. From its beginnings as the Office of Japanese Classics Research, Kokugakuin University was one of the first universities in Japan to gain legal approval to be recognized as such under the university system; the Office of Japanese Classics Research, founded in 1882, in 1890 established a method of teaching the subject of kokugaku called Kokugakuin. In 1920, it rose to the status of a university under the old university system, after World War II it became a university under Japan's current university system in 1948. 1882, November - The Office of Japanese Classics Research is founded in Iidabashi, Chiyoda ward. 1890, July - Kokugakuin is established as an educational institution by The Office of Japanese Classics Research.
1898, April - Becomes a juridical foundation. 1904, April - Raised to the status of a vocational school according to the vocational school system. 1906, June - Renamed to Private Kokugakuin University. 1919, September - Renamed to Kokugakuin University. 1920, April - Is regarded as an official university under the university system. 1923, May - Moves to the Imperial Estate behind Shibuya Higawa. 1946, January - The Office of Japanese Classics Research dissolves. 1946, March - Once again is foundationalized and the Kokugakuin University Juridical Foundation is established. 1947, April - A second department opens. 1948, April - Under the reformed educational system, recognized as a university, department of new system literature opens. 1948, September - Amalgamates with Mejiro Academy. 1949, April - A second department of new system literature is opened. Classes begin at the Mejiro branch; the Politics Department is established. 1950, April - The Politics Department is reorganized into the Politics and Economics Department.
1951, February - Reforms to Kokugakuin University Incorporated. 1951, March - The first and specialty old system literature departments are closed. 1951, April - The second Politics and Economics Department opens. A post-graduate master's degree program in literature is established. 1951, May - A special course in Shinto training literature is established. 1952, September - Amalgamates with Kugayama Academy. 1953, March - The second old system literature department is closed. Classes at the Mejiro branch are halted. 1953, April - A post-graduate Ph. D. program in literature is established. Classes begin at the Kugayama branch. 1955, January - A training program to become a kindergarten teacher is opened. 1955, July - A Japanese culture research program is established. 1958, March - Classes at the Kugayama branch are halted. 1958, April - The Shinto major program changes to the Shinto studies program. 1958, July - Tateshina Dormitory opens. 1963, April - The first Law Department is established. 1965, April - The second Law Department is established.
1966, March - The first and second Politics and Economics departments close. 1966, April - The Politics and Economics Department is reorganized, the first and second Economics departments are created. 1967, April - A post-graduate master's degree program in law is established. The second Shinto literature department is opened. Classes commence at the Hachioji branch building. 1968, April - A post-graduate master's degree program in economics is established. 1969, April - A post-graduate Ph. D. program in law is established. 1970, April - A post-graduate Ph. D. program in economics is established. 1982, April - Kokugakuin Women's Junior College is opened. 1985, March - Classes at the Hachioji branch building are terminated. 1985, April - Classes begin at the Shin-Ishikawa building. 1985, November - A monument to the Office of Japanese Classics Research is erected. 1987, April - Completed construction of the Shin-In'yū meeting hall. 1991, April - Kokugakuin Women's Junior College is renamed to Kokugakuin Junior College and is opened to both sexes.
1991, September - Hachioji branch building is shut down. 1992, April - First and second year classes begin to be held at the Tama Plaza campus. 1996, April - Part of the literature department is reorganized into Japanese literature, Chinese literature, foreign literature sections. In the Economics department, Economic Networking and Industrial Consumption Information sections are created; the Sagamihara campus is opened. 2001, April - The system of daytime and evening lectures is introduced for the law and economics departments. 2002, April - The literature and Shinto departments are reorganized, the Shinto Literature department is opened. 2002, November - The 120th anniversary since the founding of the Office of Japanese Classics Research is recognized. 2003, April - In commemoration of building # 1 is constructed. 2004, April - A Judicial Studies graduate program is established. 2004, July - In commemoration of building # 2 is constructed. 2005, April - A Management Studies section is created in the Economics department.
The system of daytime and evening lectures is introduced for the Japanese literature and history sections of the literature departmen
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word