Konqueror, a free and open-source web browser and file manager, provides web access and file-viewer functionality for file systems. It forms a core part of the KDE Software Compilation. Developed by volunteers, Konqueror can run on most Unix-like operating systems; the KDE community licenses and distributes Konqueror under the GNU General Public License version 2. The name "Konqueror" echoes a colonization paradigm to reference the two primary competitors at the time of the browser's first release: "first comes the Navigator Explorer, the Konqueror", it follows the KDE naming convention: the names of most KDE programs begin with the letter K. Konqueror first appeared with version 2 of KDE on October 23, 2000, it replaces its predecessor, KFM. With the release of KDE 4, Dolphin replaced Konqueror as the default KDE file-manager, but the KDE community continues to maintain Konqueror as the default KDE web-browser. Konqueror can utilize all KIOslaves installed on the user's system; some examples include: FTP and SFTP/SSH browser Samba browser HTTP browser IMAP mail client ISO viewer VNC viewerA complete list is available in the KDE Info Center's Protocols section.

Konqueror supports tabbed document interface and Split views, wherein a window can contain multiple documents in tabs. Multiple document interfaces are not supported, however it is possible to recursively divide a window to view multiple documents or open another window. Konqueror's user interface is somewhat reminiscent of Microsoft's Internet Explorer, though it is more customizable, it works extensively with "panels", which can be added. For example, one could have an Internet bookmarks panel on the left side of the browser window, by clicking a bookmark, the respective web page would be viewed in the larger panel to the right. Alternatively, one could display a hierarchical list of folders in one panel and the content of the selected folder in another. Panels are quite flexible and can include, among other KParts, a console window, a text editor, a media player. Panel configurations can be saved, there are some default configurations. Navigation functions are available during all operations.

Most keyboard shortcuts can be remapped using a graphical configuration, navigation can be conducted through an assignment of letters to nodes on the active file by pressing the control key. The address bar has extensive autocompletion support for local directories, past URLs, past search terms. Konqueror has been developed as an autonomous web browser project, it uses KHTML as its browser engine, compliant with HTML and supports JavaScript, Java applets, CSS, SSL, other relevant open standards. An alternative layout engine, kwebkitpart, is available from the Extragear. While KHTML is the default web-rendering engine, Konqueror is a modular application and other rendering engines are available; the WebKitPart that uses the KHTML-derived WebKit engine has seen a lot of support in the KDE 4 series. One thing to note, is when the KHTML rendering backend is chosen, the user can choose to make a full archive of any given webpage, stored in an archive file with the ".war" extension. Konqueror integrates several customizable search services which can be accessed by entering the service's abbreviation code followed by the search term.

One can add their own search service. KHTML's rendering speed is on par with that of competing browsers, but sites with customized JavaScript are problematic due to KHTML's much smaller mind- and market-share, resulting in fewer JavaScript features built into the JS engine. Kubuntu's 10.10 Maverick Meerkat release switched the default browser from Konqueror to rekonq. Kubuntu subsequently switched from rekonq with the release of 14.04 Trusty Tahr. Konqueror allows browsing the local directory hierarchy—either by entering locations in the address bar, or by selecting items in the file browser window, it allows browsing in different views. Files can be executed, copied and deleted; the user can open an embedded version of Konsole, via KDE's KParts technology, in which they can directly execute shell commands. In addition to the Konsole KPart, Konqueror can use a Filelight KPart, to view a radial diagram of the user's filesystem. Although this functionality has not been removed from Konqueror, as of KDE 4, Dolphin has replaced Konqueror as the default file manager.

Dolphin can -- like Konqueror -- divide each tab into multiple panes. Konqueror makes more powerful use of this feature, allowing as many vertically and horizontally divided panes as desired; each can link to different content or remote locations, so that Konqueror becomes a powerful graphical tool to manage content on multiple servers all in one window, "dragging and dropping" files between locations. Using the KParts object model, Konqueror executes components that are capable of viewing specific filetypes and embeds their client area directly into the Konqueror panel in which the respective files have been opened; this makes it possible to, for example, view an OpenDocument or PDF document directly within Konqueror. Any application that implements the KParts model can be embe

Principality of Drutsk

The Duchy of Drutsk was a small appanage principality of the Polotsk principality and was centred in Drutsk. It was located on a three way stick between Vitebsk and Mogilev regions in modern Belarus; the appanage duchy of Drutsk was established after the death of Vseslav, the Prince of Polotsk, in 1101 and the division of the Polatsk territory between Vseslav's sons. Drutsk was given to Rogvolod-Boris. Soonits territory was taken over by another appanage duchy of Polotsk, Duchy of Minsk governed by Gleb Vseslavich. In 1116, the duchy of Drutsk was taken over by the Grand Duchy of Kiev governed by Volodymyr Monomakh, but by 1150s it was returned to Duchy of Minsk. Drutsk was taken over by the Principality of Minsk in the second half of the 13th century and in early 14th century by another appanage duchy of Polotsk, Principality of Vitebsk, it is believed that Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, acquired the Duchy by marriage to Maria of Vitebsk. The Duchy became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania where it existed as an autonomous principality until an administrative reform in 1565–1566, when it was included into the Orsha county of Vitebsk Voivodeship

Upper Falls (District Electoral Area)

Upper Falls was one of the nine district electoral areas which existed in Belfast, Northern Ireland from 1985 to 2014. Located in the west of the city, the district elected five members to Belfast City Council and contained the wards of Andersonstown. Upper Falls formed part of the Belfast West constituencies for the Northern Ireland Assembly and UK Parliament; the district, along with the neighbouring Lower Falls district, took its name from the Falls Road, one of the main arterial routes in the west of the city. The district was created for the 1985 local elections. All five wards were part of Area D before 1985. Area D had contained three wards which became part of the Lower Falls electoral area. Boundary changes for the 2014 local elections created an extra ward in the area and abolished the Upper Falls DEA. Four of the six wards became part of a new Black Mountain District Electoral Area, while the remaining two formed part of a new Collin District Electoral Area, together with parts of the former Lisburn City Council.

See also: Results of elections in 2011. Belfast City Council Electoral wards of Belfast Local government in Northern Ireland Members of Belfast City Council