Konghanzheng

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Konghanzheng
2005 East Asian Football Championship Korea Republic vs China PR (1).jpg
2005 East Asian Football Championship Men's Match
Other namesChina vs South Korea
LocaleAsia (AFC)
East Asia (EAFF)
TeamsChina China
South Korea South Korea
First meetingSouth Korea 1-0 China
Friendly
(17 December 1978)
Latest meetingSouth Korea 2-0 China
2019 AFC Asian Cup Group C
(16 January 2019)
Next meeting2019 EAFF E-1 Football Championship
(10 December 2019)
Statistics
Meetings total34
Most winsSouth Korea South Korea (19)
Most player appearancesSouth Korea Hong Myung-Bo (13)
Top scorerSouth Korea Lee Tae-Ho (4)
All-time seriesSouth Korea: 19
Draw: 13
China: 2

Konghanzheng (simplified Chinese: 恐韩症; traditional Chinese: 恐韓症; pinyin: kǒng hán zhèng; literally: 'Fear of Korea Disease'; Korean: 공한증) or Korea-fearing disease, a term coined by Chinese football fans, is a Chinese persistent phenomenon where the senior China national football team has played 34 matches against the South Korea national football team since 1978 but never been able to beat them until the streak was ended on 10 February 2010 in the 2010 East Asian Football Championship. However, the phenomenon persisted after losing 2-0 to South Korea in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.

Overview[edit]

The term literally means "the symptom of fearing Korea"; this term was originally used by the Chinese mass media and was later adopted by the Korean media as well. Outside of football, it has also been used to denote the frequent defeats suffered by Chinese go players at the hands of Koreans such as Lee Chang-ho.[1]

As of 2010, the Korea Republic football team has recorded 16 wins, 11 draws and 1 loss in its 28 international "A" matches with China; the very first game between the two sides was held in the 1978 Asian Games in Bangkok on December 17, 1978. The Koreans won that game 1–0 with a goal by Cha Bum Kun. In the Olympic Games, the South Korean team has amassed 7 wins and 1 draw against the Chinese side; this term also held true to the Youth teams of the respective countries, until China beat the Korean side 1–0 in the 2000 Asian Youth Championships (though Koreans still keep a dominant record otherwise).

While this term may be seen as an effort to diminish the achievements of the Korean side, the Chinese media has historically taken a positive attitude acknowledging the Korean team's preeminence among East Asian sides.[2] In Korea, this term is often used as a general term for national victory, as when Korean baseball fans express a desire to create "Koreaphobia" among the Japanese.[3]

This concept is often paired with the Korean Wave (Hallyu) in Korean discourse regarding their relationship with China and other Asian countries.[4]

Lin Xiaohua, the vice chairman of Chinese Football Association said before the match on February 10, 2010, "Koreanphobia comes from the differences in ability, now that becomes much narrower. Therefore, if the mentality is enhanced, our team can overcome Koreanphobia", he also said that the association will invite psychotherapists for the PRC national football team to cope with the psychological pressure and defeatism for the future.[5]

However, South Korea defeated China PR in the 2015 EAFF East Asian Cup with two goals and they resumed Koreaphobia.

On March 23, 2017, China PR defeated South Korea for the first time in an official FIFA competitive match by a score of 1–0 in the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament.

On January 16, 2019, South Korea defeated China 2-0 in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup and topped the group with 9 points.

All-time records[edit]

South Korean's score displayed first.

Men's[edit]

National Team[edit]

