Thekkumbhagam or Thekkumbhagom is the southern border town of Paravur municipality in the Kollam district of Kerala, India. It is located at the Southern tip of Kollam's coastal area, it is in the Arabian Sea coast. Thekkumbhagam-Kappil estuary point in the Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram coastal border is one of the emerging tourism spots in the state. On 1936, during formation, Thekkumbhagam was one of the 9 territories of Paravur Panchayath. Thekkumbhagam estuary is one among the twin estuary points in Paravur; the other one is Pozhikara estuary. Paravur landmass' 3 sides are surrounded by water bodies - Paravur Lake, Nadayara Lake and Arabian Sea. Both north and south tips of Paravur town is having estuary. Thekkumbhagam is at south of Paravur. Thekkumbhagam estuary is the most crowd-pulling estuary in the state, it is located at the borders of Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram districts. A beach in this location attracts crowds every day; the estuary can be accessed by travelling through Paravur-Kappil-Varkala road.
Paravur - The temple town of Kollam Puthenpalli jumua masjid- one of the oldest masjids in south Kerala Valiya palli jumua Masjid Muhiyiddeen masjid Pudiyidam Mahadeva Temple. Thekkumbhagam-Kappil beach and estuary Priyadarshini Boat Club Paravur Lake Pozhikara estuary Polachira wetlands Puthenkulam Elephant Village Paravur Pozhikkara Nedungolam Paravur Kayal Paravur railway station
Varkala known as Udaya Marthandapuram is a municipality and headquarters of Varkala Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district situated in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located 40 kilometres north-west of Trivandrum, the capital and largest metropolitan city of Kerala and 15 km north - west of Attingal municipality. Varkala is the only place in southern Kerala; these Cenozoic sedimentary formation cliffs are a unique geological feature on the otherwise flat Kerala coast, is known among geologists as Varkala Formation and a national geological monument as declared by the Geological Survey of India for their protection, maintenance and enhancement of geotourism. There are numerous water spas on the sides of these cliffs. In 2015, Ministry of Mines, Government of India and Geological Survey of India have declared Varkala Cliff as a geo-heritage site. Varkala is under Varkala police jurisdiction. Varkala is famous for the 2,018-year-old Janardana Swami Temple, an important Vaishnavaite shrine in India and is referred to as Dakshin Kashi.
The temple is located close to the Papanasam beach, considered to have holy waters which wash away sins, is an important Ayurveda treatment centre. The temple has an ancient bell removed from a shipwreck, donated by the captain of the Dutch vessel which sank near Varkala without causing any casualties. Another major landmark in Varkala is the Sivagiri Mutt, established by the social reformer Sree Narayana Guru; the hill-top mausoleum of Sree Narayana Guru is one of the most famous monuments in Kerala state. It is believed that a Pandyan King was instructed by Lord Brahma to build a temple at this place to redeem him of his sins, but several other myths abound on the birth of Varkala. Another legend goes like this - when a group of pilgrims approached Sage Narada and told him that they had sinned, Narada threw his valkalam and it landed at this scenic village and hence, the place came to be known as Varkala. Narada told the pilgrims to pray for their redemption at Papanasam, which means redemption from sins.
Sree valiyaveetil bhagavathy temple is situating in kurakkanni. The temple is around 600 years old. Varkala is located at 8.73°N 76.71°E / 8.73. Varkala is an important place as far as Kerala Geology is concerned as it exposes sedimentary rocks belonging to the Cenozoic age, popularly known in the Geological literature as the Warkalli formation. Warkalli formation along with Quilon formation represents sediments laid down in the Kerala basin that existed during the Mio-pliocene times. Quilon formation of Miocene age is made up of limestones and the type area is Padappakara near Kollam and the Warkalli formation of Mio-pliocene age is made up of alternating beds of sands and shales exposed along the Varkala cliffs. Thin seams of lignite in the shales of the Warkalli formation suggests good vegetation at the time of deposition of the clayey sediments. Varkala assembly constituency is part of Attingal, current MP is Mr. A. Sampath. Current MLA of Varkala Municipality is Mr. Joy V. Varkala. Around 20 plus resorts is situated in the municipality.
