Bulvar Rokossovskogo (Sokolnicheskaya line)
Bulvar Rokossovskogo Ulitsa Podbelskogo, is a Moscow Metro station in the Bogorodskoye District, Eastern Administrative Okrug, Russia. It is on the Sokolnicheskaya line; the station was opened in 1990. Riders may make an out-of-station transfer to Bulvar Rokossovskogo on the Moscow Central Circle line; the station was named "Ulitsa Podbelskogo" for Podbelskogo Street, named for the Bolshevik revolutionary Vadim Podbelsky. After the street was renamed in 1991 to Ivanteyevskaya Street, the station's name was unchanged until 2014. On 10 April 2014 Moscow City Commission on Names recommended renaming the station to "Bulvar Marshala Rokossovskogo", for Rokossovsky Boulevard, named for Soviet Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky. On 8 July, the station was renamed to "Bulvar Rokossovskogo". Rather than continuing the straight path of the Sokolnicheskaya line to the northeast, Bulvar Rokossovskogo was built to the northwest of Cherkizovskaya, forming a right angle with the rest of the line; this would allow Bulvar Rokossovskogo to become part of a planned second ring line around the city, at which time the Sokolnicheskaya line could be further extended in its original direction.
Beyond Bulvar Rokossovskogo are reversal sidings which are planned to become part of the future "Big Ring" line. A junction between Bulvar Rokossovskogo and Cherkizovskaya is used by southbound trains entering and leaving the Cherkizovo depot, since the depot is directly connected only to the southbound tunnel. Bulvar Rokossovskogo is a shallow column tri-vault station; the station was designed by architects Nina Aleshin and Natalya K. Samoilova and applied the following theme: ferroconcrete pillars faced with white marble.
Komsomolskaya (Koltsevaya line)
Komsomolskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Krasnoselsky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Prospekt Mira and Kurskaya stations; the station is noted for its being located under the busiest Moscow transport hub, Komsomolskaya Square, which serves Leningradsky and Kazansky railway terminals. Because of that the station is one of the busiest in the whole system and is the most loaded one on the line, it opened on 30 January 1952 as a part of the second stage of the line. While the first southern segment of the Koltsevaya line were dedicated to the victory over Nazi Germany, the northern segment was dedicated to the theme of post-war labour. Komsomolskaya, however, is a clear exception: lead designer Alexey Shchusev designed it as an illustration of a historical speech given by Joseph Stalin November 7, 1941. In this speech, Stalin evoked the memories of Alexander Nevsky, Dmitry Donskoy and other military leaders of the past, all these historical figures appeared on the mosaics of Komsomolskaya.
Early roots of the station's design can be traced to a 1944 draft by Shchusev implemented in pure Petrine baroque, a local adaptation of the 17th century Dutch Golden Age. However, after the end of World War II the drafts of 1944 were discarded and the stations of the Koltsevaya line were completed in the mainstream late stalinist style of the period. Shchusev however, who died in 1949, retained his baroque nonce order. Komsomolskaya remained Shchusev's only metro station design; the station was planned as a traditional deep pylon type. Shchusev replaced the heavy concrete pylons with narrow octagonal steel columns, riveted with marble tiles, creating the larger open space. After Shchusev's death, the station was completed by Viktor Kokorin, A. Zabolotnaya, V. Varvarin and O. Velikoretsky and Pavel Korin, the creator of the mosaics. Beginning with the large vestibule located among the former of the two train stations, the building features an immense octagonal dome topped by a cupola, a spire crowned by a large star and imposing full-height portico with stylised Corinthian columns.
Inside amid the Baroque-style ornaments, rich torchères and chandelier lights, two escalators descend, one leading to the old 1935 Komsomolskaya-Radialnaya station, the second to this one. Once on the platform level, the full details of this deep column station built to special design on a monolithic plan become apparent. Supporting the enlarged barrel vault are 68 octagonal columns faced with white marble, topped with baroque pilasters; the platform is lit up by chandeliers and additional concealed elements in the niches of both the central and platform halls. The theme of the design, the Historical Russian fight for freedom and independence, is expressed in eight large ceiling mosaics by Pavel Korin. Korin said that the inspiration came from Joseph Stalin's speech at the Moscow Parade of 1941, where he inspired the soldiers amid the catastrophic losses in the early period of World War II to remember the historical heroics of their Russian forefathers; the idea to design the art as a mosaic came from the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev, where Korin saw that such artforms could last for eternity.