# Date Venue Competition Results Scorers
1 December 17, 1978 Bangkok 1978 Asian Games 1–0 Win Cha Bum-Kun Goal 47'
2 December 29, 1978 Manila 1980 AFC Asian Cup qualification 1–0 Win Huh Jung-Moo Goal 13'
3 March 1, 1982 Calcutta Nehru Gold Cup 1–1 Tie Lee Tae-Ho Goal 44' Shen Xiangfu Goal 80'
4 November 3, 1983 Bangkok 1984 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg 3–3 Tie Kim Jong-Kun Goal 32'50' Kim Jong-Boo Goal 34' Jia Xiuquan Goal 51' Liu Haiguang Goal 79'85'
5 November 8, 1983 Bangkok 1984 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg 0–0 Tie
6 September 28, 1986 Seoul 1986 Asian Games 4–2 Win Park Chang-Sun Goal 19' (pen.) Kim Joo-Sung Goal 47' Lee Tae-Ho Goal 74' Cho Min-Gook Goal 76' Li Hui Goal 25' (pen.)79' (pen.)
7 December 14, 1988 Doha 1988 AFC Asian Cup 2–1 Win Lee Tae-Ho Goal 93'103' Mai Chao Goal 100'
8 October 20, 1989 Singapore 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification 1–0 Win Kim Joo-Sung Goal 66'
9 July 31, 1990 Beijing 1990 Dynasty Cup 1st Round 1–0 Win Lee Sang-Yoon Goal 26'
10 August 3, 1990 Beijing 1990 Dynasty Cup Final 1–1 Tie (PK 5–4) Hong Myung-Bo Goal 22' (pen.) Mai Chao Goal 61'
11 September 27, 1990 Beijing 1990 Asian Games 2–0 Win Seo Jung-Won Goal 57'75'
12 August 26, 1992 Beijing 1992 Dynasty Cup 2–0 Win Park Hyun-Yong Goal 19', Jung Jae-Kwon Goal 73'
13 February 19, 1995 Hong Kong 1995 Dynasty Cup 0–0 Tie
14 September 25, 1996 Seoul Friendly (1st Korea–China Annual Match 1st leg) 3–1 Win Seo Jung-Won Goal 15' Lee Ki-Hyung Goal 30' Ha Seok-Ju Goal 64' Hao Haidong Goal 10'
15 November 26, 1996 Guangzhou Friendly (1st Korea–China Annual Match 2nd leg) 3–2 Win Roh Sang-Rae Goal 7' (pen.) Lee Young-jin Goal 56' Shin Hong-Gi Goal 71' Hao Haidong Goal 51' Li Bing Goal 84' (pen.)
16 April 23, 1997 Beijing Friendly (2nd Korea–China Annual Match 1st leg) 2–0 Win Park Kun-Ha Goal 45'57'
17 August 30, 1997 Seoul Friendly (2nd Korea–China Annual Match 2nd leg) 0–0 Tie
18 March 4, 1998 Yokohama 1998 Dynasty Cup 2–1 Win Choi Sung-Yong Goal 38' Lee Sang-Yoon Goal 42' Li Bing Goal 15'
19 June 4, 1998 Seoul Friendly (3rd Korea–China Annual Match 1st leg) 1–1 Tie Lee Sang-Yoon Goal 16' Ma Mingyu Goal 51'
20 November 22, 1998 Shanghai Friendly (3rd Korea–China Annual Match 2nd leg) 0–0 Tie
21 July 28, 2000 Beijing Friendly (4th Korea–China Annual Match) 1–0 Win Lee Young-Pyo Goal 52'
22 November 13, 2000 Tripoli 2000 AFC Asian Cup 1st Round 2–2 Tie Lee Young-Pyo Goal 30' Noh Jung-Yoon Goal 58' Su Maozhen Goal 36' Fan Zhiyi Goal 66'
23 October 29, 2000 Beirut 2000 AFC Asian Cup Third Place Match 1–0 Win Lee Dong-Gook Goal 76'
24 April 27, 2002 Incheon Friendly 0–0 Tie
25 December 7, 2003 Saitama 2003 East Asian Football Championship 1–0 Win Yoo Sang-Chul Goal 45+1'
26 July 31, 2005 Daejon 2005 East Asian Football Championship 1–1 Tie Kim Jin-Kyu Goal 73' Sun Xiang Goal 52'
27 February 17, 2008 Chongqing 2008 East Asian Football Championship 3–2 Win Park Chu-Young Goal 43'75' Kwak Tae-Hwi Goal 90+2' Zhou Haibin Goal 47' Liu Jian Goal 61'
28 February 10, 2010 Tokyo 2010 East Asian Football Championship 0–3 Lose Yu Hai Goal 5' Gao Lin Goal 27' Deng Zhuoxiang Goal 60'
29 July 24, 2013 Hwaseong 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup 0–0 Tie
30 2 August, 2015 Wuhan 2015 EAFF East Asian Cup 2–0 Win Kim Seung-dae Goal 45' Lee Jong-ho Goal 58'
31 1 September, 2016 Seoul 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification 3–2 Win Zheng Zhi Goal 20' (o.g.) Lee Chung-yong Goal 62' Koo Ja-cheol Goal 66' Yu Hai Goal 73' Hao Junmin Goal 76'
32 23 March 2017 Changsha 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification 0–1 Lose Yu Dabao Goal 35'
33 9 December, 2017 Tokyo 2017 EAFF E-1 Football Championship 2–2 Tie Kim Shin-wook Goal 12' Lee Jae-sung Goal 19' Wei Shihao Goal 9' Yu Dabao Goal 76'
34 16 January, 2019 Abu Dhabi 2019 AFC Asian Cup Group C 2–0 Win Hwang Ui-jo Goal 14' (pen.) Kim Min-jae Goal 51'