The city has an average-rated water supply system, fire station, several post offices and a police station. The city has government-run clinics. A government-run nature cure hospital is near the Papanasam cliff; the District Ayurvedic Hospital is located in Varkala. Varkala is an important hub for neighbouring places like Attingal, Chirayinkeezhu, Kallambalam and Kilimanoor. According to the 2011 Census of India, The Varkala Municipality has population of 40,048 of which 18,312 are males while 21,736 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 4,479, 11.18% of total population of Varkala. In Varkala Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 1187 against state average of 1084. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Varkala is around 981 compared to Kerala state average of 964. Literacy rate of Varkala city is 93.57% lower than state average of 94.00%. In Varkala, Male literacy is around 95.43% while female literacy rate is 92.04%. The people of Varkala are employed in the service sector. A large number of them work outside India in the Middle East, Brunei, the United States and the United Kingdom.
Varkala has a ratio of tourists to residents is 1:3. AirTrivandrum International Airport is the nearest airport. Varkala Helipad at Varkala Cliff is always ready for receiving helicopters in any time. RailVarkala Railway Station is well-connected by regular trains from Trivandrum Central and major cities in India like Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata etc. RoadVarkala is at a distance of 9 km from National Highway 66. Private buses and KSRTC buses ply through Varkala. State Highway 64 ends in Madathara; the highway is 45 km long. WaterVarkala is connected to National Waterway 3 through Varkala Tunnel passing through the heart of the city. Tourism started thriving by the end of last century at the Varkala beach, earlier famous for Vavu Beli, a Hindu custom performed at the beach. Another beach is at Tiruvambadi, one en route the old palace. An island called Ponnumthuruthu is near to Varkala, another Tourist attraction. There is a helipad close to the beach is the main transport hub and the most convenient way to get in and out of Varkala Cliff and the beach.
Arabian Soul, a tropical guesthouse can be found close to the Helipad
Edamalayar or Idamalayar is one of the major tributaries of the Periyar River, the longest river in Kerala state south India. Idamalayar Dam is situated in this river. Periyar River - Main river Muthirapuzha River Mullayar Cheruthoni Perinjankutti
Iruvazhanjippuzha, or Iruvanjipuzha, is a major tributary of River Chaliyar and joining to Chaliyar at Koolimadu near Cheruvadi. Its major tributary is Chalippuzha. Other tributaries are Muthappanpuzha and Karamoola river; the famous Thusharagiri waterfall is in the Chalippuzha river. The villages of Anakkampoyil, Mukkam, Kodiyathur and Cheruvadi are on the banks of this river. Naadan Premam, a major romantic novel written by legendary writer S. K. Pottekkatt, is set in the backdrops of Iruvanjippuzha
Mundakkal Beach, is one of the popular beaches in the city of Kollam and a famous tourism spot in Kerala. The beach is situated at an important neighbourhood and Cashew processing hub in Kollam. Mundakkal beach became world famous after the dredger ship,'Hansitha', washed on the shore on 21 June 2016. Scrapping of the dredger ship started on 18 October 2017; the beach is known as'Mundakkal Papanasham Beach'. Devotees believe that a dip in the waters of Mundakkal Papanasham Beach will wash off all the sins in one's life. Mundakkal Beach is situated on the side of Kollam-Paravur Coastal Road; the beach is 11.2 km away from Paravur. The beach is now one of the prime tourism spots in Kollam city due to the arrival of the dredger ship,'Hansitha', to the shore; the ship was lying anchored 3 nautical miles off the Kollam coast since November 2013. Due to heavy waves, the unoccupied ship washed ashore on the Mundakkal beach in June 2016; the beach is an important location for annual ‘balitharpanam’ ritual.
As per Hindu beliefs, the ritual performed on the new moon day in the Malayalam month of Karkidakom will appease the spirits of their forefathers and bring good fortune in the year ahead. Thousands of devotees, including women and children, offer ‘bali' on the banks of Thirumullavaram Beach and Mundakkal Beach that day every year, along with the other famous beaches and river banks in Kerala
Zakir Husain (politician)
Zakir Husain Khan was the third President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his death on 3 May 1969. He served as Governor of Bihar from 1957 to 1962 and as Vice President of India from 1962 to 1967, he was the co-founder of Jamia Milia Islamia, serving as its Vice Chancellor from 1928. Under Husain, Jamia became associated with the Indian freedom movement, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, in 1963. Husain was born in Hyderabad, into a Pashtun family of the Afridi tribe, which came to be more associated with Kaimganj in Farrukhabad district, Uttar Pradesh, education and academia. After Husain was born, his family migrated from Hyderabad to Kaimganj, he was the second of seven sons: the elder brother of fellow educationist Yousuf Husain. Husain's family would remain active in public life: his grandson Salman Khurshid, a Congress politician, is the former Foreign Minister of India, his nephew was the noted academic Masud Husain, his brother Mahmud Husain joined the Pakistan Movement and served as Education Minister, while his nephew Anwar Husain was director of Pakistan Television.
