Banski Suhodol is a peak in the Pirin mountain, south-western Bulgaria. It is located in the part of Pirin on the main ridge. Its height is 2,884 m which ranks it on place in Pirin after Vihren. To the south-east of Banski Suhodol on the ridge is located Kutelo peak. On the main ridge to the north-west is situated a nameless peak from which to the north-east deviated the secondary karst ridge Koteshki Chal, from there the main ridge runs in west-northwest direction to the nearby Bayuvi Dupki peak. The north-eastern slope of Banski Suhodol is a vertical 300-meter marble wall that lowers down to the cirque of the same name, there are a lot of places in the cirque where the snow remains the whole year, several karst caves have been discovered there. The south-western slope drops down to the valley of the Vlahina river at 70°, although that slope is not so steep as the north-eastern one, the displacement between the peak and the valley below is around 1,000 m and forms a dramatic view
The Pirin Mountains are a mountain range in southwestern Bulgaria, with Vihren the highest peak, situated at 41°45′50″N 23°25′30″E. The range extends about 40 km northwest-southeast, and about 25 km wide, most of the range is protected in the Pirin National Park. The mountain is named after Perun, the highest god of the Slavic pantheon, to the north Pirin is separated from Bulgarias highest mountain range, the Rila Mountains, by the Predel saddle, while to the south it reaches the Slavyanka mountain. To the west is located the valley of the Struma and to the east of the Mesta Rivers, Pirin is noted for its rich flora and fauna. Much of the area is forested, with the best conifer woods in Bulgaria, holding important populations of the Balkan endemic species Macedonian pine, Bosnian pine, animals include the wolf and the brown bear. The town of Bansko, an important tourism and winter sports centre, is situated on the northeast slopes of the Pirin Mountains, the town of Razlog lies in Razlog Valley between Pirin Mountains to the south and the Rila Mountains to the north.
It has an area of 2,585 km2 and an height of 1,033 m. Pirin is set in the southwest of the country between the Struma and Mesta Rivers, bordering Rila to the north at the Predel Saddle and Slavyanka to the south at the Parilska Saddle. The distance between two points is 60 km from the northwest to the southeast and the maximum width of Pirin is 40 km from the town of Sandanski to the village of Obidim. Other neighbouring mountains include Vlahina, Maleshevo and Ograzhden to the west and geographically Pirin is divided into three parts, a north and south one, which are however not equal in size and tourist attractivity. North Pirin is the largest of the subdivisions and the mountains downright part and it takes up 74% of the whole ranges territory, being about 42 km long and ranging from Predel to the north to the Todorova Polyana Saddle to the south. It is further subdivided into parts due to its size, Mramor Part, North Central Part, South Central Part, Polezhan Part, Kamenitsa Part, Sinanitsa Part.
Central Pirin extends between the Todorova Polyana Saddle and the Popovi Livadi Saddle and it constitutes the smallest and shortest part, being only 7 km long. The highest peak is Orelyak, while the peaks are under 2,000 m and heavily forested. There are only two resthouses, Popovi Livadi and Malina, South Pirin is the lowest and most round part, the highest peak being Svesthnik at 1,975 m. It occupies 17% of Pirin and is about 11 km long, well forested with coniferous and deciduous trees, it is the most rarely visited part of the mountains and thus lacks any resthouses. By its geological structure Pirin is an elevation with granite nucleus covered mainly with ancient metamorphous rocks. It forms as a mountain during the Tertiary and its hoisting alternated with long tranquil periods
Kutelo is the second highest peak in Pirin, southwestern Bulgaria. Like Vihren, which towers to the south, Kutelo is marble but its slopes though sheer are not so rocky and it is not very difficult to climb. Kutelo is a peak with a small saddle between the two parts, the lower being only one meter below the higher one, at 2,907 m. The Premkata saddle is situated to the south and leads to Vihren while to the north is the narrow karst edge Koncheto. There are no marked tracks to the summit of Kutelo, and this track leads along Koncheto. In a cirque to the north east there are all the year
Vihren is the highest peak of Bulgarias Pirin Mountains. Reaching 2,914 metres, it is Bulgarias second and the Balkans third highest, after Musala, the peak is located in Pirins northern parts. The easiest route is from the Vihren chalet, reaching the summit from the south, other routes include those from Banderitsa chalet or across the ridge Koncheto from the north. A number of Pirins lakes are located around the peak, as is Europes southernmost glacial mass, Vihren Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Vihren. FC Vihren Sandanski is a Bulgarian football club of the same name, kutelo List of European ultra prominent peaks Vihren Vrh, Bulgaria on Peakbagger
Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north and Macedonia to the west and Turkey to the south, with a territory of 110,994 square kilometres, Bulgaria is Europes 16th-largest country. Organised prehistoric cultures began developing on current Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period and its ancient history saw the presence of the Thracians, Persians, Romans, Goths and Huns. With the downfall of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1396, its territories came under Ottoman rule for five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 led to the formation of the Third Bulgarian State, the following years saw several conflicts with its neighbours, which prompted Bulgaria to align with Germany in both world wars. In 1946 it became a one-party socialist state as part of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc, in December 1989 the ruling Communist Party allowed multi-party elections, which subsequently led to Bulgarias transition into a democracy and a market-based economy.
Bulgarias population of 7.2 million people is predominantly urbanised, most commercial and cultural activities are centred on the capital and largest city, Sofia. The strongest sectors of the economy are industry, power engineering. The countrys current political structure dates to the adoption of a constitution in 1991. Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic with a high degree of political, administrative. Human activity in the lands of modern Bulgaria can be traced back to the Paleolithic, animal bones incised with man-made markings from Kozarnika cave are assumed to be the earliest examples of symbolic behaviour in humans. Organised prehistoric societies in Bulgarian lands include the Neolithic Hamangia culture, Vinča culture, the latter is credited with inventing gold working and exploitation. Some of these first gold smelters produced the coins and jewellery of the Varna Necropolis treasure and this site offers insights for understanding the social hierarchy of the earliest European societies.
Thracians, one of the three primary groups of modern Bulgarians, began appearing in the region during the Iron Age. In the late 6th century BC, the Persians conquered most of present-day Bulgaria, and kept it until 479 BC. After the division of the Roman Empire in the 5th century the area fell under Byzantine control, by this time, Christianity had already spread in the region. A small Gothic community in Nicopolis ad Istrum produced the first Germanic language book in the 4th century, the first Christian monastery in Europe was established around the same time by Saint Athanasius in central Bulgaria. From the 6th century the easternmost South Slavs gradually settled in the region, in 680 Bulgar tribes under the leadership of Asparukh moved south across the Danube and settled in the area between the lower Danube and the Balkan, establishing their capital at Pliska