U-23 (Olympic & Asian Games)[edit]

# Date Venue Competition Results Scorers
1 January 30, 1992 Kuala Lumpur 1992 Summer Olympics Qualifier 3–1 Win Kwak Kyung-Keun, Seo Jung-Won, Kim Gwi-Hwa Hao Haidong
2 March 31, 1996 Kuala Lumpur 1996 Summer Olympics Qualifier 3–0 Win Lee Ki-Hyung, Lee Woo-Young (2 goals)
3 January 30, 1999 Ho Chi Minh Dunhill Cup 2–1 Win Lee Dong-Gook (2 goals) Zhang Yuning
4 February 7, 1999 Ho Chi Minh Dunhill Cup final 1–0 Win Choi Chul-Woo
5 October 3, 1999 Seoul 2000 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg 1–0 Win Shin Byung-Ho
6 October 29, 1999 Shanghai 2000 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg 1–1 Tie Lee Dong-Gook Zhang Yuning
7 March 3, 2004 Seoul 2004 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg 1–0 Win Cho Jae-Jin
8 May 1, 2004 Changsha 2004 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg 2–0 Win Cho Jae-Jin, Kim Dong-Jin
9 November 15, 2010 Guangzhou 2010 Asian Games 3–0 Win Kim Jung-Woo (20'), Park Chu-Young (50'), Cho Young-Cheol (58')
10 March 27, 2011 Ulsan Friendly 1–0 Win Kim Dong-Sub (13')
11 December 8, 2012 Wuhan Friendly 1–2 Lose Choe Ji-hoon (25') Yang Yihu (10'), Zhang Xizhe (90'+1)
12 December 11, 2012 Wuhan Friendly 1–0 Win Jung Seok-hwa (82')
13 November 14, 2014 Wuhan Friendly 1–1 Tie Lee Yeong-jae (45') Wu Xinghan (54')
14 November 15, 2015 Wuhan Friendly 1–1 Tie Park Yong-woo (76') Mi Haolun (85')

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ""공한증 끝!" 중국대륙 들썩". Dong-A Ilbo (online edition). 2004-04-06.
  2. ^ Zhang Jie (2003-02-26). "Expectation and Disappointment:the Interplay of Chinese Media Reaction and Korean Public During the World Cup". Chinese Academy of Social Sciences articles. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-16.
  3. ^ "네티즌들 "또 일본이야? 야구 공한증 만들어주자"". Chosun Ilbo (Korean). Retrieved 2006-08-16.
  4. ^ Jo Hun-yeon (2004). 전신(戰神) 조훈현. ISBN 89-7278-038-3.
  5. ^ ‘중국 축구, 32년 공한증 깼다’…축구팬 열광 (in Korean). Munhwa Ilbo. 2010-02-11. 중국축구협회 린샤오화(林曉華)부주석은 10일 경기를 앞두고 “이른바 공한증은 실력의 차이에서 오는 것인데 이제 실력의 차이가 크게 좁혀져있다. 따라서 정신력만 강화한다면 공한증을 극복할 수 있다”면서 앞으로 중국 국가대표팀에 심리치료사를 초빙해 선수들이 심리적인 부담감과 패배감을 극복하도록 할 방침이라고 말하기도 했다.

External links[edit]