His relative Rahimuddin Khan served as Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of the Pakistan Army and as provincial governor. Husain's father, Fida Husain Khan, died. Husain's early primary education was completed in Hyderabad, He completed High school from Islamia High School and was educated at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College affiliated with the University of Allahabad, where he was a prominent student leader, he received his doctorate in economics from the University of Berlin in 1926. In 1915, at the age of 18, he married Shah Jahan Begum and had two daughters, Sayeeda Khan and Safia Rahman; when Hussain was 23 years old, with a group of students and teachers he founded the National Muslim University, first founded in Aligarh on Friday 29 October 1920 shifted to Karol Bagh, New Delhi in 1925 later shifted again on 1 March 1935 to Jamia Nagar, New Delhi and named it Jamia Millia Islamia. He subsequently went to Germany to obtain a PhD from the Frederick William University of Berlin in Economics.
While in Germany, Husain was instrumental in bringing out the anthology of arguably the greatest Urdu poet Mirza Assadullah Khan "Ghalib". He returned to India to head the Jamia Millia Islamia, facing closure in 1927, he continued in that position for the next twenty-one years providing academic and managerial leadership to an institution, intimately involved with India's struggle for freedom from the British Rule and experimented with value-based education on the lines advocated by Mahatma Gandhi and Hakim Ajmal Khan. During this period he continued to engage himself with movements for educational reforms in India and was active in the affairs of his old alma mater the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College. During this period Hussain emerged as one of the most prominent educational thinkers and practitioners of modern India, his personal sacrifice and untiring efforts to keep the Jamia afloat in adverse circumstances won him appreciation of his arch political rivals like Mohammed Ali Jinnah. Soon after India attained independence, Husain agreed to be the Vice chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University, facing trying times in post partition India because of active involvement of a section of its teachers and students in the movement for creation of Pakistan.
Husain, provided leadership during a critical phase of the history of the University at Aligarh from 1948–1956. Soon after completing his term as Vice Chancellor he was nominated as a member of the Upper House of Indian Parliament in 1956, a position he vacated in 1957 to become Governor of the State of Bihar. After serving as the Governor of Bihar from 1957 to 1962, as the second Vice President of India from 1962 to 1967, Husain was elected President of India on 13 May 1967. In his inaugural speech, he said that the whole of India was his home and all its people were his family. During his last days, the issue of nationalization of banks was being hotly debated; the bill, in the end, received presidential consent from Mohammad Hidayatullah, on 9 August 1969. During his presidential tenure, Zakir Husain led four state visits to Hungary, Yugoslavia, USSR and Nepal. Husain died on 3 the first Indian President to die in office, he is buried along with his wife on the campus of Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi.
With the main objective of providing facility for higher education in Ilayangudi, a college was started in his honour in 1970. The Engineering College of Aligarh Muslim University is named after him. Minority minister, V-C read Fatiha at Dr Zakir Husain’s grave – TCN News Dr. Zakir Husain Biography
Cheruthoni is a town on the Cheruthoni River, a major tributary of the Periyar River, the second longest river in Kerala state, South India. The area is known by Cheruthoni Dam, a part of Idukki reservoir, which provide hydroelectric power to the region; the town is adjacent to the Cheruthoni dam. These dams, along with the Kulamavu Dam, form the Idukki Reservoir. Cheruthoni is part of Vazhathope Panchayat, in the Idukki District. Other villages adjacent to Cheruthoni include Vazhathope, Karimban, Maniyarankudi, Peppara and Painavu. Following a famine in the 1940s, the government allowed farmers to migrate to unoccupied arable lands in the mountains, where they cleared the land for agriculture; the region was identified as an ideal spot for a hydroelectric project. The Hindustan Construction Company was contracted to build the dams on behalf of the Kerala State Electricity Board. At this point, Cheruthoni began to grow. During the 1960s, a majority of the people living in Cheruthoni were not Keralites, but Sikhs from Punjab and manual laborers from neighbouring Tamil Nadu