Chronologically the mosaics are as following: 1242: Alexander Nevsky after the Battle on the Ice. 1380: Dmitry Donskoy after the Battle of Kulikovo. 1612: Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky after the end of the Time of Troubles. 1799: Alexander Suvorov after the Crossing of the Alps. 1812: Mikhail Kutuzov after the Battle of Borodino. 1945: The original mosaic here was of Red Army troops on Red Square receiving the Guards banner from Soviet army command, yet because it contained images of some commanders whose careers and legacy would be re-evaluated most of the mosaic was replaced with that of Vladimir Lenin addressing a meeting in Red Square, thus moving the date of the artwork to a period between 1917 and 1922. 1945: Soviet Troops on the Reichstag building after the Battle of Berlin. 1945: The original image was of a Victory parade with Soviet soldiers throwing captured Nazi banners in front of Lenin's mausoleum. However, for the same reason as the sixth image, this image would hold the record for retouchings.
First when Lavrenty Beria was arrested in 1953, his glasses were erased and the whole figure was removed. In 1957, after the political crisis saw the end of the careers of Vyacheslav Molotov and Lazar Kaganovich, their images followed suit. After 1961 brought the end of Stalin's personality cult, in early 1963 the whole panel was taken down and Korin re-designed it by placing a maiden standing on the Nazi banners in front of the same mausoleum, holding a hammer and sickle in one hand and a palm branch in the other; this final one alone is made of more than 300 thousand mosaic tiles and takes up 31.5 square metres and weighs more than three tonnes. However the artistic decoration does not stop there, for in between each of the mosaics there are further ones made of gilded smalt depicting various weaponry and armour: one set is focused on ancient Russian equipment, a second on the Napoleonic era, the third on World War II. At the end of the platform is a bust of Vladimir Lenin under an arch decorated with gilt floral designs and the Coat of arms of the Soviet Union.
In the centre of the red granite covered platform are two passageways, surrounded by marble balustrades with escalators that descend into a lobby with a main escalator tunnel upward
Frunzenskaya (Moscow Metro)
Frunzenskaya is a Metro station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line in Moscow, Russia. The station was opened on 1 May 1957 as the first stage of the extension of the Frunzenskiy radius; as the radius follows the bend of the Moskva river, the whole segment had to be built deep. The station closed on 2 January 2016 for renovation, expected to last 14 months; the renovations were completed ahead of schedule with the station reopening on December 29, 2016. The renovations included the installation of four new escalators to replace the three, in place. Metro authorities projected that the new escalators would reduce energy consumption by 40% and increase the capacity by one-third; the station is symbolic as being one of the last in Moscow to be built in Stalinist style which dominated the Metro Architecture since the mid-1940s, afterwards the station designs show evidence of more vivid decorations that were meant to be installed yet designs were simplified. Frunzenskaya still stands out and architects Robert Pogrebnoi and Yuriy Zenkivich applied a pylon design with cream marbled vaults and tops of pylons, decorated with metallic shields containing a five-sided star.
The bottom of Pylons are a form of a thicker red marble base. Suspended from the ceiling are massive eight-horned chandeliers; the floor is covered with black and red granite on floors and the walls are faced with white ceramic tiles. In the far end of the station, in front of a red-marbled semicircle is a bust to Mikhail Frunze, a famous military commander in the Russian Civil War for whom the station is named; the station's massive vestibule is situated on the Komsomolskiy Avenue and Kholzunov side-street was demolished and built into the Moscow's Palace of Youth building in the 1984, presently receives a daily passenger traffic of 47,410. Behind the station is a junction for a branch to the Koltsevaya Line used for transfers
Lokomotiv (Moscow Central Circle)
Lokomotiv is a passenger station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro that opened in September 2016. The station, to be named Cherkizovo, reflecting the name of a village on the site, was named Lokomotiv for the soccer team that plays its home games nearby. Lokomotiv offers out-of-station transfers to Cherkizovskaya on the Sokolnicheskaya Line. Mkzd.ru
Kropotkinskaya is a station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. One of the oldest Metro stations, it was designed by Alexey Ya. Likhtenberg and opened in 1935 as part of the original Metro line; the station was planned to serve the enormous Palace of the Soviets, to rise nearby on the former site of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. Kropotkinskaya was therefore designed to be the largest and grandest station on the first line. However, the Palace project was cancelled by Nikita Khrushchev in 1953, leaving the Metro station as the only part of the complex, built. Kropotkinskaya was constructed in a massive open trench measuring 176 metres long by 25 metres wide; the tunnels from Biblioteka Imeni Lenina were constructed using the cover technique. The combination of unrestricted space and dry soil made for ideal conditions, construction of the station took only 180 days from start to finish. Kropotkinskaya was completed in January 1935 and opened five months on 15 May 1935; the station was named Dvorets Sovetov until 1957, when it was renamed in honour of Peter Kropotkin, a geographer and anarchist theoretician born in the vicinity.
Since it was to serve as the gateway to the Palace of Soviets, great care was taken to make Kropotkinskaya suitably elegant and impressive. The station has flared columns faced with white marble which are said to have been inspired by the Temple of Amun at Karnak. Contrary to popular opinion, the marble used in the station did not come from the demolished Cathedral; the spacious platform is covered with squares of gray and red granite and the walls tiled, are now faced with white Koyelga marble. The station is illuminated by concealed lamps set into the tops of the columns. A model of the station won two Grand Prix awards at expositions in Brussels. In 1941 the designers and engineers were awarded the Stalin prize of the USSR for architecture and construction. Kropotkinskaya opened with only one entrance vestibule, located at the end of Gogolevskiy Boulevard; this U-shaped structure was designed by S. M. Kravets and features two separate pavilions joined by a central arch. In late 1950s the station was given a slight reconstruction replacing the original cast of the upper pillars was replaced by marble and the floor was relayed with granite.
The reconstruction finished with a new entrance which faces the Cathedral and Moskva River, opened on 16 July 1960. Because of the demise of the Palace of Soviets project, much of Kropotkinskaya's planned ridership never materialized; as of 2013 the station serves about 42,050 passengers daily, many of them tourists visiting the newly rebuilt Cathedral or the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. By 2020, a transfer to the Kalininskaya Line is planned to open; the future station will be called Volkhonka
Turgenevskaya is a station on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was named after Turgenevskaya Square; the station was designed by Yu. Vdovin, I. Petukhova and opened on 5 January 1972. Turgenevskaya has simple white marble pylons which follow the curve of the station tube and a ceiling composed of reinforced plastic panels. Metal cornices run the length of the station along the base of the ceiling; the walls, which are faced with white and black marble, are decorated with chased brass panels by Kh. Rysin and D. Bodniek. From this station, passengers can transfer to Sokolnicheskaya Line at Chistye Prudy station and to Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line at Sretensky Bulvar station
Arbatskaya (Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line)
Arbatskaya is a station on the Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line of the Moscow Metro. Along with Smolenskaya and Kievskaya, it was built in 1953 to replace an older, parallel section of track which has since become part of the Filyovskaya line; the old station had been damaged in a German bomb attack in 1941, so its replacement was much deeper and included larger stations that could double as shelters. Although it was supposed to be closed permanently, the old section reopened five years creating the somewhat confusing situation of having two pairs of separate stations with the same names. Arbatskaya was designed by Valentin Pelevin and Yury Zenkevich. Since it was meant to serve as a bomb shelter as well as a Metro station, Arbatskaya is both large and deep; the main tunnel is elliptical in cross-section, an unusual departure from the standard circular design. The station features low, square pylons faced with red marble and a high vaulted ceiling elaborately decorated with ornamental brackets, floral reliefs, chandeliers.
From this station passengers can transfer to Biblioteka Imeni Lenina on the Sokolnicheskaya line, Aleksandrovsky Sad on the Filyovskaya line, Borovitskaya on the Serpukhovsko–Timiryazevskaya line. Despite the name, however, it is not possible to transfer to Arbatskaya on the Filyovskaya line; the station and Arbatskaya on the Filyovskaya line are featured in the Resident Evil: Retribution Moscow segment. The station, alongside Aleksandrovskiy Sad, Biblioteka Lenina, Borovitskaya, makes up the'city-state' of Polis in the Metro 2033 series of games and novels. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info – Station location and exits on Moscow map